• 1 Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • 2 Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • 3 Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • 4 Ishikawa Prefectural University
  • 5 Kyoto University


Foodborne pathogens have become a constant threat to the consumer and food industry.
Reduce efficacy of antibiotics with emergence of resistant bacteria has limited the opportunities
for controlling pathogenic bacteria in food commodities and treating foodborne infections.
Bacteriophages can be a promising alternative for alleviate the risk of transmitting pathogenic
bacteria via food commodities. Therefore, this research was conducted to find distribution of
bacteriophages in diverse niches in order to identify suitable sources for isolating bacteriophages
to use controlling foodborne pathogens. Firstly bacterial strains were screened for lysogenic and
selected suitable host bacterial strains were used for isolating and determining bacteriophage titer
in fresh raw food and environmental samples. Eighteen different lytic bacteriophages effective
against Campylobacter, S. aureus, L. monocytogenes and E. coli were isolated from this study.
Bacteriophages titer was determined within range of 102
to 1010 PFU/mL and bacteriophages
were most frequently isolated from chicken (60%) samples. The isolated bacteriophages could
be potential candidates for controlling foodborne diseases.