• 1 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 2 Department of Dental Materials and Equipment, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahsa University, Selangor, Malaysia
Am J Dent, 2017 Aug;30(4):197-200.
PMID: 29178701


PURPOSE: To evaluate fracture resistance and failure mode of endodontically-treated mandibular molars restored with different intra-radicular techniques.

METHODS: 75 human mandibular molars were randomly divided into five equal groups. Teeth were standardized, endodontically-treated and restored according the assigned group as follows: amalgam core only, prefabricated titanium post in the distal canal and amalgam core, composite core only; fiber post in the distal canal and composite core. One group of untreated sound teeth was used as a control. Non-precious metal crowns were fabricated and cemented on the prepared specimens with Rely X U200 resin cement. All specimens were subjected to a compressive load at crosshead speed 0.5 mm/minute, 25° to the long axis of the tooth. Failure loads and modes were recorded.

RESULTS: Mean failure loads among the groups were significantly different (P= 0.035). Post-hoc multiple pair-wise comparisons revealed the amalgam core and composite core groups produced significantly lower fracture resistance than the control group (P= 0.041 and P= 0.025, respectively) and no significant differences among the different intra-radicular techniques (P> 0.05). The composite core with fiber post and amalgam core with titanium posts showed the highest percentage of favorable failures (67%) and non-favorable failures (87%) respectively.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The composite core with fiber post is the most appropriate intraradicular restoration in cases of severely compromised molars.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.