Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 29 in total

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  1. Ang Y, Tan CG, Yahaya N
    Dent Mater J, 2021 May 29;40(3):584-591.
    PMID: 33328396 DOI: 10.4012/dmj.2020-213
    This study aimed to investigate the effect of various framework designs on the failure of posterior fiber reinforced composite (FRC) bridges and assess the post crack performances of the repaired prostheses. Thirty samples were prepared into three different groups of framework designs: cuspal support (CS), anatomic features (AF) and circular reinforcement (CR). All specimens were subjected to static loading test and acoustic emission analysis. Significant differences were found in the load and time of initial failures among the three groups (p<0.001). CS was identified as the optimum framework design. Samples with composite delamination at the pontic site were selected and repaired with a clinically simplified protocol. Significant differences were also observed between the repaired and original FRC bridges (p=0.01). The performance of these prostheses was highly dependent on the framework design and the perspective of repairing FRC bridges may warrant future investigations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis
  2. AL-Makramani BM, Razak AA, Abu-Hassan MI
    J Prosthodont, 2009 Aug;18(6):484-8.
    PMID: 19694015
    PURPOSE: This study investigated the occlusal fracture resistance of Turkom-Cerafused alumina compared to Procera AllCeram and In-Ceram all-ceramic restorations.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixmaster dies were duplicated from the prepared maxillary first premolar tooth using nonprecious metal alloy (Wiron 99). Ten copings of 0.6 mm thickness were fabricated from each type of ceramic, for a total of thirty copings. Two master dies were used for each group, and each of them was used to lute five copings. All groups were cemented with resin luting cement Panavia F according to manufacturer's instructions and received a static load of 5 kg during cementation. After 24 hours of distilled water storage at 37 degrees C, the copings were vertically compressed using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min.

    RESULTS: The results of the present study showed the following mean loads at fracture: Turkom-Cera (2184 +/- 164 N), In-Ceram (2042 +/- 200 N), and Procera AllCeram (1954 +/- 211 N). ANOVA and Scheffe's post hoc test showed that the mean load at fracture of Turkom-Cera was significantly different from Procera AllCeram (p < 0.05). Scheffe's post hoc test showed no significant difference between the mean load at fracture of Turkom-Cera and In-Ceram or between the mean load at fracture of In-Ceram and Procera AllCeram.

    CONCLUSION: Because Turkom-Cera demonstrated equal to or higher loads at fracture than currently accepted all-ceramic materials, it would seem to be acceptable for fabrication of anterior and posterior ceramic crowns.

    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis/methods
  3. Seow LL, Toh CG, Fok AS, Wilson NH
    Am J Dent, 2008 Oct;21(5):331-6.
    PMID: 19024261
    PURPOSE: To investigate the level and distribution of stresses in endodontically treated maxillary premolar teeth restored using various cavity designs of bonded all-ceramic restorations. The hypothesis tested was that the various all-ceramic approaches, including incorporating a pulp chamber extension in the restoration, had no influence on the stresses in the restored tooth unit.
    METHODS: Finite element packages Patran and Abaqus were used for the stress analysis. The cavity designs investigated include: (1) inlay (I); (2) inlay with palatal cusp coverage (IPC); (3) onlay (O); (4) inlay with pulp chamber extension (IPE); (5) inlay with palatal cusp coverage and pulp chamber extension (IPCPE); and (6) onlay with pulp chamber extension (OPE).
    RESULTS: In each case, tensile stresses were found to be concentrated subjacent to the occlusal fossa. Peak tensile stress and peak shear stress values along the tooth/restoration interface for IPC, O IPCPE and OPE cavity designs were found to be associated with the axiogingival line angle. Overall, the order of the various forms of restoration investigated in terms of the maximum principal stress (from greatest to lowest) was as follows: IPE > IPCPE > OPE > I > IPC > O.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis/methods*
  4. Ali IL, Yunus N, Abu-Hassan MI
    J Prosthodont, 2008 Oct;17(7):545-9.
    PMID: 18761582 DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-849X.2008.00357.x
    This study compared the surface hardness, flexural strength, and flexural modulus of a light- and heat-cured urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) to two conventional polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture base resins. The effect of less-than-optimal processing condition on the hardness of internal and external surfaces of UDMA specimens was also investigated.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis*
  5. Razali MF, Mahmud AS, Mokhtar N
    J Mech Behav Biomed Mater, 2018 Jan;77:234-241.
    PMID: 28954242 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2017.09.021
    NiTi arch wires are used widely in orthodontic treatment due to its superelastic and biocompatibility properties. In brackets configuration, the force released from the arch wire is influenced by the sliding resistances developed on the arch wire-bracket contact. This study investigated the evolution of the forces released by a rectangular NiTi arch wire towards possible intraoral temperature and deflection changes. A three dimensional finite element model was developed to measure the force-deflection behavior of superelastic arch wire. Finite element analysis was used to distinguish the martensite fraction and phase state of arch wire microstructure in relation to the magnitude of wire deflection. The predicted tensile and bending results from the numerical model showed a good agreement with the experimental results. As contact developed between the wire and bracket, binding influenced the force-deflection curve by changing the martensitic transformation plateau into a slope. The arch wire recovered from greater magnitude of deflection released lower force than one recovered from smaller deflection. In contrast, it was observed that the plateau slope increased from 0.66N/mm to 1.1N/mm when the temperature was increased from 26°C to 46°C.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis*
  6. Patil PG, Seow LL, Uddanwadikar R, Pau A, Ukey PD
    J Prosthet Dent, 2024 Feb;131(2):281.e1-281.e9.
    PMID: 37985307 DOI: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2023.10.023
    STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The 2-implant mandibular overdenture (2IMO) is a popular treatment for patients with mandibular edentulism. However, information on the influence of implant positions on crestal strain is lacking.

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the crestal strain around 2 implants to support mandibular overdentures when placed at different positions.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: Edentulous mandibles were 3-dimensionally (3D) designed separately with 2 holes for implant placement at similar distances of 5, 10, 15, and 20 mm from the midline, resulting in 4 study conditions. The complete denture models were 3D designed and printed from digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) images after scanning the patient's denture. Two 4.3×12-mm dummy implants were placed in the preplanned holes. Two linear strain gauges were attached on the crest of the mesial and distal side of each implant (CH1, CH2, CH3, and CH4) and connected to a computer to record the electrical signals. Male LOCATOR attachments were attached, the mucosal layer simulated, and the denture picked up with pink female nylon caps. A unilateral and bilateral force of 100 N was maintained for 10 seconds for each model in a universal testing machine while recording the maximum strains in the DCS-100A KYOWA computer software program. Data were analyzed by using 1-way analysis of variance, the Tukey post hoc test, and the paired t test (α=.05).

    RESULTS: Under bilateral loading, the strain values indicated a trend with increasing distance between the implants with both right and left distal strain gauges (CH4 and CH1). The negative (-ve) values indicated the compressive force, and the positive (+ve) values indicated the tensile force being applied on the strain gauges. The strain values for CH4 ranged between -166.08 for the 5-mm and -251.58 for the 20-mm position; and for CH1 between -168.08 for the 5-mm and -297.83 for the 20-mm position. The remaining 2 mesial strain gauges for all 4 implant positions remained lower than for CH4 and CH1. Under unilateral-right loading, only the right-side distal strain gauge CH4 indicated the increasing trend in the strain values with -147.5 for the 5-mm, -157.17 for the 10-mm, -209.33 for the 15-mm, and -234.75 for the 20 mm position. The remaining 3 strain gauges CH3, CH2, and CH1 ranged between -28.33 and -107.17. For each position for both implants, significantly higher (Pstress values progressively increased from 5 to 10 mm to 15 to 20 mm from midline, represented as lateral incisor, canine, and premolar positions. The distal side of the implants exhibits higher strains than the mesial side of the implants.

    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis/methods
  7. Patil PG, Seow LL, Uddanwadikar R, Ukey PD
    J Prosthet Dent, 2021 Jan;125(1):138.e1-138.e8.
    PMID: 33393474 DOI: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2020.09.015
    STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Mini implants (<3 mm in diameter) are being used as an alternative to standard implants for implant-retained mandibular overdentures; however, they may exhibit higher stresses at the crestal level.

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this finite element analysis study was to evaluate the biomechanical behavior (stress distribution pattern) in the mandibular overdenture, mucosa, bone, and implants when retained with 2 standard implants or 2 mini implants under unilateral or bilateral loading conditions.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: A patient with edentulous mandible and his denture was scanned with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), and a 3D mandibular model was created in the Mimics software program by using the CBCT digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) images. The model was transferred to the 3Matics software program to form a 2-mm-thick mucosal layer and to assemble the denture DICOM file. A 12-mm-long standard implant (Ø3.5 mm) and a mini dental implant (Ø2.5 mm) along with the LOCATOR male attachments (height 4 mm) were designed by using the SOLIDWORKS software program. Two standard or 2 mini implants in the canine region were embedded separately in the 3D assembled model. The base of the mandible was fixed, and vertical compressive loads of 100 N were applied unilaterally and bilaterally in the first molar region. The material properties for acrylic resin (denture), titanium (implants), mucosa (tissue), and bone (mandible) were allocated. Maximum von Mises stress and strain values were obtained and analyzed.

    RESULTS: Maximum stresses of 9.78 MPa (bilaterally) and 11.98 MPa (unilaterally) were observed in 2 mini implants as compared with 3.12 MPa (bilaterally) and 3.81 MPa (unilaterally) in 2 standard implants. The stress values in the mandible were observed to be almost double the mini implants as compared with the standard implants. The stresses in the denture were in the range of 3.21 MPa and 3.83 MPa and in the mucosa of 0.68 MPa and 0.7 MPa for 2 implants under unilateral and bilateral loading conditions. The strain values shown similar trends with both implant types under bilateral and unilateral loading.

    CONCLUSIONS: Two mini implants generated an average of 68.15% more stress than standard implants. The 2 standard implant-retained overdenture showed less stress concentration in and around implants than mini implant-retained overdentures.

    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis
  8. Sulaiman E, Alarami N, Wong YI, Lee WH, Al-Haddad A
    Dent Med Probl, 2018 10 18;55(3):275-279.
    PMID: 30328305 DOI: 10.17219/dmp/94656
    BACKGROUND: There is no sufficient literature on the effect of post location on endodontically treated premolar teeth with 2 roots.

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of fiber post location on fracture resistance and failure mode of endodontically treated premolars with 2 roots.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty extracted maxillary first premolars with 2 roots were divided randomly into 5 groups. Group 1 was comprised of sound teeth, which received only metal crowns (control). Teeth from groups 2, 3, 4, and 5 were decoronated 2 mm above the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) and were endodontically treated. No post was placed in group 2 teeth. Teeth from groups 3, 4 and 5 were given a fiber post placed in the buccal canal, palatal canal, and both buccal and palatal canals, respectively. All teeth in groups 2, 3, 4, and 5 were built up with composite and full coverage metal crowns. A compressive static load was applied at an angle of 25° to the crowns with a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min, until fracture.

    RESULTS: One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed significant differences among the groups (p = 0.002). A post hoc test showed significantly lower fracture resistance of group 4 compared to group 5 (p = 0.011). Furthermore, group 2 had significantly less fracture resistance compared to group 1 (p = 0.021) and group 5 (p = 0.002). According to Fisher's exact test, different post locations are non-significantly associated with fracture mode (p = 0.256).

    CONCLUSIONS: Fiber post location has a significant effect on fracture resistance of severely damaged, endodontically treated maxillary premolars with 2 roots. However, post placement in the palatal root is preferred, as it maintains the restorability of the tooth.

    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis
  9. Teng WS, Yew HZ, Jamadon NH, Qamaruz Zaman J, Meor Ahmad MI, Muchtar A
    J Mech Behav Biomed Mater, 2024 Mar;151:106361.
    PMID: 38176199 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2023.106361
    The use of all porcelain materials in dentistry has significantly increased in recent years. However, chipping has remained a common problem that affects bilayered zirconia restorations. Bonding between porcelain and the underlying zirconia framework is crucial to the success of the restoration. The bond strength may be affected by such factors as residual thermal stress and the veneering technique. This research focuses on investigating the potential and constraints of materials through an examination of the porcelain veneering technique, particularly hand-layering and heat-pressing. Forty-two cylindrical disc samples of zirconia (n = 7/group) were fabricated in the dimensions of 10 × 1.2 mm (diameter [D] × height [H]). The zirconia specimens were milled from IPS e.max® ZirCad [Z] block and Luxen Zr [L] block (n = 21/zirconia). The zirconia cores were layered with IPS e.max® Zirliner and heat-pressed with IPS e.max® ZirPress to produce a final veneer dimension of 5 × 3 mm (D × H). Conventional layering was performed for the rest of the zirconia cores using IPS e.max® Ceram and Shofu Vintage Zr. The final study groups were Luxen-Vintage (LV), Luxen-Ceram (LC), Luxen Zirpress (LP), ZirCad-Vintage (ZV), ZirCad-Ceram (ZC) and ZirCad-Zirpress (ZP). Five samples were subjected to shear bond testing (SBS) with a universal testing machine with a 5 kN load cell and 0.5 mm/min crosshead speed (n = 5/group). A sample underwent nanoindentation, and another was sectioned using Isomet machine to study the bonding interface. One-way ANOVA was used to run the statistical analyses of the SBS test. Statistical differences were found between ZV with LC and LP (p stress is estimated to be higher in the middle of the porcelain compared with that on the surface and the interface. FESEM imaging reveals portions of visible bare zirconia on Luxen zirconia, whilst crack propagation occurred through voids in all hand-layered groups. Heat-pressed veneering showed comparable but not superior results to conventional hand-layered veneering. Heat-pressed veneering produced similar stress distribution profiles compared with hand-layered veneering.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis
  10. Ishak MI, Kadir MR, Sulaiman E, Kasim NH
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants, 2013 May-Jun;28(3):e151-60.
    PMID: 23748334 DOI: 10.11607/jomi.2304
    To compare the extramaxillary approach with the widely used intrasinus approach via finite element method.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis/methods*
  11. Baig MR, Ariff FT, Yunus N
    Indian J Dent Res, 2011 Mar-Apr;22(2):210-2.
    PMID: 21891887 DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.84288
    BACKGROUND: The clinical success of relining depends on the ability of reline resin to bond to denture base. Surface preparations may influence reline bond strength of urethane-based dimethacrylate denture base resin.
    AIM: To investigate the effect of bur preparation on the surface roughness (R a ) of eclipse denture base resin and its shear bond strength (SBS) to an intra-oral self-curing reline material. The mode of reline bonding failure was also examined.
    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four cylindrical Eclipse™ specimens were prepared and separated into three groups of eight specimens each. Two groups were subjected to mechanical preparation using standard and fine tungsten carbide (TC) burs and the third group (control) was left unprepared. The R a of all specimens was measured using a contact stylus profilometer. Subsequently, relining was done on the prepared surface and SBS testing was carried out a day later using a universal testing machine.
    RESULTS: One-way ANOVA revealed significant differences (P<0.05) in R a and SBS values for all the groups. Post-hoc Tukey's HSD test showed significant differences (P<0.05) between all the groups in the R a values. For SBS also there were significant differences (P<0.05), except between standard bur and control.
    CONCLUSIONS: 1) There was a statistically significant difference in the R a of Eclipse™ specimens prepared using different carbide burs (P<0.05). 2) There was a statistically significant difference in the relined SBS (P<0.05) when prepared using different burs, but the difference between the standard bur and the control group was not statistically significant.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis/instrumentation
  12. Madfa AA, Kadir MR, Kashani J, Saidin S, Sulaiman E, Marhazlinda J, et al.
    Med Eng Phys, 2014 Jul;36(7):962-7.
    PMID: 24834856 DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2014.03.018
    Different dental post designs and materials affect the stability of restoration of a tooth. This study aimed to analyse and compare the stability of two shapes of dental posts (parallel-sided and tapered) made of five different materials (titanium, zirconia, carbon fibre and glass fibre) by investigating their stress transfer through the finite element (FE) method. Ten three-dimensional (3D) FE models of a maxillary central incisor restored with two different designs and five different materials were constructed. An oblique loading of 100 N was applied to each 3D model. Analyses along the centre of the post, the crown-cement/core and the post-cement/dentine interfaces were computed, and the means were calculated. One-way ANOVAs followed by post hoc tests were used to evaluate the effectiveness of the post materials and designs (p=0.05). For post designs, the tapered posts introduced significantly higher stress compared with the parallel-sided post (p<0.05), especially along the centre of the post. Of the materials, the highest level of stress was found for stainless steel, followed by zirconia, titanium, glass fibre and carbon fibre posts (p<0.05). The carbon and glass fibre posts reduced the stress distribution at the middle and apical part of the posts compared with the stainless steel, zirconia and titanium posts. The opposite results were observed at the crown-cement/core interface.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis/methods*
  13. Purmal K, Sukumaran P
    Aust Orthod J, 2010 Nov;26(2):184-8.
    PMID: 21175030
    To investigate the shear bond strengths of buccal tubes and to determine the sites of failure.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis/instrumentation
  14. Siar CH, Pua CK, Toh CG, Romanos G, Ng KH
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol, 2012 Nov;114(5 Suppl):S46-53.
    PMID: 23083955 DOI: 10.1016/j.tripleo.2011.07.049
    The objective of this study was to investigate the cementum status in natural teeth opposing implant-supported bridgework.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis
  15. Ahmad F, Dent M, Yunus N
    J Prosthodont, 2009 Oct;18(7):596-602.
    PMID: 19515166 DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-849X.2009.00481.x
    This study evaluated the shear bond strengths of light-polymerized urethane dimethacrylate (Eclipse) and heat-polymerized polymethylmethacrylate (Meliodent) denture base polymers to intraoral and laboratory-processed reline materials.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis
  16. Al-Makramani BM, Razak AA, Abu-Hassan MI
    J Contemp Dent Pract, 2008;9(2):33-40.
    PMID: 18264523
    The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of different luting agents on the fracture strength of Turkom-Cera all-ceramic copings.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis
  17. Ahmad R, Morgano SM, Wu BM, Giordano RA
    J Prosthet Dent, 2005 Nov;94(5):421-9.
    PMID: 16275301
    Many studies on the strengthening effects of grinding and polishing, as well as heat treatment on ceramics, are not well standardized or use commercially available industrial polishing systems. The reported effectiveness of these strengthening mechanisms on ceramics may not be applicable to clinical dentistry.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis
  18. Shankargouda SB, Sidhu P, Kardalkar S, Desai PM
    J Prosthodont, 2017 Feb;26(2):168-171.
    PMID: 26479878 DOI: 10.1111/jopr.12385
    Residual ridge resorption is a rapid, progressive, irreversible, and inevitable process of bone resorption. Long-standing teeth and implants have been shown to have maintained the bone around them without resorption. Thus, overdenture therapy has been proven to be beneficial in situations where few remaining teeth are present. In addition to the various advantages seen with tooth-supported telescopic overdentures, a few shortcomings can also be expected, including unseating of the overdenture, increased bulk of the prosthesis, secondary caries, etc. The precise transfer of the secondary telescopic copings to maintain the spatial relationship, without any micromovement, remains the most critical step in ensuring the success of the tooth-supported telescopic prosthesis. Thus, a simple and innovative technique of splinting the secondary copings was devised to prevent distortion and micromovement and maintain its spatial relationship.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis
  19. Sulong MZ, Aziz RA
    J Prosthet Dent, 1990 Mar;63(3):342-9.
    PMID: 2407832
    This is a review of the literature concerning wear related to the following materials used in dentistry: dental amalgam, composite resins, and glass-ionomer cements, as well as natural tooth substance. Discussions are included on both in vivo and in vitro studies in which various methods were used to help determine wear resistance.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis
  20. Alsrouji MS, Ahmad R, Abdul Razak NH, Shuib S, Kuntjoro W, Baba NZ
    J Prosthodont, 2019 Feb;28(2):e764-e770.
    PMID: 30044033 DOI: 10.1111/jopr.12954
    PURPOSE: To relate the principal stress, strain, and total deformation in the premaxilla region beneath a complete denture to the pattern of premaxilla bone resorption when opposed by a conventional complete denture (CD) or by a two-implant-retained overdenture (IOD) using finite element analysis (FEA).

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional solid models of the maxilla, mucosa, and denture of a selected edentulous patient were created using Mimics and CATIA software. The FEA model was created and duplicated in ANSYS 16.0 to perform two simulations for the IOD and the CD models. The values of maximum stress and strain and total deformation were obtained and compared to the outcomes of premaxilla resorption from a parallel clinical study.

    RESULTS: The maximum principal stress in the premaxilla in the IOD model ranged from 0.019 to 0.336 MPa, while it ranged from 0.011 to 0.193 MPa in the CD model. The maximum principal strain in the IOD model was 1.75 times greater than that in the CD model. Total deformation was 1.8 times higher in the IOD model. Greater bone resorption was observed in regions of higher stress, which were on the occlusal and buccal sides of the premaxilla residual ridge.

    CONCLUSION: Stress, strain, and total deformation values present in the premaxilla area beneath a CD were approximately two times greater in a comparison between an opposing mandibular two-IOD and an opposing mandibular CD. The results were consistent with a parallel clinical study in which the rate of premaxilla bone resorption was almost three times greater in the IOD group.

    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Stress Analysis
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