• 1 Universiti Teknologi MARA
  • 2 Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • 3 Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin


Oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) are critical for the inflammatory response for endothelial dysfunction. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of various doses of HDL on: (a) LDL susceptibility to oxidation; (b) expression of eNOS; and (c) expression of NF-κB p50 and p65. Different concentrations of HDL were incubated in LDL. The reaction rates of LDL susceptibility to oxidation were obtained by kinetic modeling analysis. For determination of eNOS, NF-κB p50 and p65 expression, different HDL concentrations were incubated in lipo polysacharides (LPS)-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cell line for 16 hours. Protein was extracted and analysed by western blot and nuclear transcription factor, for example, Co-incubation of LDL with increasing HDL concentrations showed longer lag time and lower reaction rate in a dose-dependent manner compared to controls (p