• 1 Universiti Sains Malaysia


In order to have an effective preventive measures to reduce accidents
at the workplace, organisations need to take a robust step to increase safety
participation in Occupational Safety and Health Management System (OSHMS).
Accidents will affect employees' morale for work and employers will bear the
consequence of the direct and indirect recovery cost. Specifically, accidents will
cost big company’s good reputation. This study intends to examine the
relationship of organizational safety factors (management safety commitment,
safety training, extrinsic reward, intrinsic reward, employee involvement, safety
communication and safety advice) towards safety participation in OSHMS using
the resource-based view (RBV) and knowledge-based view (KBV) theories. A
total of 100 responses were analysed from the Malaysian manufacturing firms
with OHSAS 18001 or MS 1722 certifications. Data were analysed using
the Smart Partial Least Square (SmartPLS). It is found that safety training and
employee involvement have direct relationship towards safety participation in
OSHMS. Specifically, the safety advice showed a significant moderating effect on
the relationship between management safety commitment and safety
participation in OSHMS. The findings of this study are useful to both OSH
practitioners and organisation who wish to understand and apply safety capital
towards safety participation in OSHMS with specific reference to the role of
safety advice played by safety professionals.