• 1 Postgraduate Trainee, Nuclear Medicine Department, Hospital Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. Email:
  • 2 Consultant Nuclear Medicine Physician, Head of Department, Nuclear Medicine Department, Hospital Pulau Pinang, Malaysia


Thyroid disorders could be broadly categorised into benign and malignant diseases. Approaches for the
management of benign and malignant thyroid disorders have been well documented including the treatment
using radioactive iodine (RAI). RAI has long been used to treat hyperthyroidism and well differentiated
thyroid cancer. Nevertheless, there are various factors that may influence the outcome of RAI treatment
including matters related to patient preparations. Thus, healthcare personnel play an important role in
assisting patients to make the necessary preparations. This article aims to give nurses and clinicians of
various specialities an insight into the overview of RAI treatment for thyroid disorders particularly in
Malaysia and further discusses the issues related to preparations of patients.