• 1 Pacific University, School of Pharmacy, Hillsboro, Oregon
  • 2 Loma Linda University, School of Pharmacy, Loma Linda, California
  • 3 Nova Southeastern University, College of Pharmacy, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida
  • 4 MCPHS University, School of Pharmacy, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 5 Howard University, College of Pharmacy, Washington, DC
  • 6 Universitas Airlangga, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • 7 Asian Institute of Medical, Science and Technology, Bentong, Malaysia
  • 8 University of the Philippines, College of Pharmacy, Manila, Philippines
  • 9 Institute for Community Health Research, College of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue University, Vietnam
Am J Pharm Educ, 2019 05;83(4):7215.
PMID: 31223162 DOI: 10.5688/ajpe7215


Schools and colleges of pharmacy in the United States increasingly interact with those in Asian countries for various purposes such as education and research. For both those visiting and those hosting, it is important to understand and respect the culture of the other's country to enrich these interactions. This paper, the second of two manuscripts on Asian countries, focuses on India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam. For each country, the following information is provided: general introduction, health care system, pharmacy practice, and pharmacy education, stereotypes and misconceptions, recommendations for US-based health care professionals, faculty members, and students who visit these Asian countries, and recommendations for them to host visitors from these Asian countries. The aim of this paper is to assist US health care professionals, faculty members, and students in initiating and promoting a culturally sensitive engagement.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.