Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 1680 in total

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  1. Mok CC, Cha HS, Hidayat R, Nguyen LT, Perez EC, Ramachandran R, et al.
    Int J Rheum Dis, 2016 Jan;19(1):30-7.
    PMID: 26403254 DOI: 10.1111/1756-185X.12755
    OBJECTIVE: In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), morning stiffness is linked more to functional disability and pain than disease activity, as assessed by joint counts and markers of inflammation. As part of the Asia Pacific Morning Stiffness in Rheumatoid Arthritis Expert Panel, a group of eight rheumatologists met to formulate consensus points and develop recommendations for the assessment and management of morning stiffness in RA.
    METHODS: On the basis of a systematic literature review and expert opinion, a panel of Asian rheumatologists formulated recommendations for the assessment and medical treatment of RA.
    RESULTS: The panel agreed upon 10 consensus statements on morning stiffness, its assessment and treatment. Specifically, the panel recommended that morning stiffness, pain and impaired morning function should be routinely assessed in clinical practice. Although there are currently no validated tools for these parameters, they should be assessed as part of the patients' reported outcomes in RA. The panel also agreed on the benefits of low-dose glucocorticoids in RA, particularly for the improvement of morning stiffness.
    CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations serve to guide rheumatologists and other stakeholders on the assessment and management of morning stiffness, and help implement the treat-to-target principle in the management of RA.
    KEYWORDS: consensus recommendations; morning stiffness; rheumatoid arthritis
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia
  2. Muthiah YD, Ong CE, Sulaiman SA, Ismail R
    Pharmacognosy Res, 2016 Oct-Dec;8(4):292-297.
    PMID: 27695271
    In Southeast Asia and many parts of the world, herbal products are increasingly used in parallel with modern medicine.
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia, Southeastern
  3. Nikolopoulos GK, Kostaki EG, Paraskevis D
    Infect. Genet. Evol., 2016 Dec;46:256-268.
    PMID: 27287560 DOI: 10.1016/j.meegid.2016.06.017
    HIV strains continuously evolve, tend to recombine, and new circulating variants are being discovered. Novel strains complicate efforts to develop a vaccine against HIV and may exhibit higher transmission efficiency and virulence, and elevated resistance to antiretroviral agents. The United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) set an ambitious goal to end HIV as a public health threat by 2030 through comprehensive strategies that include epidemiological input as the first step of the process. In this context, molecular epidemiology becomes invaluable as it captures trends in HIV evolution rates that shape epidemiological pictures across several geographical areas. This review briefly summarizes the molecular epidemiology of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Europe and Asia. Following high transmission rates of subtype G and CRF14_BG among PWID in Portugal and Spain, two European countries, Greece and Romania, experienced recent HIV outbreaks in PWID that consisted of multiple transmission clusters including subtypes B, A, F1, and recombinants CRF14_BG and CRF35_AD. The latter was first identified in Afghanistan. Russia, Ukraine, and other Former Soviet Union (FSU) states are still facing the devastating effects of epidemics in PWID produced by AFSU (also known as IDU-A), BFSU (known as IDU-B), and CRF03_AB. In Asia, CRF01_AE and subtype B (Western B and Thai B) travelled from PWID in Thailand to neighboring countries. Recombination hotspots in South China, Northern Myanmar, and Malaysia have been generating several intersubtype and inter-CRF recombinants (e.g. CRF07_BC, CRF08_BC, CRF33_01B etc.), increasing the complexity of HIV molecular patterns.
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia/epidemiology
  4. J Sykepleien, 1993 Jan 19;81(1):20.
    PMID: 8466793
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia/epidemiology
  5. Kamarulzaman Bin Ibrahim, Abdul Aziz Jermain
    Dengue is one of the main factors of mortality of inhabitants in the region of South East Asia. Malaysia is one of the countries which is facing a high incidence of dengue, particularly in the 70's and early 80's. The Ministry of Health has taken various measures in order to reduce the dengue epidemic. These include educating people about dengue and conducting research such as investigation of factors that influence the epidemic of dengue. In this study, a sequential Bayesian approach is applied to data of the proportion of death due to dengue over the period from 1982 to 1992. In the sequential Bayesian approach, the data for the year 1982 becomes the prior information for the 1983 data and so on. The data for the different periods are combined in a chronological manner until the final posterior distribution of the proportion of death due to dengue is obtained. It is found that the overall proportion is 0.59% and its standard deviation is 0.00002%.
    Denggi adalah satu daripada faktor utama kematian bagi penduduk di rantau Asia Tenggara. Malaysia pula merupakan satu daripada negara yang sedang mengalami kadar insiden denggi yang tinggi, khususnya dalam tahun 70-an dan pada awal 80-an. Kementerian Kesihatan telah mengambil pelbagai langkah untuk mengurangkan wabak denggi. Ini termasuk memberikan pendidikan tentang denggi dan membuat kajian tentang faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Dalam kajian ini kaedah Bayesan jujukan digunakan terhadap data perkadaran yang mati akibat denggi dalam tempoh 1982 hingga 1992. Dalam kaedah ini, data tahun 1982 digunakan sebagai maklumat prior untuk data tahun 1983 dan seterusnya. Data dari tahun yang berlainan digabungkan secara kronologi sehingga diperoleh taburan posterior yang terakhir bagi perkadaran yang mati akibat denggi. Didapati bahawa perkadaran keseluruhan ialah 0.59% dan sisihan piawainya 0.00002%.
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia; Asia, Southeastern
  6. Gould IM, Wang GQ, Wu JJ, Lim VK, Hutchinson J, Walsh T, et al.
    J Glob Antimicrob Resist, 2014 Mar;2(1):7-9.
    PMID: 27873642 DOI: 10.1016/j.jgar.2013.10.005
    The International Society of Chemotherapy's Working Groups on Antibiotic Resistance and Antibiotic Stewardship convened a half-day workshop on the burden of multidrug-resistant organisms in the Asia-Pacific. This short review is a summary of their discussion and conclusions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia
  7. Harris N P
    Malays Fam Physician, 2009;4(1):6-7.
    Note by TCL: The Rajakumar Movement is the Wonca Asia Pacific Region Working Party for Young and Future Family Doctors. It was named in honour of Dr M K Rajakumar.
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia
  8. Siti Aminah Bahari, Mardina Abdullah, Baharudin Yatim
    Sains Malaysiana, 2017;46:1987-1995.
    Ionosfera merupakan satu lapisan atmosfera bumi yang mengandungi elektron bebas dan boleh memberi kesan ralat
    kepada perambatan gelombang elektromagnetik terutama kepada sistem kedudukan global (GPS). Kesan jumlah
    kandungan elektron (TEC) dan fenomena melibatkan sistem suria-magnetosfera-ionosfera-termosfera kepada isyarat
    satelit dan komunikasi radio sentiasa berubah. Kajian ini memfokuskan kepada perubahan TEC ketika aktiviti suria
    di tahap minimum. Objektif utama kajian ini adalah untuk mengkaji variasi TEC di rantau Malaysia terhadap masa
    harian, perubahan musim, aktiviti suria dan medan magnet bumi. Isyarat GPS yang disebarkan pada dua frekuensi
    jalur L1 dan L2 mengandungi data kod dan fasa membolehkan pengiraan TEC diperoleh menggunakan GPS. Data GPS
    pada tahun 2007 yang diperoleh daripada Jabatan Ukur dan Pemetaan Malaysia (JUPEM), digunakan dalam kajian ini.
    Hasil kajian di Asia Tenggara menunjukkan ketika musim ekuinoks, nilai purata TEC dicatatkan tinggi iaitu 35 TEC unit
    (TECU) berbanding dengan nilai purata TEC pada soltis yang mencatatkan bacaan 25 TECU. Aktiviti suria didapati lebih
    memberi kesan kepada perubahan TEC berbanding dengan medan magnet bumi dengan faktor kolerasi antara aktiviti
    suria adalah lebih tinggi iaitu 0.64 berbanding dengan medan magnet bumi iaitu 0.34 sahaja. Kajian ini tertumpu ketika
    aktiviti suria di tahap minimum dengan keadaan medan magnet bumi secara puratanya adalah senyap. Ini seterusnya
    membolehkan hasil kajian ini menjadi asas kepada maklumat mengenai ionosfera di Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia
  9. Liyanage T, Ninomiya T, Perkovic V, Woodward M, Stirnadel-Farrant H, Matsushita K, et al.
    Nephrology (Carlton), 2017 Jun;22(6):456-462.
    PMID: 27187157 DOI: 10.1111/nep.12821
    AIM: The burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is growing rapidly around the world. However, there is limited information on the overall regional prevalence of CKD, as well as the prognostic implications and treatment patterns in Asian region. We have established the Asian Renal Collaboration (ARC) with the goal of consolidating region-wide data regarding CKD.

    METHODS: This collaborative project will synthesize data and perform meta-analyses of observational studies conducted in Asia. Studies will be identified through a systematic literature search including abstracts, proceedings of meetings, electronic databases such as MEDLINE and EMBASE. Personal enquiry among collaborators and experts in the region will identify additional studies, or other data sources such as registries. Both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that describe the prevalence of CKD and its complications will be included, as will longitudinal studies that describe important clinical outcomes for people with CKD. Individual participant data will be sought, where possible, from each of the studies included in the collaboration for baseline parameters and subsequent outcomes, in order to maximize flexibility and consistency of data analyses.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study is an initiative offering a unique opportunity to obtain information about the prevalence and manifestations of CKD in Asia, as well as its risk factors. The ARC will also provide insights into important outcomes including progression of CKD, CKD complications, cardiovascular disease and death. These findings will improve our understanding of kidney disease in Asia, and thus help inform service provision, preventive care and further research across the region.

    Matched MeSH terms: Asia/epidemiology
  10. Randolph S
    J Dev Areas, 1990 Oct;25(1):15-31.
    PMID: 12290855
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia; Asia, Southeastern
  11. Malaysia
    Annu Rev Popul Law, 1989;16:58.
    PMID: 12344476
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia; Asia, Southeastern
  12. Popul Manag, 1987 Dec;1(2):5-14.
    PMID: 12283527
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia; Asia, Southeastern
  13. Kuchiba M, Maeda N
    Tonan Ajia Kenkyu, 1980 Sep;18(2):186-205.
    PMID: 12265219
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia; Asia, Southeastern
  14. Ahmad SH, Khoon YG
    Bul Keluarga, 1973 May 7;58:1-2.
    PMID: 12276936
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia; Asia, Southeastern
  15. Tan MK, Wahab RBHA
    Zootaxa, 2018 Apr 20;4413(1):193-196.
    PMID: 29690128 DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4413.1.9
    There are now more than 28,000 described orthopterans globally (Cigliano et al., 2018) and this figure is likely to increase in the future. The same is true for Southeast Asia, where we are still at a stage of discovering species new to science, and this is partly an artefact of incomplete sampling (Tan et al., 2017a). In one of the most popular biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Borneo, is the Kuala Belalong Field Studies Centre. It is located in the primary lowland and ridge dipterocarp forests of the Ulu Temburong National Park, Brunei Darussalam. Recent collection of orthopterans in the area led to the discovery of several new species of katydids (Tan et al., 2017b; Tan Wahab, 2017a) and crickets (Tan et al., 2017c; Tan Wahab, 2017b). Here, we describe another new species of katydid, from the genus Tapiena Bolívar, 1906. Tapiena currently consists of 26 species (Tan et al., 2015) and is distributed around Asia and even Africa. In Borneo, only one species is known: Tapiena incisa Karny, 1923 from Sarawak (see Karny, 1923). The new species Tapiena paraincisa sp. nov. represents the second species described from Borneo.
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia; Asia, Southeastern
  16. Khan YH, Mallhi TH, Sarriff A, Khan AH, Tanveer N
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2018 Dec;28(12):960-966.
    PMID: 30501836 DOI: 10.29271/jcpsp.2018.12.960
    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an asymptomatic disease associated with high morbidity and life-threatening complications that lead to decreased life expectancy. Worldwide prevalence of CKD is escalating at an alarming rate. Large population-based representative surveys have been reported in Western countries to estimate the prevalence of the disease. However, there is paucity of data as far as developing nations are concerned. Asia is the world's largest continent accommodating maximum number of under-developed and developing countries with an unclear picture of prevalence of CKD. Current review attempts to give an insight to the prevalence of CKD in this region by combining population-based surveys. This review will assist in estimating the burden of CKD in Asia, so that appropriate control measures could be designed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia/epidemiology
  17. Heng LL, Caguioa P, Chin NS, Chiou TJ, Lee JW, Miyakawa Y, et al.
    Int. J. Hematol., 2011 Aug;94(2):142-149.
    PMID: 21766185 DOI: 10.1007/s12185-011-0894-8
    Patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) from the Asia-Pacific region often exhibit characteristics distinct from those of patients from the West. Moreover, as the region itself is heterogeneous, the ITP landscape among individual Asia-Pacific countries can be diverse. The recently released international consensus report on ITP places new emphasis on ITP, but does not address the unique ITP landscape in the Asia-Pacific region, which is home to 60% of the world's population. In an attempt to characterize how the ITP landscape differs between the West and the Asia-Pacific region, an expert panel with representatives from Northeast Asia, Southeast Asia, and Australia was convened. Important differences were identified between the guidance provided in the international consensus report and experience in the Asia-Pacific region, namely diagnostic practices, incidence and approach to ITP secondary to H. pylori infection, systemic lupus erythematosus-related ITP, the use of bone marrow examination, initial treatment strategies, and the role of splenectomy, rituximab, and thrombopoietin receptor agonists.
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia/ethnology; Asia/epidemiology
  18. Liedigk R, Kolleck J, Böker KO, Meijaard E, Md-Zain BM, Abdul-Latiff MA, et al.
    BMC Genomics, 2015;16:222.
    PMID: 25887664 DOI: 10.1186/s12864-015-1437-0
    Long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) are an important model species in biomedical research and reliable knowledge about their evolutionary history is essential for biomedical inferences. Ten subspecies have been recognized, of which most are restricted to small islands of Southeast Asia. In contrast, the common long-tailed macaque (M. f. fascicularis) is distributed over large parts of the Southeast Asian mainland and the Sundaland region. To shed more light on the phylogeny of M. f. fascicularis, we sequenced complete mitochondrial (mtDNA) genomes of 40 individuals from all over the taxon's range, either by classical PCR-amplification and Sanger sequencing or by DNA-capture and high-throughput sequencing.
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia; Asia, Southeastern
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