• 1 The University of Queensland, 1974, Centre for Horticultural Science, Joe Baker street, Dutton Park, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 4102;
  • 2 The University of Queensland QAAFI Centre for Horticultural Science, 589353, Saint Lucia, Queensland, Australia;
  • 3 University of Queensland, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia, 4072;
  • 4 University of Queensland, Centre for Horticultural Science, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 4001;
  • 5 Universitas Gadjah Mada, 59166, Research Center for Biotechnology, Flora St. Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, DIY, Indonesia, 55281
  • 6 Universiti Putra Malaysia Fakulti Pertanian, 119196, Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, UPM, 43400 Serdang Selangor, MALAYSIA, Serdang, Malaysia, 43400;
  • 7 University of Queensland, Centre for Horticultural Science, EcoScience Precint, Level 2CW, Dutton Park, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 4070;
Plant Dis, 2021 Oct 20.
PMID: 34668403 DOI: 10.1094/PDIS-07-21-1436-RE


Blood disease in bananas caused by Ralstonia syzygii subsp. celebesensis (Rsce) is a bacterial wilt disease that causes major yield losses of banana in Indonesia and peninsular Malaysia. The disease has significantly increased its geographic distribution in the last decade. Diagnostic methods are an important component of disease management in vegetatively propagated crops such as banana to constrain incursions of plant pathogens. Therefore, the objectives of this study were: i) to design and rigorously validate a novel banana Blood disease (BBD) real-time PCR assay with a high level of specificity and sensitivity of detection. ii) to validate published PCR based diagnostic methods targeting either the intergenic region in the megaplasmid ("121 assay" with primer set 121) or the phage tail protein coding sequence in the bacterial chromosome ("Kubota assay" and "BDB2400 assay" with primer set BDB2400). Assay validation included 339 samples (174 Blood disease bacterium, 51 bacteria associated with banana plants, 51 members of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex and 63 samples from symptomatic and healthy plant material). Validation parameters were analytical specificity (inclusivity and exclusivity), selectivity, limit of detection, accuracy, and ruggedness. The "121 assay" and our newly developed "BBD real-time PCR assay" detected all Rsce strains with no cross specificity during validation. Two different PCR assays using the primer set BDB2400 lacked specificity and selectivity. This study reveals that our novel "BBD real-time PCR assay" and the conventional PCR "121 assay" are reliable methods for Blood disease diagnostics as they comply with all tested validation parameters.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.