Displaying all 3 publications

  1. Rao SK, Rao PS
    Med J Malaysia, 2005 Dec;60(5):560-2.
    PMID: 16515105
    Post Arthroscopic intra-articular analgesia is a better method to avoid post-operative pain after arthroscopic surgery, thus avoiding the adverse effects of systemic analgesics. In this prospective randomized double blind study conducted on 90 patients, 30 patients in group A received 20 ml of intra-articular saline, 30 patients in Group B received 10 ml of intra-articular saline and 10 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine and 30 patients in Group C received 10 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine, 1 ml (30 mg) of ketorolac and 9 ml of saline intra-articularly. Ambulatory status, duration of analgesia and requirement for supplemented analgesia were compared in these three groups. Patients receiving this intra-articular analgesic combination of bupivacaine and ketorolac required significantly less supplemental postoperative analgesics. This combination significantly prolonged the duration of analgesia. Patients receiving this combination of drugs for intra-articular analgesia ambulated earlier.
  2. Vijayan S, Mohammed AP, Kulkarni MS, Rao SK
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Jan 28;14(1).
    PMID: 33509874 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2020-238366
    Synovial sarcomas are deep-seated, genetically distinct, malignant neoplasms seen in young adults, with a male preponderance. They have unusual clinical and pathological presentation and mimic many other sarcomas and carcinomas, making the diagnosis quite challenging. Although four variants are identified, occurrence in the hand is extremely rare and leads to significant morbidity. There is a high incidence of local recurrence and distant metastasis within the first 2 years. We report the case of an elderly woman with monophasic spindle cell synovial sarcoma who presented with painless swelling in her palm and underwent local excision of the neoplasm. At 2-year follow-up, she remains totally asymptomatic with normal function of the hand. We also attempt to give an overview about monophasic spindle cell synovial sarcoma with the differentials, which would help surgeons in prompt diagnosis and appropriate management.
  3. Vijayan S, Kulkarni MS, Jain CP, Shetty S, Aroor MN, Rao SK
    Malays Orthop J, 2022 Nov;16(3):104-112.
    PMID: 36589364 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.2211.016
    INTRODUCTION: The acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) is a major link connecting the upper limb to the torso. The acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular (CC) ligaments help in stabilising the joint. We feel it is prudent to address both these ligament injuries, to achieve optimum result. This study was undertaken to analyse the results of a simple frugal surgical technique we used to deal with this injury considering stabilisation for both these ligaments.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, skeletally mature patients with Type III, IV or V ACJ dislocations who underwent open reduction and stabilisation of the joint with temporary K-wires, repair of the capsule and augmentation of CC ligaments with suture anchors were included. Clinico-radiological and functional outcome was evaluated. Functional assessment of the upper limb was analysed using the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Score (DASH), Constant shoulder score (CSS) and Oxford shoulder score (OSS).

    RESULTS: Clinical and radiological evaluation of the 32 patients who had completed two years from the index surgery, was done. Out of the 37 patients included initially, five were lost in follow-up. Majority of the subjects included were males and type V was the most common injury. Mean pre-operative CC distance on the affected side was 13.92±4.94mm. In the immediate post-operative radiograph, it was 7.63±2.08mm and in the final follow- up was 9.36±2.75mm. Measurements were taken by two independent investigators and inter, and intra-observer reliability were analysed by Interclass correlation coefficient. Excellent functional outcome was noted despite the 1.81±1.50mm average loss of correction. At final follow-up, mean DASH score was 4.67±4.18, Oxford shoulder score was 44.06±2.44 and Constant shoulder score was 86.37±5.81. The severity of the injury had no significant effect on the functional outcome post our method of stabilisation and rehabilitation.

    CONCLUSION: Bifocal fixation restores the multidirectional stability of the disrupted ACJ. Adequate radiological reduction, good functional outcome and simplicity of execution make this technique an undemanding one for use in regular practice.

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