Spindle-cell lipoma (SCL) of the oral cavity is very rare. There are only four such reported cases in the literature. A concise literature review of SCL and a case report of a SCL affecting the cheek and lip of a 23-year-old man is presented.
A case is described in which a compound odontoma erupted into the oral cavity in an 8 1/2-year-old girl. The odontoma was initially discovered as a chance radiographic finding 2 years 8 months previously.
A case of denture hyperplasia of the upper labial sulcus with concomitant oncocytic metaplastic changes is described. The patient concerned is an elderly male wearing an ill-fitting upper full denture.
Desmoid tumor of the mandible, or desmoplastic fibroma, is a rare disease with only a few cases reported in the literature. This paper presents the rare case of an elderly male with desmoplastic fibroma of the mandible with an uncommon accompanying proliferative myositis. The case is discussed with emphasis on the clinical presentation, differential diagnosis and treatment of this lesion.
The clinical and histologic features of Kimura's disease are briefly outlined. A case presenting as a subcutaneous nodule in the region of the angle of the right mandible of a 20-year-old male is presented. The relationship of this disease to angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is discussed.
Leiomyomas are benign neoplasms of smooth muscle origin. They represent rare entities in the oral cavity. A case arising from the incisive papilla region of a 3-month-old infant is described and the histogenesis as well as the biologic potential of this tumor are discussed.
The purpose of this study was to determine the
DNA yield and quality from different non-invasive
sampling methods and to identify the method which
gave the highest DNA yield. Method: Thirty-eight
volunteers had been recruited in this study where
blood, buccal cells and saliva were collected using
various collection techniques. Buccal cells were
collected by 1) cytobrush and 2) saline mouth rinsing
or “swish”. Meanwhile saliva was collected by passive
drooling method. Upon processing the white blood
cell (WBC), buccal cells and saliva samples, DNA
extraction was performed according to the
manufacturer’s protocol. Quantification and quality
(DNA ratio at A260/A280) of the extracted DNA were
determined using NanoDropND-1000®. T-test was
performed to compare means between DNA obtained
from various collection methods. Results: DNA yields
from buccal cells collected with cytobrush, “swish”,
saliva and WBC (mean ± SD) were (8.2 ± 5.9)ng/μl,
(28.2 ± 14.9)ng/μl, (5.9 ± 9.5)ng/μl and (105.3 ±
75.0)ng/μl respectively. Meanwhile the mean DNA
ratio at A260/A280 for cytobrush, “swish”, saliva and
WBC were 2.3, 2.0, 1.7 and 1.8 respectively. Post hoc
test with Bonferroni correction suggested that DNA
yield from “swish” technique exhibited the least mean
different as compared to the DNA extracted from WBC
Diagnosis and management of orofacial pain of non-odontogenic origin has always been a challenge to dentists. Inaccurate diagnosis would result in delay of treatment and in cases of orofacial pain, affects patient’s quality of life. Temporomandibular pain dysfunction syndrome is the most common temporomandibular disorder that presents to dental clinics. Trigeminal neuralgia, also known as ticdouloureux is a relatively rare condition that causes electric shock-like pain when the trigger zone is stimulated by triggering factor. Case report: A case of temporomandibular pain dysfunction syndrome in a 52 years old Indian lady that was managed as trigeminal neuralgia for 7 years is presented. Conclusion: The aim of this case report is to make dentists aware of the signs and symptoms of different orofacial pain, so that early and accurate diagnosis can be made and appropriate treatment instituted.
To explore the association between social
support and stress levels in preclinical and clinical dental
students in Malaysia. Method: A cross sectional survey
of dental undergraduate students was conducted at the
Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, Universiti
Kebangsaan Malaysia and Universiti Sains Malaysia.
Stress was measured using the Dental Environment Stress
(DES) questionnaire. A DES-32 item was used to measure
stress for the clinical students and DES-16 item for the
preclinical students. Four questions were used to measure
social support. The total stress scores were standardized
for comparison purposes. Results: A total of 357 (79.7%)
preclinical and 417 (71.8%) clinical undergraduate dental
students responded to the questionnaires. The clinical
students experienced higher stress [mean standardized
DES score = 72.63, SD = 10.64] than preclinical students
[mean standardized DES score = 70.19, SD=12.01]. The
two most stressful items reported by preclinical students
were “fear of failing” and “examination and grades”.
Among clinical students, the two most stressful items related
to academic were “completing course requirement” and
“fear of failing course” and items related to clinical session
were “fear of being barred due to the clinical schedule”
and “patients late or absent”. Multiple regression analyses
revealed that low stress levels among preclinical students
were significantly associated to a lot of contact with
students of the same course. Conclusion: To some extent,
social support does play a role in explaining differences in
perceived stress, in particular among preclinical students.
A preliminary investigation to assess the relationship
in the severity of periodontal disease in diabetics when
compared with non-diabetic subjects. Materials and
Methods: A retrospective, comparative study using
periodontal case notes of 40 subjects (20 Type 2 diabetics,
20 non-diabetics) who were selected based on the
inclusion and exclusion criteria. Severity of periodontal
disease was assessed through number of periodontal
pocket ≥5mm. The results were compared between
subjects whose age, gender and plaque scores are matched
with the test group. Data obtained was then analyzed by
SPSS Version 12. Results: When comparisons were made
between test (Type 2 diabetic) and control (non-diabetic)
groups, there were no significant difference (p>0.05) in
the severity of periodontal disease. However, there was
a clinically mean difference between the two groups.
Conclusions: This preliminary investigation indicated
that the severity of chronic periodontitis, as indicated in
periodontal pocketing, increased in diabetic patients when
compared to non-diabetics clinically, although it was not
statistically significant. The finding of this investigation
was thus not conclusive as it was only a retrospective
study using patients’ case notes. However, the results
are now being further investigated with a proper clinical
trial which examines periodontal parameters and diabetic
status (HbA1c) of the subjects to determine the association
between periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus.
Background: In an academic setting due to financial constrain, it is not uncommon during non-surgical procedures dental students and clinical supervisors wash their gloved hands with disinfectants in between patients or when touching on non-contaminated objects. Whether this practice could cause any deterioration of the glove and expose clinicians and patients to infectious micro-organisms was a concern.
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of multiple washes of gloved hands with a disinfectant on the integrity of the gloves. Methods: Three brands of commonly used gloves in a dental school were tested for leaks after multiple washes with a disinfectant. Thirty pairs of each type of gloves were subjected to 0, 1, 5, 10, 20 and 30 washes with a disinfectant solution at a 5-minute interval between each wash. After each washing cycle, the gloves were filled with 1L of water and hanged for 2 minutes to observe any signs of water leaks.
Results: The results showed that the type of gloves and number of washes were significantly associated with the leakage rates (p<0.001). Washing of gloves for more than 5 times were at least 6 times higher to suffer from leakage (OR=6.23, 95% CI=2.14–18.08). Powdered gloves were almost 13 times higher to leak in all washes (OR=12.78, 95% CI= 4.40–37.14) and were almost 25 times more likely to leak when washed for more than 5 times (OR = 24.92, 95% CI = 5.79 – 107.21) when compared to the non-powdered gloves.
Conclusion: The practice of washing gloved hands with a disinfectant deteriorates the integrity of the gloves.
Key words: Cross infection, disinfectant, glove, leakage, micropores
In Malaysia, training to enter dental
nursing profession is only open to women. Ironically,
there are no such gender restrictions on training for
any other health related professions in Malaysia.
Aim: Therefore this study aims to assess the
perceptions of Malaysian Senior Dental Officers
(SDOs) towards the employability of male workers in
the dental nursing profession and to compare findings
from male and female SDOs. Methods: This cross
sectional study was carried out on all SDOs in
Ministry of Health, Malaysia, using a self-administered
questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and a chi square
test were used to address the study objectives. Results:
Of the 112 participants, 78 SDOs returned the
questionnaire, yielding a response rate of 70%. The
majority of SDOs had positive perceptions of the
employment of male dental nurses. It was indicated that
gender is an important indicator for workforce
development, and that the employment of both male
and female dental nurses would enhance productivity.
Almost 70% of SDOs perceived that the productivity
of oral health service would be enhanced by having
male and female dental nurses but 84.6% disagreed
that male dental nurses would be more productive than
female. Two thirds of SDOs disagreed that male dental
nurses would increase satisfaction among male
patients. About 64% of male SDOs disagreed that
dental nursing profession is associated with female
traits. There was no significant difference between
perceptions by male and female SDOs for any
statements. Conclusion: The majority of Malaysian
SDOs have positive perceptions towards the
employability of male dental nurses, and perceived
dental nursing as a suitable profession for both
genders. Training for the dental nursing profession
should therefore be made available for men.
Tooth transposition is a rare developmental anomaly
affecting less than 1% of the population. The
permanent maxillary canine and 1st premolar are the
most commonly affected teeth. Bilateral maxillary
canine-1st premolar transpositions are extremely rare
with only a handful of cases being reported in the
literature. We report one such case of bilateral
maxillary canine-1st premolar transposition in a 28
year old Malaysian female which was associated with
other dental anomalies.
To determine the amount of displacement of a structure
noticed on an image when the tube of a dental X-ray
machine was shifted vertically and horizontally. In
addition, various intraoral images were combined with
dental panoramic images to determine the location of
structures. Our research is based on the parallax
technique which requires manipulation of horizontal
and vertical angulations of the X-ray tube. A metal
object is positioned on the buccal and palatal side of
the maxilla on the canine area of a skull. The X-ray
tube is shifted incrementally to obtain images on
phosphor plates. Subsequently, panaromic and occlusal
images were taken to assist in localization of the metal
object. To obtain a clear image shift of 2-3mm using
the parallax method, there must be an adequate
horizontal tube shift of approximately 30-35 degrees.
When images were used in combination of dental
panoramic images, it was found that the buccally
placed structures can be accurately located with the
periapical or occlusal images. However, the
displacement of images in the palatally placed
structures in panoramic imaging is not fully
appreciated with the principle of parallax method. Tube
movement of 30-35 degrees horizontally is needed for
a 2-3 mm image shift. To successfully localize a buccal
structure, a combination of either periapical or occlusal
images with a dental panoramic imaging can be
employed. However, this combination with panoramic
imaging is limited when looking at palatally placed
The study aimed to assess patient satisfaction with their orthodontic treatment outcome and type of cases accepted for orthodontic treatment at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya (UM) and to audit the quality of treatment outcome. The standard set were 100% patient should be satisfied with their treatment outcome and less than 5% of the proportion of cases should fall in the “worse/no different’ category with a mean reduction of Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) score being greater than 70%. Records of cases that had completed orthodontic treatment were traced. Survey forms were sent to 150 patients that had met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Their intact study models were assessed for the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) and PAR. 21.3% responded to the survey, of which 59.4% had treatment involving fixed appliances and 37.6% had either removable or functional appliances or retainers. 93.8% respondents were satisfied with their dental alignment and 87.5% with the overall treatment results. For the dental health component of the IOTN, 63.3% had ‘definite need’ and 21.1% had ‘borderline need’ for treatment. For the aesthetic component of the IOTN, 24.2% had ‘definite need’ and 32.0% had‘borderline need’ for treatment. For the PAR, 8.0% had an outcome of “worst/no different”. The mean PAR reduction score was 75.3%. In conclusion, although majority were satisfied with their treatment results, there is still a need to improve on the standard of care to address the issues of the minority who were not satisfied with the treatment outcome.