Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 224 in total

  1. Khoo SP, Lian CB
    Ann Dent, 1995 Summer;54(1-2):53-5.
    PMID: 8572549
    Spindle-cell lipoma (SCL) of the oral cavity is very rare. There are only four such reported cases in the literature. A concise literature review of SCL and a case report of a SCL affecting the cheek and lip of a 23-year-old man is presented.
  2. Nik-Hussein NN, Majid ZA
    Ann Dent, 1993;52(2):9-11.
    PMID: 8267378
    A case is described in which a compound odontoma erupted into the oral cavity in an 8 1/2-year-old girl. The odontoma was initially discovered as a chance radiographic finding 2 years 8 months previously.
  3. Siar CH, Ng KH, Ngui CH
    Ann Dent, 1992;51(1):27-8.
    PMID: 1632623
    A case of denture hyperplasia of the upper labial sulcus with concomitant oncocytic metaplastic changes is described. The patient concerned is an elderly male wearing an ill-fitting upper full denture.
  4. Boon LC, Phaik KS, Khanijow V
    Ann Dent, 1991;50(2):28-32.
    PMID: 1785911
    Desmoid tumor of the mandible, or desmoplastic fibroma, is a rare disease with only a few cases reported in the literature. This paper presents the rare case of an elderly male with desmoplastic fibroma of the mandible with an uncommon accompanying proliferative myositis. The case is discussed with emphasis on the clinical presentation, differential diagnosis and treatment of this lesion.
  5. Ng KH, Siar CH, Loh HT
    Ann Dent, 1991;50(2):26-7.
    PMID: 1785910
    The clinical and histologic features of Kimura's disease are briefly outlined. A case presenting as a subcutaneous nodule in the region of the angle of the right mandible of a 20-year-old male is presented. The relationship of this disease to angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is discussed.
  6. Ng KH, Siar CH, Abdul Latif H
    Ann Dent, 1992;51(1):29-31.
    PMID: 1632624
    Leiomyomas are benign neoplasms of smooth muscle origin. They represent rare entities in the oral cavity. A case arising from the incisive papilla region of a 3-month-old infant is described and the histogenesis as well as the biologic potential of this tumor are discussed.
  7. Karen-Ng, L.P., Hassan, S., Marhazlinda, J., Zain, R.B., Choon, Y.F.
    Ann Dent, 2012;19(2):62-65.
    The purpose of this study was to determine the
    DNA yield and quality from different non-invasive
    sampling methods and to identify the method which
    gave the highest DNA yield. Method: Thirty-eight
    volunteers had been recruited in this study where
    blood, buccal cells and saliva were collected using
    various collection techniques. Buccal cells were
    collected by 1) cytobrush and 2) saline mouth rinsing
    or “swish”. Meanwhile saliva was collected by passive
    drooling method. Upon processing the white blood
    cell (WBC), buccal cells and saliva samples, DNA
    extraction was performed according to the
    manufacturer’s protocol. Quantification and quality
    (DNA ratio at A260/A280) of the extracted DNA were
    determined using NanoDropND-1000®. T-test was
    performed to compare means between DNA obtained
    from various collection methods. Results: DNA yields
    from buccal cells collected with cytobrush, “swish”,
    saliva and WBC (mean ± SD) were (8.2 ± 5.9)ng/μl,
    (28.2 ± 14.9)ng/μl, (5.9 ± 9.5)ng/μl and (105.3 ±
    75.0)ng/μl respectively. Meanwhile the mean DNA
    ratio at A260/A280 for cytobrush, “swish”, saliva and
    WBC were 2.3, 2.0, 1.7 and 1.8 respectively. Post hoc
    test with Bonferroni correction suggested that DNA
    yield from “swish” technique exhibited the least mean
    different as compared to the DNA extracted from WBC
  8. Ma MS
    Ann Dent, 2012;19(2):66-69.
    Diagnosis and management of orofacial pain of non-odontogenic origin has always been a challenge to dentists. Inaccurate diagnosis would result in delay of treatment and in cases of orofacial pain, affects patient’s quality of life. Temporomandibular pain dysfunction syndrome is the most common temporomandibular disorder that presents to dental clinics. Trigeminal neuralgia, also known as ticdouloureux is a relatively rare condition that causes electric shock-like pain when the trigger zone is stimulated by triggering factor. Case report: A case of temporomandibular pain dysfunction syndrome in a 52 years old Indian lady that was managed as trigeminal neuralgia for 7 years is presented. Conclusion: The aim of this case report is to make dentists aware of the signs and symptoms of different orofacial pain, so that early and accurate diagnosis can be made and appropriate treatment instituted.
  9. Rajesh, S.M., Muirhead, V., Mohd Dom, T.N., Ismail, N.M., Jamaludin, M., Saub, R.
    Ann Dent, 2013;20(1):1-7.
    To explore the association between social
    support and stress levels in preclinical and clinical dental
    students in Malaysia. Method: A cross sectional survey
    of dental undergraduate students was conducted at the
    Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, Universiti
    Kebangsaan Malaysia and Universiti Sains Malaysia.
    Stress was measured using the Dental Environment Stress
    (DES) questionnaire. A DES-32 item was used to measure
    stress for the clinical students and DES-16 item for the
    preclinical students. Four questions were used to measure
    social support. The total stress scores were standardized
    for comparison purposes. Results: A total of 357 (79.7%)
    preclinical and 417 (71.8%) clinical undergraduate dental
    students responded to the questionnaires. The clinical
    students experienced higher stress [mean standardized
    DES score = 72.63, SD = 10.64] than preclinical students
    [mean standardized DES score = 70.19, SD=12.01]. The
    two most stressful items reported by preclinical students
    were “fear of failing” and “examination and grades”.
    Among clinical students, the two most stressful items related
    to academic were “completing course requirement” and
    “fear of failing course” and items related to clinical session
    were “fear of being barred due to the clinical schedule”
    and “patients late or absent”. Multiple regression analyses
    revealed that low stress levels among preclinical students
    were significantly associated to a lot of contact with
    students of the same course. Conclusion: To some extent,
    social support does play a role in explaining differences in
    perceived stress, in particular among preclinical students.
  10. Ismail, N., Mohd Ali, S. S., Swaminathan, D.
    Ann Dent, 2013;20(1):8-12.
    A preliminary investigation to assess the relationship
    in the severity of periodontal disease in diabetics when
    compared with non-diabetic subjects. Materials and
    Methods: A retrospective, comparative study using
    periodontal case notes of 40 subjects (20 Type 2 diabetics,
    20 non-diabetics) who were selected based on the
    inclusion and exclusion criteria. Severity of periodontal
    disease was assessed through number of periodontal
    pocket ≥5mm. The results were compared between
    subjects whose age, gender and plaque scores are matched
    with the test group. Data obtained was then analyzed by
    SPSS Version 12. Results: When comparisons were made
    between test (Type 2 diabetic) and control (non-diabetic)
    groups, there were no significant difference (p>0.05) in
    the severity of periodontal disease. However, there was
    a clinically mean difference between the two groups.
    Conclusions: This preliminary investigation indicated
    that the severity of chronic periodontitis, as indicated in
    periodontal pocketing, increased in diabetic patients when
    compared to non-diabetics clinically, although it was not
    statistically significant. The finding of this investigation
    was thus not conclusive as it was only a retrospective
    study using patients’ case notes. However, the results
    are now being further investigated with a proper clinical
    trial which examines periodontal parameters and diabetic
    status (HbA1c) of the subjects to determine the association
    between periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus.
  11. Yusof, Z.Y.M., Marhazlinda, J., Nambiar, P., Chai, W.L., Shim, C.N., Lee, M.Y.
    Ann Dent, 2012;19(2):51-55.
    Background: In an academic setting due to financial constrain, it is not uncommon during non-surgical procedures dental students and clinical supervisors wash their gloved hands with disinfectants in between patients or when touching on non-contaminated objects. Whether this practice could cause any deterioration of the glove and expose clinicians and patients to infectious micro-organisms was a concern.
    Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of multiple washes of gloved hands with a disinfectant on the integrity of the gloves. Methods: Three brands of commonly used gloves in a dental school were tested for leaks after multiple washes with a disinfectant. Thirty pairs of each type of gloves were subjected to 0, 1, 5, 10, 20 and 30 washes with a disinfectant solution at a 5-minute interval between each wash. After each washing cycle, the gloves were filled with 1L of water and hanged for 2 minutes to observe any signs of water leaks.
    Results: The results showed that the type of gloves and number of washes were significantly associated with the leakage rates (p<0.001). Washing of gloves for more than 5 times were at least 6 times higher to suffer from leakage (OR=6.23, 95% CI=2.14–18.08). Powdered gloves were almost 13 times higher to leak in all washes (OR=12.78, 95% CI= 4.40–37.14) and were almost 25 times more likely to leak when washed for more than 5 times (OR = 24.92, 95% CI = 5.79 – 107.21) when compared to the non-powdered gloves.
    Conclusion: The practice of washing gloved hands with a disinfectant deteriorates the integrity of the gloves.
    Key words: Cross infection, disinfectant, glove, leakage, micropores
  12. Nor, N.A.M., Murat, N., Mohamed, A., Gamboa, A.
    Ann Dent, 2012;19(2):56-61.
    In Malaysia, training to enter dental
    nursing profession is only open to women. Ironically,
    there are no such gender restrictions on training for
    any other health related professions in Malaysia.
    Aim: Therefore this study aims to assess the
    perceptions of Malaysian Senior Dental Officers
    (SDOs) towards the employability of male workers in
    the dental nursing profession and to compare findings
    from male and female SDOs. Methods: This cross
    sectional study was carried out on all SDOs in
    Ministry of Health, Malaysia, using a self-administered
    questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and a chi square
    test were used to address the study objectives. Results:
    Of the 112 participants, 78 SDOs returned the
    questionnaire, yielding a response rate of 70%. The
    majority of SDOs had positive perceptions of the
    employment of male dental nurses. It was indicated that
    gender is an important indicator for workforce
    development, and that the employment of both male
    and female dental nurses would enhance productivity.
    Almost 70% of SDOs perceived that the productivity
    of oral health service would be enhanced by having
    male and female dental nurses but 84.6% disagreed
    that male dental nurses would be more productive than
    female. Two thirds of SDOs disagreed that male dental
    nurses would increase satisfaction among male
    patients. About 64% of male SDOs disagreed that
    dental nursing profession is associated with female
    traits. There was no significant difference between
    perceptions by male and female SDOs for any
    statements. Conclusion: The majority of Malaysian
    SDOs have positive perceptions towards the
    employability of male dental nurses, and perceived
    dental nursing as a suitable profession for both
    genders. Training for the dental nursing profession
    should therefore be made available for men.
  13. Nerali, J., Telang, A., Chakravarthy, P.V.K., Telang, L. A.
    Ann Dent, 2012;19(1):24-27.
    Tooth transposition is a rare developmental anomaly
    affecting less than 1% of the population. The
    permanent maxillary canine and 1st premolar are the
    most commonly affected teeth. Bilateral maxillary
    canine-1st premolar transpositions are extremely rare
    with only a handful of cases being reported in the
    literature. We report one such case of bilateral
    maxillary canine-1st premolar transposition in a 28
    year old Malaysian female which was associated with
    other dental anomalies.
  14. Gopu Chandran, L.P., Subashini, S.
    Ann Dent, 2012;19(1):19-23.
    Purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of
    modified vertical mattress suturing technique for flap
    approximation after ramping
  15. Nambiar, P., Shukor, N., Tarmidzi, N.R.A., Mohamed, N.H.
    Ann Dent, 2012;19(1):11-18.
    To determine the amount of displacement of a structure
    noticed on an image when the tube of a dental X-ray
    machine was shifted vertically and horizontally. In
    addition, various intraoral images were combined with
    dental panoramic images to determine the location of
    structures. Our research is based on the parallax
    technique which requires manipulation of horizontal
    and vertical angulations of the X-ray tube. A metal
    object is positioned on the buccal and palatal side of
    the maxilla on the canine area of a skull. The X-ray
    tube is shifted incrementally to obtain images on
    phosphor plates. Subsequently, panaromic and occlusal
    images were taken to assist in localization of the metal
    object. To obtain a clear image shift of 2-3mm using
    the parallax method, there must be an adequate
    horizontal tube shift of approximately 30-35 degrees.
    When images were used in combination of dental
    panoramic images, it was found that the buccally
    placed structures can be accurately located with the
    periapical or occlusal images. However, the
    displacement of images in the palatally placed
    structures in panoramic imaging is not fully
    appreciated with the principle of parallax method. Tube
    movement of 30-35 degrees horizontally is needed for
    a 2-3 mm image shift. To successfully localize a buccal
    structure, a combination of either periapical or occlusal
    images with a dental panoramic imaging can be
    employed. However, this combination with panoramic
    imaging is limited when looking at palatally placed
  16. Kong, Y.Y., Ghazali, H., Wan Hassan, W.N.
    Ann Dent, 2012;19(1):1-10.
    The study aimed to assess patient satisfaction with their orthodontic treatment outcome and type of cases accepted for orthodontic treatment at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya (UM) and to audit the quality of treatment outcome. The standard set were 100% patient should be satisfied with their treatment outcome and less than 5% of the proportion of cases should fall in the “worse/no different’ category with a mean reduction of Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) score being greater than 70%. Records of cases that had completed orthodontic treatment were traced. Survey forms were sent to 150 patients that had met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Their intact study models were assessed for the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) and PAR. 21.3% responded to the survey, of which 59.4% had treatment involving fixed appliances and 37.6% had either removable or functional appliances or retainers. 93.8% respondents were satisfied with their dental alignment and 87.5% with the overall treatment results. For the dental health component of the IOTN, 63.3% had ‘definite need’ and 21.1% had ‘borderline need’ for treatment. For the aesthetic component of the IOTN, 24.2% had ‘definite need’ and 32.0% had‘borderline need’ for treatment. For the PAR, 8.0% had an outcome of “worst/no different”. The mean PAR reduction score was 75.3%. In conclusion, although majority were satisfied with their treatment results, there is still a need to improve on the standard of care to address the issues of the minority who were not satisfied with the treatment outcome.
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