Displaying all 16 publications

  1. Sukumar N, Qureshi A
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2001 Jun;56(2):255-6.
    PMID: 11771091
    An elderly gentleman with adenocarcinoma of the rectum who had abdominoperineal resection presented with scrotal skin and penile metastasis. Adenocarcinoma of the rectum metastasizing to the groin and penis is very rare and few cases have been reported.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary*
  2. Naik VR, Jaafar H, Mutum SS
    Malays J Pathol, 2005 Dec;27(2):119-21.
    PMID: 17191396
    Colonic adenocarcinoma metastasising to the skeletal muscle is rare. A-56-yr-old Malay man was diagnosed to have adenocarcinoma of the right colon [Dukes B] for which a right hemicolectomy was performed, followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Five years later the patient presented with a mass in the rectus abdominis muscle. The serum carcinoembryonic antigen was 71 ng/Ml. The mass was resected. Gross and microscopical examination showed multiple deposits of mucin-secreting adenocarcinoma with prominent heterotopic ossification in the stroma. The exact pathogenesis and significance of heterotopic ossification is not clear, but bone morphogenetic proteins may play an important role.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary*
  3. Liam CK, Looi LM, Pailoor J, Alhady SF
    Ann. Acad. Med. Singap., 1989 Nov;18(6):713-6.
    PMID: 2624423
    Three cases of progressive dyspnoea in young female adults due to pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis are reported. The underlying primary neoplasm was gastric carcinoma in all 3 cases. The diagnosis was not suspected in 2 patients because of their young age.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary*
  4. Ngow HA, Khairina WM
    Cardiovasc J Afr, 2012 Aug;23(7):e10-2.
    PMID: 22915057 DOI: 10.5830/CVJA-2012-027
    Cardiac metastasis from a bowel malignancy seldom occurs and there is a limited number of case reports published on this subject. Although colorectal cancer is the third commonest malignancy in Malaysia, the incidence of cardiac metastasis has never been reported. We report a case of an elderly man with recently diagnosed adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon, who presented with congestive cardiac failure secondary to mechanical obstruction by a right atrial mass. The intractable shock led to his sudden death before any intervention could be planned. If an intra-cavity cardiac mass is detected in a patient with an underlying metastatic malignancy, cardiac metastasis should be suspected. However, primary cardiac tumour or thrombus could also be the differential diagnosis. In our case, the definitive cardiac pathology remained unsolved as an autopsy was refused.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary*
  5. Azrif M, Saladina JJ, Nani ML, Shahrunniza AS, Norlia A, Rohaizak M
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2011 Aug;66(3):255-6.
    PMID: 22111452 MyJurnal
    An isolated late chest wall recurrence after mastectomy for breast cancer is rare. We present a case of a lady with a T2N1M0 right breast cancer who developed an isolated local recurrence on the chest wall 11 years after mastectomy. Staging investigations excluded distant metastases. She underwent an excisional biopsy and was started on an aromatase inhibitor. Radiotherapy was given to the chest wall followed by a boost to the site of excision. Although most chest wall recurrences fare poorly, a favourable subgroup can be identified and should be treated aggressively in a multidisciplinary approach.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary*
  6. bin Sabir Husin Athar PP, bte Ahmad Norhan N, bin Saim L, bin Md Rose I, bte Ramli R
    Ann. Acad. Med. Singap., 2008 Sep;37(9):788-3.
    PMID: 18989497
    Metastatic adenocarcinoma from the gastrointestinal tract to the sinonasal tract is rare. The histological morphology of this lesion is indistinguishable from the colonic variant of primary sinus adenocarcinoma or intestinal-type adenocarcinoma (ITAC).
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary*
  7. Ramanathan Y, Rajagopalan R, Rahman NA
    Ear Nose Throat J, 2007 Nov;86(11):685-6.
    PMID: 18225631
    Metastases to the larynx from distant primaries are rare. We report a case of a laryngeal metastasis from a rectal carcinoma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary*
  8. Bashir ES, Kwan AK, Chan CY, Mun Keong K
    J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong), 2016 12;24(3):421-423.
    PMID: 28031519
    Gefitinib inhibits the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase and improves survival in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. We report 2 patients with extensive lytic bony metastasis in the spine and pelvis secondary to advanced pulmonary adenocarcinoma who were treated with gefitinib and had remarkable bone formation in the lytic bone lesions in the spine and pelvis. Surgery for stabilisation was avoided.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary*
  9. Kong CH, Singam P, Hong GE, Cheok LB, Azrif M, Tamil AM, et al.
    Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev., 2010;11(1):149-52.
    PMID: 20593947
    OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinicopathological features of bladder tumours encountered over a five year period in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre.

    METHODS: Medical records of bladder tumour cases from 2005 till 2009 were retrospectively reviewed and tabulated.

    RESULTS: A total of 83 cases were recorded. The incidence was highest among the Chinese (56.6%), followed by Malays (34.9%), Indians (6%) and other races (2.4%). The male-to-female ratio was 9.4:1. The median age was 65 years (range 30-91 years) and median duration of follow up was 17.2 months (range 2-60 months). The main histopathology was transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) (90.4%), followed by adenocarcinoma (6%), squamous cell carcinoma (1.2%), leiomyoma (1.2%) and myeloid sarcoma (1.2%). For the TCCs, 58.6% were superficial while 41.4% were muscle invasive, and 13.3% had nodal metastasis with distant metastasis in 8%. Of the total, 5.3% were papillary urothelial tumours of low malignant potential, 33.3% pTa, 20% pT1, 10.7% pT2, 12.0% pT3 and 18.7% pT4. Of the superficial tumours, 32.5% were high grade tumours. There were ten radical cystectomies performed for transitional cell carcinomas; two had neobladder reconstruction whereas the other eight had ileal conduits. All the adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas were treated by radiotherapy due to the advanced stage of the disease while the myeloid sarcoma received chemotherapy. Mean survival of patients with muscle invasive cancer was 33+/-5 months. By the end of the study, 18.1% of patients had died of their cancer.

    CONCLUSION: The incidence of bladder tumours is highest among the Chinese. When compared to other studies, the incidence of muscle invasive and high-grade superficial tumours was greater.

    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary*
  10. Loh KY, Yushak AW
    N. Engl. J. Med., 2007 Jul 19;357(3):282.
    PMID: 17634463 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMicm063871
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary*
  11. Reena RM, Mastura M, Siti-Aishah MA, Munirah MA, Norlia A, Naqiyah I, et al.
    Ann Diagn Pathol, 2008 Oct;12(5):340-3.
    PMID: 18774496 DOI: 10.1016/j.anndiagpath.2008.04.001
    This is a study aimed to examine the distribution pattern of a specific minichromosome maintenance protein 2 (MCM2) in benign and malignant breast tissue. We also aim to correlate the frequency of expression of MCM2 with the degree of tumor differentiation. We used immunohistochemistry to examine the distribution and expression pattern of MCM2 on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections of benign (n = 30) and malignant breast tissue (n = 70) (IDC 56, DCIS 4, ILC 2, nonductal 4, mixed type 4). We quantified MCM2 expression by calculating a labeling index, which represents the percentage of epithelial nuclei that stained positively. Immunoreactivity was heterogenous in all the 70 malignant cases examined. Epithelial cells in cycle are most frequent at the tumor periphery. Labeling index of MCM2 was greatest in grade 3 (poorly differentiated) and lowest in grade 1 tumors (well differentiated). Minichromosome maintenance protein 2 expression in breast cancer showed a positive association with histologic grade (P < .05). In all the benign breast tissue examined, no proliferating compartments could be characterized. Minichromosome maintenance protein 2 is a useful proliferative marker of breast carcinoma. The frequency of expression of MCM2 showed an inverse correlation with the degree of tumor differentiation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary
  12. Liam CK, Pang YK, Leow CH
    Respirology, 2006 May;11(3):287-91.
    PMID: 16635086
    To describe the efficacy of monotherapy with the epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, gefitinib in patients with locally advanced and metastatic primary lung adenocarcinoma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary
  13. Ng BH, Rozita A, Adlinda A, Lee WC, Wan Zamaniah W
    Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev., 2015;16(9):3827-33.
    PMID: 25987044
    BACKGROUND: Positive para-aortic lymph node (PALN) at diagnosis in cervical cancer patients confers an unfavorable prognosis. This study reviewed the outcomes of extended field radiotherapy (EFRT) and concurrent chemotherapy with extended field RT (CCEFRT) in patients with positive PALN at diagnosis.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 407 cervical cancer patients between 1st January 2002 to 31st December 2012 were reviewed. Some 32 cases with positive PALN were identified to have received definitive extended field radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy. Treatment outcomes, clinicopathological factors affecting survival and radiotherapy related acute and late effects were analyzed.

    RESULTS: Totals of 13 and 19 patients underwent EFRT and CCEFRT respectively during the period of review. The median follow-up was 70 months. The 5-year overall survival (OS) was 40% for patients who underwent CCEFRT as compared to 18% for patients who had EFRT alone, with median survival sof 29 months and 13 months, respectively. The 5-years progression free survival (PFS) for patients who underwent CCEFRT was 32% and 18% for those who had EFRT. Median PFS were 18 months and 12 months, respectively. Overall treatment time (OTT) less than 8 weeks reduced risk of death by 81% (HR=0.19). Acute side effects were documented in 69.7% and 89.5% of patients who underwent EFRT and CCEFRT, respectively. Four patients (12.5%) developed radiotherapy late toxicity and there was no treatment-related death observed.

    CONCLUSIONS: CCEFRT is associated with higher 5-years OS and median OS compared to EFRT and with tolerable level of acute and late toxicities in selected patients with cervical cancer and PALN metastasis.

    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary
  14. Mydin AR, Dunne MT, Finn MA, Armstrong JG
    Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys., 2013 Jan 1;85(1):101-8.
    PMID: 22658512 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2012.03.001
    PURPOSE: To assess the survival benefit of early vs late salvage hormonal therapy (HT), we performed a secondary analysis on patients who developed recurrence from Irish Clinical Oncology Research Group 97-01, a randomized trial comparing 4 vs 8 months neoadjuvant HT plus radiation therapy (RT) in intermediate- and high-risk prostate adenocarcinoma.
    METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 102 patients from the trial who recurred were analyzed at a median follow-up of 8.5 years. The patients were divided into 3 groups based on the timing of salvage HT: 57 patients had prostate-specific antigen (PSA)≤10 ng/mL and absent distant metastases (group 1, early), 21 patients had PSA>10 ng/mL and absent distant metastases (group 2, late), and 24 patients had distant metastases (group 3, late). The endpoint analyzed was overall survival (OS) calculated from 2 different time points: date of enrolment in the trial (OS1) and date of initiation of salvage HT (OS2). Survival was estimated using Kaplan-Meier curves and a Cox regression model.
    RESULTS: The OS1 differed significantly between groups (P
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary
  15. Hassan AS, Naicker M, Yusof KH, Wan Ishak WZ
    Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev., 2015;16(6):2237-43.
    PMID: 25824744
    BACKGROUND: Adjuvant chemotherapy improves survival in Dukes C colon cancers post-curative resection. However, the evidence for a role with Dukes B lesions remains unproven despite frequent use for disease characterized by poor prognostic features. In view of limited Asia-specific data, this study aimed to determine survival outcomes and identify prognostic factors in a tertiary teaching hospital in Malaysia.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 116 subjects who underwent curative surgery with and without adjuvant chemotherapy for Duke B and C primary colon adenocarcinomas diagnosed from 2004-2009 were recruited and data were collected retrospectively. Five-year overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were analysed using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and log-rank (Mantel-Cox) test. Prognostic factors were determined using Cox proportional hazards regression with both univariate and multivariate analyses.

    RESULTS: The survival analysis demonstrated a 5-year OS of 74.0% for all patients, with 74.9% for Dukes C subjects receiving chemotherapy compared to 28.6% in those not receiving chemotherapy (p=0.001). For Dukes B disease, the 5-year survival rate was 82.6% compared to 75.0% for subjects receiving and not receiving chemotherapy, respectively (p=0.17). Independent prognostic factors identified included a CEA level more than 3.5 ng/ml (hazard ratio (HR)=4.78; p=0.008), serosal involvement (HR=3.75; p=0.028) and completion of chemotherapy (HR= 0.20; p=0.007).

    CONCLUSIONS: In a regional context, this study supports current evidence from the West that adjuvant chemotherapy improves survival in Dukes C colon cancers post curative surgery. However, although a clear benefit has yet to be proven for Dukes B disease, our results suggest survival improvement in selected cases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary
  16. Lee CH, Liam CK, Pang YK, Chua KT, Lim BK, Lai NL
    Lung Cancer, 2011 Nov;74(2):349-51.
    PMID: 21920622 DOI: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2011.08.008
    We report a woman presenting with respiratory failure due to a right-sided pleural effusion, lung metastases and lymphangitis carcinomatosis from advanced lung adenocarcinoma in the third trimester of pregnancy, who showed good response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adenocarcinoma/secondary
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