Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 77 in total

  1. Russell PF
    Malayan Medical Journal, 1927;2:109-11.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis
  2. Sathyamoorthy P
    Family Physician, 1991;3:55-56.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis
    Med J Malaya, 1955 Mar;9(3):212-5.
    PMID: 14393211
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis/therapy*
  4. Sivasambandan R
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis
  5. Murugiah M, Sakijan AS
    Med J Malaysia, 1991 Sep;46(3):290-3.
    PMID: 1839928
    This is a case report of ascaris worm in the common bile duct in a 61 year old lady. Ultrasound diagnosis was initially made based on the presence of linear hyperreflective foci within the common bile duct. ERCP confirmed a single worm within the duct. Balloon extraction was then successfully carried out following papillotomy. This case illustrates the value of ultrasound in the definitive diagnosis of biliary ascariasis and the therapeutic role of ERCP.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis/diagnosis*; Ascariasis/parasitology; Ascariasis/therapy; Ascariasis/ultrasonography
  6. Bisseru B
    Med J Malaya, 1968 Sep;23(1):35-40.
    PMID: 4237554
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis/epidemiology*
  7. Lwin M, Tint KS
    J R Coll Surg Edinb, 1994 Aug;39(4):243-5.
    PMID: 7807458
    Twenty-seven cases of ascaris cholecystitis and cholangitis were managed in a surgical unit of a general hospital in Yangon, Myanmar, from January 1989 to March 1990. Nineteen women and eight men with a mean age of 42 years were studied. Main clinical manifestations were right hypochondrial pain, fever, chills, rigors, nausea, vomiting and jaundice. Diagnosis was established by abdominal ultrasonograms in all cases. Laparotomy was performed in all cases because of failure to respond to initial conservative treatment. Live and dead ascarids were found in the gall bladder and biliary ductal system. Cholecystectomy, bile duct exploration, worm extraction and T-tube drainage were done in all cases. There were no deaths. Two patients developed minor wound sepsis. During the follow-up period ranging from 3 to 12 months, there was no recurrence of symptoms in all patients. All patients were given antihelminthics before discharge and three weeks later.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis/complications*; Ascariasis/diagnosis; Ascariasis/drug therapy
  8. Chan L, Bundy DA, Kan SP
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, 1994 1 1;88(1):46-8.
    PMID: 8153999 DOI: 10.1016/0035-9203(94)90492-8
    This study examines the persistence of familial aggregation and familial predisposition to Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura infection over 2 periods of treatment and reinfection, in an urban community in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Both parasite species were shown to be aggregated (assessed by the variance to mean ratio) within families at all 3 interventions, although no consistent trend in aggregation was observed over the period of the study. Associations between mean A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura infection levels of families, at all 3 interventions, were highly significant (P < 0.0001), suggesting persistent predisposition at the family level.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis/drug therapy; Ascariasis/genetics; Ascariasis/epidemiology*
  9. Ding PH
    Med J Malaysia, 1995 Mar;50(1):118-9.
    PMID: 7752968
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis/diagnosis*; Ascariasis/drug therapy; Ascariasis/surgery*
  10. Scharff JW
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis
  11. Kanagarayer K
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis
  12. Walker JHC
    Malayan Medical Journal, 1927;2:148-50.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis
  13. Sinniah B, Subramaniam K
    J. Helminthol., 1991 Jun;65(2):141-7.
    PMID: 1880388
    Fifty children aged 6 to 13 years and infected with Ascaris lumbricoides were selected for the study. The number of eggs laid daily by a female Ascaris increased with increase in its length, weight and diameter. Female worms became mature and started laying eggs when they reached a length of 118 mm. Adult female worms measuring 3.7 mm or more in diameter were found to be mature. The minimum weight of a worm producing eggs was 1.1 g. On average the number of eggs produced by the female decreased with increase in the worm load.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis/parasitology*
  14. Roe TN, Lal K, Cawkell WA
    Med J Malaya, 1968 Sep;23(1):78-9.
    PMID: 4237564
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis/complications*
  15. Ahluwalia HS
    Med J Malaya, 1965 Jun;19(4):316-7.
    PMID: 4220859
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis/complications*
  16. Ramachandran CP, Balasingam E, Lim BL
    Med J Malaya, 1968 Mar;22(3):241.
    PMID: 4234375
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis/veterinary*
    Med J Malaysia, 1964 Mar;18:137-50.
    PMID: 14157180
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis*
  18. Silver ZA, Kaliappan SP, Samuel P, Venugopal S, Kang G, Sarkar R, et al.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2018 01;12(1):e0006153.
    PMID: 29346440 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006153
    BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are among the most prevalent neglected tropical diseases (NTD) worldwide. Since the publication of the WHO road map to combat NTD in 2012, there has been a renewed commitment to control STH. In this study, we analysed the geographical distribution and effect of community type on prevalence of hookworm, Trichuris and Ascaris in south Asia and south east Asia.

    METHODOLOGY: We conducted a systematic review of open-access literature published in PubMed Central and the Global Atlas of Helminth Infection. A total of 4182 articles were available and after applying selection criteria, 174 studies from the region were retained for analysis.

    PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Ascaris was the commonest STH identified with an overall prevalence of 18% (95% CI, 14-23%) followed by Trichuris (14%, 9-19%) and hookworm (12%, 9-15%). Hookworm prevalence was highest in Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia. We found a geographical overlap in countries with high prevalence rates for Trichuris and Ascaris (Malaysia, Philippines, Myanmar, Vietnam and Bangladesh). When the effect of community type was examined, prevalence rates of hookworm was comparable in rural (19%, 14-24%) and tribal communities (14%, 10-19%). Tribal communities, however, showed higher prevalence of Trichuris (38%, 18-63%) and Ascaris (32%, 23-43%) than rural communities (13%, 9-20% and 14%, 9-20% respectively). Considerable between and within country heterogeneity in the distribution of STH (I2 >90%) was also noted. When available data from school aged children (SAC) were analysed, prevalence of Ascaris (25% 16-31%) and Trichuris (22%, 14-34%) were higher than among the general population while that of hookworm (10%, 7-16%) was comparable.

    CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our analysis showed significant variation in prevalence rates between and within countries in the region. Highlighting the importance of community type in prevalence and species mix, we showed that tribal and rural communities had higher hookworm infections than urban communities and for ascariasis and trichuriasis, tribal populations had higher levels of infection than rural populations. We also found a higher prevalence of ascariasis and trichuriasis in SAC compared to the general population but comparable levels of hookworm infections. These key findings need to be taken into account in planning future MDA and other interventions.

    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis/epidemiology*
  19. Stephen DD, Siow SL
    Malays J Med Sci, 2012 Apr;19(2):92-5.
    PMID: 22973144 MyJurnal
    Acute lower gastrointestinal haemorrhage secondary to small bowel ascariasis is extremely rare. A high level of suspicion should be maintained when dealing with acute gastrointestinal haemorrhage in migrants and travellers. Small bowel examination is warranted when carefully repeated upper and lower endoscopies have failed to elicit the source of bleeding. Appropriate test selection is determined by the availability of local expertise. We present a case of acute lower gastrointestinal haemorrhage secondary to jejunal ascariasis and a literature search on lower gastrointestinal haemorrhage associated with jejunal infestation with Ascaris.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ascariasis
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