Displaying all 10 publications

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  1. Veerapen K, Schumacher HR, van Linthoudt D, Neilson EG, Wang F
    J. Rheumatol., 1993 Apr;20(4):721-4.
    PMID: 8496872
    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and gout have been associated infrequently. We describe 3 young adults with SLE who developed tophaceous gout relatively early in the course of their disease. All were underexcretors of uric acid but were studied after the development of renal disease; 2 were treated with diuretics. In 2 cases, gout became obvious while lupus was quiescent.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glomerulonephritis/complications
  2. Cheong IK, Chong SM, Singh N, Suleiman AB
    Med J Malaysia, 1981 Mar;36(1):8-10.
    PMID: 7321940
    We report this 21 years old Indian male with the nephrotic syndrome due to membranous nephropathy who later developed numerous epithelial crescents leading to a rapid loss of renal function. The pathogenesis of the crescentic transformation in this type of glomerulopathy is discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glomerulonephritis/complications
  3. Suleiman AB, Jeyaindran S, Morad Z, Kong CT
    Med J Malaysia, 1984 Sep;39(3):225-8.
    PMID: 6544924
    More than half of 174 patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) treated by the Department of Nephrology, General Hospital Kuala Lumpur in 1982 presented for the first time in uraemia, with no known renal disease in the past. Although about half of all patients seen in 1982 were treated by dialysis or transplantation, the great majority of the estimated number of patients developing ESRD in Malaysia in 1982 did not receive definitive treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glomerulonephritis/complications
  4. Cheah PL, Looi LM, Ghazalli R, Chua CT
    Malays J Pathol, 1999 Jun;21(1):59-62.
    PMID: 10879280
    A 31-year-old Malay female presented with nephrotic syndrome without renal impairment. Renal biopsy features were in keeping with immunotactoid glomerulopathy (ITG). Non-Congophilic deposits were seen causing thickening of the glomerular capillary basement membrane with segmental accentuation, and widening of the mesangium. Immunofluorescence examination showed moderate amounts of IgG and C3 in the glomerular capillary walls with some in the mesangium. Ultrastructurally, 20-nm thick fibrils with microtubular organisation were present predominantly in the subendothelial region with similar fibrils in the mesangium. Although immunotactoid glomerulopathy and fibrillary glomerulonephritis (FG) have been recognised as entities with extracellular fibrillary material in the kidney, to date much remains to be clarified regarding these 2 conditions. While the renal biopsy findings in this patient are consistent with ITG, her clinical presentation is unlike that of usual ITG in that she is of a much younger age and has no associated haemopoietic disorder. Response to initial treatment of 8 weeks of prednisolone therapy was poor.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glomerulonephritis/complications
  5. Zainal D, Riduan A, Ismail AM, Norhayati O
    PMID: 8525403
    Renal biopsy is essential in the management of renal parenchymal diseases. Thus far there is no publish report on the pattern of glomerulonephritis in Kelantan. We decided to establish the pattern of glomerulonephritis in Kelantan and use this information as our reference in future studies. Records of patients who had proven glomerulonephritis histologically were analysed. Their biological data, clinical presentation, etiology and clinicopathological pattern were studied. Where appropriate mean and standard deviation were calculated. A total of 74 biopsies were performed during the study period (between January 1991 and December 1993), out of which 72 biopsies (97.3%) were considered suitable for analysis. The male to female ratio was 1:1.1. Mean age at presentation was 27.6 +/- 12.2 years. Nephrotic syndrome was the commonest clinical presentation (65.3%). The main underlying cause was systemic lupus erythematosus (50%) followed by primary glomerulonephritis. Histologically, IgA nephropathy and minimal change disease were the main patterns among patients with primary glomerulonephritis while diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis was the commonest pattern among patients with lupus nephritis. Hence the pattern of glomerulonephritis is similar to other reported series. The procedure is considered safe and has a high success rate.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glomerulonephritis/complications
  6. Cheong IKS, Kong N, Segasothy M, Morad Z, Menon P, Suleiman AB
    Med J Malaysia, 1991 Jun;46(2):150-4.
    PMID: 1839419
    Two-hundred and sixty-five patients with asymptomatic proteinuria and/or haematuria were studied at the Department of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and Department of Nephrology, General Hospital Kuala Lumpur. They represented 25.4% of all the renal biopsies performed during the period 1980-88. All the three races were affected with 71.3% occurring between the ages of 20-39 years and 41.1% were detected during routine medical examination. Excluding those patients with lupus nephritis, IgA nephropathy was the commonest histological diagnosis (51.7%). The presence of severe and advanced histological changes in a significant number of biopsies emphasises the need for more effective screening and early referral of this group of patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glomerulonephritis/complications
  7. Wang F, Looi LM
    Q. J. Med., 1984;53(210):209-26.
    PMID: 6463196 DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.qjmed.a067794
    Thirty-one patients with systemic lupus erythematosus had membranous lupus nephropathy (MLN). They were divided into two groups. Group I consisted of 13 patients who had pure MLN but the patients in Group 2 had segmental proliferation in up to 35 per cent of their glomeruli. The rest of the glomeruli had purely membranous change. The patients of Group 2 were no different from the other MLN patients in terms of age, sex and race. The extrarenal disease in both groups was extensive and severe. The renal disease was usually associated with the nephrotic syndrome or oedema but was asymptomatic throughout in one patient. Both renal and extrarenal features responded to treatment initially but relapses were frequent and often severe. Relapses often occurred as treatment was discontinued or medication reduced. Survival at six years in Group I was 62 per cent and in Group 2 was 50 per cent. Only one patient died with renal failure although five patients had impaired renal function at death. The chief causes of death were disease of the central nervous system and infection.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glomerulonephritis/complications*
  8. Wedge E, Abrahamson E, Tudor-Williams G, Nadel S, Deal J
    Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed, 2017 Aug;102(4):210-219.
    PMID: 27780827 DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2015-308957
    The case of an 11-year-old child presenting with acute haemoptysis and breathlessness is described. The girl was Malaysian and had recently arrived in the UK. She subsequently deteriorated, developing respiratory failure. The course of the illness is described, with reference to the diagnostic process at each stage. The case demonstrates the importance of having a broad investigatory approach in acute haemoptysis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glomerulonephritis/complications
  9. Goleg FA, Kong NC, Sahathevan R
    Int Urol Nephrol, 2014 Aug;46(8):1581-7.
    PMID: 24671275 DOI: 10.1007/s11255-014-0694-1
    PURPOSE: End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is now a worldwide pandemic. In concert with this, ESKD in Libya has also increased exponentially in recent decades. This review aims to define the magnitude of and risks for this ESKD epidemic among Libyans as there is a dearth of published data on this subject.

    METHODS: A systematic review was conducted by searching PubMed, EMBASE and Google scholar databases to identify all relevant papers published in English from 2003 to 2012, using the following keywords: end stage, terminal, chronic, renal, kidney, risk factors, Arab, North Africa and Libya.

    RESULTS: In 2003, the reported incidence of ESKD and prevalence of dialysis-treated ESKD in Libya were the same at 200 per million population (pmp). In 2007, the prevalence of dialysis-treated ESKD was 350 pmp, but the true incidence of ESKD was not available. The most recent published WHO data in 2012 showed the incidence of dialysis-treated ESKD had risen to 282 pmp and the prevalence of dialysis-treated ESKD had reached 624 pmp. The leading causes of ESKD were diabetic kidney disease (26.5 %), chronic glomerulonephritis (21.1 %), hypertensive nephropathy (14.6 %) and congenital/hereditary disease (12.3 %). The total number of dialysis centers was 40 with 61 nephrologists. Nephrologist/internist to patient ratio was 1:40, and nurse to patient ratio was 1:3.7. Only 135 living-related kidney transplants had been performed between 2004 and 2007. There were no published data on most macroeconomic and renal service factors.

    CONCLUSIONS: ESKD is a major public health problem in Libya with diabetic kidney disease and chronic glomerulonephritis being the leading causes. The most frequent co-morbidities were hypertension, obesity and the metabolic syndrome. In addition to provision of RRT, preventive strategies are also urgently needed for a holistic integrated renal care system.

    Matched MeSH terms: Glomerulonephritis/complications
  10. Stel VS, Awadhpersad R, Pippias M, Ferrer-Alamar M, Finne P, Fraser SD, et al.
    Nephrology (Carlton), 2019 Oct;24(10):1064-1076.
    PMID: 30456883 DOI: 10.1111/nep.13531
    AIM: To examine international time trends in the incidence of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) by primary renal disease (PRD).

    METHODS: Renal registries reporting on patients starting RRT per million population for ESRD by PRD from 2005 to 2014, were identified by internet search and literature review. The average annual percentage change (AAPC) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of the time trends was computed using Joinpoint regression.

    RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in the incidence of RRT for ESRD due to diabetes mellitus (DM) in Europe (AAPC = -0.9; 95%CI -1.3; -0.5) and to hypertension/renal vascular disease (HT/RVD) in Australia (AAPC = -1.8; 95%CI -3.3; -0.3), Canada (AAPC = -2.9; 95%CI -4.4; -1.5) and Europe (AAPC = -1.1; 95%CI -2.1; -0.0). A decrease or stabilization was observed for glomerulonephritis in all regions and for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) in all regions except for Malaysia and the Republic of Korea. An increase of 5.2-16.3% was observed for DM, HT/RVD and ADPKD in Malaysia and the Republic of Korea.

    CONCLUSION: Large international differences exist in the trends in incidence of RRT by primary renal disease. Mapping of these international trends is the first step in defining the causes and successful preventative measures of CKD.

    Matched MeSH terms: Glomerulonephritis/complications*
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