METHODS: Patients having migraine for more than six months attending the Neurology Clinic, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia, were recruited. Standard forward and back translation procedures were used to translate and adapt the MIDAS questionnaire to produce the Bahasa Melayu version. The translated Malay version was tested for face and content validity. Validity and reliability testing were further conducted with 100 migraine patients (1st administration) followed by a retesting session 21 days later (2nd administration).
RESULTS: A total of 100 patients between 15 and 60 years of age were recruited. The majority of the patients were single (66%) and students (46%). Cronbach's alpha values were 0.84 (1st administration) and 0.80 (2nd administration). The test-retest reliability for the total MIDAS score was 0.73, indicating that the MIDAS-M questionnaire is stable; for the five disability questions, the test-retest values ranged from 0.77 to 0.87.
CONCLUSION: The MIDAS-M questionnaire is comparable with the original English version in terms of validity and reliability and may be used for the assessment of migraine in clinical settings.
METHODS: Patients with headache attending the Neurology Clinic, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia, were screened against the inclusion/exclusion criteria before recruitment. A standard translation procedure was used to translate and adapt the questionnaire into the Malay language. The translated version was tested for face, content and construct validities. Subsequently, validity and reliability studies were conducted (1(st) compilation), followed by retesting seven days later (2(nd) compilation).
RESULTS: A total of 157 patients between 15 and 60 years of age were enrolled in this study. The kappa value was 0.70 (p
Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the dietary trigger factors of migraine and tension-type headache (TTH) in Malaysian patients, consisting of Malays, Chinese and Indians.
Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, patients presenting with migraine and TTH to a neurology clinic between April 2010 and June 2017 were recruited. The patients were given a comprehensive dietary list consisting of 25 specified types of food and drink items as well as other unspecified types of food and drink items which were possible dietary triggers. The data on these dietary triggers and missing meals were collected.
Results: A total of 684 patients with headache (319 migraine and 365 TTH patients) were recruited. One hundred and fifty-eight (23.1%) patients had missing meals as trigger. Two hundred and fifty-five (37.3%) patients had dietary triggers; 141 (44.2%) patients with migraine and 114 (31.2%) patients with TTH had dietary triggers. Eighty-four (52.8%) Malay, 28 (41.8%) Chinese, 25 (32.5%) Indian migraine patients and five (38.5%) migraine patients from other ethnic groups, had dietary triggers. Some 58 (40.0%) Malay, 27 (25.2%) Chinese, 22 (23.9%) Indian patients and 7 (29.2%) patients from other ethnic groups with TTH had dietary triggers. The most common dietary trigger factors were coffee (19.9%), chocolate (7.5%) and food rich in monosodium glutamate (5.6%). Logistic regression showed that chocolate (OR 2.16, 95% CI 1.06-4.41, p = 0.035) and coffee (OR 1.73, 95% CI 1.12-2.68, p = 0.014) were significantly associated with migraine compared to TTH.
Conclusion: Chocolate and coffee significantly triggered migraine compared to TTH. Inter-ethnic differences were observed for dietary trigger factors.
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the comorbid association between aPLs (aCL, anti-β2GPI and LA) and migraine compared to healthy controls.
METHODS: Studies were searched through PubMed, ISI Web of Science and Google Scholar databases without restricting the languages and year (up to October 2016) and were selected based on the inclusion criteria. Two authors independently extracted data from the included studies. All analyses were conducted by using random effects model to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Quality assessment was carried out by using the modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). Publication bias was evaluated via visualization of funnel plots, Begg's and Egger's tests.
RESULTS: The database searches produced 1995 articles, 13 of which were selected (912 migraineurs and 822 healthy controls). 8.59%, 15.21% and 4.11% of the migraineurs exhibited aCL, anti-β2GPI and LA which was 4.83, 1.63 and 3.03 times higher, respectively, than healthy controls. A significant presence of aCL (OR: 3.55, 95% CI: 1.59-7.95; p=0.002) or anti-β2GPI antibodies (OR: 2.02, 95% CI: 1.20-3.42; p=0.008) was observed in migraine patients, however, LA was not significantly associated (OR: 2.02, 95% CI: 0.50-8.37; p=0.320). Majority of the studies (n=10 of 13) demonstrated NOS score of 7 or above and no significant publication bias was observed.
CONCLUSION: Migraine might be an autoimmune-associated neurologic disorder. The presence of aCL or anti-β2GPI antibodies was significant in migraine patients compared to healthy controls, suggesting an involvement of these autoantibodies in migraine attack.