Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 48 in total

  1. Kua CH, Mak VSL, Lee SWH
    J Am Med Dir Assoc, 2019 09;20(9):1178-1179.
    PMID: 31272858 DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2019.05.008
    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes
  2. Normalina M, Zainal M
    Med J Malaysia, 1998 Sep;53(3):239-44.
    PMID: 10968160
    A cross-sectional prevalence study amongst a nursing home elderly population was carried out at Rumah Sri Kenangan, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan between June 1995 until June 1996. A total of 204 cases of 60 years and older were examined in order to determine the ocular morbidity amongst them. It was found that 47.5% had low vision and 19.1% were legally blind. Cataract was found to be the leading cause of low vision and blindness occurring in 81.4% and 74.3% respectively. Glaucoma occurred in 1% of those who had low vision and none due to macular degeneration or diabetic retinopathy. The magnitude of visual impairment and blindness in this nursing home is high but is preventable and avoidable.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes*
  3. Zhao Y, Rokhani FZ, Shariff Ghazali S, Chew BH
    BMJ Open, 2021 02 18;11(2):e041452.
    PMID: 33602703 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041452
    INTRODUCTION: Smart technologies, digital health and eHealth have been shown to enhance institutional elderly care. Because of the rapidly ageing societies, information technologies in geriatric healthcare are urgently needed. A lot of innovation in smart healthcare has occurred in the past decade, and its use in nursing care assessment, daily living activities and service management is yet to be defined. More fundamentally, the concepts, definitions and scopes of a smart nursing home are still vague. Thus, this scoping review aims to examine the extent, range (variety) and nature (characteristics) of evidence on the existing smart concepts and feasible healthcare technologies, types of medical services in nursing home settings and acceptability of a smart nursing home by the elderly people ≥60 years old, their caregivers, nursing home operators and government agencies.

    METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This scoping review will be guided by the smart technology adoption behaviours of elder consumers theoretical model (Elderadopt) by Golant and reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Scoping Reviews. First, we will conduct an internet search for nursing homes and websites and databases related to the stakeholders to retrieve the definitions, concepts and criteria of a smart nursing home (phase 1). Second, we will conduct an additional systematic electronic database search for published articles on any measures of technological feasibility and integration of medical services in nursing home settings and their acceptability by nursing home residents and caregivers (phase 2). The electronic database search will be carried out from 1999 to 30 September 2020 and limited to works published in English and Chinese languages. For phase 2, the selection of literature is further limited to residents of nursing homes aged ≥60 years old with or without medical needs but are not terminally ill or bed-bound. Qualitative data analysis will follow the Framework Methods and thematic analysis using combined inductive and deductive approaches, conducted by at least two reviewers.

    ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This protocol is registered on osf.io (URL: https://osf.io/qtwz2/). Ethical approval is not necessary as the scoping review is not a primary study, and the information is collected from selected articles that are publicly available sources. All findings will be disseminated at conferences and published in peer-reviewed journals.

    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes*
  4. Nair P, Gill JS, Sulaiman AH, Koh OH, Francis B
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2021 11;33(8):940-944.
    PMID: 34243684 DOI: 10.1177/10105395211032094
    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes
  5. Ziwary SR, Samad D, Johnson CD, Edwards RT
    BMC Palliat Care, 2017 Dec 12;16(1):72.
    PMID: 29233123 DOI: 10.1186/s12904-017-0261-5
    BACKGROUND: Previous research in England showed that deprivation level of a person's place of residence affects the place of death and quality of care received at the end of life. People dying in their preferred place of death has also been shown to act as an indication for high quality of end of life care services and social equality. This study expands on current research to explore the effects of deprivation and place of residence on health related choices and place of death in Wales.

    METHODS: We used ten years combined mortality statistics from 2005 to 2014 and Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation rankings for each lower super output area. After accounting for the population's age, the number of deaths in Hospital, Hospice, Home, Care Home, Psychiatric Units, and Elsewhere were compared across deprivation quintiles.

    RESULTS: Distribution of place of death was found to be concentrated in three places - hospital (60%), home (21%) and care home (13%). Results from this study shows a high number of hospital deaths, especially for more deprived areas, despite being the least preferred place of death.

    CONCLUSION: This is the first Welsh study investigating place of death in relation to deprivation, which could be of major importance to academics, end of life care providers and policy makers interested in to reduce health care inequality in Wales.

    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes/organization & administration; Nursing Homes/statistics & numerical data
  6. Hasan SS, Thiruchelvam K, Kow CS, Ghori MU, Babar ZU
    Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res, 2017 Oct;17(5):431-439.
    PMID: 28825502 DOI: 10.1080/14737167.2017.1370376
    INTRODUCTION: Medication reviews is a widely accepted approach known to have a substantial impact on patients' pharmacotherapy and safety. Numerous options to optimise pharmacotherapy in older people have been reported in literature and they include medication reviews, computerised decision support systems, management teams, and educational approaches. Pharmacist-led medication reviews are increasingly being conducted, aimed at attaining patient safety and medication optimisation. Cost effectiveness is an essential aspect of a medication review evaluation. Areas covered: A systematic searching of articles that examined the cost-effectiveness of medication reviews conducted in aged care facilities was performed using the relevant databases. Pharmacist-led medication reviews confer many benefits such as attainment of biomarker targets for improved clinical outcomes, and other clinical parameters, as well as depict concrete financial advantages in terms of decrement in total medication costs and associated cost savings. Expert commentary: The cost-effectiveness of medication reviews are more consequential than ever before. A critical evaluation of pharmacist-led medication reviews in residential aged care facilities from an economical aspect is crucial in determining if the time, effort, and direct and indirect costs involved in the review rationalise the significance of conducting medication reviews for older people in aged care facilities.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes/economics; Nursing Homes/organization & administration
  7. Balakrishnan S, Aamar A, Rhee S, Zakaria S, Khaliq W
    Med J Malaysia, 2016 Jun;71(3):152-3.
    PMID: 27495894
    Gram-negative endocarditis is rare and it has high mortality if there is a delay in diagnosis and treatment. Gram-negative organisms should be considered in the differential diagnosis of IE in hemodialysis patients. Central lineassociated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) can be prevented by following sterile measures during catheter insertion and proper management of catheter site.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes
  8. Sharifah Munirah Syed Elias
    Objective: The aim of this paper was to review prevalence rates of loneliness, anxiety, and depression among older people living in long-term care settings such as residential aged care facilities, nursing homes and assisted living facilities.

    Method: A systematic search of the literature was conducted using several electronic databases including Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane library.

    Results: In total, 18 articles met the inclusion criteria for this review. The results indicated that the prevalence rates of loneliness (56% to 95.5%), anxiety (3.6% to 38%), and depression (11% to 85.5%) in older people living in long-term care settings are generally high.

    Conclusion: Further research on effective methods of reducing these symptoms is recommended.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes
  9. Khan NN, Yahya B, Abu Bakar AK, Ho RC
    BJPsych Int, 2015 May;12(2):40-42.
    PMID: 29093848
    The Malaysian Mental Health Act 2001 did not come into effect until the Mental Health Regulations 2010 came into force. The Act provides a framework for the delivery of comprehensive care, treatment, control, protection and rehabilitation of those with mental disorders. The Act governs the establishment of private and government psychiatric hospitals, psychiatric nursing homes and community mental health centres. This paper outlines the provisions of the Act and the Regulations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes
  10. Nikmat AW, Hawthorne G, Al-Mashoor SH
    Dementia (London), 2015 Jan;14(1):114-25.
    PMID: 24339093 DOI: 10.1177/1471301213494509
    Living arrangements play an important role in determining the quality of life (QoL) of people with dementia. Although informal care (home-based) is favored, the transition to formal (institutional) care often becomes necessary, especially in the later stages of dementia. Nevertheless, there is currently no definitive evidence showing that informal or formal care provides a higher QoL for those with dementia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes*
  11. Chen LL, Tangiisuran B, Shafie AA, Hassali MA
    Int J Clin Pharm, 2012 Aug;34(4):596-603.
    PMID: 22622593 DOI: 10.1007/s11096-012-9651-1
    BACKGROUND: There is an increasing evidence of medicines related issues such as inappropriate prescribing among older people. Inappropriate prescribing is an important risk factor for adverse drug reactions and hospitalizations in the older people.

    OBJECTIVE: To assess and characterize the prevalence of Potentially Inappropriate Medications (PIMs) in nursing home care in Malaysia as defined by Screening Tool of Older Peoples Prescriptions (STOPP) and Beers criteria.

    SETTING: Four Nursing Homes situated in Penang, Malaysia.

    METHODS: A multicenter and cross-sectional study was conducted over 2 months period at four large non-governmental organizations nursing homes in Penang, Malaysia. The study population included older residents (≥65 years old) taking at least one medication. Residents who had been diagnosed with dementia or taking anti dementia drugs, delirium, too frail or refused to give consent were excluded. Demographic, clinical data and concurrent medications were collected through direct interview and also by reviewing medical records. STOPP and Beers criteria were applied in the medical review to screen for PIMs.

    MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Potentially Inappropriate Medication using STOPP and Beers criteria.

    RESULTS: Two hundred eleven residents were included in the study with the median age of 77 (inter quartile range (IQR) 72-82) years. Median number of prescription medicines was 4 (IQR 1-14). STOPP identified less residents (50 residents, 23.7 %) being prescribed on PIMs compared with Beers criteria (69 residents, 32.7 %) (p < 0.001). There was a significant difference in the number of residents with PIMs detected by STOPP (23.7 %) and by Beers criteria (32.7 %), p < 0.001. The common identified PIMs by Beers criteria included nifedipine short acting, chlorpheniramine and diphenhydramine. The STOPP identified first generation antihistamines, duplication of drug classes, glibenclamide and anticholinergic agents. Higher number of medications (OR = 1.405 [1.193-1.654]; OR = 1.447 [1.215-1.723]) and longer stay at nursing home (OR = 1.132 [1.045-1.226]; OR = 1.133 [1.034-1.241]) were identified as predictors for both Beers and STOPP PIMs.

    CONCLUSION: Potentially inappropriate medications are highly prevalent among older residents living in the nursing homes and are associated with number of medications and longer nursing home stay. Further research is warranted to study the impact of PIMs towards health related outcomes in these elderly.

    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes/statistics & numerical data*
  12. Hasan SS, Kow CS, Verma RK, Ahmed SI, Mittal P, Chong DWK
    Medicine (Baltimore), 2017 Sep;96(35):e7929.
    PMID: 28858118 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000007929
    Aging is significantly associated with the development of comorbid chronic conditions. These conditions indicate the use of multiple medications, and are often warranted by clinical guidelines. The aim of the present study was to evaluate medication appropriateness and frailty among Malaysian aged care home residents with chronic disease. The participants were 202 elderly (≥65 years) individuals, a cross-sectional sample from 17 aged care homes. After ethics approval, each participant was interviewed to collect data on sociodemographics, frailty status (Groningen Frailty Indicator [GFI]), medication appropriateness (Medication Appropriateness Index (MAI), the 2015 Beers' criteria (Potentially Inappropriate Medication [PIM]), and 2014 STOPP criteria (Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing [PIP]). The findings show that 81% (n = 164) and 42% (n = 85) were taking medications for cardiovascular and central nervous system-related conditions, respectively, and 34% were using medications for diabetes (n = 69). Each participant had a mean of 2.9 ± 1.5 chronic diseases, with an average GFI score of 6.4 ± 3.6. More than three-quarters of the participants (76%) were frail and polypharmacy was a factor in nearly half (48%); 41% and 36% were prescribed at least one PIP and PIM, respectively, whereas the average MAI score was 0.6 (range: 0-6). The number of medications used per participant correlated significantly and positively (0.21, P = .002) with GFI score. These findings reinforce the need for participants of aged care homes to receive periodic medication review aimed at minimizing morbidity associated with inappropriate pharmacotherapy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes*
  13. Kua CH, Mak VSL, Huey Lee SW
    J Am Med Dir Assoc, 2019 03;20(3):362-372.e11.
    PMID: 30581126 DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2018.10.026
    OBJECTIVES: Deprescribing is effective in addressing concerns relating to polypharmacy in residents of nursing homes. However, the clinical outcomes of deprescribing interventions among residents in nursing homes are not well understood. We evaluated the impact of deprescribing interventions by health care professionals on clinical outcomes among the older residents in nursing homes.

    DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. CINAHL, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched from inception until September 2017; manual searches of reference lists of systematic reviews identified in the electronic search; and online trial registries for unpublished, ongoing, or planned trials. (PROSPERO CRD42016050028).

    SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Randomized controlled trials in a nursing home setting that included participants of at least 60 years of age.

    MEASURES: Falls, all-cause mortality, hospitalization, and potentially inappropriate medication were assessed in the meta-analysis.

    RESULTS: A total of 41 randomized clinical studies (18,408 residents) that examined deprescribing (defined as either medication discontinuation, substitution, or reduction) in nursing were identified. Deprescribing interventions significantly reduced the number of residents with potentially inappropriate medications by 59% (odds ratio [OR] 0.41, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.19-0.89). In subgroup analysis, medication review-directed deprescribing interventions reduced all-cause mortality by 26% (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.65-0.84), as well as the number of fallers by 24% (OR 0.76, 95% CI 0.62-0.93).

    CONCLUSIONS: Compared to other deprescribing interventions, medication review-directed deprescribing had significant benefits on older residents in nursing homes. Further research is required to elicit other clinical benefits of medication review-directed deprescribing practice.

    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes*
  14. Kua CH, Mak VS, Lee SWH
    BMJ Open, 2019 10 11;9(10):e030106.
    PMID: 31604786 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030106
    OBJECTIVE: To examine the determinants of deprescribing among health professionals in nursing homes, focusing on knowledge, practice and attitude.

    DESIGN: This was a qualitative study comprising semi-structured face-to-face interviews guided by 10 open-ended questions. Interviews were conducted until data saturation was achieved and no new ideas were formed. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed for themes. To derive themes, we employed directed content analysis of transcript data. Coding was completed using a combination of open, axial and selective coding.

    SETTING: Four nursing homes in Singapore.

    PARTICIPANTS: The study involved 17 participants (comprising 4 doctors, 4 pharmacists and 9 nurses).

    RESULTS: Two key themes were identified, enablers and challenges. These were enablers and challenges faced by doctors, pharmacists and nurses towards deprescribing. The identified subthemes for enablers of deprescribing were: (1) awareness of medications that are unnecessary or could be targeted for deprescribing; (2) improving quality of life for patients with limited life expectancy; (3) improving communication between doctors, pharmacists and nurses; (4) systematic deprescribing practice and educational tools and (5) acknowledgement of possible benefits of deprescribing. The identified subthemes for challenges of deprescribing were: (1) symptoms not acknowledged as possibly drug-related; (2) lack of knowledge in patient's and family members' preferences; (3) lack of coordination between health professionals in hospitals and nursing homes and (4) limited tools for deprescribing. The development of a local guideline, mentoring nurses, case discussions, better shared decision-making and improving multidisciplinary communication, may help to support the process of deprescribing.

    CONCLUSION: In conclusion, this study highlighted that deprescribing in the nursing homes is perceived by health professionals to be challenging and future research could assess how routine case studies, mentoring and better multidisciplinary communication could improve deprescribing knowledge and process in the nursing homes.

    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes*
  15. Liew NY, Chong YY, Yeow SH, Kua KP, Saw PS, Lee SWH
    Int J Clin Pharm, 2019 Aug;41(4):895-902.
    PMID: 31073975 DOI: 10.1007/s11096-019-00843-1
    Background Polypharmacy has been associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality among older adults especially those living in nursing homes. Explicit criteria to evaluate the appropriateness of medications have recently been updated. Objective To estimate and compare the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) among older adults in nursing homes using screening tool for older people's prescription (STOPP-2) and the 2015 Beers criteria. Setting Nursing care homes in the Klang Valley, Malaysia. Method A cross-sectional survey of medications used among residents living in nursing homes was performed. The 2015 Beers criteria and STOPP-2 criteria were used to evaluate the use of PIMs among this population. These PIMs were subsequently classified using the Pharmaceutical Network Europe classification (PCNE). Main outcome measure Number of PIMs among residents using both criteria. Results A total of 155 residents were recruited into the study. The prevalence of PIMs was 9.7% using the STOPP-2 criteria, 17.6% using the 2015 Beers criteria and 21.3% when both tools were used in combination. The PCNE criteria identified a total of 198 drug related issues, with an average of 1.27 issue per resident. Factors associated with higher risk of having PIM include multiple medication use and history of psychiatric disorder. Conclusion The 2015 Beers criteria was able to identify more PIM's compared to STOPP-2 criteria. The findings also support the expansion of pharmacists' services in nursing homes in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes/statistics & numerical data*
  16. Subramaniam P, Woods B
    Clin Interv Aging, 2016;11:1263-1276.
    PMID: 27698556
    There is increasing interest in using information and communication technology to help older adults with dementia to engage in reminiscence work. Now, the feasibility of such approaches is beginning to be established. The purpose of this study was to establish an evidence-base for the acceptability and efficacy of using multimedia digital life storybooks with people with dementia in care homes, in comparison with conventional life storybooks, taking into account the perspectives of people with dementia, their relatives, and care staff.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes
  17. Samsul Draman, Mohd Aznan, Md Aris
    Aim of study: To describe the residents of nursing home for the elderly in relation to their socio-demographic, physical and mental profiles. Method: A cross-sectional study design was carried out. The elderly in two selected nursing homes in Kuantan, Pahang were interviewed. The respondents were interviewed using a structured questionnaire which included the biodata, social background, and medical illness, presence of cognition, depression and ability to perform basic activities of daily living (ADL). Results: Results are available for 36 respondents out of 41 residents, giving a response rate of 87.8%. Chinese (77.8%), male (63.9%), single or divorced (50%), and low income (69.4%) was consisted the majority. Most respondents (86.1%) suffered from chronic illness, 61.1% were functional dependent (according to Barthel index), 33.3% have cognitive impairment (according ECAQ) and 22.2% have depression (according to GDS-14). The most common functional dependence was mobility on level surface (47.2%), followed by climbing stairs (38.9%).Conclusion: This study had identified chronic illness, cognitive impairment, depression, and functional decline as major health problems of the elderly in nursing homes that require greater attention and intervention.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes
  18. Wei TM, Omar MS
    Malays Fam Physician, 2017;12(3):8-17.
    PMID: 29527274 MyJurnal
    Introduction: The prevalence of hypertension in Malaysia is increasing and an effective management of hypertension is important to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

    Objective: To determine the knowledge, awareness and perception towards hypertension among residents in nursing homes as well as the roles of caregivers in hypertension management.

    Methods: A face-to-face survey with 200 hypertensive residents and 30 caregivers from 24 nursing homes in Kuala Lumpur and Selangor, Malaysia was conducted.

    Results: Of all the hypertensive residents, 90.5% (n= 181) knew that lowering their blood pressure could improve their health. Most residents strongly believed that taking antihypertensive drugs is important for keeping their high blood pressure under control (n= 162, 81%). Taking medication was perceived as the most important factor in controlling the high blood pressure (58%,n= 116) compared to lifestyle or diet modification. The majority of the caregivers reported that they played a major role in managing hypertension, especially with regards to medication-taking. task (66.7%,n= 20).

    Conclusion: The knowledge, attitude and perceptions of hypertension play a relatively major role in the self-management of hypertension. The role of caregivers also needed to be recognised in managing hypertension in nursing homes.

    Matched MeSH terms: Nursing Homes
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