Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 85 in total

  1. Roohi SA, Keuylian Z, Barritault D
    Clin Case Rep, 2021 Mar;9(3):1083-1091.
    PMID: 33768787 DOI: 10.1002/ccr3.3645
    A matrix therapy agent marketed as CACIPLIQ20® showed marked improvement in the healing rate of hand infections, including functional recovery. It can be used at both earlier and later stages to promote faster healing and prevent an adverse outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function
  2. Ananda R, Roslan MHB, Wong LL, Botross NP, Ngim CF, Mariapun J
    Cerebrovasc Dis, 2023;52(3):239-250.
    PMID: 36167034 DOI: 10.1159/000526470
    INTRODUCTION: Recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have assessed the role of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) when paired with standard rehabilitation in stroke patients. This review aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of VNS as a novel treatment option for post-stroke recovery.

    METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and CINAHL Plus for articles published from their date of inception to June 2021. RCTs investigating the efficacy or safety of VNS on post-stroke recovery were included. The outcomes were upper limb sensorimotor function, health-related quality of life, level of independence, cardiovascular effects, and adverse events. The risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool, while the certainty of the evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluations (GRADE) criteria. Review Manager 5.4 was used to conduct the meta-analysis.

    RESULTS: Seven RCTs (n = 236 subjects) met the eligibility criteria. Upper limb sensorimotor function, assessed by the Fugl-Meyer Assessment for Upper Extremity (FMA-UE), improved at day 1 (n = 4 RCTs; standardized mean difference [SMD] 1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.35-1.66) and day 90 post-intervention (n = 3 RCTs; SMD 0.64; 95% CI: 0.31-0.98; moderate certainty of evidence) but not at day 30 follow-up (n = 2 RCTs; SMD 1.54; 95% CI: -0.39 to 3.46). Clinically significant upper limb sensorimotor function recovery, as defined by ≥6 points increase in FMA-UE, was significantly higher at day 1 (n = 2 RCTs; risk ratio [RR] 2.01; 95% CI: 1.02-3.94) and day 90 post-intervention (n = 2 RCTs; RR 2.14; 95% CI: 1.32-3.45; moderate certainty of the evidence). The between-group effect sizes for upper limb sensorimotor function recovery was medium to large (Hedges' g 0.535-2.659). While the level of independence improved with VNS, its impact on health-related quality of life remains unclear as this was only studied in two trials with mixed results. Generally, adverse events reported were mild and self-limiting.

    CONCLUSION: VNS may be an effective and safe adjunct to standard rehabilitation for post-stroke recovery; however, its clinical significance and long-term efficacy and safety remain unclear.

    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function
  3. Yeap JS, Noor Zehan AR, Ezlan S, Borhan Tan A, Harwant S
    Med J Malaysia, 2001 Jun;56 Suppl C:13-8.
    PMID: 11814242
    The functional outcome of 27 patients (16 males, 11 females) with a proximal humeral fracture was evaluated using the Simple Shoulder Test. Fifteen patients were also assessed using the Constant system. The mean age of the patients was 46.3 years (range 16-90 years) and the mean follow-up was 14 months (range 6-29 months). There were ten 2-part fractures, eight minimally displaced fractures, two 3-part fractures, three 4-part fractures, three 1-part fracture-dislocations and one 3 parts fracture-dislocation. Twenty-four fractures were treated conservatively and 3 surgically. Thirteen patients (48%) regained full function on the simple shoulder test and almost all regained range of movement sufficient for activities of daily living. Six patients were not able to return to their previous job. All patients were pain free at rest and were able to sleep on the affected side comfortably, although 9 patients had pain with activity, even though most pain were mild in nature. The mean Constant scores for the fractured arm and the normal arm were 72.5 points and 91 points respectively. The strength of shoulder abduction was reduced by a mean of 34%. Although the outcome was generally satisfactory, there was nevertheless a statistically significant deterioration of function following the fracture.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function*
  4. Acosta ML, Mat Nor MN, Guo CX, Mugisho OO, Coutinho FP, Rupenthal ID, et al.
    Neural Regen Res, 2021 Mar;16(3):482-488.
    PMID: 32985469 DOI: 10.4103/1673-5374.290097
    Compounds that block the function of connexin and pannexin protein channels have been suggested to be valuable therapeutics for a range of diseases. Some of these compounds are now in clinical trials, but for many of them, the literature is inconclusive about the molecular effect on the tissue, despite evidence of functional recovery. Blocking the different channel types has distinct physiological and pathological implications and this review describes current knowledge of connexin and pannexin protein channels, their function as channels and possible mechanisms of the channel block effect for the latest therapeutic compounds. We summarize the evidence implicating pannexins and connexins in disease, considering their homeostatic versus pathological roles, their contribution to excesive ATP release linked to disease onset and progression.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function
  5. Karimi M, Omar AH, Fatoye F
    NeuroRehabilitation, 2014 Jan 1;35(2):325-40.
    PMID: 24990035 DOI: 10.3233/NRE-141124
    Spinal cord injury (SCI), damage to spinal cord, influences the ability of the subjects to stand and walk. Moreover, they have some problems such as osteoporosis, muscle spasm, joint contracture and bowel and bladder function. These subjects use various orthoses and undergo different rehabilitation programmes to restore their ability. It is controversial whether use of aforementioned methods improves the physiological health of SCI individuals and improves their ability to ambulate or not. Therefore, the aim of this review was to investigate the effectiveness of assistive devices to restore their physiological health and their functional ability in patients with SCI.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function
  6. Varuges JA, Mazlan M
    Med J Malaysia, 2023 Mar;78(2):190-196.
    PMID: 36988529
    INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of disabilities among young adults worldwide. Although rehabilitation interventions were shown to reduce the extent of disabilities, there is limited data on the rehabilitation details of TBI patients in Malaysia. This current research is aimed at describing the rehabilitation characteristics of adults with TBI in UMMC, which include the characteristics of patients referred, the rehabilitation setting, intensity of therapy and duration of rehabilitation interventions. Secondly, it is aimed at examining the patients' outcomes at discharge and 1 year.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research is a retrospective review on 201 electronic medical records of TBI patients referred for the multidisciplinary acute rehabilitation. Data on socio-demographic, TBI-related characteristics, rehabilitation details and functional outcomes at admission, discharge and 1-year post-TBI were analysed.

    RESULTS: From the study population, males and Malay ethnicity were predominant and the Mean (SD) age was 42 ± 19 years. About two-thirds had severe TBI (63%), with concomitant fractures (70%), and 43% were first referred for rehabilitation during post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) state. 63% of them were directly transferred to the inpatient rehabilitation ward with an average length of stay of 18.8 ± 18.3 days. Only 25% of the patients received the full multidisciplinary team input and interventions during the acute inpatient rehabilitation program. The average hours of therapy received during the acute rehabilitation was 7 hours in a 5 day-week, translating to about 1.5 hours per day. In the first-year post-injury, most patients only received outpatient therapy less than once a month after the rehabilitation discharges. Significant improvements were noted in the Modified Barthel Index, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, 6- Minute Walk Test and Westmead PTA scales from rehabilitation admission to discharge and at 1-year post-TBI (p<0.05).

    CONCLUSION: More than two-thirds of the TBI patients were transferred to the rehabilitation ward within the first three weeks of injury. Significant improvement in general function, cognition, physical mobility and endurance were reported at the rehabilitation discharge and 1 year. These improvements highlight the positive gains of acute rehabilitation interventions after TBI.

    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function
  7. Mazlan M, Fauzi AA
    Med J Malaysia, 2011 Oct;66(4):371-3.
    PMID: 22299564 MyJurnal
    Paraparesis can occur as a primary presentation of brain pathology at the motor strip along the parasagittal region. It could also occur as a neurological complication especially following resection of parasagittal meningioma with infiltration of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS). We report a case of a complete paraparesis immediately following resection of bilateral parasagittal meningioma with infiltration of the middle third of the SSS. A gradual improvement in neurological recovery and functional outcome was observed over a period of one year after undergoing an intensive neurorehabilitation program beginning from the acute inpatient phase post surgery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function*
  8. Yong CK, Choon DSK
    Med J Malaysia, 2005 Jul;60 Suppl C:83-90.
    PMID: 16381290
    We studied the factors influencing the mid-term outcomes of tibial plateau fractures treated conservatively (n=21) and surgically (n=27) from December 1994 to December 1997. Joint stability was an important prognostic determinant. In the surgical group, the most important factor was good anatomical reduction. Functional outcomes were comparable between the conservative and surgical groups. We concluded that conservative treatment is a valid option for fractures with minimal displacement and surgical treatment is justified for severely displaced or depressed fractures. Attention must be paid to the recognition and restoration of joint stability and articular surface congruency for a satisfactory outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function/physiology
  9. Razif M, Lim HH
    Med J Malaysia, 2001 Jun;56 Suppl C:76-9.
    PMID: 11814256
    A 2 year-old Malay girl was admitted to our institution with a chesty cough and breathlessness but later found to have a chronic C1/C2 subluxation for one and half year with tetraplegia. Her cervical cord was decompressed and occipito-cervical fusion performed. Her neurological status improved significantly post-operatively and is able to care for her personal hygiene. The authors believe that the ability of the cervical cord to recover in the paediatric age group is remarkable that surgical option should be considered even when all seen lost. We believe that this is the first report in the literature to support this potential.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function*
  10. Langhorne P, Wu O, Rodgers H, Ashburn A, Bernhardt J
    Health Technol Assess, 2017 09;21(54):1-120.
    PMID: 28967376 DOI: 10.3310/hta21540
    BACKGROUND: Mobilising patients early after stroke [early mobilisation (EM)] is thought to contribute to the beneficial effects of stroke unit care but it is poorly defined and lacks direct evidence of benefit.

    OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effectiveness of frequent higher dose very early mobilisation (VEM) after stroke.

    DESIGN: We conducted a parallel-group, single-blind, prospective randomised controlled trial with blinded end-point assessment using a web-based computer-generated stratified randomisation.

    SETTING: The trial took place in 56 acute stroke units in five countries.

    PARTICIPANTS: We included adult patients with a first or recurrent stroke who met physiological inclusion criteria.

    INTERVENTIONS: Patients received either usual stroke unit care (UC) or UC plus VEM commencing within 24 hours of stroke.

    MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was good recovery [modified Rankin scale (mRS) score of 0-2] 3 months after stroke. Secondary outcomes at 3 months were the mRS, time to achieve walking 50 m, serious adverse events, quality of life (QoL) and costs at 12 months. Tertiary outcomes included a dose-response analysis.

    DATA SOURCES: Patients, outcome assessors and investigators involved in the trial were blinded to treatment allocation.

    RESULTS: We recruited 2104 (UK, n = 610; Australasia, n = 1494) patients: 1054 allocated to VEM and 1050 to UC. Intervention protocol targets were achieved. Compared with UC, VEM patients mobilised 4.8 hours [95% confidence interval (CI) 4.1 to 5.7 hours; p 

    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function/physiology*
  11. Omar NH, Mohd Nordin NA, Chai SC, Abdul Aziz AF
    Med J Malaysia, 2020 03;75(2):146-151.
    PMID: 32281596
    INTRODUCTION: There is scarcity of research information on upper limb (UL) functionality among Malaysian post-stroke population despite the increasing number of stroke survivors. This study intends to evaluate functionality among stroke survivors residing in the community, with a specific focus on the UL.

    METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 65 stroke survivors with UL dysfunction (mean (SD) age = 64.83 (8.05) years, mean (SD) post-stroke duration 41.62 (35.24) months) who attended community-based rehabilitation program. Upper limb functionality was assessed using the UL items of Stroke Specific Quality of Life Scale (SSQOL), the Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) Scale and the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test (JTHFT). The stroke survivors' performance in completing JTHFT using their affected dominant hand was compared with standard norms.

    RESULTS: The three most affected UL daily living tasks were writing (64.7%, n=42), opening a jar (63.1%, n=41) and putting on socks (58.5%, n=38). As for IADL, the mean (SD) score of Lawton scale was 3.26 (2.41), with more than 50% unable to handle finance, do the laundry and prepare meals for themselves. Performances of stroke survivors were much slower than normal population in all tasks of JTHFT (p<0.05), with largest speed difference demonstrated for 'stacking objects' task (mean difference 43.24 secs (p=0.003) and 24.57 (p<0.001) in males and females, respectively.

    CONCLUSION: UL functions are significantly impaired among stroke survivors despite undergoing rehabilitation. Rehabilitation professionals should prioritize highly problematic tasks when retraining UL for greater post-stroke functionality.

    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function/physiology*
  12. Katijjahbe MA, Denehy L, Granger CL, Royse A, Royse C, Logie S, et al.
    Clin Rehabil, 2020 Jan;34(1):132-140.
    PMID: 31610700 DOI: 10.1177/0269215519879476
    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the shortened version of the Functional Difficulties Questionnaire (FDQ).

    DESIGN: This is a multisite observational study.

    SETTING: The study was conducted in four tertiary care hospitals in Australia.

    SUBJECTS: A total of 225 participants, following cardiac surgery, were involved in the study.

    INTERVENTION: Participants completed the original 13-item FDQ and other measures of physical function, pain and health-related quality of life.

    METHOD: Item reduction was utilized to develop the shortened version. Reliability was evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), the smallest detectable change and Bland-Altman plots. The validity and responsiveness were evaluated using correlation. Anchor and distribution-based calculation was used to calculate the minimal clinical important difference (MCID).

    RESULTS: Item reduction resulted in the creation of a 10-item shortened version of the questionnaire (FDQ-s). Within the cohort of cardiac surgery patient, the mean (SD) for the FDQ-s was 38.7 (19.61) at baseline; 15.5 (14.01) at four weeks and 7.9 (12.01) at three months. Validity: excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's α > 0.90) and fair-to-excellent construct validity (>0.4). Reliability: internal consistency was excellent (Cronbach's α > 0.8). The FDQ-s had excellent test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.89-0.92). Strong responsiveness overtime was demonstrated with large effect sizes (Cohen's d > 1.0). The MCID of the FDQ-s was calculated between 4 and 10 out of 100 (in cm).

    CONCLUSION: The FDQ-s demonstrated robust psychometric properties as a measurement tool of physical function of the thoracic region following cardiac surgery.

    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function*
  13. Aziz NA, Leonardi-Bee J, Phillips M, Gladman JR, Legg L, Walker MF
    PMID: 18425928 DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005952.pub2
    BACKGROUND: Current practice of rehabilitation intervention mainly concentrates on the first six months of stroke. At present, there is no agreed consensus about the benefits of such a service more than one year after stroke.

    OBJECTIVES: To ascertain whether therapy-based rehabilitation services can influence outcome one year or more after stroke.

    SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the trials registers of the following Cochrane Review Groups: Stroke Group (last searched September 2007), Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group (last searched October 2006) and Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group (last searched October 2006). We also searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library Issue 4, 2006), MEDLINE (1966 to October 2006), EMBASE (1980 to October 2006), CINAHL (1982 to October 2006), AMED (1985 to October 2006), PEDro (1952 to October 2006), British Nursing Index (1993 to October 2006), DARE (1994 to October 2006), HMIC (1979 to October 2006) and NHS EED (1991 to October 2006). We also searched dissertation databases and ongoing trials and research registers, scanned reference lists and contacted researchers and experts in the field.

    SELECTION CRITERIA: All randomised controlled trials of community-based stroke patients, in which at least 75% were recruited one year after stroke and received a therapy-based rehabilitation intervention that was compared with conventional care.

    DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently selected trials and extracted data on a number of pre-specified outcomes. The primary outcomes were the proportion of participants who had deteriorated or were dependent in personal activities of daily living at the end of scheduled follow up.

    MAIN RESULTS: We identified five trials of 487 participants that were eligible for the review. Overall, there was inconclusive evidence as to whether therapy-based rehabilitation intervention one year after stroke was able to influence any relevant patient or carer outcome. Trials varied in design, type of interventions provided, quality, and outcomes assessed.

    AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights the dearth of evidence investigating long-term therapy-based rehabilitation interventions for patients with stroke.

    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function
  14. Abdullahi D, Ahmad Annuar A, Sanusi J
    Ultrastruct Pathol, 2020 Nov 20;44(4-6):359-371.
    PMID: 32686973 DOI: 10.1080/01913123.2020.1792597
    Despite intense preclinical research focusing on developing potential strategies of mitigating spinal cord injury (SCI), SCI still results in permanent, debilitating symptoms for which there are currently no effective pharmacological interventions to improve the recovery of the fine ultrastructure of the spinal cord. Spirulina platensis is thought to have potential neuroprotective effects. We have previously demonstrated its protective potential on the lesioned corticospinal tracts and behavioral recovery. In this study, spirulina, known for its neuroprotective properties was used to further explore its protective effects on spinal cord gray matter ultrastructural. Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats were used and divided into sham group (laminectomy without SCI), control group (SCI without S. platensis), and S. platensis group (SCI + 180 mg/kg S. platensis). All animals were anesthetized via intramuscular injection. A partial crush injury was induced at the level of T12. The rats were humanely sacrificed for 28 days postinjury for ultrastructural study. There were significant mean differences with respect to pairwise comparisons between the ultrastructural grading score of neuronal perikarya of control and the S. platensis following injury at day 28, which correlates with the functional locomotor recovery at this timepoint in our previous study. The group supplemented with spirulina, thus, revealed a better improvement in the fine ultrastructure of the spinal cord gray matter when compared to the control group thereby suggesting neuroprotective potentials of spirulina in mitigating the effects of spinal cord injury and inducing functional recovery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function
  15. Ali, M.F., Aziz, N.A., Aznida, F.A.A., Rizal, A.M., Azmin, S.
    Medicine & Health, 2013;8(1):19-27.
    Functional recovery in the immediate post stroke period predicts the long-term prognosis of post stroke patients. Despite the advancement in stroke rehabilitation in improving the physical function of survivors, there are other factors that may influence functional recovery. We aimed to assess the functional recovery of ischaemic stroke patients attending a tertiary hospital and its associated factors in order to make recommendations for post stroke care after hospital admission. A three months prospective observational study looking at functional recovery using the Modified Barthel’s Index (MBI) and depression (Patient Heath Questionnaire-9) score of post stroke patients. There were 46 ischaemic stroke patients who were recruited for the study. At three months, only 37 patients were eligible for analysis. The mean age was 67.2 (SD 11) years with the Malays (50%) making up the majority of the patients, followed by Chinese (41.3%) and Indians (8.7%). There was a total of seven (15.2%) deaths. Hypertension was the most common risk factor (89.1%) followed by dyslipidaemia (65.2%) and diabetes mellitus (63.0%). The mean MBI difference was 45.2 (SD 27.0) with a median MBI of 17.0(IQR 33.0) at baseline compared to 85.0(IQR 42.0) at three months (p < 0.001, CI 35.98,55.45). The prevalence of depression (PHQ-9≥10) was 21.6%. Lower functional recovery was found among depressed patients (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function
  16. Li G, Sng KS, Shu B, Wang YJ, Yao M, Cui XJ
    Eur J Pharmacol, 2023 Apr 15;945:175524.
    PMID: 36803629 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2023.175524
    Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious disabling condition that leads to the loss of motor, sensory, and excretory functions, seriously affecting the quality of life of patients and imposing a heavy burden on the patient's family and society. There is currently a lack of effective treatments for SCI. However, a large number of experimental studies have shown beneficial effects of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP). We performed a meta-analysis to systematically evaluate the effects of TMP on neurological and motor function recovery in rats with acute SCI. English (PubMed, Web of Science, and EMbase) and Chinese (CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, and CBM) databases were searched for literature related to TMP treatment in rats with SCI published until October 2022. Two researchers independently read the included studies, extracted the data, and evaluated their quality. A total of 29 studies were included, and a risk of bias assessment revealed that the methodological quality of the included studies was low. The results of the meta-analysis showed that the Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB; n = 429, pooled mean difference [MD] = 3.44, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.67 to 4.22, p 
    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function
  17. Kumar R, Htwe O, Baharudin A, Rhani SA, Ibrahim K, Nanra JS, et al.
    J Spinal Cord Med, 2023 Jul;46(4):682-686.
    PMID: 35604343 DOI: 10.1080/10790268.2022.2067972
    OBJECTIVE: MLC601/MLC901 has demonstrated neuroprotective and neuroregenerative properties that enhance neurological recovery in stroke and traumatic brain injury. We aimed to evaluate its safety and potential efficacy in patients with severe spinal cord injury.

    METHODS: Patients with American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale (AIS) A and B were included in an open-label cohort study. Each received a course of MLC601/MLC901 for 6 months in addition to standard care and rehabilitation. Key endpoints were safety, AIS grade and motor scores at month 6 (M6).

    RESULTS: Among 30 patients included (mean age 42.2 ± 17.6 years, 24 men), 20 patients had AIS A while 10 patients had AIS B at baseline. Ten patients experienced 14 adverse events including one serious adverse event and six deaths, none were considered treatment-related. AIS improved in 25% of AIS A and 50% of AIS B. Improvement in ASIA motor score was seen most with cervical injury (median change from baseline 26.5, IQR: 6-55). These findings appear to be better than reported rates of spontaneous recovery for SCI AIS A and B.

    CONCLUSION: MLC601/MLC901 is safe and may have a role in the treatment of patients with SCI. A controlled trial is justified.

    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function
  18. Dahlan R, Midin M, Shah SA, Nik Jaafar NR, Abdul Rahman FN, Baharudin A, et al.
    Compr Psychiatry, 2014 Jan;55 Suppl 1:S46-51.
    PMID: 23679983 DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2013.03.007
    The study aimed to determine the rates of functional remission and employment as well as the factors associated with functional remission among patients with Schizophrenia, receiving community psychiatric service in an urban setting in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function*
  19. Ngeow WC, Chai WL
    Br Dent J, 2009 Jul 11;207(1):19-21.
    PMID: 19590550 DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.2009.559
    This article presents a distant complication in the auricle following the administration of a standard inferior alveolar nerve block. The patient experienced profound numbness of the auricle on the ipsilateral side of the injection that lasted for about an hour following unintended injection to the auriculotemporal nerve.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function/physiology
  20. Rameezan BAR, Zaliha O
    Med J Malaysia, 2005 Dec;60(5):548-59.
    PMID: 16515104
    Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability in most developed countries and developing nations. Majority of the stroke survivors are left with significant physical and cognitive impairments. In addition to the improved acute stroke care, they often benefit from rehabilitation in improving their function. This was the first study done to document function for post stroke patients in Malaysia. It was prospective study conducted to document functional status of acute stroke patients upon admission, discharge and at 3 months post stroke. Assessment of functional status for these patients are based on their activities of daily living and ambulation i.e. self-care, sphincter control, mobility, locomotion, communication and social cognition. It is also aimed to describe their demographic and clinical characteristics. Correlation of functional status at 3 months post stroke with the initial severity of stroke was also explored. A total of fifty-one patients with acute stroke in University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC) were recruited. The patient's age ranged from 38 to 83 years with a mean of 60.2 years. Thirty-six patients (71%) were first stroke sufferers and fifteen patients (29%) had recurrent stroke. At discharge from acute stay, 13% of patients were able to ambulate with aids and 87% needed assistance for ambulation in varying degrees. Eighty-two percent of patients showed improvement in overall function (both motor and cognition) at 3 months post stroke. Sixty percent of patients were independent in ambulation and 40% required assistance. Significant correlation was seen between the initial severity of stroke and functional status at 3 months post stroke. Functional status of patients with stroke has improved at 3 months post stroke. A comprehensive rehabilitation medicine programme should be incorporated into management of stroke patients to expedite functional recovery and improve patient's independence.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recovery of Function/physiology*
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