Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 63 in total

  1. Zuridah H
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Oct;67(5):548.
    PMID: 23770884
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections*; Rotavirus*
  2. Alkoshi S, Ernst K, Maimaiti N, Dahlui M
    Iran J Public Health, 2014 Oct;43(10):1356-63.
    PMID: 26060697
    Rotavirus is a common infection causing 450,000 deaths annually primarily in children 5 years and below. Despite the high burden of disease, little is known about the epidemiology of rotavirus in Libya. The aim of this study was to estimate the rotavirus disease burden among Libyan children.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections; Rotavirus
  3. Sashina TA, Morozova OV, Epifanova NV, Novikova NA
    Infect Genet Evol, 2020 Nov;85:104578.
    PMID: 33010418 DOI: 10.1016/j.meegid.2020.104578
    Currently, the full-genome-based classification is widely used to investigate rotavirus A (RVA) strains found in different countries around the world. However, the information on the full genotypes of rotaviruses circulating in Russia is limited. Using partial sequencing, this study determined the full genotype constellations of 15 RVA strains in total commonly detected in Nizhny Novgorod (European part of Russia) in 2017-2018, three from each of the following genotypes G1P[8], G4P[8], and G9P[8] and six from G2P[4]. There were two intergenogroup mono-reassortants possessing an identical genotype constellation of G4-P[8]-I1-R1-C1-M1-A1-N1-T1-E2-H1 with the DS-1-like NSP4 gene of probably local origin. A variety of subgenotype lineages and their combinations of Wa-like rotaviruses and genetic heterogeneity among G9P[8] and G1P[8] strains were shown on the basis of phylogenetic analysis of each gene. Moreover, two distinct co-circulating variants that differed in all 11 genome segments were found among DS-1-like rotaviruses.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections; Rotavirus
  4. Kannan Kutty P, Pathmanathan G, Salleh NM
    Med J Malaysia, 2010 Jun;65(2):127-32.
    PMID: 23756797 MyJurnal
    Rotavirus vaccine is available as an optional vaccine in Malaysia. The counselling of optional vaccines is considered an integral part of the health services offered in a private paediatric clinic. While ensuring that all babies are up-todate with their compulsory immunization, counselling of optional vaccines like the rotavirus vaccine could give parents the choice to make an informed decision on the acceptance of this vaccine. Over a period of two years, we counselled the parents regarding diarrhoea caused by rotavirus disease and the rotavirus vaccine. In this study, the factors that were significantly associated with the acceptance of the rotavirus vaccine were the gender of the baby, the mother's age, the mother's occupation, the mode of payment for the vaccine, the number of previous visits to the clinic by the parents, the number of counselling sessions given to the parents and the pre-counselling awareness or knowledge of rotavirus disease and rotavirus vaccine. It is hoped that these findings may assist busy clinicians in their continuous efforts to provide health education and vaccination counselling to the parents of their patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections; Rotavirus*; Rotavirus Vaccines*
  5. Zuridah H, Kirkwood CD, Bogdanovic-Sakran N, Bishop RF, Yap KL
    J Med Virol, 2010 Apr;82(4):707-11.
    PMID: 20166178 DOI: 10.1002/jmv.21717
    This study examined the temporal distribution of rotavirus genotypes in Malaysia. Rotaviruses from children with diarrhea admitted to hospitals in 1996 (n = 93) and 2007 (n = 12) in two different regions of Peninsular (West) Malaysia were analyzed for their G and P genotypes using a hemi-nested RT-PCR assay. In the 2007 samples, the dominant strain was G9P[8]. It was identified in 42% of the samples. Different strains all possessing the G1 genotype were identified in the rest of the samples. In contrast, 81% of the samples collected in 1996 were the G1P[8] strain. No strains with G9 genotype were detected in samples collected in 1996.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology*; Rotavirus Infections/virology*; Rotavirus/classification*; Rotavirus/genetics*; Rotavirus/isolation & purification
  6. Bozdayi G, Altay A, Yahiro T, Ahmed S, Meral M, Dogan B, et al.
    Arch Virol, 2016 Oct;161(10):2879-84.
    PMID: 27444180 DOI: 10.1007/s00705-016-2986-5
    This study was done to understand the dynamics of rotavirus genotype distribution in Turkish children. Samples were collected from January 2006 through August 2011 from children at a hospital in Ankara. Rotavirus was detected in 28 % (241/889) of the samples. Genotype G9P[8] was predominant (28 %), followed by G1P[8] (16.3 %) and G2P[8] (15.9 %). G9 was absent in the samples from 2006 and 2007 and then re-emerged in 2008 and increased gradually. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Turkish G9 rotaviruses of the present study formed a sublineage with strains from Italy and Ethiopia, possibly indicating spread of a clone in these countries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology*; Rotavirus Infections/virology; Rotavirus/classification*; Rotavirus/genetics*; Rotavirus/isolation & purification
  7. Rasool NB, Green KY, Kapikian AZ
    J. Clin. Microbiol., 1993 Jul;31(7):1815-9.
    PMID: 8394376
    The distribution of rotavirus G (VP7) serotypes circulating in four locations in Malaysia, representing three geographical areas, was evaluated in 341 RNA-positive stool specimens obtained discontinuously between 1977 and 1988 from infants and young children under the age of five years who were hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis. A total of 306 specimens (256 stool suspensions and 50 that were adapted to growth in tissue culture) that were rotavirus positive by the confirmatory enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were examined for serotype by ELISA utilizing monoclonal antibodies to rotavirus G serotype 1, 2, 3, 4, or 9. One hundred eighty (59%) of the 306 specimens could be serotyped; of these 180 specimens, 71% were serotype 4, 15% were serotype 1, 4% were serotype 2, and 4% were serotype 3. Serotype 9 rotavirus was not detected. Most (71%) of the specimens tested were obtained in 1988, when serotype 4 predominated in three locations in West Malaysia; no single serotype was predominant in a limited number of specimens from East Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/microbiology*; Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology; Rotavirus/classification*; Rotavirus/immunology; Rotavirus/isolation & purification
  8. Lee WS, Lim BT, Chai PF, Kirkwood CD, Lee JK
    Hum Vaccin Immunother, 2012 Oct;8(10):1401-6.
    PMID: 23022710 DOI: 10.4161/hv.21577
    Group A rotavirus (RV-A) genotypes isolated in Malaysia was studied to estimate the effectiveness of a universal RV-A vaccination in Malaysia. A simple mathematical model was used, with input from a two-year, two-center, prospective study on hospitalization of RV-A gastroenteritis (RVGE) in young children, published data on RV-A hospitalizations and genotypes, mortality on childhood GE and published genotype-specific efficacy data on two RV-A vaccines. Assuming a 95% vaccine coverage, the overall projected effectiveness was 75.7 to 88.1% for Rotateq and 78.7 to 90.6% for Rotarix® against RVGE-related hospitalizations. The projected annual reduction in RVGE-related deaths was 27 to 32 deaths (from 34 deaths) for Rotateq and 28 to 32 deaths annually for Rotarix. A universal RV-A vaccine is efficacious in reducing RVGE-related hospitalizations and mortality in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology; Rotavirus Infections/prevention & control*; Rotavirus/classification; Rotavirus/genetics*; Rotavirus/pathogenicity*; Rotavirus Vaccines/therapeutic use*
  9. Paranjothy M, Yap KL, Sabil D
    Med J Malaysia, 1987 Mar;42(1):31-5.
    PMID: 2828895
    A prospective clinical study comparing 74 cases of rotavirus-associated diarrhoea and 100 cases of non-rotavirus-associated diarrhoea revealed a higher incidence of vomiting to be the only significant difference in the former. Bloody stools were seen in about 5-10%, fever in about two-thirds and respiratory symptoms in a quarter of cases regardless of aetiology. The overwhelming majority had mild dehydration of the isonatremic type. Hypokalemia was noted in a quarter of the cases in both groups.
    Keywords: General Hospital Kuala Lumpur
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/microbiology*; Rotavirus/pathogenicity
  10. Tan SW, Yap KL, Lee HL
    J Med Entomol, 1997 Sep;34(5):527-31.
    PMID: 9379457
    Factors affecting the mechanical transmission of rotavirus by the legs and wings of the housefly, Musca domestica L., were examined in a laboratory study. Rotavirus was picked up when houseflies walked on thin smears of clarified rotavirus suspensions. The addition of glycerol, which increased viscosity of the virus suspension, and particulate human feces slightly increased the proportion of flies contaminated with virus. However, the addition of glycerol greatly reduced the average number of virus particles picked up per fly, whereas feces greatly increased the number of particles. The proportion of flies with virus-contaminated legs, which transferred virus to > 1 contact surface, was increased by longer contact time with the surface and when the contact surface was agar instead of glass. Most virus particles were deposited on 1st contact with the surface. Most flies dislodged virus particles inoculated on the underside of their wings soon after the start of simulated flight. Our data indicated that the nature of the virus-suspending medium has a greater effect on the level of virus contamination than on the ability to become contaminated. The importance of walking as a mode of virus transport depends on the nature of the contact surface, the risk of the contaminated fly settling first on a surface likely to come into contact with humans, and fly numbers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/transmission*; Rotavirus/isolation & purification*
  11. Ch'ng LS, Lee WS, Kirkwood CD
    Emerg Infect Dis, 2011 May;17(5):948-50.
    PMID: 21529427 DOI: 10.3201/eid1705.101652
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/virology*; Rotavirus/classification; Rotavirus/genetics; Rotavirus/physiology*
  12. Lo Vecchio A, Liguoro I, Dias JA, Berkley JA, Boey C, Cohen MB, et al.
    Vaccine, 2017 03 14;35(12):1637-1644.
    PMID: 28216189 DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.01.082
    BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) is a major agent of gastroenteritis and an important cause of child death worldwide. Immunization (RVI) has been available since 2006, and the Federation of International Societies of Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) identified RVI as a top priority for the control of diarrheal illness. A FISPGHAN working group on acute diarrhea aimed at estimating the current RVI coverage worldwide and identifying barriers to implementation at local level.

    METHODS: A survey was distributed to national experts in infectious diseases and health-care authorities (March 2015-April 2016), collecting information on local recommendations, costs and perception of barriers for implementation.

    RESULTS: Forty-nine of the 79 contacted countries (62% response rate) provided a complete analyzable data. RVI was recommended in 27/49 countries (55%). Although five countries have recommended RVI since 2006, a large number (16, 33%) included RVI in a National Immunization Schedule between 2012 and 2014. The costs of vaccination are covered by the government (39%), by the GAVI Alliance (10%) or public and private insurance (8%) in some countries. However, in most cases, immunization is paid by families (43%). Elevated cost of vaccine (49%) is the main barrier for implementation of RVI. High costs of vaccination (rs=-0.39, p=0.02) and coverage of expenses by families (rs=0.5, p=0.002) significantly correlate with a lower immunization rate. Limited perception of RV illness severity by the families (47%), public-health authorities (37%) or physicians (24%) and the timing of administration (16%) are further major barriers to large- scale RVI programs.

    CONCLUSIONS: After 10years since its introduction, the implementation of RVI is still unacceptably low and should remain a major target for global public health. Barriers to implementation vary according to setting. Nevertheless, public health authorities should promote education for caregivers and health-care providers and interact with local health authorities in order to implement RVI.

    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology*; Rotavirus Infections/prevention & control*; Rotavirus Vaccines/administration & dosage*; Rotavirus Vaccines/immunology*
  13. Yap KL, Wong YH, Khor CM, Ooi YE
    Can J Microbiol, 1992 Sep;38(9):996-9.
    PMID: 1334446
    A 12-month study was carried out on the molecular epidemiology of rotavirus in urban and suburban Malaysian children. Analysis of faecal samples from 973 hospitalized diarrhoeic children by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis detected 268 rotaviruses (28%). All isolates were group A rotaviruses, which produced 22 electropherotypes: 16 (91.5%) with long RNA migration patterns and 6 (8.5%) with short patterns. One of the long-pattern electropherotypes was the predominant strain (71.1% of the total electropherotypes) isolated during this study. Although 3 other strains were detected sporadically over the study period, 16 others were present only during the first 7 months and 2 others were confined to the last 5 months. Long- and short-pattern electropherotypes were found to co-circulate extensively. There was a significant association of short-pattern electropherotypes with infection in older children. In addition, the prevalence of vomiting and mean duration of diarrhoea were significantly associated with different electropherotypes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/microbiology*; Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology; Rotavirus/classification; Rotavirus/isolation & purification*
  14. Yahiro T, Takaki M, Chandrasena TGAN, Rajindrajith S, Iha H, Ahmed K
    Infect Genet Evol, 2018 11;65:170-186.
    PMID: 30055329 DOI: 10.1016/j.meegid.2018.07.014
    A human-porcine reassortant rotavirus, strain R1207, was identified from 74 group A rotaviruses detected in 197 (37.6%) stool samples collected from patients who attended a tertiary care hospital in Ragama, Sri Lanka. This is the first report of a human-porcine reassortant rotavirus in Sri Lanka. The patient was a 12-month-old boy who had been hospitalized with fever and acute diarrhea with a duration of 6 days. The family had pigs at home before the birth of this boy. However, the neighbors still practice pig farming. The genotype constellation of R1207 was G4-P[6]-I1-R1-C1-M1-A1-N1-T1-E1-H1. This is based on the assignment of all the eleven gene segments a full genome-based genotyping system. R1207 showed a 4-2-3-2 genomic electrophoretic migration pattern, which is characteristic of group A rotaviruses. Our analyses revealed that five (NSP2, NSP4, VP1, VP2, and VP7) of the 11 genes were closely related to the respective genes of porcine strains. Although the remaining six genes (NSP1, NSP3, NSP5, VP3, VP4, and VP6) were related to human strains, with the exception of the gene sequence of NSP1, all of these human strains were human-porcine reassortants. With a genogroup 1 genetic backbone, this strain was possibly formed via multiple genetic reassortments. We do not know whether this strain is circulating in pigs, as no data are available on porcine rotaviruses in Sri Lanka. Surveillance should be strengthened to determine the epidemiology of this genotype of rotavirus in Sri Lanka and to assess whether the infection was limited or sustained by ongoing human-to-human transmission.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/drug therapy; Rotavirus Infections/etiology; Rotavirus Infections/virology*; Rotavirus/genetics*; Rotavirus/isolation & purification
  15. Yap KL, Lim YH, Tan SC
    Malays J Pathol, 1998 Jun;20(1):25-30.
    PMID: 10879260
    The objective of this study was to ascertain the extent changes have occurred in the epidemiology of human rotavirus electropherotypes from the same location 7 to 8 years after an earlier study. Genomic RNA profiles of rotaviruses from diarrhoeic children admitted to the Kuala Lumpur Hospital from April to December 1996 were determined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and silver staining. A total of 179 group A rotaviruses were detected from 870 children: 175 with legible staining of all RNA segments were classified into 14 distinct electropherotypes (10 and 4 with long and short migration patterns respectively). In addition, the results revealed: high predominance of long pattern electropherotypes (94% of the total electropherotypes); most long electropherotypes with RNA profiles which all 11 RNAs migrated separately (8 of 10 electropherotypes); all short electropherotypes had segments 2 and 3 that co-migrated; presence of a very numerically dominant electropherotype (75% of all electropherotypes); frequent co-circulation of the dominant electropherotype-present throughout the study period--with other electropherotypes present for limited periods; sequential temporal appearances by similar electropherotypes. These observations were similar to that of an earlier study conducted in 1988/89. Nevertheless, the dominant electropherotype in the present study was different and not among the electropherotypes detected in the earlier study.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology*; Rotavirus Infections/virology; Rotavirus/classification*; Rotavirus/genetics; Rotavirus/isolation & purification
  16. Zuridah H, Kirkwood CD, Bishop RF, Bogdanovic-Sakran N, Yap KL
    Med J Malaysia, 2009 Sep;64(3):193-6.
    PMID: 20527266 MyJurnal
    This retrospective study examined the G/P type of rotavirus in RNA samples that have previously been e-typed by RNA-PAGE in 1996. The results were then compared to 2007 samples to ascertain the extent of changes that may have occurred in this 11-years time interval. The G and P genotypes were determined by hemi-nested PCR and further analysed by phylogenetic study. In 1996, the G/P combination G1P[8], G(UT)P[8] and G1P(UT) prevalence rate were 81%, 9% and 7%, respectively. As expected, the G9 genotype which has already emerged worldwide was identified in 42% of the 2007 samples with the remaining 33% G1P[8] and 25% G1P(UT) Analysis of the RNA pattern showed that majority of the isolates were long e-type in both series, nevertheless minor differences within electropherotypes were observed. Genetic diversity in some strains of the human group A rotaviruses was analysed by phylogenetic methods. These findings will help in the decision to introduce rotavirus vaccines within the next decade.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/genetics*; Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology*; Rotavirus Infections/virology*; Rotavirus/genetics*; Rotavirus/isolation & purification*
  17. Zuridah H, Bahaman AR, Mohd Azmi ML, Mutalib AR
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 Jun;59(2):153-9.
    PMID: 15559163 MyJurnal
    A total of 157 stool samples were examined for Group A rotaviruses in diarrheic children admitted to 8 different major hospitals in Malaysia. The overall incidence rate in this study was 19.7% (31 of 157) with a variation of 9.5% to 39.1% in different locations. Majority of the infections detected were in those under 2 years of age and there were fewer admissions in the older age group. The stool samples were initially screened for rotavirus Group A by latex agglutination method and followed by RNA electrophoresis. The size and the characteristics wheel-shaped morphology of the viral preparations when examined by electron-microscopy further confirmed the presence of rotaviruses in the positive stool samples. Analysis of the RNA pattern showed that majority of the isolates, 51.6% (16 of 31) were Type IIC ('long' with comigration of RNA segments 7 and 8), 35.5% (11 of 31) with Type IIG ('long' with comigration of segments 7, 8, 9), 9.7% (3 of 31) with Type IG ('short' with comigration of RNA segments 7, 8, 9) and 3.2% (1 of 31) of mixed or atypical pattern. It appeared that over a 12 year interval, only one new or unusual rotavirus electropherotype was found. This is the first comprehensive report on the electropherotypes of rotaviruses covering eight different geographical locations in Malaysia and the data obtained is useful for understanding the geographic distribution and types of rotaviruses transmitting in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology*; Rotavirus Infections/virology; Rotavirus/genetics*
  18. Loganathan T, Jit M, Hutubessy R, Ng CW, Lee WS, Verguet S
    PMID: 27503549 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12766
    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate rotavirus vaccination in Malaysia from the household's perspective. The extended cost-effectiveness analysis (ECEA) framework quantifies the broader value of universal vaccination starting with non-health benefits such as financial risk protection and equity. These dimensions better enable decision-makers to evaluate policy on the public finance of health programmes.

    METHODS: The incidence, health service utilisation and household expenditure related to rotavirus gastroenteritis according to national income quintiles were obtained from local data sources. Multiple birth cohorts were distributed into income quintiles and followed from birth over the first five years of life in a multicohort, static model.

    RESULTS: We found that the rich pay more out of pocket (OOP) than the poor, as the rich use more expensive private care. OOP payments among the poorest although small are high as a proportion of household income. Rotavirus vaccination results in substantial reduction in rotavirus episodes and expenditure and provides financial risk protection to all income groups. Poverty reduction benefits are concentrated amongst the poorest two income quintiles.

    CONCLUSION: We propose that universal vaccination complements health financing reforms in strengthening Universal Health Coverage (UHC). ECEA provides an important tool to understand the implications of vaccination for UHC, beyond traditional considerations of economic efficiency.

    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology; Rotavirus Infections/prevention & control*; Rotavirus Vaccines/economics*
  19. Kotirum S, Vutipongsatorn N, Kongpakwattana K, Hutubessy R, Chaiyakunapruk N
    Vaccine, 2017 06 08;35(26):3364-3386.
    PMID: 28504193 DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.04.051
    INTRODUCTION: World Health Organization (WHO) recommends Rotavirus vaccines to prevent and control rotavirus infections. Economic evaluations (EE) have been considered to support decision making of national policy. Summarizing global experience of the economic value of rotavirus vaccines is crucial in order to encourage global WHO recommendations for vaccine uptake. Therefore, a systematic review of economic evaluations of rotavirus vaccine was conducted.

    METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, NHS EED, EconLit, CEA Registry, SciELO, LILACS, CABI-Global Health Database, Popline, World Bank - e-Library, and WHOLIS. Full economic evaluations studies, published from inception to November 2015, evaluating Rotavirus vaccines preventing Rotavirus infections were included. The methods, assumptions, results and conclusions of the included studies were extracted and appraised using WHO guide for standardization of EE of immunization programs.

    RESULTS: 104 relevant studies were included. The majority of studies were conducted in high-income countries. Cost-utility analysis was mostly reported in many studies using incremental cost-effectiveness ratio per DALY averted or QALY gained. Incremental cost per QALY gained was used in many studies from high-income countries. Mass routine vaccination against rotavirus provided the ICERs ranging from cost-saving to highly cost-effective in comparison to no vaccination among low-income countries. Among middle-income countries, vaccination offered the ICERs ranging from cost-saving to cost-effective. Due to low- or no subsidized price of rotavirus vaccines from external funders, being not cost-effective was reported in some high-income settings.

    CONCLUSION: Mass vaccination against rotavirus was generally found to be cost-effective, particularly in low- and middle-income settings according to the external subsidization of vaccine price. On the other hand, it may not be a cost-effective intervention at market price in some high-income settings. This systematic review provides supporting information to health policy-makers and health professionals when considering rotavirus vaccination as a national program.

    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus Infections/prevention & control*; Rotavirus Vaccines/economics; Rotavirus Vaccines/therapeutic use*
  20. Ahmed S, Hussain M, Akhter S, Islam T, Ahmed SU, Kabir ML
    Mymensingh Med J, 2012 Jul;21(3):497-502.
    PMID: 22828550
    Globally, rotaviruses are the single most important etiologic agents of severe childhood dehydrating diarrhea that accounts for more than 125 million of cases, 25-55% of all hospital admissions for diarrhea and ≈600,000 deaths every year. In Bangladesh, while overall diarrhea related deaths are declining, the proportion of diarrhea deaths due to rotavirus is increasing. This study was aimed at estimating the burden of rotavirus diarrhea and isolating the genotypes of rotavirus in a children hospital of Bangladesh; thereby endorsing a logical search for an appropriate rotavirus vaccine. This cross sectional study was carried out in the Institute of Child and Mother Health, Matuail, Dhaka, Bangladesh during 2006-2007. Children aged between one month and five years suffering form diarrhea were enrolled in the study. Stool samples were analyzed by ELISA for rotavirus antigen. The rotavirus-positive samples were further analyzed for genotype determination. Among 656 stool samples, 39.5% samples were positive for rotavirus antigen. The mean age of the children studied was 12±9.9 months; the peak being in the second half of infancy. G2 was identified as the most dominant genotype (45.5%) followed by G1 (24.8%), G12 (9.6%), G9 (8.5%) and G4 (2.1%) genotypes. Since G2 were found to be the predominant circulating rotavirus strain in this study and some other studies in Bangladesh, the recommended vaccine for prevention of rotavirus infection in Bangladesh should cover this strain to have maximum effectiveness.
    Matched MeSH terms: Rotavirus/classification*; Rotavirus/genetics
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