Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 24 in total

  1. Saub R, Locker D, Allison P
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 2005 Oct;33(5):378-83.
    PMID: 16128798
    This paper describes the development of a short version of the Malaysian Oral Health Impact Profile.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile*
  2. Loh KY, Sivalingam N
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2006 Oct;61(4):506-10; quiz 511.
    PMID: 17243536 MyJurnal
    Urinary incontinence is an important and common health care problem affecting the elderly population. Common types of incontinence affecting the elderly are: stress incontinence, urge incontinence, overflow incontinence and mixed type. The elderly patient suffering from urinary incontinence does not often seek treatment voluntary due to a misconception that it is part of a normal ageing process. Without treatment, urinary incontinence may lead to serious psychological and social complications such as depression, anxiety, embarrassment, low self-esteem and social isolation. Overall it is associated with significant poor quality of life for the elderly. Life style modification and behavioural therapy with or without pharmacotherapy help in improving the symptoms. Pelvic floor muscles' training is beneficial for stress incontinence in up to fifty percent of the patients. Elderly patients with urinary incontinence should be encouraged to seek treatment early, as the problem can be treated and they will have a better quality of life.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile*
  3. Kamarul Imran M, Ismail AA, Naing L, Wan Mohamad WB
    PMID: 17539293
    The objective of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Malay version of the 18-item Audit of Diabetes Dependent Quality of Life (the Malay ADDQOL). Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were systematically selected. The Malay ADDQOL linguistically validated from the 18-item English version ADDQOL was self-administered twice at a 1-week interval. Two hundred eighty-eight respondents were included in the study. Analysis involved checking the feasibility, floor and ceiling effects, internal consistency, test-retest reliability and factor analysis. Item means and standard deviations fulfilled the Likert scale assumptions. The Cronbach's alpha was 0.943 (lower bound of the 95% CI of 0.935) and the intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.81 (95% CI from 0.72 to 0.87). Exploratory one factor analysis showed factor loadings above 0.5 for all the 18 items. The Malay ADDQOL has acceptable linguistic validity. It is feasible, has excellent reliability, content, construct validity, and is recommended to be used among Malay-speaking diabetic patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile*
  4. Aziah MSN, Rosnah T, Mardziah A, Norzila MZ
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2002 Sep;57(3):329-39.
    PMID: 12440273 MyJurnal
    Atopic dermatitis is the commonest skin disease in children, causing psychological, social and functional disability to them and their families. This study assessed the family impact and quality of life using the translated Malay version of The Dermatology Family Impact (DFI) and The Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI) questionnaires. Seventy-two children, aged between 6 months and 16 years attending the Paediatric Dermatology Clinic at the Paediatric Institute and the Dermatology Department, Hospital Kuala Lumpur participated in this study. Thirty-nine patients (54.2%) were males and 33 patients (45.8%) were females. The median age of the patients was 74 months (Q1 6, Q3 104 months). The median age of diagnosis was 22 months (Q1 1, Q3 36 months). The median disease duration was 44 months (Q1 3, Q3 65). The severity of eczema was assessed using the SCORAD severity index (maximum score = 83). The median SCORAD (European Task Force On Atopic Dermatitis) score was 36 (n = 72, SD = 16.2). The majority of patients in this study suffered from moderately severe eczema (n = 40, mean, SCORAD = 29.3) followed by severe eczema (n = 27, mean SCORAD = 54.3). The mildly affected patients formed the minority group (n = 5, mean SCORAD = 9.0). The family impact was shown to be greater in severe atopic dermatitis compared to moderate atopic dermatitis (Anova, p = 0.02). The children's quality of life impairment was also greater in severe atopic dermatitis compared to moderate atopic dermatitis (Anova p = 0.08). This study confirms that quality of life and family impact are related to the severity of atopic dermatitis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile*
  5. Pandey M, Thomas BC, Ramdas K, Eremenco S, Nair MK
    Qual Life Res, 2002 Mar;11(2):87-90.
    PMID: 12018741
    BACKGROUND: Recent advances in diagnosis and treatment of cancer have led to an increase in cancer survival, and hence, there is a greater emphasis on quality beside quantity of survival. Developing countries too have begun to recognize the need for monitoring quality of life (QOL). However, in most of the developing countries, a validated and reliable tool for the purpose is yet to be realized.

    MATERIAL AND METHOD: The functional assessment of chronic illness therapy (FACIT) system is a collection of QOL questionnaires targeted to measure QOL in chronic illness. The functional assessment of cancer therapy for breast cancer (FACT-B) was translated into the local language (Malayalam) and tested for validity and reliability.

    RESULTS: The tool thus developed showed substantial sensitivity, as does the source tool. The Cronbach's alpha for the total FACT-B was 0.87, which is similar to the alpha of 0.9 observed in the FACT-B English version. The mean FACT-B score was 94.3 compared to 112.8 for the source tool.

    CONCLUSION: The Malayalam translation of the FACT-B questionnaire was developed, tested and validated, and was found satisfactory in comparison to the source tool.

    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile*
  6. Misajon R, Manderson L, Pallant JF, Omar Z, Bennett E, Rahim RB
    PMID: 17156494
    Although non-communicable and chronic disease now accounts for 47% of the global burden of disease, little is known of the everyday experiences and social aspects of disability and disablement in middle and low income countries. This article aims to address this gap by exploring the subjective experience of mobility impairment in Malaysia. Specifically, it examines health-related quality of life and the impact and distress related to impaired mobility, and investigates any gender differences in relation to the experience of disability.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile*
  7. Liu WJ, Chew TF, Chiu AS, Zaki M
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2006 Dec;61(5):540-6.
    PMID: 17623953 MyJurnal
    The aims of this retrospective analysis were (i) to examine the trends of quality of life (QoL) scores and (ii) to identify the risk factors for QoL scores among 6908 dialysis patients entering dialysis between 1997 and 2002. The Spitzer QoL Index was the instrument used by the National Renal Registry of Malaysia to assess the QoL amongst dialysis patients. Demographic and biochemical data were analysed to identify risk factors for poor QoL. The median QoL-index score ranged between 9 and 10. Significant risk factors for poor QoL were female gender, age > 40, diabetes, cohort starting dialysis 2001-2002, haemodialysis modality, body mass index < 18.5, albumin < 30g/dL, cholesterol < 3.2 mmol/L, haemoglobin < 10 g/dL, diastolic blood pressure of > 90 mHg, iPTH < 100 pg/ml. The overall QoL of dialysis patients is satisfactory. The negative impact of diabetes and haemodialysis on QoL warrants further evaluation as each factor involves 50% and 90% of our dialysis population.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile*
  8. Ismail A, Campbell MJ, Ibrahim HM, Jones GL
    PMID: 16813662
    Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) studies on children with chronic illness such as thalassaemia are limited. We conducted the first study to investigate if children with thalassaemia have a lower quality of life in the four dimensions as measured using the PedsQL 4.0 generic Scale Score: physical, emotional, social and role (school) functioning compared to the healthy controls allowing for age, gender, ethnicity and household income.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile*
  9. Luo N, Fones CS, Thumboo J, Li SC
    Qual Life Res, 2004 Mar;13(2):557-65.
    PMID: 15085928 DOI: 10.1023/B:QURE.0000018484.89711.e2
    As little is known about health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Asians with anxiety disorders, we assessed HRQoL in Singaporeans with anxiety disorders and identified factors influencing their HRQoL. Outpatients with anxiety disorders (n = 119) attending a hospital psychiatric clinic completed the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). SF-36 score reduction from population norms (quantified as the number of standard deviations below the mean) in these subjects was compared with existing data on Singaporeans with various medical conditions and Americans with panic disorder (PD). Factors influencing HRQoL were examined using stepwise multiple linear regression models. SF-36 score reduction in these subjects (0.3-1.4 SD) was greater than that in Singaporeans with systemic lupus erythematosus or thyroid cancer survivors for seven scales but similar to that in Americans with PD (0.5-1.7 SD). BAI and GHQ-12 scores, presence of PD/generalized anxiety disorder, presence of chronic medical conditions, being married or increasing age accounted for 19-61% of the variance in six selected SF-36 scales. In conclusion, it can be said that Singaporeans with anxiety disorders experience clinically important reductions in HRQoL; both clinical and socio-demographic factors influence HRQoL in such subjects.
    Study site: Neuroscience Psychiatric Clinic, tertiary referral hospital, Singapore
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile*
  10. Lua PL, Salek S, Finlay I, Lloyd-Richards C
    Qual Life Res, 2005 Sep;14(7):1669-81.
    PMID: 16119179 DOI: 10.1007/s11136-005-2817-8
    In terminally-ill patients, effective measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) needs to be done while imposing minimal burden. In an attempt to ensure that routine HRQoL assessment is simple but capable of eliciting adequate information, the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire-Cardiff Short Form (MQOL-CSF: 8 items) was developed from its original version, the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire (MQOL: 17 items). Psychometric properties of the MQOL-CSF were then tested in palliative care patients consisting of 55 out-patients, 48 hospice patients and 86 in-patients: The MQOL-CSF had little respondent burden (mean completion time = 3.3 min) and was evaluated as 'very clear' or 'clear' (98.2%), comprehensive (74.5%) and acceptable (96.4%). The internal consistency reliability was moderate to high (Cronbach's alpha = 0.462-0.858) and test-retest reliability (Spearman's r(s)) ranged from 0.512-0.861. Correlation was moderate to strong (0.478-0.725) between items in the short form and their analogous domains in the MQOL. Most MQOL-CSF items showed strong associations with their own domain (r(s) > or = 0.40). Scores from MQOL-CSF significantly differentiated between patients with differing haemoglobin levels (p < 0.05). Construct validity was overall supported by principal component analysis. It is concluded that the MQOL-CSF is a feasible tool with favourable psychometric properties for routine HRQoL assessment in the palliative care population.
    Study site: out-patient palliative care clinic; a hospice centre and hospital inpatient wards, United Kingdom
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile*
  11. Wee HL, Cheung YB, Li SC, Fong KY, Thumboo J
    PMID: 15644146
    Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an important public health concern, the impact of which is increased by the high prevalence of co-existing chronic medical conditions among subjects with DM. The aims of this study were therefore to (1) evaluate the impact of DM and co-existing chronic medical conditions on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) (which could be additive, synergistic or subtractive); (2) to determine the extent to which the SF-6D (a single-index preference measure) captures the multidimensional information provided by the SF-36 (a profile measure).
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile*
  12. Ahmad NS, Chan MY, Hiew FL, Sharif SA, Vijayasingham P, Thayaparan T, et al.
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2003 Oct;58(4):526-32.
    PMID: 15190628
    The cornerstone of asthma management is achieving adequate symptom control and patient education. We studied in our local population of asthmatic patients how well their symptoms were controlled with currently prescribed treatment and their insight into the disease and its management. Over a 6-month period, 93 asthmatics recruited from two local government health clinics and a state hospital were interviewed using a standard questionnaire. Patients were classified into 4 groups based on the treatment they were on according to Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) treatment guidelines. The number of patients in Step 1 (rescue medication alone), Step 2 (1 controller medication), Step 3 (2 controller medications) and Step 4 (at least 3 controller medications) were 8, 39, 34 and 12, respectively. Except for day symptoms in Step 1 group, fewer than 50% achieved minimum day or night symptoms and no restriction of daily activities. Questions on patient insight were only available for 50 patients. Weather change (74%), air pollution (66%) and physical stress (46%) were the three highest ranked common asthma triggers. More than half correctly recognized the important symptoms of a serious asthma attack but fewer than 15% were familiar with the peak flow meter and its use or with the asthma self-management plan. Most patients perceived that their treatment had helped reduce disease severity and exacerbations. We conclude that symptom control and some aspect of patient education are still lacking in our local asthmatics.
    Study site: Hospital Tuanku Jaafar, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan; Klinik Kesihatan Seremban; Klinik Kesihatan Ampangan, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile*
  13. Shahmoradi N, Kandiah M, Loh SP
    Eur J Cancer Care (Engl), 2012 Sep;21(5):661-6.
    PMID: 22369227 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2354.2012.01338.x
    Cancer patients more than often experience poor quality of life after diagnosis and treatment of cancer. As the disease progresses quality of life issues become important. This cross-sectional study assessed various features of quality of life among 61 (33 women and 28 men) patients with advanced cancer cared by selected hospices in Peninsular Malaysia. The Hospice Quality of Life Index was used to assess quality of life. The mean total Hospice Quality of Life Index score for all subjects was 189.9 ± 51.7. The possible scores range from 0 to 280. The most problem areas in these patients were in the domain of functional well-being, followed by psychophysiological and social/spiritual domain. Patients with advanced cancer have a diminished quality of life. These findings suggest that there is a need for improving quality of life in terminally ill cancer patients in hospice care.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile
  14. Saub R, Locker D
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2006 Oct;61(4):438-46.
    PMID: 17243521
    The aim of this paper is to describe the impact of oral conditions on the quality of life of the adult population of Malaysia. The adapted Malaysian Oral Health Impact Profile (L-OHIP-M) questionnaire was used. A total of two hundred and twenty respondents completed the L-OHIP(M). Overall, slightly more than 50% of the sample had at least one impact reported as either "very often" or "often". The younger age group, Indian ethnic and those who had tertiary education reported more impacts. The preliminary results revealed that a substantial proportion of the sample included in this study experienced frequent psychosocial impacts associated with oral conditions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile
  15. Wan Hazmy CH, Chia WY, Fong TS, Ganendra P
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2006 Feb;61 Suppl A:3-9.
    PMID: 17042220
    The post-operatve course of amputees is poorly documented. This cross-sectional survey was unertaken to determine functional outcomes of 213 patients who had undergone either a below-knee or above-knee amputation from 2000 to 2002 in a state-hospital setting. The study comprises a self-constructed questionnaire and interview conducted by phone. Of the 213 amputees, 41 out of 61 documented telephone numbers of the patients were useful for contact. Only 30 amputees were available for the study as the remaining 11 had passed away. Included in the questionnaire was the modified Barthel Index, a measurement to assess the amputees' ability to carry out activities of daily living (ADL). It contains ten questions pertaining to ADL with a total score of 20 points. Two-thirds of the respondents (67%) use their prosthesis for less than six hours per day. The Barthel Index of 30 patients ranged from 9-20 (mean 17.7). However, the mean Barthel Index in those with and without prosthesis was 18.4 and 15.2 respectively, but this difference was not significant. Half of the respondents were unable to maintain their pre-amputation jobs, while the remaining 50% were still able to work. Forty seven percent of amputees took less than a year to return to their activities, while 33% took between one to two years. Regarding the adequacy of preamputation information provided by the doctors, 73% amputees responded in the affirmative, while 27% felt otherwise. Amputees were still facing substantial disabilities following major amputation of the lower limb. Although 80% of respondents surveyed own prosthesis, the full use of prosthesis is suboptimal due to prosthetic-related problems. Most amputees had a good functional outcome based on the modified Barthel Index. Some amputees were unhappy as they felt that they were insufficiently informed regarding post-amputation expectation prior to the amputation. Despite good support from family, the community support for amputees is still lacking.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile
  16. Hashim AN, Yusof ZY, Esa R
    PMID: 26607665 DOI: 10.1186/s12955-015-0386-2
    The Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) is used to assess oral impacts on the quality of life of preschool aged children and their families. The objective of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the ECOHIS into Malay and assess its psychometric properties.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile
  17. Biswal BM, Kumaraswamy N, Mukhtar F
    PMID: 15691157
    Between July 1999 to November 2000, 115 patients undergoing radiotherapy were evaluated for the development of treatment-related fatigue, using a modified Piper's fatigue scale. The above scale determines 4 dimensions of fatigue ie behavioral severity (6 items), affective meaning (5 items), sensory (5 items), and cognitive mood (6 items). Radiotherapy was delivered to the head and neck, breast, pelvis, and miscellaneous sub-sites. The area of the radiation field ranged from 25 to 480 cm2 (median 156 cm2). Forty-three percent of patients experienced significant fatigue, which altered their work environment. The individual components of fatigue were behavioral severity 25%, affective meaning 21%, sensory 18%, and cognitive mood 16%. Significant radiotherapy-related fatigue was higher in patients treated with advanced-stage disease, large radiotherapy field area, and low pre-radiotherapy hemoglobin level.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile
  18. Hasanah CI, Razali MS
    J R Soc Promot Health, 2002 Dec;122(4):251-5.
    PMID: 12557735
    The subjective quality of life (QOL) of diabetic patients on oral hypoglycaemics was compared to schizophrenic patients who were well controlled with their antipsychotic medications. This comparison was made using the generic quality of life questionnaire produced by the World Health Organization QOL (WHOQOL) group, namely the WHOQOL-100. Statistical analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the psychological well-being and level of independence between the two groups. However, such measures revealed that the most impaired aspect of well-being in the schizophrenic group was the social relationship. Subjective QOL assessment is able to reveal deficits or handicaps that are obscure and probably difficult to appreciate on objective social and clinical evaluation. Such findings are valuable in planning the rehabilitative need of schizophrenic patients in the community.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile
  19. ul Haq N, Hassali MA, Shafie AA, Saleem F, Aljadhey H
    PMID: 22866752 DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-10-91
    The study aims to assess Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) among Hepatitis B (HB) patients and to identify significant predictors of the HRQoL in HB patients of Quetta, Pakistan.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile
  20. Nayak CD, Nayak DM, Raja A, Rao A
    Indian J Med Sci, 2007 Jul;61(7):381-9.
    PMID: 17611343
    BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species are indicated to play a prime role in the pathophysiology of brain damage following a severe head injury (SHI).

    AIM: The current study was designed to understand the time-relative changes and relationship between erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activities and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores of SHI patients in the 21-day posttraumatic study period.

    SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study included 24 SHI patients and 25 age- and sex-matched normal controls (NC). Activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) were assayed in these patients and controls. The GCS scores of these patients were also recorded for the comparative study.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Venous blood samples were collected on day 7 (D7) and D21 from SHI patients and NC for the assay of SOD, GR and GSH-Px activities. These changes were correlated with age and changes in GCS scores of patients.

    STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare mean values of each parameter between group 1 (NC), group 2 (D7 changes in SHI patients) and group 3 (D21 changes in SHI patients). ANOVA was followed by Bonferroni post hoc tests. The Pearson correlation was applied to correlate between the antioxidant parameters and age and GCS scores of these patients.

    RESULTS: A significant increase in erythrocyte SOD and GSH-Px activities was observed in group 3 as compared to groups 1 and 2. The increase in GSH-Px activity was significant in group 2 as compared to group 1. Although not significant, there was an increase in mean GR activity in groups 2 and 3 as compared to group 1.

    CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that SHI patients have shown significantly enhanced erythrocyte SOD and GSH-Px activities during the 21-day posttraumatic study period.

    Matched MeSH terms: Sickness Impact Profile
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