Displaying all 8 publications

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  1. Razak M, Mahmud M, Mokhtar SA, Omar A
    Med J Malaysia, 2000 Sep;55 Suppl C:14-7.
    PMID: 11200038
    Fifteen cases of unstable fracture-dislocation of the thoracolumbar spine have been treated by open reduction, short segment transpedicular fixation and fusion in Universiti Unit, Kuala Lumpur Hospital from January 1994 until December 1997. Twelve male and three female patients were injured; their age ranged from 18 to 45 years. Five fracture-dislocations occurred in the lower thoracic spine (T8 to T11), eight at the thoracolumbar junction (T12 to L2) and two in the lumbar spine (L3 to L5). All the patients had neurological deficit. Seven patients with incomplete or cauda equina lesions regained some neural function, while all eight with complete lesions remained unchanged. Ten of the fifteen cases were grossly unstable and translated beyond 50% of the width of the spinal column. At the time of follow up (more than one year in all patients), no loss of reduction or of fixation was noted in any patient. Solid fusion was achieved in all patients. The advantages of this method of treatment include stable fixation, with maintenance of sagittal and coronal spinal alignments, to allow early rehabilitation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Spinal Fractures/surgery*
  2. Razak M, Mahmud MM, Hyzan MY, Omar A
    Med J Malaysia, 2000 Sep;55 Suppl C:9-13.
    PMID: 11200050
    From January 1994 to January 1998, 26 patients of unstable thoracolumbar burst fracture were treated by a short segment posterior instrumentation (pedicular screw plate/rod system), reduction and fusion in Kuala Lumpur and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Hospital. Majority of them were young and in a productive age group (mean age were 30 year-old). The mean duration of follow-up was 24.4 months. The injuries were caused by fall from height (69%) and motor vehicle accident (31%). Most of the fracture occurred at 1st and 2nd lumbar vertebrae (24/26). Twelve of the patients did not have neurological deficits. Out of 14 patients with neurological deficits, 64.4% of them showed an improvement of at least one Frankel's grade. There was no defect correlation between canal compromise and neurological deficit. Kyphotic angle improved from 20 degrees to 7 degrees immediately after surgery. In the last follow-up average kyphotic angle was 9 degrees with average lost of 2 degrees. The average length of hospitalization following surgery was 24 days. A posterolateral bony fusion was achieved in all cases at an average of 3 months. Complication included 2 loosening and 3 misplacement of pedicle screw fixation. We concluded that short-segment fixation with posterolateral decompression and fusion is effective in the treatment of unstable thoracolumbar burst fracture.
    Matched MeSH terms: Spinal Fractures/surgery*
  3. Yusof MI, Ming LK, Abdullah MS
    J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong), 2007 Aug;15(2):187-90.
    PMID: 17709859
    To measure the cervical pedicles and assess the feasibility of transpedicular fixation in a Malay population.
    Matched MeSH terms: Spinal Fractures/surgery
  4. Yusof MI, Yusof AH, Abdullah MS, Hussin TM
    J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong), 2007 Apr;15(1):67-72.
    PMID: 17429121
    To measure the diameter of the odontoid process in a Malaysian population using computed tomographic (CT) scan and determine the feasibility of treating type-II odontoid fractures using 2 cortical screws.
    Matched MeSH terms: Spinal Fractures/surgery*
  5. Mukundala VV, Lim HH
    Singapore Med J, 2001 Feb;42(2):82-4.
    PMID: 11358198
    Fracture-dislocation of the lumbo-sacral spine was an unusual injury and was divided into anterior, posterior and lateral types depending on the displacement of the cephalad portion of the spine over the caudal portion. According to the authors' knowledge, only 31 cases of traumatic fracture-dislocation of the lumbo-sacral spine were reported in the English literature. Only 3 previous reports referred to this injury with a posterior displacement, which was an even rarer injury. This was the fourth report of this type of injury.
    Matched MeSH terms: Spinal Fractures/surgery*
  6. Chung WH, Eu WC, Chiu CK, Chan CYW, Kwan MK
    J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong), 2019 12 27;28(1):2309499019888977.
    PMID: 31876259 DOI: 10.1177/2309499019888977
    PURPOSE: To describe the reduction technique of thoracolumbar burst fracture using percutaneous monoaxial screws and its radiological outcomes compared to polyaxial screws.

    METHODS: All surgeries were performed by minimally invasive technique with either percutaneous monoaxial or percutaneous polyaxial screws inserted at adjacent fracture levels perpendicular to both superior end plates. Fracture reduction is achieved with adequate rod contouring and distraction maneuver. Radiological parameters were measured during preoperation, postoperation, and follow-up.

    RESULTS: A total of 21 patients were included. Eleven patients were performed with monoaxial pedicle screws and 10 patients performed with polyaxial pedicle screws. Based on AO thoracolumbar classification system, 10 patients in the monoaxial group had A3 fracture type and 1 had A4. In the polyaxial group, six patients had A3 and four patients had A4. Total correction of anterior vertebral height (AVH) ratio was 0.30 ± 0.10 and 0.08 ± 0.07 in monoaxial and polyaxial groups, respectively (p < 0.001). Total correction of posterior vertebral height (PVH) ratio was 0.11 ± 0.05 and 0.02 ± 0.02 in monoaxial and polyaxial groups, respectively (p < 0.001). Monoaxial group achieved more correction of 13° (62.6%) in local kyphotic angle compared to 8.2° (48.0%) in polyaxial group. Similarly, in regional kyphotic angle, 16.5° (103.1%) in the monoaxial group and 8.1° (76.4%) in the polyaxial group were achieved.

    CONCLUSIONS: Monoaxial percutaneous pedicle screws inserted at adjacent fracture levels provided significantly better fracture reduction compared to polyaxial screws in thoracolumbar fractures.

    Matched MeSH terms: Spinal Fractures/surgery*
  7. Alizadeh M, Kadir MR, Fadhli MM, Fallahiarezoodar A, Azmi B, Murali MR, et al.
    J Orthop Res, 2013 Sep;31(9):1447-54.
    PMID: 23640802 DOI: 10.1002/jor.22376
    Posterior instrumentation is a common fixation method used to treat thoracolumbar burst fractures. However, the role of different cross-link configurations in improving fixation stability in these fractures has not been established. A 3D finite element model of T11-L3 was used to investigate the biomechanical behavior of short (2 level) and long (4 level) segmental spine pedicle screw fixation with various cross-links to treat a hypothetical L1 vertebra burst fracture. Three types of cross-link configurations with an applied moment of 7.5 Nm and 200 N axial force were evaluated. The long construct was stiffer than the short construct irrespective of whether the cross-links were used (p < 0.05). The short constructs showed no significant differences between the cross-link configurations. The XL cross-link provided the highest stiffness and was 14.9% stiffer than the one without a cross-link. The long construct resulted in reduced stress to the adjacent vertebral bodies and screw necks, with 66.7% reduction in bending stress on L2 when the XL cross-link was used. Thus, the stability for L1 burst fracture fixation was best achieved by using long segmental posterior instrumentation constructs and an XL cross-link configuration. Cross-links did not improved stability when a short structure was used.
    Matched MeSH terms: Spinal Fractures/surgery*
  8. Chiu CK, Lisitha KA, Elias DM, Yong VW, Chan CYW, Kwan MK
    J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong), 2018 10 26;26(3):2309499018806700.
    PMID: 30352524 DOI: 10.1177/2309499018806700
    BACKGROUND: This prospective clinical-radiological study was conducted to determine whether the dynamic mobility stress radiographs can predict the postoperative vertebral height restoration, kyphosis correction, and cement volume injected after vertebroplasty.

    METHODS: Patients included had the diagnosis of significant back pain caused by osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture secondary to trivial injury. All the patients underwent routine preoperative sitting lateral spine radiograph, supine stress lateral spine radiograph, and supine anteroposterior spine radiograph. The radiological parameters recorded were anterior vertebral height (AVH), middle vertebral height (MVH), posterior vertebral height (PVH), MVH level below, wedge endplate angle (WEPA), and regional kyphotic angle (RKA). The supine stress versus sitting difference (SSD) for all the above parameters were calculated.

    RESULTS: A total of 28 patients (4 males; 24 females) with the mean age of 75.6 ± 7.7 years were recruited into this study. The mean cement volume injected was 5.5 ± 1.8 ml. There was no difference between supine stress and postoperative radiographs for AVH ( p = 0.507), PVH ( p = 0.913) and WEPA ( p = 0.379). The MVH ( p = 0.026) and RKA ( p = 0.005) were significantly less in the supine stress radiographs compared to postoperative radiographs. There was significant correlation ( p < 0.05) between supine stress and postoperative AVH, MVH, PVH, WEPA, and RKA. The SSD for AVH, PVH, WEPA, and RKA did not have significant correlation with the cement volume ( p > 0.05). Only the SSD-MVH had significant correlation with cement volume, but the correlation was weak ( r = 0.39, p = 0.04).

    CONCLUSIONS: Dynamic mobility stress radiographs can predict the postoperative vertebral height restoration and kyphosis correction after vertebroplasty for thoracolumbar osteoporotic fracture with intravertebral clefts. However, it did not reliably predict the amount of cement volume injected as it was affected by other factors.

    Matched MeSH terms: Spinal Fractures/surgery
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