Browse publications by year: 1969

  1. Salleh HBD
    Aust N Z J Surg, 1969 May;41(4):356-358.
    PMID: 29319853 DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1969.tb06545.x
    A case of acute primary inversion of the caecum is presented. The importance of early operation is stressed. The importance of the condition in the differential diagnosis of appendicitis is mentioned.
  2. Balasegaram M
    Ann. Surg., 1969 Apr;169(4):544-50.
    PMID: 5774743
    Thirty-five patients with blunt hepatic injuries treated in a 7-year period are reviewed. The difficulties of diagnosis are stressed in that only 48.6%c were diagnosed
    preoperatively. Associated intra-abdominal and concomitant head, chest, pelvic and skeletal injuries accounted for most of these difficulties. Seventeen of the 35 patients had extensive lacerations or intra-lobar ruptures of the liver. Simple linear or stellate lacerated wounds were treated by drainage, or suture, or debridement of the ragged liver edges and suture. Prior to 1964 extensively lacerated liver wounds were treated by gauze packing. Three (60%c) of five patients thus treated died, while the others had multiple complications. Since 1964, packing has been abandoned in favor of major resection and of 11 patients who underwent such procedures only one died. Hepatic resection for severe blunt injuries has the advantages of removal of all devitalized liver, control of hemorrhage, reduction of postoperative complications such as secondary hemorrhage, intraabdominal and hepatic abscesses and hemobilia. Hepatic resection is recommended for subeapsular hematomas with intra-lobar rupture of the liver to avoid hepatic necrosis. These injuries are diagnosed by injection of methylene blue into the common hepatic duct. Low mortality and morbidity in this series is due to improved care of injured pa-tients, early surgical intervention and adequate removal of devitalized lacerated and injured tissues by debridement or major hepatic resection.
    MeSH terms: Abdominal Injuries/complications; Accidents, Traffic; Adult; Female; Hospitals, General; Humans; Liver/injuries*; Malaysia; Male; Postoperative Complications; Resuscitation
  3. Ismail AM, Balakrishnan R, Rajakumar MK
    J Bone Joint Surg Br, 1969 Aug;51(3):503-5.
    PMID: 5820795
    A case of disruption of patellar ligament is described. An association with previous steroid infiltration is present in this case.
    MeSH terms: Adult; Athletic Injuries/therapy*; Case Reports; Glucocorticoids/adverse effects*; Humans; Hydrocortisone/adverse effects; Hydrocortisone/therapeutic use; Knee Injuries/surgery; Knee Injuries/therapy; Ligaments, Articular/injuries*; Male; Patella/injuries; Rupture/chemically induced
  4. Beck AJ
    Acta Trop., 1969;26(3):270-4.
    PMID: 4391240
    MeSH terms: Animals; Chiroptera*; Ecology; Environment; Female; Malaysia; Male; Mite Infestations/veterinary; Mites*; Sex Factors; Species Specificity
  5. Reid HA
    PMID: 4397208
    MeSH terms: Animals; Dengue/complications*; Dengue/pathology; Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology*; Humans; Malaysia; Culicidae; Zoonoses
  6. Pearson JMH, Pettit JHS
    PMID: 4897238
    Fifteen patients with pure lepromatous leprosy were treated for 12 months with DDS at 50 mgm. twice weekly. The drug was fully effective in this dose, and the incidence and severity of ENL were not less than on larger doses
    MeSH terms: Biopsy; Dapsone/administration & dosage*; Female; Humans; Leprosy/drug therapy*; Leprosy/microbiology; Leprosy/pathology; Malaysia; Male; Mycobacterium leprae/isolation & purification; Skin/pathology; Clinical Trial
  7. Rubins JL
    Am J Psychoanal, 1969;29(2):131-46.
    PMID: 4900056
    MeSH terms: Adolescent; Affect; Africa; Autistic Disorder; Child; Child, Preschool; Conflict (Psychology); Cross-Cultural Comparison; Culture; Ego; Inuits; Fear; Hostility; Humans; Infant; Interpersonal Relations; Ireland; Italy; Libido; Malaysia; Micronesia; Parent-Child Relations; Psychoanalysis; Psychoanalytic Theory*; Schizophrenia, Childhood/classification; Self Concept; Socioeconomic Factors
  8. Yokogawa M
    Adv. Parasitol., 1969;7:375-87.
    PMID: 4935271
    MeSH terms: Africa; Animals; Anthelmintics/therapeutic use; Carnivora; Catecholamines/therapeutic use; Cats; China; Costa Rica; Crustacea; Disease Vectors*; Dogs; Ecology; Ecuador; Honduras; India; Indonesia; Japan; Korea; Malaysia; Marsupialia; Mexico; North America; Opossums; Paragonimiasis/diagnosis; Paragonimiasis/drug therapy; Paragonimiasis/epidemiology*; Peru; Philippines; Rabbits; Rodentia; Serologic Tests; Snails; Taiwan; Thailand; Rats
  9. Tan DS
    Bull. World Health Organ., 1969;40(6):899-902.
    PMID: 5307602
    Epidemiological studies of human leptospirosis have generally been limited to countries with specialized laboratories employing the microscopic-agglutination (MA) test. The sensitized-erythrocyte-lysis (SEL) test is much simpler for routine hospital laboratories to carry out and it has been found valuable in the diagnosis of human leptospirosis. This paper reports the results of studies of the SEL test as an epidemiological tool in serological surveys.The results showed that the significant SEL titre was 1:80 and that the sensitivity of the test depended possibly on the antigen preparation and the amount of complement used. Most of the SEL antibodies were found to persist at significant titres for about 1 year after active infection, but less than half persisted longer than that. The SEL test is therefore useful for detecting recent infections and for indicating that stability of leptospirosis in an area.The endemicity of leptospirosis in West Malaysia was confirmed by the SEL test, based on the employment of 1:80 as the significant titre.
    MeSH terms: Antibodies/analysis*; Antibody Formation; Antigens; Epidemiologic Methods; Erythrocytes/immunology*; Hemagglutination Tests; Humans; Immune Sera; Leptospira/immunology; Leptospirosis/diagnosis*; Leptospirosis/immunology; Malaysia; Serologic Tests
  10. Wilson T
    Bull. World Health Organ., 1969;41(2):324-9.
    PMID: 5308708
    MeSH terms: Blood/microbiology; Child; Child, Preschool; Communicable Disease Control*; Filariasis/diagnosis*; Filarioidea; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Malaysia
  11. Wong MM, Guest MF
    Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg., 1969;63(6):796-800.
    PMID: 5368008
    MeSH terms: Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Antibodies/analysis*; Antibody Formation; Eosinophilia/etiology*; Female; Filariasis/blood; Filariasis/complications; Filariasis/immunology*; Filariasis/epidemiology; Humans; Malaysia; Male; Middle Aged
  12. Drew R
    Ann. Intern. Med., 1969 Jan;70(1):147-9.
    PMID: 5763718
    MeSH terms: Proguanil/therapeutic use; Chloroquine/therapeutic use; Drug Resistance, Microbial; Great Britain; Humans; Malaria/prevention & control*; Malaysia; Military Medicine*; Pyrimethamine/therapeutic use; Sulfadimethoxine/therapeutic use
  13. Blake NM, Kirk RL, Mehra B
    Hum. Hered., 1969;19(1):20-4.
    PMID: 5798080
    MeSH terms: Alkaline Phosphatase*; Electrophoresis; Ethnic Groups; Female; Gene Frequency; Humans; Isoenzymes*; Malaysia; Phenotype; Placenta/enzymology*; Polymorphism, Genetic; Pregnancy
  14. Prathap K, Lau KS, Bolton JM
    Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 1969 Jan;18(1):20-7.
    PMID: 5812657
    MeSH terms: Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Animals; Arthropods*; Child; Child, Preschool; Congo; Female; Granuloma/pathology; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Intestines/pathology; Liver/pathology; Lung/pathology; Malaysia; Male; Mesentery/pathology; Middle Aged; Parasites*; Parasitic Diseases/epidemiology*; Snakes; Water Microbiology; Asian Continental Ancestry Group
  15. Burns-Cox CJ, Prathap K, Clark E, Gillman R
    Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg., 1969;63(3):409-11.
    PMID: 5815876
    MeSH terms: Aged; Animals; Arthropods*; Calcinosis; Colonic Diseases/radiography; Disease Vectors; Humans; Malaysia; Male; Parasitic Diseases*; Snakes; Thoracic Diseases/radiography
  16. Saenz AC, Assaad FA, Cockburn WC
    Lancet, 1969 Jan 11;1(7585):91-3.
    PMID: 4178014
    MeSH terms: Adult; Africa; Age Factors; Asia; Congresses as Topic; Disease Outbreaks*; Europe; Hong Kong; Humans; Influenza, Human/diagnosis; Influenza, Human/epidemiology*; Iran; Malaysia; Middle Aged; Pacific Islands; Physicians; Taiwan
  17. Dugdale AE
    Lancet, 1969 Feb 22;1(7591):409-11.
    PMID: 4179241
    The immunisation-rate of infants in Malaysia is low, and diphtheria and tetanus are common. If a satisfactory level of population immunity is to be achieved, many more infants must attend clinics more often, or other forms of immunisation must be offered. However, a mathematical model shows that the immunisation-rate can be improved immediately,
    without the need for additional staff or increased attendance of infants at clinics, by giving some immunisations in the immediate postnatal period and the remainder soon afterwards. Many of the infants who came to the clinics had minor infections. The model shows that the immunisation-rate would increase further still if immunisations were given in the presence of these infections. It is possible that earlier immunisation may give lower levels of immunity in individuals, but the increased numbers immunised would more than compensate for this.
    MeSH terms: Ambulatory Care Facilities; BCG Vaccine; Child Health Services*; Child, Preschool; Diphtheria/prevention & control; Humans; Immunization; Immunization Schedule*; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Malaysia; Maternal-Child Health Centers; Methods; Models, Theoretical; Tetanus/prevention & control
  18. Sandosham AA
    Med J Malaya, 1969 Mar;23(3):157-8.
    PMID: 4240066
    MeSH terms: Humans; Malaria/prevention & control*; World Health Organization
  19. Chen PC
    Med J Malaya, 1969 Mar;23(3):159-69.
    PMID: 4240067
    MeSH terms: Humans; Malaysia; Rural Health*; Rural Population; Sanitation*
  20. Arumugasamy N
    Med J Malaya, 1969 Mar;23(3):169-73.
    PMID: 4240068
    MeSH terms: Brain Neoplasms/pathology*; Humans; Neurologic Manifestations; Prognosis; Sarcoma/pathology*
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