The Department of Primary Care Medicine was established in UHKL in 1987. This article examines the philosophy of primary care, the clinical services provided by UHKL Family Practice Clinic and the quality assurance activities.
MeSH terms: Ambulatory Care Facilities; Family Practice; Hospitals, University; Malaysia; Outpatient Clinics, Hospital; Primary Health Care
Cardiovascular disease has been the premier cause of hospital-registered deaths in Malaysia for the past 8 years. Among these reported deaths, 31% were caused by coronary heart disease in 1982. A healthy lifestyle to control the coronary risk factors would help to reduce the incidence of coronary heart disease in future.
In Malaysia malaria is still a major public health problem. At the end of 1986 it was estimated that 14.6% of the population lived in malaria prone areas and 8.4% lived in endemic areas. Malaria eradication and control programmes were instituted separately at different times in Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak. Inaccessibility of endemic areas, opening of lands for developmental projects and emergence of drug resistant strains of P. falciparum are problems that make control of this infection difficult. Malaria vaccine is being developed.
MeSH terms: Infection; Malaria; Malaysia; Public Health; Vaccines
In Malaysia it was estimated in 1983 that 2.5 million people lived in endemic areas and from 1960 to 1984 more than 20,000 people were found to be infected. The more important filarial parasite is B. malayi. There are four main target areas for the control of filariasis, namely, mass or selective chemotherapy, reducing numbers of infected animal hosts, control of vectors and minimising human-vector contact.
Fragmentary data from reported cases show that STDs are second only to malaria in number and are more prevalent than typhoid, cholera and infectious hepatitis put together. There is lack of priority in the allocation of funding for control of STDs presently.