Strongyloides stercoralis is a widespread, soil-transmitted helminth affecting humans. Autoinfection occurs in S. stercoralis infection and this leads to a continuous build-up of worm burden in human host. This may lead to hyperinfection syndrome which has the potential to cause serious life-threatening disease especially in immunocompromised and immunosuppressed patients. Thus, patient with underlying risk factors should be suspicious of having this infection as severe strongyloidiasis carries a high mortality rate if the diagnosis is delayed. Here, we report a case of S. stercoralis hyperinfection in a diabetic patient.
* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.