• 1 Division of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Nabeshima 5-1-1, Saga, 849-8501, Japan
  • 2 Department of Biology, Georgetown University, 37th and O sts. NW, Washington, DC 20057
  • 3 Laboratory of Ecology, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, 920-1192, Japan
  • 4 Mosquito Control Service, Baix Llobregat Council, Barcelona, Spain
  • 5 Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
J Med Entomol, 2017 11 07;54(6):1615-1625.
PMID: 28968769 DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjx156


We compared climatic distribution ranges between Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae) and the five wild (nondomesticated) species of Albopictus Subgroup of Scutellaris Group of Aedes (Stegomyia) in southern Asia. Distribution sites of the wild species concentrate in seasonal forest and savannah climate zones in India, Indochina, and southern China. The distribution of Ae. albopictus is broader than the wild species under 1) tropical rain-forest climate, 2) steppe and temperate savannah climate, and 3) continental climate with large seasonal temperature variation (hot summer and cold winter) at temperate lowlands (northernmost sites 40°N in Ae. albopictus vs 32°N in the wild species). However, the distribution of Ae. albopictus is more limited at tropical and subtropical highlands where the climate is cool but less continental (small seasonal variation, mild summer, and winter). We discuss a possibility that the broader climate ranges of Ae. albopictus are ecological or eco-evolutionary consequences of adaptation to human habitats. We also propose a general scenario for the origin, dispersal, and adaptation of Ae. albopictus in Asia as a hypothesis for future research.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.