INTRODUCTION: There are less than 100 cases of Large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumour (LCCSCT) reported in English literature. Most of them are benign, bilateral and affect paediatric population. Malignant cases occur in older patients. LCCSCT is often associated with Carney complex or Peutz-Jaghers syndrome. We present the clinicopathological features of a young adult, with unilateral "stone-like" LCCSCT, without changes in hormonal status and no clinical characteristics of noted genetic disorders.
CASE REPORT: A 24-year-old male presented with painless hardening of the right testis. There was no gynaecomastia, and serum levels of human chorionic gonadotropin and α-fetoprotein were normal. Ultrasound depicted hyperechogenic, clearly demarcated intratesticular lesion. Partial orchiectomy was performed. Macroscopically, tumour appeared as almost entirely calcified round mass, measuring 10 mm. Histopathological evaluation showed well-circumscribed, unencapsulated tumour composed of massive calcified geographic formations, surrounded with tumour cells. Neoplastic cells were large, polygonal, with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, and formed irregular cords, pseudo tubular structures, and nests in a fibrous and myxoid stroma, surrounded with lymphocytes. Other forms of calcification were also present: Needle-like deposits and lamellar, mulberry-like structures. There was no necrosis, mitotic activity and nuclear pleomorphism. Immunohistochemical study was positive for inhibin α and negative for Melan A, EMA, synaptophysin, chromogranin and AFP.
DISCUSSION: LCCSCT needs to be differentiated from other, more frequent, sex cord stromal tumours. Clinical and genetical evaluation of these patients had to be performed, due to connection of LCCSCT with genetic abnormalities. In evidently benign cases, organ-sparing surgery should be considered for younger patients, followed by long term follow-up.
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