Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 2070 in total

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  1. Fayad MK, Fahmy O, Abulazayem KM, Salama NM
    Urolithiasis, 2022 Feb;50(1):113-117.
    PMID: 34807274 DOI: 10.1007/s00240-021-01289-9
    This study aimed at investigating the efficacy and safety of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in treatment of renal pelvic stone larger than 2 cm against the percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Between March 2018 and December 2020, 121 patients were randomized to undergo PCNL (60 patients), or RIRS (61 patients). Both groups were compared in terms of operative time, intraoperative complications. Postoperative complications were assessed based on Clavien-Dindo grading system. Stone-free rates were evaluated by CT scan 6 weeks after surgery. No significant difference were observed between both groups in perioperative criteria. The main operative time was slightly longer in PCNL group (105 vs 95 min, p = 0.49). Stone clearance was higher in PCNL, yet the difference was not significant. (53 patients in PCNL group had either complete clearance or residual fragments 
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
  2. Asma A, Shaharudin MH, Muhd Almyzan A, Lokman S
    Med J Malaysia, 2013 Jun;68(3):217-21.
    PMID: 23749009 MyJurnal
    A canal wall down mastoidectomy (CWDM) is an effective technique for eradication of advanced chronic otitis media or cholesteatomas. A retrospective study was conducted at a Malaysian Tertiary Medical Center between June 1996 to December 2003 to evaluate the outcome of Modified Radical Mastoidectomy(MRM), a form of CWDM for patients with chronic active otitis media (OM) with cholesteatoma, chronic mastoiditis or chronic active OM with cholesteatoma and mastoiditis. All new cases of MRM which fulfilled the selection criteria were reviewed. The main outcome measures were the hearing outcome and status of dry ear postoperatively. A total of 84 patients had undergone CWDM. However only 63 patients (26 male, 37 female) were included for analysis. The age of the patients ranged between 5 months to 72 years (mean, 31years). The majority of the patients (86%) were adults and 9 (14%) were children. The ossicular chain was eroded in 91% (57 cases). There were 33 patients (53%) who showed no improvement of Air Bone Gap (ABG) closure while 16 patients (25%) had a post-operative improvement. The presence or absence of stapes suprastructure was found to be the major factor in determining the amount of ABG (Chi squared test, P = 0.025 preoperatively and P = 0.031 postoperatively). A dry ear was achieved in 78% of patients with 3% recurrence rate. In conclusion, the study showed that a proper MRM gave high percentage of dry ear and this procedure did not worsen the hearing.
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome*
  3. Omar R, Knight VF, Hussin DA
    Med J Malaysia, 2013 Jun;68(3):245-8.
    PMID: 23749015 MyJurnal
    This study determined the outcome of combining home based and clinic based amblyopia therapy among preschool children. A total of 479 preschool children were randomly selected for vision screening. Amblyopic therapy was prescribed to children whose visual acuity (VA) could not be improved to <0.1 LogMAR after a 6 week adaptation period with glasses. Intensive near work activities were conducted daily at home for 12 weeks, monitored by parents while weekly therapy was conducted at the optometry clinic by an optometrist. Six preschool children were diagnosed with refractive amblyopia, spherical equivalent (SE) was -11.25D to +0.75D. Significant improvement was found in the VA of right eye, t(6) = 3.07, left eye t(6) = 3.07 and both eyes t(6) = 3.42) p<0.05, at the end of the 12 week therapy. Combining home based and clinic based amblyopia therapy among preschool children showed a positive improvement in VA after 12 weeks of therapy.
    Study site: kindergarten, optometry clinic, Perak (site unclear)
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome*
  4. Premananda RM, Ramesh N, Hillol KP
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Dec;67(6):585-90.
    PMID: 23770950 MyJurnal
    Endovascular coiling has been used increasingly as an alternative to neurosurgical clipping for treating subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to aneurysm rupture. In a retrospective cohort review on the treatment methods of aneurysm rupture in Hospital Kuala Lumpur over the period of five years (2005-2009) a total of 268 patients were treated. These patients were broadly categorized into two groups based on their treatment mode for ruptured aneurysms. Statistical analysis was determined using Chi- Square tests to study these associations. In our study, 67.5% of patients presented with Good World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) grade (WFNS1-2) while 32.5% patients presented with Poor WFNS prior to intervention. In our outcome, it was noted that 60.4% had good functional outcome (mRS grade 0-2) as compared to 39.6% patients who had poor mRS(modified rankin scale) outcome (mRS 3-6). In the good WFNS group, 76% of patients in clipping group had a good mRS outcome while, 86.5% patients in coiling group had good mRS outcome (p=0.114). In poor WFNS presentation, it was noted that in 77.3% patients in clipping group, had poor mRS outcome. Similarly with poor WFNS presentation, 83.3% of patient in coiling group had poor outcome. (p=1.00). Hence when we control the WFNS group, there was no significant association between treatment group (clipping and coiling) and mRS outcome at 6 months. The outcome of patient is determined by initial clinical presentation (WFNS grade) and influenced by requirement of Extraventricular drain (EVD) in presence of hydrocephalus, CSF infection and pneumonia. Therefore the decision regarding treatment option needs to be individualized based on the presentation of the patient.
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome*
  5. Praveen S, Ho CC, Fadilah S, Sagap I
    Med J Malaysia, 2010 Jun;65(2):98-100.
    PMID: 23756789
    Primary gastrointestinal (GIT) lymphoma constitutes only 5 - 10% of all gastrointestinal tumours. The optimal therapy for these lymphomas is poorly defined and still controversial. We present our experience in the treatment and outcome of primary GIT lymphomas in UKM Medical Center, Malaysia. A retrospective review of all patients with primary GIT lymphoma from the year 2002 until 2007 was done. Our series has shown that primary GIT lymphoma is a rare disease as it comprises only 6.5% of all lymphomas treated in this institution. We had a female predominance of this disease with a large majority at an advanced stage of the disease. There was equal distribution involving stomach, small and large intestines. The incidence of primary GIT lymphomas was 6.5% with a female predominance. The majority had advanced diseases (stage III and IV) with equal distribution involving the stomach, small and large intestines. The most common histological variant was diffuse large B cell lymphoma (66%). Most (83%) patients with intestinal lymphoma had surgical resection and adjuvant chemotherapy. All patients with gastric lymphomas had chemotherapy alone. The mortality rate was 22% predominantly in younger patients with aggressive histology subtypes and advanced disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome*
  6. Amir Hamzah AR, Tiow CA, Koh GT, Sharifah AM
    Med J Malaysia, 2011 Mar;66(1):19-21.
    PMID: 23765137
    Transcatheter closure of small and moderate sizes of Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) is a standard and well accepted form of treatment. The aim of this study is to describe the experience of transcatheter closure of PDA in Penang Hospital. All patients who underwent transcatheter closure of PDA at our institution between 20th January 2006 and 27th June 2008 were retrospectively identified and studied. There were a total of 66 patients who had undergone transcatheter closure of PDA during this period which comprised of 24 male and 42 female. The PDA was closed by Amplatzer Duct Occluder (ADO) in 31 patients, Gianturco coil in 29 patients and other types of devices in 6 patients. There were 4 patients (6%) who had developed acute complication during the procedure (3 of them developed coil embolization and 1 had bleeding from puncture site). The PDA was successfully close in 95.5% of the study population without any residual PDA shunting. All the patients were alive but 5 of them (4.5%) have some abnormalities (2 has mild left pulmonary stenosis, 3 has small residual). Comparison between ADO and Gianturco coil revealed no significant difference in the outcome. Transcatheter closure of PDA has proven to be safe and effective with good midterm outcome. There was no significant difference between Amplatzer Ductal Occluder and Gianturco coil in term of the outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome*
  7. Boey CC
    Med J Malaysia, 2005 Jul;60 Suppl B:90-3.
    PMID: 16108184
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome*
  8. Ritter P, Duray GZ, Steinwender C, Soejima K, Omar R, Mont L, et al.
    Eur Heart J, 2015 Oct 1;36(37):2510-9.
    PMID: 26045305 DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehv214
    Permanent cardiac pacing is the only effective treatment for symptomatic bradycardia, but complications associated with conventional transvenous pacing systems are commonly related to the pacing lead and pocket. We describe the early performance of a novel self-contained miniaturized pacemaker.
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
  9. Leong, B.L., Zamzam, N., Yassin, Z., Abdul Kadir, R.
    Ann Dent, 2001;8(1):-.
    MyJurnal
    The aim of this study is to evaluate the treatment outcome using fixed and removable appliances, in the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya (U.M.). The study models of 25 fixed and 30 upper removable appliance cases, with complete written records were examined before and after orthodontic treatment using the PAR (Peer Assessment Rating) Index. All the data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows. Eighty five percent of the cases selected as sample were either 'improved' or 'greatly improved'. Among the 10 cases which were 'greatly improved', all had high pre-treatment PAR points (> 35 PAR points). Conversely, all the eight cases classified as 'worse or no different' were with low pretreatment PAR scores « 20 PAR points). The mean treatment duration in this study was 23. I months, ranging from 2 months to 78 months. The results of this study showed that the standard of treatment in this Faculty were fairly acceptable.
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
  10. Chen Y, Ahmad M
    Future Oncol, 2018 Jun;14(15):1487-1496.
    PMID: 29767550 DOI: 10.2217/fon-2017-0671
    Psychotherapies were offered to alleviate psychological and physical symptoms; however, most psychological interventions were only delivered after cancer treatment. Newly diagnosed cancer patients experienced psychological distress while waiting for treatments. This review paper focused on randomized control trial studies, aimed to investigate the effectiveness of psychological intervention among newly diagnosed cancer patients. Eight randomized control trial papers were found in recent 10 year period through electronic database. A moderate to large effect size was detected on the outcomes, ranging from 0.43 to 0.89. This indicated that psychological-based prehabilitation with standard care yielded better outcomes than standard care alone. Psychological-based prehabilitation provides evidence in its effectiveness to reduce psychological distress, functional impairment, recurrence of cancer, numbers of immune reactivity and sleeping quality; however, inconsistent with longer survival result among cancer patients. In conclusion, psychological-based prehabilitation before cancer treatment is necessary for better treatment outcome, and future research is needed to investigate more directly the outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
  11. Saw ST, Feona SJ, Leong BDK
    Med J Malaysia, 2017 10;72(5):321-323.
    PMID: 29197893 MyJurnal
    Concurrent thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysm is uncommon. It remains a formidable surgical challenge to vascular surgeons, as decision to treat in staged or simultaneous setting still debatable. We present, here, a case of a 62-year-old-man with asymptomatic concurrent thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms, which was successfully treated with two-stage hybrid endovascular repair. The aim of this case report is to discuss the treatment options available, possible associated complications and measures to prevent them.
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
  12. Gee T, Lim SY, Merican S
    Obes Surg, 2021 Jan;31(1):401-402.
    PMID: 32504372 DOI: 10.1007/s11695-020-04746-3
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
  13. Arumugam A, A Rahman NA, Theophilus SC, Shariffudin A, Abdullah JM
    Malays J Med Sci, 2015 Dec;22(Spec Issue):62-71.
    PMID: 27006639 MyJurnal
    Mortality and morbidity associated with intracerebral hemorrhage is still high. Up to now, there are no evidence-based effective treatments for acute ICH. This study is to assess the effect of tranexamic acid (TXA) on hematoma growth of patients with spontaneous ICH compared to a placebo.
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
  14. Mukhtar F, Oei TP
    Depress Res Treat, 2011;2011:123642.
    PMID: 21804939 DOI: 10.1155/2011/123642
    This paper aimed to review the literature on depression that focused on its assessment and treatment in Malaysia. PsycINFO, Medline, local journals were searched, and 18 published articles were included in this paper. Results indicate that research on depression in Malaysia, particularly validation studies and psychotherapy research, was weak and fragmented, with minimal empirical evidence available. Pharmacotherapy still dominated the treatment for depression, and, in terms of psychotherapy, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) was recently practiced, but only a few studies have reported on the treatment efficacy of CBT. Major limitations of studies were noted, and, consequently, the problems that are associated with the implementation and future direction of clinical and research on depression in Malaysia were discussed. In short, the contribution of empirical research on the assessment and treatment for depression remained inconsistent and fragmented and urgently in need of further empirical investigation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
  15. Youl Lee J, Taniguchi T, Zhang K, Ng CF, Hakim L, Umbas R, et al.
    Jpn J Clin Oncol, 2019 Jun 01;49(6):581-586.
    PMID: 31141613 DOI: 10.1093/jjco/hyz053
    The Asian Prostate Cancer (A-CaP) Study is an Asia-wide prospective registry study for surveying the treatment outcome of prostate cancer patients who have received a histopathological diagnosis. The study aims to clarify the clinical situation for prostate cancer in Asia and use the outcomes for the purposes of international comparison. Following the first meeting in Tokyo on December 2015, the second meeting in Seoul, Korea 2016, the third meeting in Chiang Mai, Thailand, on October 2017, the fourth meeting was held in Seoul, again on August 2018 with the participation of members and collaborators from 13 countries and regions. In the meeting, participating countries and regions presented the current status of data collection and the A-CaP office presented a preliminary analysis of the registered cases received from each country and region. Participants discussed ongoing challenges relating to data cleaning and data up-dating which is the next step of the A-CaP study following the data collection phase between 2016 and 2018. There was specific difference in term of the patient characteristics, and initial treatment pattern among East Asia, Southeast Asia and Turkey, and Jordan. Finally, a close relationship between prevalence of PSA test and disease stage of the patients at diagnosis in Japan and Malaysia was discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
  16. Kattimani VS, Jairaj A, Govindan NO, Mathai P, Sahu S, Patley A, et al.
    J Contemp Dent Pract, 2020 Mar 01;21(3):337-349.
    PMID: 32434984
    AIM: Temporomandibular joint ankylosis (TMJA) management involves many surgical treatment modalities depending on the experience of the operator. A lot of literature has been published on various treatment modalities. Many systematic reviews (SRs) were published without any published prior protocol. So, the study aimed to evaluate the quality of SRs with meta-analysis of TMJA management.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic reviews with meta-analysis were included for the quality assessment using AMSTAR (assessment of multiple SRs) and Glenny et al. checklist by two independent teams. The search was limited to the Medline database archival (from January 1980 to December 2018).

    RESULTS: The primary search identified 1,507 related articles. After activation of different filters, abstracts screening, and cross-referencing, finally, a total of six studies were assessed to make the overview up-to-date.

    CONCLUSION: The articles scored 8 to 11 with AMSTAR and 7 to 13 with the Glenny et al. checklist. None of the published reviews received maximum scores. The methodology and heterogeneity are essential factors to assess the quality of the published literature.

    CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: None of the included meta-analysis was registered or published protocol with Prospero or Cochrane before publication for better validity of the studies. The authors are advised to follow reporting criteria so that in the future it is possible to provide the standards of care for TMJA with the highest quality of evidence.

    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
  17. Chan CYW, Chiu CK, Ch'ng PY, Lee SY, Chung WH, Hasan MS, et al.
    Spine J, 2021 07;21(7):1049-1058.
    PMID: 33610804 DOI: 10.1016/j.spinee.2021.02.009
    BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The implementation of a dual attending surgeon strategy had improved perioperative outcomes of idiopathic scoliosis (IS) patients. Nevertheless, the learning curve of a dual attending surgeon practice in single-staged posterior spinal fusion (PSF) surgery has not been established.

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical learning curve of a dual attending surgeon strategy in IS patients.

    STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study.

    PATIENT SAMPLE: 415 IS patients (Cobb angle <90°) who underwent PSF using a dual attending surgeon strategy OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcomes included operative time, total blood loss, allogenic blood transfusion requirement, length of hospital stay and perioperative complication rate.

    METHODS: Regression analysis using Locally Weighted Scatterplot Smoothing (LOWESS) method was applied to create the best-fit-curve between case number versus operative time and total blood loss in identifying cut-off points for the learning curve.

    RESULTS: The mean Cobb angle was 60.8±10.8°. Mean operative time was 134.4±32.1 minutes and mean total blood loss was 886.0±450.6 mL. The mean length of hospital stay was 3.0±1.6 days. The learning curves of a dual attending surgeon strategy in this study were established at the 115th case (operative time) and 196th case (total blood loss) respectively (p

    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
  18. Tweed CD, Wills GH, Crook AM, Amukoye E, Balanag V, Ban AYL, et al.
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis, 2021 04 01;25(4):305-314.
    PMID: 33762075 DOI: 10.5588/ijtld.20.0513
    BACKGROUND: Treatment for TB is lengthy and toxic, and new regimens are needed.METHODS: Participants with pulmonary drug-susceptible TB (DS-TB) were randomised to receive: 200 mg pretomanid (Pa, PMD) daily, 400 mg moxifloxacin (M) and 1500 mg pyrazinamide (Z) for 6 months (6Pa200MZ) or 4 months (4Pa200MZ); 100 mg pretomanid daily for 4 months in the same combination (4Pa100MZ); or standard DS-TB treatment for 6 months. The primary outcome was treatment failure or relapse at 12 months post-randomisation. The non-inferiority margin for between-group differences was 12.0%. Recruitment was paused following three deaths and not resumed.RESULTS: Respectively 4/47 (8.5%), 11/57 (19.3%), 14/52 (26.9%) and 1/53 (1.9%) DS-TB outcomes were unfavourable in patients on 6Pa200MZ, 4Pa200MZ, 4Pa100MZ and controls. There was a 6.6% (95% CI -2.2% to 15.4%) difference per protocol and 9.9% (95%CI -4.1% to 23.9%) modified intention-to-treat difference in unfavourable responses between the control and 6Pa200MZ arms. Grade 3+ adverse events affected 68/203 (33.5%) receiving experimental regimens, and 19/68 (27.9%) on control. Ten of 203 (4.9%) participants on experimental arms and 2/68 (2.9%) controls died.CONCLUSION: PaMZ regimens did not achieve non-inferiority in this under-powered trial. An ongoing evaluation of PMD remains a priority.
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
  19. Keng SL, Mohd Salleh Sahimi HB, Chan LF, Woon L, Eu CL, Sim SH, et al.
    BMC Psychiatry, 2021 10 04;21(1):486.
    PMID: 34607589 DOI: 10.1186/s12888-021-03500-y
    AIM/BACKGROUND: Even though dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) has received substantial empirical support in treating patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), fewer studies have evaluated whether a brief DBT skills group may be effective in improving clinical outcomes in this population. Further, less is known regarding the feasibility and outcomes of DBT beyond Euro-American contexts. This paper describes outcomes from a pilot study examining the feasibility, acceptability, and clinical outcomes following completion of a shortened, 14-week DBT skills group in a sample of Muslim-majority BPD patients in Malaysia.

    METHODS: Twenty patients were recruited from a public hospital and attended DBT skills groups in an outpatient clinic. Participants completed measures assessing psychological symptoms, self-harm behaviors, suicidal ideation, emotion regulation difficulties, self-compassion, and well-being pre- and post-intervention.

    RESULTS: There were significant reductions in depressive symptoms, stress, and emotion regulation difficulties, as well as increases in self-compassion and well-being from pre- to post-intervention. A trend was found for decreases in frequency and types of non-suicidal self-harm behaviors, suicidal ideation, and anxiety symptoms. Qualitative content analyses of participants' feedback indicated that the vast majority of participants perceived a positive impact from the skills group, with mindfulness and distress tolerance being rated frequently as skills that were beneficial.

    CONCLUSION: These preliminary findings suggest that DBT skills training is feasible and acceptable in a Muslim-majority, low resource clinical setting, and holds promise in improving clinical outcomes among BPD patients in Malaysia.

    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
  20. Wan Ahmad Kammal WSL, Jamil A, Md Nor N
    Dermatol Ther, 2021 09;34(5):e15080.
    PMID: 34351693 DOI: 10.1111/dth.15080
    Cryotherapy is a standard treatment for warts. Tuberculin immunotherapy is a novel therapeutic option. We compared the efficacy and safety of cryotherapy versus tuberculin immunotherapy in a randomized, assessor-blinded study. 15 patients were treated with intralesional tuberculin and 15 patients received cryotherapy every 2 weeks until complete wart resolution or a maximum of six sessions. Wart diameter, total number of warts and adverse effects were documented. Complete clearance of treated warts was achieved in 13(86.7%) and 11(73.3%) of patients with immunotherapy and cryotherapy respectively. Immunotherapy showed greater wart size reduction (51.88 ± 89.36 mm) than cryotherapy (32.99 ± 36.19 mm), (p = 0.46). Immunotherapy resulted in 64% reduction in total number of warts compared to 23.2% with cryotherapy, p 
    Matched MeSH terms: Treatment Outcome
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