• 1 Rokiah Omar, PhD. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Healthcare Sciences, Optometry & Vision Science Programme, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan, Malaysia.
  • 2 Victor Feizal Knight, MHP. Faculty of Medicine & Defence Health, National Defence University of Malaysia.
  • 3 Duratul Ain Hussin, MSc. Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Med. J. Malaysia, 2013 Jun;68(3):245-8.
PMID: 23749015 MyJurnal


This study determined the outcome of combining home based and clinic based amblyopia therapy among preschool children. A total of 479 preschool children were randomly selected for vision screening. Amblyopic therapy was prescribed to children whose visual acuity (VA) could not be improved to <0.1 LogMAR after a 6 week adaptation period with glasses. Intensive near work activities were conducted daily at home for 12 weeks, monitored by parents while weekly therapy was conducted at the optometry clinic by an optometrist. Six preschool children were diagnosed with refractive amblyopia, spherical equivalent (SE) was -11.25D to +0.75D. Significant improvement was found in the VA of right eye, t(6) = 3.07, left eye t(6) = 3.07 and both eyes t(6) = 3.42) p<0.05, at the end of the 12 week therapy. Combining home based and clinic based amblyopia therapy among preschool children showed a positive improvement in VA after 12 weeks of therapy.
Study site: kindergarten, optometry clinic, Perak (site unclear)

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.