An optical genosensor based on Schiff base complex (Zn2+ salphen) DNA label and acrylic microspheres (AMs) as polymer support of the capturing DNA probe (cpDNA) was developed for dengue virus serotype 2 (DEN-2) detection via reflectance spectrophotometric method. The solid-state optical DNA biosensor showed high selectivity and specificity up to one-base mismatch in the target DNA sequence owing to the salphen chemical structure that is rich in localized electrons, and allowed π-π stacking interaction between stacked base pairs of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). The reflectometric DNA microsensor demonstrated a broad linear detection range towards DEN-2 DNA from 1 × 10-15 M to 1 × 10-3 M with a low limit of detection (LOD) obtained at 1.21 × 10-16 M. The DNA biosensor gave reproducible optical response with a satisfactory relative standard deviation (RSD) at 3.1%, (n = 3), and the reflectance response was stable even after four regeneration cycles of the DNA biosensor. The optical genosensor was proven comparable with standard reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in detecting DEN-2 genome acquired from clinical samples of serum, urine and saliva of dengue virus infected patients under informed consent. The developed reflectometric DNA biosensor is advantageous in offering an early DEN-2 diagnosis, when fever symptom started to manifest in patient.
* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.