Sains Malaysiana, 2016;45:255-262.


The aimed of this study was to evaluate the resistance of sesenduk (Endospermum diadenum) wood, treated using admixture
of low molecular weight phenol formaldehyde (LmwPF) resin and nanoclay, against white rot fungus (Pycnoporus
sanguineus) and subterranean termites (Coptotermes curvignathus Holmgren). Seven sample groups including untreated
sesenduk wood and treated sesenduk wood using 10, 15 and 20% LmwPF resin and the admixture of the 1.5% nanoclay
with every level of resin concentrations. Air-dried samples were impregnated using vacuum-pressure process. After
impregnation, the treated samples were heated in an oven at 150°
C for 30 min. Five test blocks from each treatment
group were tested separately against P. sanguineus and C. curvignathus in accordance with AWPA E10-12 and AWPA E1-13
standards, respectively. The results showed that both treatments had significant effects on the percentage weight loss and
decay rate of the samples. The weight loss due to termite attack was found reduce with the increasing PF concentration.
Generally, the addition of 1.5% nanoclay in PF resin slightly increased the resistance against both deteriorating agents
compared to the wood treated using PF alone. It was found that the PF resin can be used as an effective method to improve
the durability of sesenduk wood.