Tuberculosis, an ancient disease continues to be a health care burden in Malaysia in the 21st century. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis is a less common presentation of tuberculosis and in particular peripancreatic tuberculous lymphadenitis is rarely seen. We report a case of a young immunocompetent boy presenting with a two month history of non productive chronic cough associated with loss of appetite and loss of weight. Investigations including CT Scan and Endoscopic ultrasound revealed multiple mediastinal lymphadenopathy and peripancreatic lymphadenopathy with central caseation necrosis. Histology of cervical lymph node was suggestive of tuberculosis and mycobacterium PCR was positive. The patient was subsequently treated with antituberculous therapy and had marked clinical improvement of his symptoms. This case outlines a rare presentation of a common disease and the application of newer investigative tools in making the diagnosis.
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