The limitations of existing drug delivery systems (DDS) such as non-specific bio-distribution and poor selectivity have led to the exploration of a variety of carrier platforms to facilitate highly desirable and efficient drug delivery. Stimuli-responsive DDS are one of the most versatile and innovative approach to steer the compounds to the intended sites by exploiting their responsiveness to a range of various triggers. Preparation of stimuli-responsive DDS using celluloses and their derivatives offer a remarkable advantage over conventional polymer materials. In this review, we highlight on state-of-art progress in developing cellulose/cellulose hybrid stimuli-responsive DDS, which covers the preparation techniques, physicochemical properties, basic principles and, mechanisms of stimuli effect on drug release from various types of cellulose based carriers, through recent innovative investigations. Attention has been paid to endogenous stimuli (pH, temperature, redox gradient and ionic-strength) responsive DDS and exogenous stimuli (light, magnetic field and electric field) responsive DDS, where the cellulose-based materials have been extensively employed. Furthermore, the current challenges and future prospects of these DDS are also discussed at the end.
* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.