• 1 Key Laboratory of the Coastal and Wetland Ecosystems (Xiamen University), Ministry of Education, College of the Environment and Ecology, Xiamen University, Fujian, 361102, China
  • 2 Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, 060-0 810, Japan
  • 3 Department of Geography and Resource Management, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, New Territories, Hong Kong SAR, China
  • 4 Department of Energy, Environment, and Climate Change, School of Environment, Resources and Development (SERD), Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Pathumthani, 12120, Thailand
  • 5 Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
  • 6 School of Electrical Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi, China
  • 7 Poltekkes, Kemenkes, Yogyakarta, 55293, Indonesia
  • 8 Bernal Institute, Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, V94 T9PX, Ireland
  • 9 Faculty of Social Work, Health and Nursing, Ravensburg-Weingarten University of Applied Sciences, Weingarten, 88216, Germany
J Clean Prod, 2021 Feb 15;284:124775.
PMID: 33106733 DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.124775


Over the past years, Indonesia, the world's fourth most populous country, has confronted environmental problems due to uncontrolled generation of municipal solid waste (MSW). While the integrated solid waste management (ISWM) represents a critical strategy for Indonesia to control its production, it is also recognized that economic approaches also need to be promoted to address the waste problem concertedly. In this case study, empirical approaches are developed to understand how a volume-based waste fee could be incorporated into MSW collection services and how to apply a zero-waste approach in Indonesia by adapting resource recovery initiatives, adapted from Germany's mature experiences in integrating the CE paradigm into the latter's MSWM practices. Currently, Sukunan village (Yogyakarta, Indonesia) promotes waste reduction at sources in the framework of community-based solid waste management (CBSWM) by mobilizing the local community for waste separation (organic and non-organic) and waste recycling. As a result, about 0.2 million Mt of CO2-eq emissions was avoided annually from local landfills. The economic benefits of recycling activities by the village's community also resulted in 30% reduction of the waste generated. This CBSWM scheme not only saves the government budget on waste collection, transport and disposal, but also extends the lifetime of local landfills as the final disposal sites. By integrating the CE paradigm into its MSWM practices through the implementation of economic instruments and adherence to the rule of law in the same way as Germany does, Indonesia could make positive changes to its environmental policy and regulation of MSW. A sound MSWM in Indonesia could play important roles in promoting the effectiveness of urban development with resource recovery approaches to facilitate its transition towards a CE nationwide in the long-term.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.