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  1. Collins PW, Young G, Knobe K, Karim FA, Angchaisuksiri P, Banner C, et al.
    Blood, 2014 Dec 18;124(26):3880-6.
    PMID: 25261199 DOI: 10.1182/blood-2014-05-573055
    This multinational, randomized, single-blind trial investigated the safety and efficacy of nonacog beta pegol, a recombinant glycoPEGylated factor IX (FIX) with extended half-life, in 74 previously treated patients with hemophilia B (FIX activity ≤2 IU/dL). Patients received prophylaxis for 52 weeks, randomized to either 10 IU/kg or 40 IU/kg once weekly or to on-demand treatment of 28 weeks. No patients developed inhibitors, and no safety concerns were identified. Three hundred forty-five bleeding episodes were treated, with an estimated success rate of 92.2%. The median annualized bleeding rates (ABRs) were 1.04 in the 40 IU/kg prophylaxis group, 2.93 in the 10 IU/kg prophylaxis group, and 15.58 in the on-demand treatment group. In the 40 IU/kg group, 10 (66.7%) of 15 patients experienced no bleeding episodes into target joints compared with 1 (7.7%) of 13 patients in the 10 IU/kg group. Health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) assessed with the EuroQoL-5 Dimensions visual analog scale score improved from a median of 75 to 90 in the 40 IU/kg prophylaxis group. Nonacog beta pegol was well tolerated and efficacious for the treatment of bleeding episodes and was associated with low ABRs in patients receiving prophylaxis. Once-weekly prophylaxis with 40 IU/kg resolved target joint bleeds in 66.7% of the affected patients and improved HR-QoL. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01333111.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  2. Rynja SP, Bosch JLHR, de Jong TPVM, van der Werf-Kok ET, de Kort LMO
    J Pediatr Urol, 2019 Aug 20.
    PMID: 31521557 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2019.08.007
    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the coping styles used by patients with hypospadias. Long-term hypospadias studies generally show satisfying outcomes, but some report a lower quality of life (QoL) or poorer psychosocial adjustment, particularly in patients with proximal hypospadias. A lower QoL or psychosocial adjustment was found to be associated with passive coping styles in other pediatric patient populations. Hypothetically, patients with hypospadias also develop different coping styles due to medical experiences in childhood, leading to the lower QoL outcomes on the long term. However, coping styles of patients with hypospadias have never been analyzed.

    PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adult men with hypospadias repair in childhood were recruited (n = 55; aged 19.9 [IQR 19.2-22.1]). Coping styles were determined with the Utrecht Coping List (UCL) and results compared with a reference group of male students (n = 55, age 20-30 years, no medical history). Sub analysis of coping styles of the hypospadias groups was done based on three items: severity of hypospadias, time of last hypospadias surgery and occurrence of postoperative complications.

    RESULTS: Compared to the reference groups, patients with hypospadias had higher scores on Avoidance (P 

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  3. Ong S, Woo J, Parikh P, Chan R, Sun J, Mun CY, et al.
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr, 2019;28(2):204-213.
    PMID: 31192548 DOI: 10.6133/apjcn.201906_28(2).0001
    The number of older persons in Asia is expected to triple by 2050. Ageing is associated with non-communicable chronic diseases, malnutrition, and geriatric syndromes, which influences the burden on the cost related to healthcare, health outcomes, and the quality of life. Experts in the field of older adult nutrition from Asia, Australia, and Europe were invited to participate in a two-day workshop to review the available data, current policies and programs for the ageing population in different countries of Asia to identify the gaps in knowledge and to develop recommendations for action. In Asia, most of the data pertaining to health status, nutritional status, and nutrient intake of the older persons were mainly obtained by conducting studies in nursing homes or hospitals and small cohort studies. There were limited country-specific data on this population. Moreover, the available data pertaining to different countries were difficult to compare due to differences in the reporting format and reference values used. Although nutrition initiatives and policies were realized and public education was conducted to support the older persons, most of these efforts targeted the general population rather than the older persons population segment. In healthcare management, a higher amount of education is required pertaining to the knowledge of nutritional requirements and appropriate feeding of the older persons to reduce underfeeding and its consequences. The expert group recommended the use of a systematic approach for reviewing data pertaining to different countries, initiatives, and programs to further evaluate the available data to underpin future research.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  4. Nathan AM, Zaki R, Rozario R, Dhania N, Mohd Hamirudin SN, Eg KP, et al.
    PMID: 26338016 DOI: 10.1186/s12955-015-0336-z
    The Canadian Acute Respiratory Illness and Flu Scale (CARIFS) is a parent-proxy questionnaire that assesses severity of acute respiratory infections in children. The aim was to (a) perform a cross-cultural adaptation and (b) prove that the Malay CARIFS is a reliable tool.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  5. Nathan AM, Muthusamy A, Thavagnanam S, Hashim A, de Bruyne J
    Pediatr. Pulmonol., 2014 May;49(5):435-40.
    PMID: 24482322 DOI: 10.1002/ppul.23001
    To investigate the impact of chronic suppurative lung disease (CSLD) on growth and lung function in the child as well as quality of life of the child and parent.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  6. Mohamed-Haflah NH, Kassim Y, Zuchri I, Zulmi W
    Malays Orthop J, 2017 Mar;11(1):28-34.
    PMID: 28435571 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1703.013
    INTRODUCTION: The role of surgery in skeletal metastasis is to reduce morbidity and improve the quality of life in terminally ill patients. We report our experience with patients who underwent skeletal reconstructive surgery for metastatic bone tumour of the femur.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty nine operations for skeletal metastasis of the femur performed in our centre between 2009 and 2015 were included in this study. We evaluated the choice of implant, complications, survival rate and functional outcome. Fourteen patients were still alive at the time of this report for assessment of functional outcome using Musculoskeletal Tumour Society (MSTS) form.

    RESULTS: Plating osteosynthesis with augmented-bone cement was the most common surgical procedure (17 patients) performed followed by arthroplasty (10 patients) and intramedullary nailing (2 patients) There were a total of five complications which were implant failures (2 patients), surgical site infection (2 patients), and site infection mortality (1 patient). The median survival rate was eight months. For the functional outcome, the mean MSTS score was 66%.

    CONCLUSION: Patients with skeletal metastasis may have prolonged survival and should undergo skeletal reconstruction to reduce morbidity and improve quality of life. The surgical construct should be stable and outlast the patient to avoid further surgery.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  7. Munajat M, Mohd Nordin NA, Mohamad Yahya NH, Zulkifly AH
    Medicine (Baltimore), 2019 Sep;98(36):e17045.
    PMID: 31490397 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000017045
    INTRODUCTION: The presence of significant pain and swelling during the acute stage following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may limit the patients' ability to cooperate in intensive physiotherapy interventions. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound is one of the modalities that can be used for acute pain and swelling management. However, only one study investigated the effect of this modality in patients with TKA. There is limited documentation of the effects of combining low-intensity pulsed ultrasound in TKA rehabilitation in the recovery of physical impairments and how these influence the recovery of function after TKA. Therefore, this study is proposed with the aim to evaluate the effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound as an adjunct to conventional physiotherapy on the recovery of physical impairments, functional performance and quality of life after TKA surgery.

    METHODS: This is an assessor-blinded quasi-experimental study comparing two approaches of physiotherapy, namely pulsed ultrasound-added physiotherapy and conventional physiotherapy. Total number of participants with TKA required for this study will be calculated based on the result of a pilot study. Participants will be alternately allocated into either pulsed ultrasound-added physiotherapy group (low-intensity pulsed ultrasound and conventional physiotherapy) or control group (conventional physiotherapy). Pulsed ultrasound-added physiotherapy group will receive low-intensity pulsed ultrasound starting at post-operative day 2 (4-5 times for the first-week after surgery and 2-3 times a week for a further 2 weeks). Both groups will receive conventional physiotherapy 4 to 5 times for the first-week after surgery and 2 to 3 times a week for a further 11 weeks. This procedure and process will be tested and established in a pilot study. Primary outcomes of interest are pain level, swelling, active range of knee motion, and quadriceps strength. The secondary outcomes are functional performance and quality of life.

    DISCUSSION: This study will fill the gaps in knowledge relating the benefits of including low-intensity pulsed ultrasound into conventional physiotherapy for patients with TKA.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, ACTRN12618001226291.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  8. Goh SL, Persson MS, Bhattacharya A, Hall M, Doherty M, Zhang W
    Syst Rev, 2016 09 02;5(1):147.
    PMID: 27590834 DOI: 10.1186/s13643-016-0321-6
    BACKGROUND: 'Exercise' is universally recommended as a core treatment for knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA). However, there are very few head-to-head comparative trials to determine the relative efficacy between different types of exercise. The aim of this study is to benchmark different types of exercises against each other through the use of a common comparator in a network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs).

    METHODS: This study will include only RCTs published in peer-reviewed journals. A systematic search will be conducted in several electronic databases and other relevant online resources. No limitations are imposed on language or publication date. Participants must be explicitly identified by authors as having OA. Interventions that involved exercise or comparators in any form will be included. Pain is the primary outcome of interest; secondary outcomes will include function and quality of life measures. Quality assessment of studies will be based on the modified Cochrane's risk of bias assessment tool. At least two investigators will be involved throughout all stages of screening and data acquisition. Conflicts will be resolved through discussion. Conventional meta-analysis will be performed based on random effects model and network meta-analysis on a Bayesian model. Subgroup analysis will also be conducted based on study, patient and disease characteristics.

    DISCUSSION: This study will provide for the first time comprehensive research evidence for the relative efficacy of different exercise regimens for treatment of OA. We will use network meta-analysis of existing RCT data to answer this question.

    SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42016033865.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  9. Saddki N, Noor MM, Norbanee TH, Rusli MA, Norzila Z, Zaharah S, et al.
    AIDS Care, 2009 Oct;21(10):1271-8.
    PMID: 20024703 DOI: 10.1080/09540120902803216
    This study determines the validity and reliability of the Malay version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) assessment instrument in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. A cross-sectional study on 157 patients with HIV seen at the Infectious Disease Unit, Hospital Raja Perempuan Zainab II, Kota Bharu, Kelantan was conducted. Factor analysis identified five major domains: physical needs, spirituality, social relationship, psychological, and environment. Significant correlation was found between each domain scores and the general health questions. The instrument was able to discriminate between asymptomatic and symptomatic HIV positive patients for all domain scores except for the spirituality domain. The internal consistency of the five domains ranged from 0.70 to 0.83. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) ranged from 0.60 to 0.87 across all domains. In conclusion, the Malay version of WHOQOL-HIV BREF is a valid and reliable instrument in assessing quality of life in HIV positive patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  10. Malihi Z, Kandiah M, Chan YM, Hosseinzadeh M, Sohanaki Azad M, Zarif Yeganeh M
    J Hum Nutr Diet, 2013 Jul;26 Suppl 1:123-31.
    PMID: 23627676 DOI: 10.1111/jhn.12043
    The primary objective of the present study was to assess changes in the nutritional status and quality of life in acute leukaemia patients, aged ≥15 years, who had undergone induction chemotherapy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  11. Rafi Mahmoud Alnjadat, Aasim Adnan, Zalina Ismail
    MyJurnal
    Aim: The objective of the present study was to assess the validity and reliability of Malay version of the QOLLTI-F questionnaire.
    Methods: A total of 80 Malay caregivers of cancer patients in an outpatient oncology clinic were enrolled in this study. A translated QOLLTI-F questionnaire of 16 items was used in order to assess their quality of life. Demographic characteristics were recorded. Both face and content validity of the translated version were carried out by professionals and the construct validity of the questionnaire was assessed by exploratory factor analysis.
    Results: Exploratory factor analysis led to the extraction of seven factors and this was consistent with the English version. Cronbach Alpha coefficient showed good consistency of the questions within the sub-scales (Cronbach's alpha > 0.7).
    Conclusion: This study was confined to a Malay population, and the analyses were potentially limited by a small sample size .Nevertheless, the translated questionnaire demonstrated valid and reliable psychometric properties when administered to Malay caregivers. Future studies are needed to see if this instrument can fit other samples in different settings and populations.
    Study site: Oncology clinic, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM), Kelantan, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  12. Liu WJ, Chew TF, Chiu AS, Zaki M
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2006 Dec;61(5):540-6.
    PMID: 17623953 MyJurnal
    The aims of this retrospective analysis were (i) to examine the trends of quality of life (QoL) scores and (ii) to identify the risk factors for QoL scores among 6908 dialysis patients entering dialysis between 1997 and 2002. The Spitzer QoL Index was the instrument used by the National Renal Registry of Malaysia to assess the QoL amongst dialysis patients. Demographic and biochemical data were analysed to identify risk factors for poor QoL. The median QoL-index score ranged between 9 and 10. Significant risk factors for poor QoL were female gender, age > 40, diabetes, cohort starting dialysis 2001-2002, haemodialysis modality, body mass index < 18.5, albumin < 30g/dL, cholesterol < 3.2 mmol/L, haemoglobin < 10 g/dL, diastolic blood pressure of > 90 mHg, iPTH < 100 pg/ml. The overall QoL of dialysis patients is satisfactory. The negative impact of diabetes and haemodialysis on QoL warrants further evaluation as each factor involves 50% and 90% of our dialysis population.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  13. Biswal BM, Ruzman N, Ahmad NM, Zakaria A
    Malays J Med Sci, 2000 Jan;7(1):54-9.
    PMID: 22844216 MyJurnal
    Short course hypo-fractionated radiotherapy is a standard regime for the palliation of stage IV head and neck cancers. However few patients respond favorably and require further radiotherapy in curative intent. We have used split-course radiotherapy technique to find out this conversion rate from palliative to curative intent. This was a prospective study conducted from November 1998 to October 1999; twenty-six (26) patients with stage IV head & neck cancers were treated with a hypofractionated regime of radiotherapy. A tumor dose of 30 Gy in 10 fractions [time dose fraction (TDF) 62] over 2 weeks was delivered using a 6 MV linear accelerator. A conventional 2 field or 3 field technique was used. Patients were assessed for the regression of tumor on fifth day, tenth day of radiotherapy and 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy. Patients showing complete response and good partial response were allowed to receive further radiotherapy of 30 Gy in 15 fractions [TDF 49]. There were 21 males and 5 females in the study with a median age of 44 years (range 19-77 years). All patients completed the initial regime. Complete responses were observed among 14 patients (54%); partial response in 6 patients (23%), and no response was seen among 6 patients (23%). Sixteen patients (61%) were suitable for radical radiotherapy after phase-I course of the above schedule. Seventeen patients (65%) showed an improvement in the general well being with a better quality of life. One year actuarial survival was (76%), with a median survival time of 12 months. Split-course technique is a useful radiotherapy treatment in stage IV head and neck cancers to distinguish between the subset of patients who would require curative treatment and who would not.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  14. Sharifah Sulaiha SA, Nazimah I, Zainurrashid Z
    Malays Fam Physician, 2010;5(3):126-129.
    PMID: 25606203 MyJurnal
    Women at the end of their reproductive age often complain of climacteric symptoms which can be quite debilitating at times. Physiological changes due to deficient oestrogen have received global attention in the search for an acceptable and safe measure to improve quality of life for women with these complaints. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) used to be the main treatment for menopausal symptoms. Lately there are concerns about its possible adverse effects of increasing risks of breast malignancy, heart diseases, etc. Complementary Alternative Medicine (CAM) plays a significant role in relieving these climacteric symptoms especially in women with contraindications to hormonal therapy and in those who are worried of its adverse effects. It is important for women to be aware of these CAM to provide them with options to improve their quality of life. This paper explores other pharmacological and non-pharmacological measures as alternatives to hormone replacement therapy (HRT), to assess how useful and reliable they are according to available scientific evidence.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  15. Sufarlan AW, Zainudin BM
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1993 Jun;48(2):166-70.
    PMID: 8394502
    Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) disseminates early and has poor prognosis. However, SCLC is highly chemosensitive, thus chemotherapy has been established as the primary mode of treatment. Seventeen patients (15 males and 2 females) with median age of 60 years (range 49 to 74 years) were treated with combination cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, adriamycin 40 mg/m2, vincristine 1.4 mg/m2 on day 1 and etoposide (VP 16) 75 mg/m2 on days 1 to 3 (CAVE). This combination was given in 6 courses at 3 weekly intervals. The response to the chemotherapy and the quality of life of patients was assessed at the third cycle and after the completion of therapy (sixth cycle). The overall response rate was 76.4%; 52.9% achieved complete response and 23.5% had partial response. The survival rate at 6 months was 70.8% and 4 patients (23.5%) were still alive after 1 year of chemotherapy. The median survival after therapy was 36 weeks. There was a 30% overall improvement in the Karnofsky performance score at the completion of chemotherapy. This study illustrated that the CAVE regimen is effective and beneficial in the majority of our patients with small cell lung cancer.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  16. Inn FX, Ahmed N, Hou LG, Abidin ZAZ, Yi LL, Zainuddin ZM
    Int Urol Nephrol, 2019 Nov;51(11):1949-1953.
    PMID: 31441009 DOI: 10.1007/s11255-019-02262-7
    PURPOSE: The internal drainage provided by a ureteral stent helps with the relief and prevention of ureteral obstruction. By definition, correct stent placement is one with a complete loop in both the renal pelvis and bladder. This prevents stent migration proximally or distally despite urinary flow, patient movement, and ureteral peristalsis.

    METHODS: We performed a comparative prospective cross-sectional study assessing the impact of intravesical stent position on the quality of life in 46 patients with a ureteral stent. This is done using the Ureteral Stent Symptom Questionnaire (USSQ).

    RESULTS: 52.5% of patients had an ipsilateral positioned intravesical stent, while the remaining had their stent positioned contralaterally. Intravesical stent position significantly influenced the quality of life. The USSQ score was worse for the contralateral group. Subscore analysis found that urinary symptoms and body pain index contribute significantly to the morbidity. Majority of patients in the ipsilateral group reported no discomfort as compared to the contralateral group.

    CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study assessing the impact of intravesical stent position on the quality of life in the Asian population. Intravesical stent position has a significant influence on patient's morbidity and quality of life in particular towards their urinary irritative symptoms and body pain. It is imperative to ensure correct distal placement of ureteric stent that does not cross the midline to the contralateral site. We believe that the USSQ should be used in daily clinical practice in assessing the symptoms related to indwelling ureteric stents.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  17. Rokiah Omar, Knight, Victor Feizal, Zainora Mohammed
    MyJurnal
    When medical and surgical intervention cannot alleviate all of the impairments resulting from diseases of the eye, visual rehabilitation can help reduce the disability and increase the quality of life. Data from 169 patients seen at the UKM Low Vision Clinic (UKM LVC) over the past 2 years were examined and analysed. The age ranged from 6 to 87 years of age. The main cause of ocular pathological categories was conduction (63.9%), media (24.9%) and congenital (11.2%) related problems. The main causes of low vision at UKM LVC were congenital cataract, retinitis pigmentosa, glaucoma, cataract and diabetic retinopathy. 84% of these patients received low vision devices to improve their near or/and distance vision. The most common optical devices dispensed at UKM LVC were near high addition spectacle, hand magnifiers and stand magnifiers. Medical, vision care and rehabilitation professionals working together can offer a comprehensive treatment plan for the visually impaired, offering these patients the very best services to increase their quality of life.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  18. Isa MR, Moy FM, Razack AH, Zainuddin ZM, Zainal NZ
    Prev Med, 2013;57 Suppl:S37-40.
    PMID: 23454597 DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.02.011
    To determine the impact of applied progressive muscle relaxation training on health related quality of life among prostate cancer patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life/psychology*
  19. Chong Guan N, Mohamed S, Kian Tiah L, Kar Mun T, Sulaiman AH, Zainal NZ
    Int J Psychiatry Med, 2016 07;51(5):414-430.
    PMID: 28629286 DOI: 10.1177/0091217416680197
    Objective Psychotherapy is a common non-pharmacological approach to help cancer patients in their psychological distress. The benefit of psychotherapies was documented, but the types of psychotherapies proposed are varied. Given that the previous literature review was a decade ago and no quantitative analysis was done on this topic, we again critically and systematically reviewed all published trials on psychotherapy in cancer patients. Method We identified 17 clinical trials on six types of psychotherapy for cancer patients by searching PubMed and EMBASE. Result There were four trials involved adjunct psychological therapy which were included in quantitative analysis. Each trial demonstrated that psychotherapy improved the quality of life and coping in cancer patients. There was also a reduction in distress, anxiety, and depression after a psychological intervention. However, the number and quality of clinical trials for each type of psychotherapy were poor. The meta-analysis of the four trials involved adjunct psychological therapy showed no significant change in depression, with only significant short-term improvement in anxiety but not up to a year-the standardized mean differences were -0.37 (95% confidence interval (CI) = -0.57, -0.16) at 2 months, -0.21 (95% CI = -0.42, -0.01) at 4 months, and 0.03 (95 % CI = -0.19, 0.24) at 12 months. Conclusion The evidence on the efficacy of psychotherapy in cancer patients is unsatisfactory. There is a need for more rigorous and well-designed clinical trials on this topic.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life/psychology
  20. Lee WL, Chinna K, Lim Abdullah K, Zainal Abidin I
    Int J Nurs Pract, 2019 Feb;25(1):e12715.
    PMID: 30515964 DOI: 10.1111/ijn.12715
    AIM: To investigate semantic equivalence between two translated versions of the heart quality of life (HeartQoL) questionnaire produced by the forward-backward and dual-panel methods.

    METHODS: The forward-backward and dual-panel versions of HeartQoL were self-administered among 60 participants who met the inclusion criteria of being a native Bahasa Malaysia-speaking Malay, aged 18 and older, having an indexed diagnosis of ischaemic heart disease and being cognitively fit. The administration sequence of the two versions was randomized. Additionally, three sociolinguists, who were blinded to translation processes and survey findings, rated the translated versions against the source version on three aspects of semantic equivalence.

    RESULTS: Textual content in both translated versions was considerably similar (n = 9/14 items, ≈64%). The overall results from weighted kappa, raw agreement, intraclass correlations, and Wilcoxon signed-rank as well as experts' ratings were confirmative of semantic equivalence between the forward-backward and dual-panel versions of the HeartQoL. However, some mixed findings were indicative of potential gaps in both translated versions against the source version.

    CONCLUSION: Both the forward-backward and dual-panel methods produced semantically equivalent versions of HeartQoL; but translation alone is insufficient to narrow the subtle gaps caused by differences in culture and linguistic style.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
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