Displaying all 16 publications

  1. Jabar MF, Prasannan S, Gul YA
    Asian J Surg, 2005 Jan;28(1):58-61.
    PMID: 15691802
    Adult intussusception is a rare entity that may present in the acute and subacute setting principally related to the degree of bowel obstruction. Preoperative diagnosis of this condition may be difficult. The intussusception is usually due to a definable intraluminal lesion, most probably neoplasia, unlike intussusception in children. We present the cases of two adult male patients with intussusception. The first presented with acute small-bowel obstruction secondary to a retrograde ileojejunal intussusception with a pseudopolyp as the lead point. This was possibly due to a retrograde ball-valve effect. The intussuscepting segment was resected. The second patient presented with unexplained chronic diarrhoea and an intussusception occurring within the caecum, as demonstrated at colonoscopy, with a terminal ileal pedunculated fibroid polyp as the lead point. A limited right hemicolectomy was performed. Both patients recovered uneventfully and have remained well. A brief literature review of adult intussusception complements the case reports, with an emphasis on the pathogenesis of inflammatory polyps and recommended surgical management.
  2. Prasannan S, Jabar MF, Gul YA
    Acta Chir. Belg., 2004 Oct;104(5):591-2.
    PMID: 15571031
    An inguinal hernia that suddenly becomes irreducible may be secondary to a variety of other underlying conditions which can occasionally mislead the attending surgeon. Benign, inflammatory or neoplastic processes, as well as surgical emergencies such as intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal haemorrhage, have all been previously reported to mimic an inguinal hernia that suddenly becomes irreducible with or without clinical features of strangulation. We add an additional interesting presentation to this list in the form of a ruptured ectopic pregnancy, which is the first such case reported in the literature. A swelling in the groin may be much more complicated than it seems on superficial consideration and good clinical acumen is constantly required in managing such cases if a satisfactory outcome without any morbidity is to be expected.
  3. Gee T, Hisham RB, Jabar MF, Gul YA
    Tech Coloproctol, 2013 Apr;17(2):181-6.
    PMID: 22983551 DOI: 10.1007/s10151-012-0894-6
    Idiopathic chronic anal fissure is believed to be a consequence of a traumatic acute anodermal tear followed by recurrent inflammation and poor healing due to relative tissue ischaemia secondary to internal sphincter spasm. This pilot trial compared the efficacy of a novel manufactured ano-coccygeal support attached to a standard toilet seat (Colorec) to the standard procedure of lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS) for chronic anal fissure.
  4. Jabar MF, Shaker AR, Gul YA
    Acta Chir. Belg., 2004 Oct;104(5):596-8.
    PMID: 15571033
    Meckel's diverticulum is a relatively common gastrointestinal entity which occasionally causes complications. Meckel's diverticulum is classically described to mimic acute appendicitis when inflamed as well as being a cause of unexplained luminal gastrointestinal bleeding. An unusual cause of spontaneous non traumatic haemoperitoneum found during surgery performed for a suspected acute appendicitis in a 22-year old female is described. The patient was found to have a significant haemoperitoneum due to a bleeding serosal vessel of a Meckel's diverticulum. The diverticulum was routinely excised. It was macroscopically and histologically devoid of inflammation. The bleeding vessel was not found to be abnormal or part of an arteriovenous malformation.
  5. Gul YA, Jabar MF, Mo'min N, Hon SK
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 Mar;59(1):65-71.
    PMID: 15535338
    A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out in a tertiary referral centre to determine the appropriateness of usage of emergency upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (EUGIE) with reference to the guidelines set by the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE). EUGIE was defined as early, non-elective endoscopy performed for in-patients within 48 hours of acute hospital admission. The median age of the 668 patients was 55 years (age range 12- 90), 31% of whom had a previous upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Bleeding in the form of haematemesis, melaena or anaemia was the most common indication (40.7%) for EUGIE. Eighty one percent of the procedures were judged appropriate by the ASGE guidelines. There was a statistically significant relationship between appropriateness and significant diagnostic yield (P<0.05). Procedures performed for melaena, symptomatic anaemia and haemetemesis led to greater significant diagnostic yield (P<0.05) and there was no difference in the yield between working-hours and after-hours EUGIE.
  6. Jabar MF, Halim ME, Gul YA
    Asian J Surg, 2004 Jan;27(1):26-31.
    PMID: 14719511
    The aim of this study was to determine the appropriateness of colonoscopy in relation to its diagnostic yield, with reference to the guidelines set by the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE). A prospective 90-day audit was performed at Hospital Kualal Lumpur, which is a tertiary referral centre in Malaysia, to examine the appropriateness of colonoscopy by indication. During that time, 257 colonoscopies were performed in 244 patients. The predominant indications for colonoscopy were altered bowl habit (37%) and rectal bleeding (18%). Of the 257 colonoscopies, 216 (84%) were judged to be appropriate by ASGE guidelines. Only 43% of all colonoscopies had positive findings. Positive findings were found in 93% of cases judged appropriate compared with only 7% found in cases deemed inappropriate. There were statistically significant relationships between appropriateness and overall positive yield and between appropriateness and neoplastic findings (p < 0.05). Colonoscopy performed for appropriate indications yield more significant findings, this, we advocate the use of accepted guidelines to maintain or improve the standard colonoscopy services.
  7. Jee SL, Amin-Tai H, Fathi NQ, Jabar MF
    ACG Case Rep J, 2018;5:e21.
    PMID: 29577055 DOI: 10.14309/crj.2018.21
    Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma (PMA) is an oncologic rarity that poses a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma for treating clinicians because there are few reported cases and an absence of definitive guidelines. We report a patient who had been treated with local surgery for recurrent perianal abscess with fistula for 3 years. Biopsy of the indurated tissue overlying his surgical scars revealed PMA. Neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy followed by abdominoperineal resection was planned to address the locally advanced disease and ongoing sepsis. Our case is unique in that the fistula preceded carcinoma by only 3 years instead of the typical 10 years.
  8. Liew NC, Lee L, Gee T, Jabar MF
    J Vasc Surg Cases, 2015 Dec;1(4):229-231.
    PMID: 31724592 DOI: 10.1016/j.jvsc.2015.07.007
    Venous ulcer as a complication of ankle arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis is rarely reported. It poses a challenge between ulcer healing and fistula preservation. We report our experience in the management of venous ulcers secondary to an ankle arteriovenous fistula in a hemodialysis patient.
  9. Ng CT, Yip WK, Mohtarrudin N, Jabar MF, Seow HF
    Malays J Pathol, 2023 Aug;45(2):195-204.
    PMID: 37658529
    INTRODUCTION: Extracellular vesicles (exosome-like vesicles) are small membrane vesicles ranging from 20-200nm in size that are released by various cells into the extracellular space. These extracellular vesicles play a major role in cell-to-cell communication and contain materials, such as proteins, mRNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). The effect of exosomes derived from an invasive colon cancer cell line on angiogenesis is unclear. Hence, the aim of this study is to investigate the effect of exosomes derived from an invasive colon cancer cell line on angiogenesis of endothelial cells.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, the exosomes from the cell culture supernatants of an invasive colon cancer cell line SW480-7 were characterised. The effect on tube formation and expression of angiogenic genes in a microvascular endothelial cell, telomerase-immortalised microvascular endothelial cell (TIME) was examined after co-cultured with exosomes secreted from SW480-7.

    RESULTS: Zetasizer result showed average diameter of exosomes derived from SW480-7 was 246.2 nm and morphological analysis showed the size of majority of exosomes were less than 200 nm. Results showed that exosomes derived from SW480-7 increased tube formation and up-regulated FGFR3 mRNA expression in TIME.

    CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that exosomes derived from SW480-7 increased tube formation and up-regulated expression of FGFR3 mRNA in TIME.

  10. Ng JC, Ahmad Zaidi AI, Lee J, Jabar MF
    Arch Plast Surg, 2023 Nov;50(6):610-614.
    PMID: 38143843 DOI: 10.1055/a-2077-5745
    Necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon yet fatal soft tissue infection. Current recommended treatment includes antibiotics with repeat surgical exploration and wound debridement followed by reconstruction. In burn patients, the Meek micrograft has demonstrated a higher true expansion ratio, faster reepithelialization rate, more resilient toward infection, and reduced risk of graft failure as compared with meshed graft. To our best knowledge, the use of Meek micrografting technique in reconstruction of postdebridement wounds of necrotizing fasciitis has not been reported. Hereby, we present a case of a 57-year-old gentleman who was referred to us for wound reconstruction after surgical debridement of Fournier's gangrene and extensive necrotizing fasciitis involving the anterior abdomen and bilateral femoral region. Meek micrografting technique was used to reconstruct the anterior abdomen as the wound bed was large. Although the graft was complicated with a small area of localized infection, it did not spread across the entire graft and was successfully treated with topical antibiotics and regular wound dressing. In our case, wound reconstruction using Meek micrografting technique in a patient with extensive necrotizing fasciitis was successful and showed positive outcome. Therefore, we suggest further studies to be conducted to investigate the applications and outcomes of the Meek micrografting technique, especially in patients with extensive wound bed and limited donor site availability.
  11. Yip WK, Choo CW, Leong VC, Leong PP, Jabar MF, Seow HF
    APMIS, 2013 Oct;121(10):954-66.
    PMID: 23992303 DOI: 10.1111/apm.12152
    Molecular alterations in KRAS, BRAF, PIK3CA, and PTEN have been implicated in designing targeted therapy for colorectal cancer (CRC). The present study aimed to determine the status of these molecular alterations in Malaysian CRCs as such data are not available in the literature. We investigated the mutations of KRAS, BRAF, and PTEN, the gene amplification of PIK3CA, and the protein expression of PTEN and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) catalytic subunit (p110α) by direct DNA sequencing, quantitative real-time PCR, and immunohistochemistry, respectively, in 49 CRC samples. The frequency of KRAS (codons 12, 13, and 61), BRAF (V600E), and PTEN mutations, and PIK3CA amplification was 25.0% (11/44), 2.3% (1/43), 0.0% (0/43), and 76.7% (33/43), respectively. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated loss of PTEN protein in 54.5% (24/44) of CRCs and no significant difference in PI3K p110α expression between CRCs and the adjacent normal colonic mucosa (p = 0.380). PIK3CA amplification was not associated with PI3K p110α expression level, but associated with male cases (100% of male cases vs 56% of female cases harbored amplified PIK3CA, p = 0.002). PI3K p110α expression was significantly higher (p = 0.041) in poorly/moderately differentiated carcinoma compared with well-differentiated carcinoma. KRAS mutation, PIK3CA amplification, PTEN loss, and PI3K p110α expression did not correlate with Akt phosphorylation or Ki-67 expression. KRAS mutation, PIK3CA amplification, and PTEN loss were not mutually exclusive. This is the first report on CRC in Malaysia showing comparable frequency of KRAS mutation and PTEN loss, lower BRAF mutation rate, higher PIK3CA amplification frequency, and rare PTEN mutation, as compared with published reports.
  12. Liew NC, Lee L, Nor Hanipah Z, Gee T, Jabar MF
    Int J Low Extrem Wounds, 2015 Sep;14(3):231-5.
    PMID: 26264874 DOI: 10.1177/1534734615599654
    Buerger's disease or thromboangiitis obliterans causes pain, ulceration, or gangrene in the lower or upper extremity. It is associated with chronic cigarette smoking and is believed to be an immune mediated vasculitis. The pathogenesis is still unknown but recent postulate of its association with odontal bacteria has generated much renewed interest. Despite its recognition more than a century ago, little progress has been made in its treatment. Until the pathogenesis is elucidated, abstinence from cigarette is the only effective therapy.
  13. He PY, Yip WK, Jabar MF, Mohtarrudin N, Dusa NM, Seow HF
    Oncol Lett, 2019 Aug;18(2):1949-1960.
    PMID: 31423265 DOI: 10.3892/ol.2019.10492
    The objectives of the present study were to identify the aberrant expression of microRNA (miRNA) in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) tissues from published miRNA profiling studies and to investigate the effects of the identified miRNA inhibitor and mimic miR-96-5p on CRC cell migration and invasion. The altered expression of the regulators of cytoskeleton mRNA in miR-96-5p inhibitor-transfected cells was determined. The miR-96-5p expression level in five CRC cell lines, HCT11, CaCo2, HT29, SW480 and SW620, and 26 archived paraffin-embedded CRC tissues were also investigated by reverse-transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Cell viability in response to the miR-96-5p inhibitor and mimic transfections was determined by an MTT assay. A Matrigel invasion assay was conducted to select the invasive subpopulation designated SW480-7, by using the parental cell line SW480. The effects of miR-96-5p mimic- or inhibitor-transfected SW480-7 cells on cell migration and invasion were evaluated using the Transwell and Matrigel assays, and the change in expression of the regulators of cytoskeleton mRNAs was identified by Cytoskeleton Regulators RT2-Profiler PCR array followed by validation with RT-qPCR. CRC tissues exhibited a significant increase in miR-96-5p expression, compared with their matched normal adjacent tissues, indicating an oncogenic role for miR-96-5p. The results demonstrated that the miR-96-5p inhibitor decreased the migration of SW480-7 cells, but had no effect on invasion. This may be due to the promotion of cell invasion by Matrigel, which counteracts the blockade of cell invasion by the miR-96-5p inhibitor. The miR-96-5p mimic enhanced SW480-7 cell migration and invasion, as expected. It was determined that there was a >2.5 fold increase in the expression of genes involved in cytoskeleton regulation, myosin light chain kinase 2, pleckstrin homology like domain family B member 2, cyclin A1, IQ motif containing GTPase activating protein 2, Brain-specific angiogenesisinhibitor 1-associated protein 2 and microtubule-actin crosslinking factor 1, in miR-96-5p inhibitor-transfected cells, indicating that they are negative regulators of cell migration. In conclusion, the miR-96-5p inhibitor blocked cell migration but not invasion, and the latter may be due to the counteraction of Matrigel, which has been demonstrated to stimulate cell invasion.
  14. Samiei G, Yip WK, Leong PP, Jabar MF, Dusa NM, Mohtarrudin N, et al.
    J Cancer Res Ther, 2018 Jun;14(Supplement):S299-S305.
    PMID: 29970680 DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.235345
    Background: Interleukin (IL)-17A and IL-17F are inflammatory cytokines mainly produced by T helper 17 cells. IL-17A is known to be protumorigenic while IL-17F has a protective role in cancer. A number of studies have been conducted to determine the association between polymorphisms of IL-17AG197A (rs2275913) and IL-17FA7488G (rs763780) and risk of cancers. No studies have yet to be conducted to genotype the IL-17AG197A polymorphism in colorectal cancer (CRC).

    Objective: To assess the association of IL-17AG197A and IL-17FA7488G polymorphisms with CRC risk.

    Materials and Methods: We performed the genotyping by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method on blood samples from 80 healthy individuals and paraffin-embedded tumor tissues from 70 CRC patients.

    Results: Our study showed that IL-17A197AA genotype was significantly associated with an increased CRC risk with odds ratios of 6.08 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.25-16.42, P < 0.001) and 2.80 (95% CI: 1.23-6.35, P = 0.014), in comparison with GG and AG genotypes, respectively. However, IL-17FA7488G polymorphism was not significantly associated with CRC risk (P = 0.102). No significant association of IL-17AG197A and IL-17FA7488G polymorphisms with patient and tumor variables was found.

    Conclusion: This report from Malaysia shows the relationship of IL-17A197AA genotype with susceptibility to CRC.

  15. A'zim AZA, Zaid ZA, Yusof BNM, Jabar MF, Shahar ASM
    Trials, 2022 Nov 26;23(1):961.
    PMID: 36435838 DOI: 10.1186/s13063-022-06898-2
    BACKGROUND: Perioperative malnutrition is common in patients undergoing gastrointestinal-oncology surgery and is associated with longer hospital stays, increased postoperative complications, poorer quality of life, and lower survival rates. Current practice emphasizes the role of early perioperative nutrition therapy as an early intervention to combat the postoperative complications of patients and the implementation is now widely adopted. However, there is still a lack of research on determining the effectiveness of intensive nutrition therapy and providing ONS perioperative locally. This becomes the significance of this study and serves as a basis for management and guideline in the local hospital settings.

    METHODS: This is a pragmatic randomized control trial study where elective admitted patients will be randomly divided into the intervention (SS) or control (NN) group. All data will be collected during a face-to-face interview, anthropometric measurement, blood sampling (albumin, white blood count, hemoglobin, and c-reactive protein), handgrip strength, and postoperative complications. Group SS will be receiving a tailored lifestyle and intensively supplemented with oral nutrition support as compared to Group NN that will receive standard medical care. The primary outcome for this study is the length of stay in the hospital. Additional outcome measures are changes in biochemical profile and nutritional and functional status. The effects of intervention between groups on the outcome parameters will be analyzed by using the SPSS General Linear Model (GLM) for the repeated measure procedure.

    DISCUSSION: The intervention implemented in this study will serve as baseline data in providing appropriate nutritional management in patients undergoing gastrointestinal and oncological surgery.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) NCT04347772 . Registered on 20 November 2019.

  16. He PY, Yip WK, Chai BL, Chai BY, Jabar MF, Dusa N, et al.
    Oncol Rep, 2017 Dec;38(6):3554-3566.
    PMID: 29039592 DOI: 10.3892/or.2017.6037
    The objective of this study was to determine the effect of miR‑29a‑3p inhibitor on the migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cell lines (CRC) and the underlying molecular mechanisms. miR‑29a‑3p was detected using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR) in the CRC cell lines HCT11, CaCo2, HT29, SW480 and SW620. An invasive subpopulation designated SW480‑7 was derived from the parental cell line, detected by Transwell and Transwell Matrigel assays. Cytoskeleton Regulators RT2 profiler PCR array and western blot analysis were utilized to identify the alterations in expression of downstream mRNAs. siRNA against CDC42BPA was transfected into SW480‑7 and effects on cell migration and invasion were investigated. Data obtained showed that miR‑29a‑3p was detected in these five CRC cell lines. miR‑29a‑3p inhibitor had no effect on viability but stimulated cell migration and invasion of SW480‑7 cells. In contrast, miR‑29a‑3p mimic suppressed cell migration and invasion. TargetScan miRBD and DIANA were employed to identify the potential direct target genes of miR‑29a‑3p in the Cytoskeleton Regulators RT2-Profiler PCR array. Cytoskeleton Regulators RT2-Profiler PCR array data showed that 3 out of the 5 predicted targets genes, CDC42BPA (2.33-fold), BAIAP2 (1.79-fold) and TIAM1 (1.77-fold), in the array were upregulated by miR‑29a‑3p. A significant increase in expression IQGAP2, PHLDB2, SSH1 mRNAs and downregulation of PAK1 mRNA was also detected with miR‑29a‑3p inhibition. Increase in CDC42BPA, SSH1 and IQGAP2 mRNA expression correlated with increased protein level in miR‑29a‑3p transfected SW-480-7 cells. Silencing of CDC42BPA (an enhancer of cell motility) partially abolished miR‑29a‑3p inhibitor-induced stimulation of cell migration and invasion. miR‑29a‑3p expression in stage II and III CRC is relatively lower than that of stage I CRC. However, the data need to be interpreted with caution due to the small sample size. In conclusion, inhibition of miR‑29a‑3p stimulates SW480‑7 cell migration and invasion and downstream expression IQGAP2, PHLDB2, SSH1 mRNAs are upregulated whilst PAK1 mRNA is downregulated. Silencing of CDC42BPA expression partially reduces miR29a‑3p inhibitor-induced migration and invasion of SW480‑7 cells.
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