Displaying all 14 publications

  1. Sim PH, Pathmanathan R, Jalleh RP
    Aust N Z J Surg, 1995 Jan;65(1):68-70.
    PMID: 7818432
    A case is reported of retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) invading into the colon, causing fresh bleeding per rectum. It illustrates the difficulty encountered in the pre-operative diagnosis of this condition, especially in a patient with an atypical presentation of profuse lower gastrointestinal bleeding.
  2. Sim PH, Razack AH, Jalleh RP
    Med J Malaysia, 1995 Dec;50(4):346-52.
    PMID: 8668055
    A retrospective study was carried out on 42 patients (38 males, 4 females, mean age 25.9) with liver injury at the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur from 1994 through to 1991. Prognostic factors that might help to identify those patient survival was related to pulse rate on arrival ( < or = 120 beats per minute, p = 0.027), systolic blood pressure at induction of anaesthesia ( > or = to 80 mmHg, p = 0.003) and intraoperative blood transfusion of < or = to 4 units (p = 0.05). This data were supported by the 95% confidence interval suggesting that these factors may be strong prognostic indicators individually. Increased mortality was also associated with increased total blood transfused (p = 0.002) and grade of liver injury (p = 0.02). Although the factors we have identified reflect both the severity of injury and resuscitative and surgical efforts, further studies using a prospective design are required to confirm these findings.
  3. Jalleh RP, Mukherjee A, Krishnan MM
    Med J Malaysia, 1987 Dec;42(4):242-7.
    PMID: 3454396
    In 1985, 140 (26.1 %) of 536 admissions to the intensive care unit (ICU) were general surgical cases. Retrospective review of 107 of these admissions revealed four factors to be significantly different between survivors and non-survivors, p < 0.01. They were duration of stay, organ system failure, sepsis and complications. The role of the surgeon in an ICU where management is interdisciplinary is emphasised.
  4. Jalleh RP, Goh KL, Wong NW
    Med J Malaysia, 1988 Sep;43(3):213-7.
    PMID: 3266521
  5. Jalleh RP, Pathmanathan R, Krishnan MM, Mukherjee A
    Postgrad Med J, 1988 Sep;64(755):669-71.
    PMID: 3251217
    Four cases of anorectal melanoma are presented. The authors believe that this is the first report of the occurrence of this tumour in Malays. Advanced disease at initial presentation accounts for the poor prognosis observed in this series. Surgery remains the principal treatment modality, although controversy exists regarding optimal extent of resection.
  6. Jalleh RD, Kuppusamy I, Parameswary V, Yeow CS
    Singapore Med J, 1993 Feb;34(1):55-7.
    PMID: 8266131
    We report our experience on the use of fibreoptic bronchoscopy in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. The case records of 1,274 patients who underwent fibreoptic bronchoscopy at the National Tuberculosis Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia during a three-year period were reviewed. In 120 of them the final diagnosis was tuberculosis. Bronchoscopy confirmed the diagnosis in 37 patients (30.8%). This was achieved by bronchial aspiration for culture in 26 patients (70.3%) and bronchial biopsy for histopathology in 11 patients (29.7%). It was the exclusive method of confirmation in 16 patients (13.3%). Sputum culture was positive in 62 patients (51.7%) including 41 patients (34.2%) in whom bronchoscopy was unhelpful. Six patients had diagnosis confirmed by other means while in 36 others (30%) it was based on clinical features and supportive basic investigations. There were no complications noted. We conclude that while sputum examination remains the mainstay for diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis, fibreoptic bronchoscopy serves as a safe and useful adjunct.
  7. Jalleh RP, Nuruddin R, Krishnan MMS
    Singapore Med J, 1989 Apr;30(2):210-2.
    PMID: 2692183
    A rare case of hepatic hydatidosis in non-endemic Malaysia is reported. It is important that clinicians treating the occasional patient be familiar with current diagnostic and therapeutic modalities.
  8. Jalleh RD, Kuppusamy I, Soshila R, Aziah AM, Faridza MY
    Med J Malaysia, 1993 Jun;48(2):113-6.
    PMID: 8350784
    Eight hundred and fifty-six strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from previously untreated patients with pulmonary tuberculosis from various states in West Malaysia were studied during the period 1984 to 1987. All the strains were tested for in vitro susceptibility to the anti-tuberculosis drugs isoniazid (INH), streptomycin (SM), rifampicin (RMP) and ethambutol (ETB). One hundred and twenty-one of the isolates (14.18%) were resistant to 1 drug while 17 (1.97%) were resistant to 2 drugs. No strain was found to be resistant to more than 2 drugs. The prevalence of primary resistance to INH was 4.20%, SM was 7.59%, RMP was 0.95% and ETB was 1.44%. In 1.86% of isolates, resistance was noted to both INH and SM, while 0.11% were resistant to both RMP and ETB. There was no significant difference in distribution of resistant bacilli between the sexes (p > 0.01).
  9. Sim PH, Razack AH, Pathmanathan R, Jalleh RP
    Med J Malaysia, 1995 Jun;50(2):189-91.
    PMID: 7565195
    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a mesenchymal tumour which can involve the genitourinary organs primarily or by secondary extension. Both conditions are rare. We report four cases of retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma involving the kidney by local extension. Diagnosis was difficult because of diverse, non-specific clinical features and may only be reached at operation or post mortem. Prognosis is poor. Although en bloc tumour resection with nephrectomy was possible in two patients, they returned with recurrences.
  10. Jalleh RD, Kuppusamy I, Mahayiddin AA, Yaacob MF, Yusuf NA, Mokhtar A
    Med J Malaysia, 1991 Sep;46(3):269-73.
    PMID: 1839924
    We reviewed 31 cases (19 males and 12 females) of spinal tuberculosis seen at the National Tuberculosis Centre from 1985 to 1989. The mean age was 35.4 years. The predominant clinical feature was backache (90.3%), while neurological features were found in 30.9%. An elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (in 80.0%) and a positive Mantoux test (in 70.9%) served as useful investigations. Spinal x-ray was abnormal in all cases, the lumbar spine being most commonly involved. Bacteriological or histopathological confirmation was obtained in only 29.0% of cases. The mainstay of treatment was anti-tuberculous chemotherapy with surgery being performed in 41.9% of patients.
  11. Ng KH, Chin CS, Jalleh RD, Siar CH, Ngui CH, Singaram SP
    Oral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Pathol., 1991 Dec;72(6):685-8.
    PMID: 1812451
    Zygomycosis is an uncommon polymorphic fungal disease. One clinical subtype, nasofacial zygomycosis, is caused by infectious exposure to the organism Conidiobolus coronatus. A case affecting the nose and lips of a 42-year-old Malay man is reported here. The clinicopathologic features and management of this disease are described, and its differential diagnosis is discussed.
  12. Yan CW, Ishak F, Hee GL, Devaraj JM, Ismail K, Jalleh RP, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 1978 Sep;33(1):34-43.
    PMID: 571513
  13. Chelvam P, Goh KL, Leong YP, Leela MP, Yin TP, Ahmad H, et al.
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol, 1989;4 Suppl 2:53-61.
    PMID: 2491362
    A double-blind randomized study in 230 Malaysian patients with duodenal ulcer was conducted to compare the proton-pump inhibitor, omeprazole 20 mg, given once daily in the morning, with ranitidine 300 mg, administered once daily at night. After 2 and 4 weeks of treatment, 222 and 220 patients, respectively, were evaluable according to the study protocol. Omeprazole produced significantly higher healing rates than ranitidine at both 2 weeks (75% versus 46%, respectively, P less than 0.0001) and 4 weeks (97% versus 83%, respectively, P = 0.001). Ulcer symptoms were relieved more rapidly by omeprazole than ranitidine. After 2 weeks, daytime epigastric pain was reported by 30% of ranitidine-treated patients but only by 15% of omeprazole-treated patients, which is a statistically significant difference (P = 0.004). No major clinical or biochemical side effects were recorded for either omeprazole or ranitidine. In conclusion, omeprazole 20 mg was found to be superior to ranitidine 300 mg administered once daily for the treatment of duodenal ulcer as measured by ulcer healing and pain relief.
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