Displaying all 7 publications

  1. Mohamad I, Mohamad IS, Nik Hassan N
    Malays Fam Physician, 2018;13(1):57-58.
    PMID: 29796215 MyJurnal
    An elderly gentleman with a known history of
    well-controlled hypertension presented with
    a three-week history of hoarseness associated
    with mild breathlessness. There was no episode
    of cyanosis, no noisy breathing, and no
    reduction in effort tolerance. There was also no
    history of chest pain or orthopnea. He denied
    any feeling of food stuck in his throat or chest,
    and he had no history of choking sensations
    during meals. He, however, was unable to
    count from 1 to 10 in one breath, and lung
    auscultation revealed reduced air entry on both
    sides. A chest radiograph was then obtained. (Copied from article).
  2. Mohamad I, Nik Hassan N, Nik Othman NA
    Malays Fam Physician, 2016;11(2-3):38.
    PMID: 28461859
  3. Mohd Umbaik NA, Mohamad I, Nik Hassan NFH
    J Craniofac Surg, 2020 10;31(7):2064-2065.
    PMID: 32890162 DOI: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000006839
  4. Arepen SAM, Mohamad H, Nik Hassan NFH
    Oman Med J, 2018 Nov;33(6):520-522.
    PMID: 30410695 DOI: 10.5001/omj.2018.94
    Acquired cervical aerocele in adults is a rare condition and its delay development after tracheostomy decannulation is reported rarely. Our patient presented eight years after tracheostomy decannulation with a compressible anterior neck mass that only appeared when she coughed and could be deflated using manual compression. The mass was situated suprasternal at the previous tracheostomy scar. Computed tomography scan showed a paratracheal air sac without significant defect at the tracheal wall. Surgical intervention is the best treatment for symptomatic patients. As in this patient, we advise direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in such cases. However, our patient refused any surgical intervention.
  5. Vengathajalam S, Maruthamuthu T, Nik Hassan NFH, Mohamad I
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2020 May;1(33):80-83.
    PMID: 32476655
    Post chemoradiation vocal cord immobility is a rare complication and this maybe life threatening when patients present with severe aspiration and recurrent pneumonia or even worse if they have an upper airway obstruction. We report a case of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patient whom after receiving curative concurrent chemoradiotherapy, presented with episodes of shortness of breath and aspiration pneumonia finally diagnosed with bilateral vocal cord immobility. She had no evidence of tumour recurrence.
  6. Gima E, Teh CSL, Nik Hassan NFH, Yaacob NM, Md Shukri N
    Malays J Med Sci, 2023 Dec;30(6):156-166.
    PMID: 38239243 DOI: 10.21315/mjms2023.30.6.15
    BACKGROUND: Olfactory disorders (OD) are an umbrella term for a diverse group of smell problems. Numerous tests and questionnaires have been formulated to identify and test the severity of smell impairment, which is not readily available or translated for the Malaysian population. This study aimed to translate the Questionnaire for Olfactory Disorders (QOD) and validate and test the reliability of the Malay Questionnaire for Olfactory Disorders (mQOD).

    METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two tertiary centres. A forward and backward translation was conducted for the QOD. The translated questionnaire was distributed to subjects with self-reported smell disorders on days 1 and 7. Internal consistency was analysed using Cronbach's alpha and test-retest reliability was tested with an intraclass correlation coefficient. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to test construct validity.

    RESULTS: A total of 375 participants were recruited, 52 dropped out and 323 completed the questionnaire a second time. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.537 for parosmia (P), 0.892 for life quality (LQ), 0.637 for sincerity (S) and 0.865 for visual analogue score (VAS). The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for domain scores was > 0.9, while the ICC for all items was good to excellent. A three-factor model for mQOD showed an acceptable fit with indices chi-square value (CMIN)/degree of freedom (DF) = 3.332, Tucker-Lewis fit index (TLI) = 0.923, comparative fit index (CFI) = 0.939, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.079 and standardised root mean square residual (SRMR) = 0.0574.

    CONCLUSION: The mQOD is a valid and reliable tool for assessing OD in patients.

  7. Vadivelu S, Ma ZF, Ong EW, Hassan N, Nik Hassan NFH, Syed Abdul Aziz SH, et al.
    Dig Dis, 2019;37(2):100-107.
    PMID: 30384376 DOI: 10.1159/000494386
    BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire (GERDQ) and Quality of Life in Reflux and Dyspepsia Questionnaire (QOLRAD) are reliable tools for evaluation of GERD.

    AIM: We aimed to test validity and reliability of Malay language translations of GERDQ and QOLRAD in a primary care setting.

    METHODS: The questionnaires were first translated into the Malay language (GERDQ-M and QOLRAD-M). Patients from primary care clinics with suspected GERD were recruited to complete GERDQ-M, QOLRAD-M, and Malay-translated 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36 or SF-36-M), and underwent endoscopy and 24-h pH-impedance test.

    RESULTS: A total of 104 (mean age 47.1 years, women 51.9%) participants were enrolled. The sensitivity and specificity for GERDQ-M cut-off score ≥8 were 90.2 and 77.4%, respectively. Based on this cut-off score, 54.7% had a high probability of GERD diagnosis. GERD-M score ≥8 vs. < 8 was associated with erosive esophagitis (p < 0.001), hiatus hernia (p = 0.03), greater DeMeester score (p = 0.001), and Zerbib scores for acid refluxes (p < 0.001) but not non-acid refluxes (p = 0.1). Mean total scores of QOLRAD-M and SF-36-M were correlated (r = 0.74, p < 0.001). GERDQ-M ≥8, erosive esophagitis, and DeMeester ≥14.72 were associated with impaired QOLRAD-M in all domains (all p < 0.02) but this was not seen with SF-36.

    CONCLUSIONS: GERDQ-M and QOLRAD-M are valid and reliable tools applicable in a primary care setting.

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