Displaying all 12 publications

  1. Selladurai BM, Vickneswaran M, Duraisamy S, Atan M
    Br J Neurosurg, 1997 Oct;11(5):398-404.
    PMID: 9474270
    The aim of this investigation was to determine the prognostic value of coagulation abnormalities in a defined subset of patients with acute head injury. Prothrombin time, accelerated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin clotting time, fibrinogen assay, platelet count, fibrin degradation products (FDP) were assayed in 204 patients with acute closed head injury. Their values were graded on a score 0-3 and the sum score for each patient regarded as the disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) score. Moderate to severe DIC scores were evident in 38% of the cohort. At least one parameter was abnormal in 71% of patients. The DIC score correlated inversely with the Glasgow coma score (GCS) (p < 0.0001). In the GCS 13-15 subset, FDP scores were significant predictors of poor outcome (p < 0.001). In the GCS 6-12 subset, the APTT score (p < 0.001), and DIC score (p < 0.0001) predicted an adverse outcome. The DIC scores were significantly abnormal in most patients who had a poor outcome, without evidence of adverse predictors on CT. Logistic regression analysis confirmed the independent predictive capacity of APTT, FDP and DIC scores when values for GCS were fixed. Abnormal haemostatic parameters may enhance the predictive ability in subsets of patients with acute head injury defined by clinical or CT predictors.
  2. Gendeh BS, Salina H, Selladurai B, Jegan T
    Med J Malaysia, 2007 Aug;62(3):234-7.
    PMID: 18246914 MyJurnal
    Craniofacial resection is commonly performed in the surgical resection of sinonasal tumours involving anterior skull base. It entails a bicoronal scalp flap with lateral rhinotomy or an extended lateral rhinotomy to expose the anterior skull base. Transfacial approach is necessary in the resection of the nasal part of the tumour. The choice of surgical approach is based heavily on the surgeon's experience and training. The results of endoscopic-assisted craniofacial resection for sinonasal tumours performed in our center in eight patients from 1998 to 2005 were reviewed. There were seven males and one female with age ranging from 18 to 62 years (mean 42.4 years). There was each a case of mature teratoma, poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, undifferentiated squamous cell carcinoma, olfactory neuroblastoma, fibrous dysplasia, inverted papilloma and two cases of sinonasal neuroendocrine carcinoma. The mean follow up duration for these eight patients post surgery was 21.4 months. Out of eight patients, five underwent surgery with no adverse complications. The complications encountered were a cerebrospinal leak and a postoperative transient V and VI cranial nerve palsy. One patient with sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma died of lung metastasis at 11 months post-surgery. The endoscopic-assisted craniofacial resection is a highly useful surgical technique to avoid the unsightly facial scar of the lateral rhinotomy or the Weber-Ferguson incision, postoperative paranasal sinuses infection and avoidance of tracheostomy in selected cases. We found that this approach has lower morbidity rate in selected cases.
  3. Selladurai BM, Sivakumaran S, Aiyar S, Mohamad AR
    Br J Neurosurg, 1993;7(2):205-7.
    PMID: 8098607
    Micrococcus spp. are commensal organisms colonizing the body surfaces of humans. In a few instances these organisms have been reported to colonize ventricular shunts. We report a patient, with no overt evidence of immunosuppression, in whom Micrococcus luteus was responsible for intracranial suppuration at multiple sites.
  4. Gendeh BS, Sakina MS, Selladurai BM, Jegan T, Misiran K
    Med J Malaysia, 2006 Aug;61(3):349-54.
    PMID: 17240588
    A retrospective review was performed on 11 patients who had undergone the transcolumellar transsphenoidal hypophysectomy in our center. There were eight females and three males with age ranging from 17 to 72 years (mean 50 years). Ten patients had pituitary macroadenomas and one had suprasellar cyst. The mean follow up duration for these 11 patients post surgery was 7.2 months. Complications included two cerebrospinal leaks, one postoperative sphenopalatine bleed, one septal perforation and one patient developed numbness of the tip of the nose. We found that this approach is a preferred alternative technique especially in smaller Oriental noses with lower complication rate and better aesthetic result.
  5. Gendeh BS, Mazita A, Selladurai BM, Jegan T, Jeevanan J, Misiran K
    J Laryngol Otol, 2005 Nov;119(11):866-74.
    PMID: 16354338
    The purpose of this retrospective study is to determine the pattern of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhoea presenting to our tertiary referral centre in Kuala Lumpur and to assess the clinical outcomes of endonasal endoscopic surgery for repair of anterior skull base fistulas. Sixteen patients were treated between 1998 and 2004. The aetiology of the condition was spontaneous in seven and acquired in nine patients. In the acquired category, three patients had accidental trauma and this was iatrogenic in six patients (five post pituitary surgery), with one post endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Imaging included computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Endoscopic repair is less suited for defects in the frontal sinuses with prominent lateral extension and defects greater than 1.5 cm in diameter involving the skull base. Fascia lata, middle turbinate mucosa, nasal perichondrium and ear fat ('bath plug') were the preferred repair materials in the anterior skull base, whereas fascia lata, cartilage and abdominal fat obliteration was preferentially used in the sphenoid leak repair. Intrathecal sodium flourescein helped to confirm the site of CSF fistula in 81.3 per cent of the patients. Ninety per cent of the patients who underwent 'bath plug' repair were successful. The overall success rate for a primary endoscopic procedure was 87.5 per cent, although in two cases a second endoscopic procedure was required for closure. In the majority of cases endoscopic repair was successful, and this avoids many of the complications associated with craniotomy, particularly in a young population. Therefore it is our preferred option, but an alternative procedure should be utilized should this prove necessary.
  6. Houkin K, Fukuhara S, Selladurai BM, Zurin AA, Ishak M, Kuroda S, et al.
    Neurol. Med. Chir. (Tokyo), 1999 Oct;39(11):773-7; discussion 777-8.
    PMID: 10598447
    A new image transmission and teleconference system using international digital telephone services was established between Japan and Malaysia. This new system consists of an ordinary personal computer, image scanner, and terminal adapter for digital telephone lines. The quality of images transferred using this system was high enough for diagnosis and discussion except for images such as radiographs requiring huge data transfer. Transmission of one image took approximately 20 seconds. The cost performance was almost equal to the conventional mailing system. The most remarkable advantage of this new system is the high quality of transferred images, the cost and time performance, and security of the medical information. New communication systems using international digital networks including the internet may allow re-distribution of medical resources between advanced countries and developing countries in neurosurgery.
  7. Ong LC, Dhillon MK, Selladurai BM, Maimunah A, Lye MS
    J Paediatr Child Health, 1996 Apr;32(2):173-6.
    PMID: 9156530
    OBJECTIVE: To determine the type and outcome of early post-traumatic seizures in children and the factors associated with it.

    METHODOLOGY: A prospective observational study on all consecutive children with head injuries at the General Hospital Kuala Lumpur between November 1993 and December 1994. The onset, type and frequency of seizures occurring within the first week of injury were documented. Using inpatients as a cohort, logistic regression analysis was used to determine clinical and radiological variables significantly associated with seizures. The outcome 6 months post-injury was assessed using the Glasgow Outcome Scale.

    RESULTS: Fifty-three of 966 children (5.5%) developed seizures within the first week of trauma. Seven (13.2%) occurred within 1 h of injury, 30 (56.6%) between 1 and 24 h and 16 (30.2%) after 24 h. Factors significantly associated with early post-traumatic seizures were female sex, age less than 2 years, loss of consciousness for more than 24h and acute subdural haematoma (P<0.01). Children with seizures had a poorer outcome (death or severe disability) than inpatients without seizures (21/53 vs 19/182, P<0.001). The outcome was worst in children with recurrent partial seizures, who had a longer injury-seizure interval and were more likely to have focal neurologic deficits compared to those with sporadic or generalized seizures.

    CONCLUSIONS: Anticonvulsant prophylaxis to minimize the adverse effects of early seizures in head injury should be considered for young children (less than 2 years old) with subdural haematoma and a prolonged duration of coma. Prompt and effective control of recurrent seizures is recommended.

  8. Selladurai BM, Jayakumar R, Tan YY, Low HC
    Br J Neurosurg, 1992;6(6):549-57.
    PMID: 1472321
    The outcome of 109 patients with severe head injury was studied in relation to clinical and computed tomographic (CT) criteria on admission, after resuscitation. Age, Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) and state of pupils strongly correlated with outcome. The presence of hypothalamic disturbances, hypoxia and hypotension were associated with an adverse outcome. The CT indicators associated with poor outcome were perimesencephalic cistern (PMC) obliteration, subarachnoid haemorrhage, diffuse axonal injury and acute subdural haematoma. The prognostic value of midline shift and mass effect were influenced by concomitant presence of diffuse brain injury. For the subset of patients aged < 20 years, with GCS 6-8 and patent PMC (n = 21), 71.4% correct predictions were made for a good outcome. For the subset of patients aged > 20 years, with GCS 3-5 and partial or complete obliteration of PMC (n = 28), 89.3% correct predictions were made for a poor outcome.
  9. Quah BS, Selladurai BM, Jayakumar CR, Mahendra Raj S
    Singapore Med J, 1993 Apr;34(2):172-4.
    PMID: 8266164
    A 10-year-old girl with mild aortic regurgitation presented with cerebral infarction. Two-dimensional echocardiography showed vegetations on the septal wall of the left ventricular outflow tract without involvement of the aortic valve itself. After successful antibiotic treatment the patient developed an intra-cranial haemorrhage due to rupture of a large intracranial mycotic aneurysm. Consent for surgical treatment of the mycotic aneurysm was not obtained. Twelve months later repeat angiography showed that the aneurysm had undergone spontaneous obliteration.
  10. Ong L, Selladurai BM, Dhillon MK, Atan M, Lye MS
    Pediatr Neurosurg, 1996 Jun;24(6):285-91.
    PMID: 8988493
    The outcome of 151 children less than 15 years of age and admitted within 24 h of head injury was studied in relation to clinical and computed tomography (CT) scan features. Thirty one (20.5%) had a poor outcome (24 died, 6 were severely disabled at 6 months after injury and 1 was in a persistent vegetative state) while 120 (79.5%) had a good outcome (89 recovered well and 31 were moderately disabled). Factors associated with a poor outcome were Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score 24 h following injury, presence of hypoxia on admission and CT scan features of subarachnoid haemorrhage, diffuse axonal injury and brain swelling. GCS scores alone, in the absence of other factors, had limited predictive value. The prognostic value of GCS scores < 8 was enhanced two-to fourfold by the presence of hypoxia. The additional presence of the CT scan features mentioned above markedly increased the probability of a poor outcome to > 0.8, modified only by the presence of GCS scores > 12. Correct predictions were made in 90.1% of patients, indicating that it is possible to estimate the severity of a patient's injury based on a small subset of clinical and radiological criteria that are readily available.
  11. Gendeh BS, Doi M, Selladurai BM, Khalid BA, Jegan T, Misiran K
    Med J Malaysia, 2006 Aug;61(3):343-8.
    PMID: 17240587
    Surgery for pituitary tumours at our institution was performed by rhinosurgical route by combined procedure by otolaryngologist and neurosurgeons. A retrospective review of case records of patients who had endonasal endoscopic transphenoidal approach for pituitary tumours from September 1998 to December 2004 was performed. A total of 81 trans-sphenoidal surgeries were performed during this study period. Only 68 case records with adequate information were available for review, 56 patients were included in the study and 12 were excluded. There were 24 males (42%) and 32 females (58%). The ethnic distribution, were 29 Malays, 24 Chinese, 2 Indian and 1 others. The age ranged from 16 years to 76 years, with a mean of 46 years. The majority of our patients presented with visual symptoms (38), headache (28), menstrual cycle disturbance or impotence (14) and acromegalic features (16). Forty patients had macroadenoma (71%) and 16 had microadenomas (29%). Thirty-six patients out of 40 macro-adenomas had suprasellar extensions (90%). Only eleven patients had lumbar drain inserted prior to commencement of the surgery and the majority of these were macroadenomas. The common complications encountered were diabetes insipidus (4), cerebrospinal fluid leak (2), meningitis (3), epistaxis (2), septal perforation (2), intercavernous sinus haemorrhage (3) and anterior pituitary insufficiency (2). Our study reveals that endonasal trans-sphenoidal approach is a safe and effective method of management of pituitary adenomas.
  12. Selladurai BM, Sherazi ZA, Nair RC, Tan YY, Khadar MA
    J Clin Neurosci, 1995 Jul;2(3):216-23.
    PMID: 18638817
    A study of clinical, computerised tomography (CT) profile and outcome was made of 128 patients, diagnosed to have diffuse axonal injury based on CT criteria. The mean age was 26 years. A lucid interval was present in 37 patients and hypoxia and/or hypotension was present in 43 patients. The depth of "marker lesions" in CT correlated with Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) (p<0.02) and duration of coma (p<0.01). The presence of associated intracranial haematoma >25 ml portended an adverse outcome. A logistic regression analysis revealed age, GCS, state of perimesencephalic cisterns and pupillary dilation to be independent predictors of poor outcome. Residual sequelae (focal deficits, cognitive deficits, postconcussion syndrome) were evident in nearly half of patients with diffuse axonal injury (DAI) and a lucid interval.
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