AIM: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of turoctocog alfa pegol treatment for major and minor surgeries in the pathfinder 3 and 5 phase III trials.
METHODS: Adults/adolescents aged ≥12 years with severe haemophilia A (FVIII <1%) received perioperative turoctocog alfa pegol treatment planned to achieve FVIII activity levels >80% during major surgery (pathfinder 3). The primary end point was haemostatic efficacy during surgery; secondary end points were blood loss, haemostatic effect postsurgery, consumption, transfusions, safety and health economics. Children (0-11 years) undergoing minor surgeries received 20-75 IU/kg turoctocog alfa pegol at Investigator's discretion (pathfinder 5).
RESULTS: pathfinder 3 included 35 patients undergoing 49 major surgeries. Haemostasis was successful in 47/49 (95.9%) surgeries; two had moderate haemostatic responses. Median (mean) blood loss during major surgery was 75 (322.6) mL. Four bleeds were reported postsurgery; three were successfully treated with turoctocog alfa pegol (one was not evaluated). On the day of surgery, overall mean (median) dose was 75.5 (74.5) IU/kg and mean (median) number of doses was 1.7 (2.0). Five procedures required 11 transfusions on the day of surgery or days 1-6. No safety concerns or inhibitors were identified. Forty-five minor surgeries in 23 children were performed without complications.
CONCLUSION: Turoctocog alfa pegol was effective for perioperative haemostatic management of major and minor surgeries in patients across age groups with severe haemophilia A.