Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 90 in total

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  1. Seneviratne SA, Kumara DS, Drahaman A
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Oct;67(5):536-7.
    PMID: 23770878
    Spontaneous intramural oesophageal haematoma is a rare disease and presents with the classic triad of symptoms of chest pain, dysphagia and haematemesis. Flexible oesophagoscopy and contrast enhanced CT scan is helpful in the diagnosis and also to exclude other sinister pathologies. Most are managed conservatively and the patient we report also was managed conservatively with a successful outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma*
  2. Chua, S.Y., Seed, H.F., Yeoh, C.M., Thong, K.S.
    MyJurnal
    Chronic subdural hematoma manifests differently and may mimic the
    presentation of psychiatric illnesses. Many a time, physicians are quick to
    judge that new onset of psychiatric symptoms is due to the worsening of the
    existing psychiatric illness. We reported a case of a lady with learning
    disability presenting with neuropsychiatric symptoms who was found to have
    an acute-on-chronic subdural hematoma. We discussed regarding the new
    onset of neuropsychiatric features seen in patients with chronic subdural
    hematoma and its management.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma; Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic
  3. Salleh HB
    Med J Malaysia, 1975 Jun;29(4):311-4.
    PMID: 127923
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma/diagnosis*
  4. Cheah FKC, Ujang MA
    Med J Malaysia, 1987 Sep;42(3):177-81.
    PMID: 3506640
    Forty-eight patients treated surgically for chronic subdural hematoma in General Hospital Kuala Lumpur were studied retrospectively. The clinical presentations were insidious and nonspecific. A high clinical index of suspicion for this disease is required. Diagnosis is confirmed by CAT Scan of the brain with or without cerebralangiography. Treatment consists or burr-holes and drainage
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma, Subdural/epidemiology*; Hematoma, Subdural/surgery
  5. Teh YH, Tan YP, Zain MM
    Med J Malaysia, 2017 08;72(4):254-256.
    PMID: 28889142 MyJurnal
    Eyelid reconstruction is complex and challenging since it is not only for structural and functional restoration, but also for an acceptable aesthetic result. In full thickness eyelid injuries, it will involve both anterior and posterior lamella. Therefore, when reconstructing the defect, it requires at least two layers; one will be a flap with blood supply, and the other can be a free graft. In this case, a rotational advancement cheek flap and composite graft were used to reconstruct the lower eyelid.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma/etiology*; Hematoma/therapy
  6. Ng KP
    Med J Malaysia, 1998 Mar;53(1):112-4.
    PMID: 10968150
    An episode of acute upper airway obstruction was caused by a lingual haematoma, when a patient with end stage renal failure suffered a hypocalcaemic fit and bit his tongue. The large haematoma and profuse bleeding caused the patient to obstruct and become hypoxic, and rendered laryngoscopy and intubation impossible, requiring an urgent tracheostomy to secure the airway.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma/complications*
  7. Chee CP
    Neurosurgery, 1988 Apr;22(4):780-2.
    PMID: 3374793
    The author describes a new operative method for treating chronic recurrent subdural hematoma. The subdural pocket is exteriorized so that it is in continuity with the subgaleal space through a limited extradural pocket and an L-shaped linear craniectomy. This procedure has been carried out in two patients with recurrent chronic subdural hematoma, both of whom made complete recoveries despite initial recurrence of the subdural hematoma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma, Subdural/surgery*
  8. Sukumaran K, Chandran S, Visvaraja S, Couper NT, Tan PE
    Med J Malaysia, 1984 Dec;39(4):317-9.
    PMID: 6544942
    A case is presented to illustrate the difficulties
    encountered in the clinical diagnosis of an intraocular mass. The fundus was not visible ophthalmoscopically because of opaque media. The anterior surface of the iris showed three discrete hyperpigmented nodular patches. Ultrasound showed an intraocular mass occupying half the posterior segment. The eye did not have useful vision and was enucleated after a clinical diagnosis of malignant melanoma of the choroid was made. The eye did not contain a melanoma but an organised blood clot after an extensive vitreous haemorrhage because of systemic hypertension.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma/diagnosis
  9. Ee CL, Mohd Abdullah AA, Samsudin A, Khaliddin N
    Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg, 2019 Aug;25(5):527-530.
    PMID: 31475330 DOI: 10.5505/tjtes.2018.57059
    Non-accidental injury (NAI) is not an uncommon problem worldwide, which leads to significant morbidity and mortality in infants. The presence of retinal or subdural haemorrhages, or encephalopathy with injuries inconsistent with the clinical history is highly suggestive of NAI. In this study, we report on a case of a a 3-month-old infant who presented to the casualty department with a very sudden onset of recurrent generalised tonic-clonic seizures. There was no history of trauma or visible external signs. She was found to have bilateral subdural haemorrhages and atypical unilateral ischaemic retinopathy. Retinal photocoagulation was performed with subsequent resolution of vitreous and retinal haemorrhages. However, visual recovery in that eye remained poor. The findings showed that a high index of suspicion of NAI is required in infants with intracranial haemorrhage and unilateral retinal haemorrhages.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma, Subdural*
  10. Zakaria AF, Tsuji M
    Malays Orthop J, 2019 Nov;13(3):85-87.
    PMID: 31890118 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1911.016
    Intracranial subdural hematoma following lumbar surgery is a devastating but rare complication. It has been implicated due to intracranial hypotension secondary to persistent cerebrospinal fluid leakage. The resultant drop in intracranial pressure presumably causes traction and tearing of venous structures. Patients typically present with postural headaches. However, other symptoms of subdural hematoma, intracranial hypotension and cerebrospinal fluid leak must also be cautioned.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma, Subdural; Hematoma, Subdural, Intracranial
  11. Jolina, W.N., Dazlin Masdiana, S., Afliza, A.B.
    Medicine & Health, 2018;13(2):188-194.
    MyJurnal
    Warfarin is an anticoagulant that is commonly used as thrombo-prophylaxis in patients at risk of thrombo-embolic events. However, the use of warfarin is known to cause hemorrhage due to its anticoagulation effect. Although the common sites of hemorrhage are gastrointestinal and genitourinary tract, it can also occur in the least expected location. We report a rare case of spinal cord compression secondary to intraspinal epidural hematoma as a result of overwarfarinization in a patient who had undergone liver transplant. The patient underwent emergency decompression laminectomy of spinal cord and hematoma evacuation after the reversal of overwarfarinization to normal levels.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma, Epidural, Cranial; Hematoma, Epidural, Spinal
  12. Zubaidah NH, Liew NC
    Med J Malaysia, 2014 Feb;69(1):44-5.
    PMID: 24814632 MyJurnal
    Spontaneous calf haematoma is a rare condition and few case reports have been published in the English literature. Common conditions like deep vein thrombosis and traumatic gastrocnemius muscle tear need to be considered when a patient presents with unilateral calf swelling and tenderness. Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging are essential for confirmation of diagnosis. The purpose of this paper is to report on a rare case of spontaneous calf hematoma and its diagnosis and management.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma
  13. Ramzisham ARM, Sagap I, Ismail AM
    Med J Malaysia, 2003 Mar;58(1):125-7.
    PMID: 14556338
    Bleeding into the rectus sheath is an uncommon but a well-recognised condition that mimics several other diagnoses of acute abdomen. A wide range of etiology has been proposed in association with this condition. It is often self-limiting, but can lead to unnecessary laparotomy if the diagnosis is not recognised.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma/complications*; Hematoma/diagnosis*; Hematoma/therapy
  14. Arumugam A, A Rahman NA, Theophilus SC, Shariffudin A, Abdullah JM
    The Malaysian journal of medical sciences : MJMS, 2015 Dec;22(Spec Issue):62-71.
    PMID: 27006639 MyJurnal
    Mortality and morbidity associated with intracerebral hemorrhage is still high. Up to now, there are no evidence-based effective treatments for acute ICH. This study is to assess the effect of tranexamic acid (TXA) on hematoma growth of patients with spontaneous ICH compared to a placebo.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma
  15. Anuar-Ramdhan IM, Azahari IM, Med Orth M
    Malays Orthop J, 2014 Nov;8(3):33-6.
    PMID: 26401234 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1411.008
    The diaphyseal tibia fracture is best treated with intramedullary nail but in some cases where the nail is not applicable, plate fixation will be the next option of fixation. The extensile anterior approach is normally used for conventional compression plate fixation in tibia shaft fractures. The extensive surgical dissection may devitalizes the bony fragments and interfere with the fracture union as well as soft tissue healing. Minimally Invasive Plate Osteosynthesis (MIPO) provides good preservation of blood supply and fracture hematoma at the fracture site thus promotes biological bone healing. The use of indirect reduction techniques and small skin incisions to introduce the plate is technically demanding and requires fluoroscopy exposures throughout the surgery, being some of its drawbacks. We recommend MIPO for conventional compression plate fixation in tibial shaft fractures in view of the reduced surgical trauma to the surrounding soft tissue and good functional outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma
  16. Muniandy M, Singh VA
    BMJ Case Rep, 2009;2009.
    PMID: 21686602 DOI: 10.1136/bcr.09.2008.0846
    A 68-year-old woman presented with a gradually increasing left gluteal swelling that she had first noted 2 years previously. The results of both clinical and radiological examinations were consistent with soft tissue sarcoma, but the final diagnosis after resection was haematoma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma
  17. Lee TJ, Roslan A, Teh KC, Ghazi A
    Eur Heart J Case Rep, 2019 Jun 01;3(2).
    PMID: 31449618 DOI: 10.1093/ehjcr/ytz056
    BACKGROUND: Intramyocardial dissecting haematoma is a rare complication of myocardial infarction (MI) associated with high mortality rates. Studies and research of this occurrence are limited largely to isolated case reports or case series.

    CASE SUMMARY: We report a case of late presenting MI, where on initial echocardiogram had what was thought to be an intraventricular clot. However, upon further evaluation, the patient actually had an intramyocardial haematoma, with the supporting echocardiographic features to distinguish it from typical left ventricular (LV) clot. While this prevented the patient from receiving otherwise unnecessary anticoagulation, this diagnosis also put him at a much higher risk of mortality. Despite exhaustive medical and supportive management, death as consequence of pump failure occurred after 2 weeks.

    DISCUSSION: This report highlights the features seen on echocardiography which support the diagnosis of an intramyocardial haematoma rather than an LV clot, notably the various acoustic densities, a well visualized myocardial dissecting tear leading into a neocavity filled with blood, and an independent endocardial layer seen above the haematoma. Based on this report, we wish to highlight the importance of differentiating intramyocardial haematomas from intraventricular clots in patients with recent MI.

    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma
  18. Asha'ari ZA, Ahmad R, Rahman J, Yusof RA, Kamarudin N
    Auris Nasus Larynx, 2012 Apr;39(2):151-5.
    PMID: 21592698 DOI: 10.1016/j.anl.2011.02.010
    To study the relationship pattern of intracranial hemorrhage in cases of traumatic petrous temporal bone fracture.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma, Epidural, Cranial/diagnosis; Hematoma, Epidural, Cranial/mortality; Hematoma, Subdural/diagnosis; Hematoma, Subdural/mortality; Hematoma, Subdural, Intracranial/diagnosis; Hematoma, Subdural, Intracranial/mortality
  19. Wong AS, Yu DH
    Asian J Neurosurg, 2015 3 15;10(1):53.
    PMID: 25767586 DOI: 10.4103/1793-5482.151519
    Full recovery from tetraplegia is uncommon in cervical spine injury. This has not being reported for cervical spine fracture in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis causing spinal epidural hematoma. We report on a case of cervical spine fracture in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis who came with tetraplegia. He underwent a two stage fixation and fusion. He had a complete recovery. Two hours after the operation he regained full strength in all the limbs while in the Intensive Care Unit. He went back to full employment. There are only two other reports in the literature where patients with ankylosing spondylitis and extradural hematoma who underwent treatment within 12 h and recovered completely from tetraparesis and paraplegia respectively. Patient with ankylosing spondylitis has a higher incidence of spinal fracture and extradural hematoma. Good outcome can be achieved by early diagnosis and treatment. This can ensure not only a stable spine, but also a rapid and complete recovery in a tetraplegic patient.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma, Epidural, Cranial; Hematoma, Epidural, Spinal
  20. Veerapen R
    Neurosurgery, 1989 Sep;25(3):451-3; discussion 453-4.
    PMID: 2771016
    Spontaneous hemorrhage into the lateral part of the pons with sequelae compatible with survival has been documented previously. The author describes an unusual case with spontaneous hemorrhage into the lateral pons, with intraneural extension into the right trigeminal nerve root. Radiological features were of an expanding mass of the cerebellopontine angle. The patient was treated surgically with success.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematoma/surgery*
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