Displaying all 8 publications

  1. Thavarasah AS, Kanagalingam S
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol, 1988 Aug;28(3):233-5.
    PMID: 3233084
    A rare case of hydatidiform mole occurring 7 consecutive times in a Chinese woman is presented. She was first seen in 1979 at the age of 23 years, with a molar pregnancy and subsequently had 6 consecutive moles, the last being in July, 1986; at this visit the patient and her husband were very depressed, and convinced that a normal pregnancy was unlikely and requested a hysterectomy. They were warned earlier several times, of the possible long-term consequences of a recurrent mole and that their chance of having a normal baby was very remote. A total hysterectomy was performed at her last presentation as the patient requested one, instead of dilatation and curettage for a persistently high HCG and bulky uterus following suction evacuation. Histology revealed an invasive mole. The beta HCG level was less than 4IU/l by the end of September, 1986 and she is still being followed-up.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hydatidiform Mole/diagnosis*
  2. Yusof K
    Med J Malaysia, 1973 Jun;27(4):275-9.
    PMID: 4270785
    Matched MeSH terms: Hydatidiform Mole/diagnosis*
  3. Japaraj RP, Sivalingam N
    Singapore Med J, 2000 Mar;41(3):126-8.
    PMID: 11063197
    Hydatidiform mole with a coexistent fetus is a rare occurrence with an incidence of I per 22,000-100,000 pregnancies. It is associated with persistent gestational trophoblastic tumour. Hence an early and correct diagnosis is imperative to plan subsequent management of such patients. We report a case of a primigravida who presented with vaginal bleeding at early second trimester. Expectant management was carried out for her pregnancy which finally ended in an abortion. The pathology, clinical findings and current management of this rare entity is discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hydatidiform Mole/diagnosis
  4. Rahman RA, Ahmad S, Ismail NA, Mahdy ZA
    J Reprod Med, 2012 Sep-Oct;57(9-10):456-8.
    PMID: 23091998
    The incidence of a coexistent normal fetus is quoted in literature as 1 in 22,000 to 100,000 pregnancies and may be associated with multiple complications including persistent trophoblastic neoplasia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hydatidiform Mole/diagnosis*
  5. Masir N, Tamby MR, Jamil MA
    Med J Malaysia, 2000 Mar;55(1):138-40.
    PMID: 11072500
    We report a case of cervical pregnancy complicated by life threatening hemorrhage. An initial diagnosis of molar pregnancy was made preoperatively. During uterine evacuation she developed profuse hemorrhage which required an emergency hysterectomy for uncontrolled bleeding. Histopathological examination confirmed a cervical pregnancy. The clinical and pathological criteria for the diagnosis and the etiology of cervical pregnancy are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hydatidiform Mole/diagnosis*
  6. Zainal N, Kampan NC, Rose IM, Ghazali R, Shafiee MN, Yussoff NH, et al.
    Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig, 2021 May 21;42(3):311-316.
    PMID: 34018382 DOI: 10.1515/hmbci-2020-0086
    OBJECTIVES: Gestational trophoblastic disease comprises of a spectrum of pregnancy-related tumours which includes complete (CHM) and partial hydatidiform moles (PHM). Accurate diagnosis and subclassification of HM subtypes are crucial as prognosis differs. Histopathological examination using haemotoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining remains the basis for diagnosing HM, with only 80% accuracy. p57kip2 is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKI) protein and is strongly paternally imprinted, being expressed from maternal allele. Therefore, complete mole (CHM) with only paternal genome has nearly absent expression of p57kip2 compared to partial mole (PHM) having both paternal and maternal genomes. This study is aimed to determine usefulness of p57kip2 immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis in the diagnosis of HM subtypes.

    METHODS: A total of 82 archived paraffin embedded HM tissues with subtypes classified based on H&E staining - 39 (47.5%) CHM, 41 (50.0%) PHM and two (2.43%) unclassified molar pregnancy were retrieved. All tissue samples were subjected for p57kip2 IHC analysis and HM subtypes were then reclassified.

    RESULTS: A total of 66 cases (80.5%) were re-classified as CHM, 14 cases (17.1%) as PHM and two cases (2.4%) were decidual and cystic tissues. Analysis using p57kip2 immunostaining showed a diagnostic discrepancy of 33.0% from routine H&E staining and helps to improve the characterisation of the HM subtypes specifically at early gestations which have less distinctive morphologies.

    CONCLUSIONS: IHC using p57kip2 monoclonal antibody should be considered as a routine ancillary test to H&E in improving the diagnosis of HM subtypes particularly in developing countries with limited resources.

    Matched MeSH terms: Hydatidiform Mole/diagnosis*
  7. Cheah PL, Looi LM
    Pathology, 1994 Apr;26(2):115-8.
    PMID: 8090580
    Examination of routinely stained haematoxylin and eosin sections may sometimes prove inadequate in differentiating partial hydatidiform moles (PHM) from complete hydatidiform moles (CHM). While cytogenetic analysis can aid in the distinction, such facilities are not always available. The possibility of using immunohistochemistry to aid in the differentiation was studied. Twenty-five histologically proven CHM and 11 PHM were studied for their patterns of expression of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), human placental lactogen (hPL) and placental alkaline phosphatase (PIAP). All CHM stained diffusely with hCG and focally with both hPL and PIAP irrespective of gestational age. Of PHM, 63.6% were diffusely positive for hCG, 27.3% for hPL and 54.5% for PIAP; the rest were focally positive. The hCG pattern changed from diffuse to focal with increasing gestational age of PHM, while those of hPL and PIAP became increasingly diffuse with gestational age. While these protein expressions may be applied in differentiating late PHM from CHM, it is not useful in first trimester cases. The most helpful application is that focal expression of hCG and diffuse expressions of hPL and PIAP is not seen in CHM, thereby excluding such a diagnosis. PHM, in contrast, can show either diffuse or focal expression of all 3 antigens.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hydatidiform Mole/diagnosis
  8. Abbasi S, Rasouli M
    PMID: 29353131 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2017.10.020
    OBJECTIVES: Fingerprints have so far been used for determining the basis of certain malignant diseases, with positive outcomes. Considering the high rates of cancer-related mortality in Iran, this study was conducted for the purpose of examining the dermatoglyphic pattern of fingers in patients with gynecological cancers as compared to healthy people.

    STUDY DESIGN: The present study was conducted on 151 women with gynecological cancers as the case group and 152 healthy women with no history of such cancers as control group. The dematographic details of participants from both control and case groups were collected using a checklist, and the pattern of their fingerprints was prepared and examined. The data were analyzed for their significance using chi-square test and t- test. Odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals were calculated.

    RESULTS: Dermatoglyphic analysis showed that arch and loop patterns significantly changed in cases group as compared to control. However, the odds ratio suggested that loop pattern in 6 or more fingers might be a risk factor for developing gynecological cancers.

    CONCLUSION: Our results showed that there is an association between fingerprint patterns and gynecological cancers and so, dermatoglyphic analysis may aid in the early diagnosis of these cancers.

    Matched MeSH terms: Hydatidiform Mole/diagnosis
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