Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 284 in total

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  1. Fadilah SAW, Raymond AA, Najihah I, Cheong SK
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Jun;57(2):211-4.
    PMID: 24326654
    Patients (particularly elderly) undergoing evaluation for peripheral neuropathy of unknown cause should be screened for the presence of a monoclonal protein (M protein). The association of a neuropathy and a paraproteinaemia such as Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinaemia (WM) is not uncommon with the former antedating the haematologic symptoms by several years. Response to treatment has varied from good to very poor. We describe a case of WM presenting as a subacute demyelinating peripheral neuropathy. There was prompt resolution of the neuropathy with intravenous immunoglobulin therapy. Subsequent treatment with cyclophosphamide and plasmapheresis resulted in complete clinical remission with no further neurological relapses.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local*
  2. Chai CK, Tang IP, Tan TY
    Med J Malaysia, 2013 Jun;68(3):269-70.
    PMID: 23749022 MyJurnal
    Primary lacrimal sac lymphoma is rare. The common clinical features are epiphora and medial canthal swelling which mimic nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Histological examination is therefore important to avoid delay in diagnosis and treatment. We report a case of primary lacrimal sac lymphoma in a 72-year-old female who developed a metachronous tumour at the hard palate one year after excision of the lacrimal sac tumour.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local*
  3. Idayu MY, Irfan M, Othman NH
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Jun;67(3):329-30.
    PMID: 23082428 MyJurnal
    Oral leiomyomas are rare benign tumour of smooth muscle. The first case of oral leiomyoma was reported by Blanc in 1884 and since then more cases has been published following advancement in immunohistochemical study. This tumour has an excellent prognosis and recurrences are extremely rare. We report a case of a recurrent glossal leiomyoma in a patient with HIV infection and the lesion recurred one year after the first excision.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery*
  4. Harrington KJ, Burtness B, Greil R, Soulières D, Tahara M, de Castro G, et al.
    J Clin Oncol, 2023 Feb 01;41(4):790-802.
    PMID: 36219809 DOI: 10.1200/JCO.21.02508
    PURPOSE: Pembrolizumab and pembrolizumab-chemotherapy demonstrated efficacy in recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in KEYNOTE-048. Post hoc analysis of long-term efficacy and progression-free survival on next-line therapy (PFS2) is presented.

    METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to pembrolizumab, pembrolizumab-chemotherapy, or cetuximab-chemotherapy. Efficacy was evaluated in programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) combined positive score (CPS) ≥ 20, CPS ≥ 1, and total populations, with no multiplicity or alpha adjustment.

    RESULTS: The median study follow-up was 45.0 months (interquartile range, 41.0-49.2; n = 882). At data cutoff (February 18, 2020), overall survival improved with pembrolizumab in the PD-L1 CPS ≥ 20 (hazard ratio [HR], 0.61; 95% CI, 0.46 to 0.81) and CPS ≥ 1 populations (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.61 to 0.89) and was noninferior in the total population (HR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.68 to 0.97). Overall survival improved with pembrolizumab-chemotherapy in the PD-L1 CPS ≥ 20 (HR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.46 to 0.84), CPS ≥ 1 (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.53 to 0.78), and total (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.59 to 0.85) populations. The objective response rate on second-course pembrolizumab was 27.3% (3 of 11). PFS2 improved with pembrolizumab in the PD-L1 CPS ≥ 20 (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.48 to 0.84) and CPS ≥ 1 (HR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.66 to 0.95) populations and with pembrolizumab-chemotherapy in the PD-L1 CPS ≥ 20 (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.48 to 0.86), CPS ≥ 1 (HR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.55 to 0.81), and total (HR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.61 to 0.88) populations. PFS2 was similar after pembrolizumab and longer after pembrolizumab-chemotherapy on next-line taxanes and shorter after pembrolizumab and similar after pembrolizumab-chemotherapy on next-line nontaxanes.

    CONCLUSION: With a 4-year follow-up, first-line pembrolizumab and pembrolizumab-chemotherapy continued to demonstrate survival benefit versus cetuximab-chemotherapy in recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Patients responded well to subsequent treatment after pembrolizumab-based therapy.

    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/etiology
  5. Kulenthran A, Sivanesaratnam V
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 1988 Oct;27(2):289-91.
    PMID: 2903099
    Three sisters who developed recurrent uterine myomata from a very young age are presented. Despite repeated attempts at myomectomy, all three cases had hysterectomies ultimately. Complications encountered during surgery were severe hemorrhage, inadvertent injury to bladder and bowel in two patients and a rare complication of colonic-uteric-cutaneous fistula occurring post-operatively in one patient. Histology of the final hysterectomy specimens in two cases showed low grade leiomyosarcoma and cellular myoma, respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/genetics*
  6. Imon RR, Aktar S, Morshed N, Nur SM, Mahtarin R, Rahman FA, et al.
    Medicine (Baltimore), 2023 Nov 10;102(45):e35347.
    PMID: 37960765 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000035347
    Glypican-3 (GPC3), a membrane-bound heparan sulfate proteoglycan, has long been found to be dysregulated in human lung adenocarcinomas (LUADs). Nevertheless, the function, mutational profile, epigenetic regulation, co-expression profile, and clinicopathological significance of the GPC3 gene in LUAD progression are not well understood. In this study, we analyzed cancer microarray datasets from publicly available databases using bioinformatics tools to elucidate the above parameters. We observed significant downregulation of GPC3 in LUAD tissues compared to their normal counterparts, and this downregulation was associated with shorter overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS). Nevertheless, no significant differences in the methylation pattern of GPC3 were observed between LUAD and normal tissues, although lower promoter methylation was observed in male patients. GPC3 expression was also found to correlate significantly with infiltration of B cells, CD8+, CD4+, macrophages, neutrophils, and dendritic cells in LUAD. In addition, a total of 11 missense mutations were identified in LUAD patients, and ~1.4% to 2.2% of LUAD patients had copy number amplifications in GPC3. Seventeen genes, mainly involved in dopamine receptor-mediated signaling pathways, were frequently co-expressed with GPC3. We also found 11 TFs and 7 miRNAs interacting with GPC3 and contributing to disease progression. Finally, we identified 3 potential inhibitors of GPC3 in human LUAD, namely heparitin, gemcitabine and arbutin. In conclusion, GPC3 may play an important role in the development of LUAD and could serve as a promising biomarker in LUAD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/genetics
  7. Tong CV, Tee CK
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Jun 22;14(6).
    PMID: 34158336 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-243786
    A 14-year-old girl who presented in 2017 with headache, unilateral right eye ptosis and secondary amenorrhoea had an initial workup consistent with non-functioning pituitary macroadenoma. She underwent debulking of pituitary tumour in October 2017. Postoperatively, she developed recurrent cavernous sinus thrombosis. In view of recurrent thrombosis, she was reinvestigated and was found to have adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing. Follow-up MRI 1 year after initial presentation showed that there was structural recurrence of pituitary macroadenoma. She subsequently underwent a petrosal craniotomy for debulking of tumour. Postsurgery she remained biochemically Cushingnoid. MRI 5 months after second surgery showed an enlarging pituitary mass which was deemed inoperable. A multidisciplinary meeting discussion consensus for treatment included radiotherapy and somatostatin analogue, pasireotide. She completed 30 cycles of radiotherapy and MRI post radiotherapy showed reduction in the size of the macroadenoma. Currently, she is waiting for pasereotide initiation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/complications
  8. Khoo SP, High AS, Awang MN
    Singapore Dent J, 1995 Jul;20(1):21-3.
    PMID: 9582685
    A case of unicystic ameloblastoma which recurred after 15 years showing unusual histological features is reported. The prominent pseudo-glandular features present are described. This case highlights the importance of extensive histological examination for more characteristic features of ameloblastoma to reach a correct diagnosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology*; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/radiography; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
  9. Lee YK
    Med J Malaysia, 1975 Mar;30(3):231-3.
    PMID: 1160685
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  10. Thong HK, Athar PPSH, Mustaffa WMW
    Open Access Maced J Med Sci, 2019 Jul 15;7(13):2142-2145.
    PMID: 31456841 DOI: 10.3889/oamjms.2019.577
    BACKGROUND: Lymphoepithelial cysts, which are benign and slow-growing tumours, usually involve the head and neck regions. Benign lymphoepithelial cysts (BLECs) are the most common cause of parotid swelling in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients and are less common in immunocompetent patients.

    CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present two cases of immunocompetent patients with long-standing, progressively enlarging parotid swelling. Postoperative histopathological examination of these patients revealed features of BLEC.

    CONCLUSION: Wide surgical excision is the gold standard for treatment and recurrences is rare. These cases are of particular interest because of the rarity of BLEC in HIV-negative patients and highlight an important differential diagnosis of parotid swelling.

    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  11. Dass SA, Tan KL, Selva Rajan R, Mokhtar NF, Mohd Adzmi ER, Wan Abdul Rahman WF, et al.
    Medicina (Kaunas), 2021 Jan 12;57(1).
    PMID: 33445543 DOI: 10.3390/medicina57010062
    Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive breast type of cancer with no expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2). It is a highly metastasized, heterogeneous disease that accounts for 10-15% of total breast cancer cases with a poor prognosis and high relapse rate within five years after treatment compared to non-TNBC cases. The diagnostic and subtyping of TNBC tumors are essential to determine the treatment alternatives and establish personalized, targeted medications for every TNBC individual. Currently, TNBC is diagnosed via a two-step procedure of imaging and immunohistochemistry (IHC), which are operator-dependent and potentially time-consuming. Therefore, there is a crucial need for the development of rapid and advanced technologies to enhance the diagnostic efficiency of TNBC. This review discusses the overview of breast cancer with emphasis on TNBC subtypes and the current diagnostic approaches of TNBC along with its challenges. Most importantly, we have presented several promising strategies that can be utilized as future TNBC diagnostic modalities and simultaneously enhance the efficacy of TNBC diagnostic.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  12. Khanna D, Chaubal T, Bapat R, Abdulla AM, Philip ST, Arora S
    Afr Health Sci, 2019 Dec;19(4):3253-3263.
    PMID: 32127904 DOI: 10.4314/ahs.v19i4.50
    Background: Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CA-ex-PA) is extremely unusual in minor salivary glands of oral cavity. CAex-PA is a carcinomatous change as a primary or as a recurrence of pleomorphic adenoma.

    Objective: Due to resemblance of clinical symptoms of Ca ex PA and benign pleomorphic adenoma, it is mandatory for surgeons to keep high degree of clinical alertness, considering the peculiarity of this tumor.

    Case Report: 54-year-old male presented with swelling on left side in the pre-auricular region from the middle of zygomatic arch to mastoid process and from tragus of the ear up to angle of mandible. Fine needle aspiration cytology revealed a mixture of benign and malignant components. Total left parotidectomy with left radical neck dissection followed by reconstruction with cervicodeltopectoral flap was performed. Combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy were given to patient. Histologic examination and pre-operative fine needle aspiration cytology confirmed the diagnosis of Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CA-ex-PA). Two-year follow-up of patient showed no recurrence of the lesion.

    Conclusion: Due to the similarity in the clinical symptoms of CA-ex-PA and benign pleomorphic adenoma, it is vital that clinicians maintain a high degree of clinical vigilance, considering the oddity of this malignancy.

    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnosis*; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/physiopathology; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery*
  13. Mahmud KA, Ghazali FNF, Zahari MNI, Halim HA, Khalid AK, Toh ST, et al.
    J Robot Surg, 2023 Apr;17(2):613-618.
    PMID: 36183030 DOI: 10.1007/s11701-022-01456-z
    Transoral robotic surgery is a minimally invasive surgical technique that recently debuted in Malaysia. However, there are concerns over its cost, practicality, and feasibility in local settings. Our study aims to evaluate the surgical outcomes of transoral robotic surgery and discuss its learning curves. The clinical records of all patients who underwent transoral robotic surgery in a university hospital were reviewed. 25 patients were identified with a mean age of 43.9 years. The commonest indication was obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) (76%), followed by base of tongue carcinoma (16%), recurrent tonsilitis and Wharton's duct cyst (4% each). For excision of tongue base in obstructive sleep apnoea without epiglottectomy, the mean operating time was 2.3(±0.9) hours with an average of 2.8(±0.4) days of hospital stay. The success rate for OSA surgery was seen in 78.9% of cases. The mean operating time for transoral excision of tongue base carcinoma was 4.3(±2.5) hours, whereas the mean hospital stay was 9(±3.6) days. All surgical margins were cleared with no recurrence except for one patient. The recurrent tumour was successfully excised via transoral robotic surgery, and he remained disease free after one year. The most frequent post-operative complaints were dysphagia, post-nasal drip, and hypogeusia. Transoral robotic surgery in Malaysia is in the commencement phase, where some pitfalls are expected. Opportunities should be given for more surgeons to acquire this technique so that minimally invasive surgery for head and neck diseases is readily available for patients in middle-income countries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  14. Low A, Kadir AJ, Wong KT, Choo MM
    Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg, 2021 4 3;37(5):e193.
    PMID: 33795606 DOI: 10.1097/IOP.0000000000001947
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  15. Azman AA, Siok-Fong C, Rajab NF, Md Zin RR, Ahmad Daud NN, Mohamad Hanif EA
    Mol Biol Rep, 2023 Sep;50(9):7909-7917.
    PMID: 37442895 DOI: 10.1007/s11033-023-08661-5
    Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive intrinsic breast cancer subtype characterized by the lack of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and low levels of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). The complex nature of TNBC has resulted in little therapeutic progress for the past several decades. The standard of care remains the FEC cocktail (5-fluorouracil (5-FU), epirubicin and cyclophosphamide). However, early relapse and metastasis in TNBC patients persists in causing dismal clinical outcomes. Due to complex heterogeneity features of TNBC, identifying the biomarker associated to the chemoresistance remains a challenge. The emergence of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) as a potential signature may have proven to be a new deterrent to diagnostic and treatment options. Previous studies unveiled the associations of lncRNA in the development of TNBCs whereby the aggressiveness and response to therapies may be associated by the abrogation of the molecular mechanism lncRNA. Terminal differentiation induced ncRNA (TINCR) is a lncRNA which have been linked with many cancers including TNBC. The expression and behavior of TINCR may exert unfavorable outcome in TNBCs. Nevertheless, the underlying molecular mechanism of TINCR in driving chemoresistance in TNBC is not well understood. This review will highlight the potential molecular mechanisms of TINCR in TNBC chemoresistance and how it can serve as a future potential prognostic and therapeutic target for a better treatment intervention.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  16. Rohaizam J, Subramaniam SK, Vikneswaran T, Tan VE, Tan TY
    Med J Malaysia, 2009 Sep;64(3):213-5.
    PMID: 20527270 MyJurnal
    Shifting the paradigm of treatment of a locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) from the non-surgical management to a surgical modality has always been a challenge. However, many studies on endoscopic nasopharyngectomy have proven it to be a reliable form of treatment with an excellent outcome. Since 2007, in Sarawak General Hospital, six cases of endoscopic nasopharyngectomy for locally recurrent NPC have been performed with encouraging results.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
  17. Fauzi MA, Fadilah SA, Bahariah K
    Med J Malaysia, 2007 Mar;62(1):66-7.
    PMID: 17682575 MyJurnal
    Multiple lung cavitations and endobronchial nodules are rare presentations of newly diagnosed and recurrent Hodgkin's disease. The clinical and radiological features can be confused with pulmonary tuberculosis, which can be difficult to exclude in endemic areas. However, the presence of endobronchial nodules point, towards Hodgkin's disease. Differential diagnosis is aided by the fact that these lesions usually respond promptly to specific therapy. We present a case of an adolescent male who had constitutional and pulmonary symptoms associated with pulmonary cavities and endobronchial nodules subsequently confirmed to be Hodgkin's disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local*
  18. Zain R, Ling KC
    Med J Malaysia, 1985 Mar;40(1):49-51.
    PMID: 3831736
    This is a case report of a recurrent lesion diagnosed histologically as a unicystic ameloblastoma. The concomitant presence of a traumatic neuroma was observed within the wall of the recurrent lesion. The mode of development of the traumatic neuroma, and the reason for the recurrence were presented.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology*
  19. Burtness B, Rischin D, Greil R, Soulières D, Tahara M, de Castro G, et al.
    J Clin Oncol, 2022 Jul 20;40(21):2321-2332.
    PMID: 35333599 DOI: 10.1200/JCO.21.02198
    PURPOSE: The phase III KEYNOTE-048 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02358031) trial of pembrolizumab in recurrent or metastatic (R/M) head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) included planned efficacy analyses in the total population and in participants with programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) combined positive score (CPS) ≥ 1 and CPS ≥ 20. To further characterize the predictive value of PD-L1 expression on outcome, we conducted efficacy analyses in the PD-L1 CPS < 1 and CPS 1-19 subgroups in KEYNOTE-048.

    METHODS: Participants with R/M HNSCC and no prior systemic therapy for R/M disease were randomly assigned 1:1:1 to pembrolizumab, pembrolizumab-chemotherapy, or cetuximab-chemotherapy. Post hoc efficacy analyses of the PD-L1 CPS < 1 and CPS 1-19 subgroups were performed.

    RESULTS: Of 882 participants enrolled, 128 had PD-L1 CPS < 1 and 373 had CPS 1-19. For pembrolizumab versus cetuximab-chemotherapy, the median overall survival was 7.9 versus 11.3 months in the PD-L1 CPS < 1 subgroup (hazard ratio [HR], 1.51 [95% CI, 0.96 to 2.37]) and 10.8 versus 10.1 months in the CPS 1-19 subgroup (HR, 0.86 [95% CI, 0.66 to 1.12]). For pembrolizumab-chemotherapy versus cetuximab-chemotherapy, the median overall survival was 11.3 versus 10.7 months in the PD-L1 CPS < 1 subgroup (HR, 1.21 [95% CI, 0.76 to 1.94]) and 12.7 versus 9.9 months in the CPS 1-19 subgroup (HR, 0.71 [95% CI, 0.54 to 0.94]).

    CONCLUSION: Increased efficacy of pembrolizumab or pembrolizumab-chemotherapy was observed with increasing PD-L1 expression. PD-L1 CPS < 1 subgroup analysis was limited by small participant numbers. Results from the PD-L1 CPS 1-19 subgroup support previous findings of treatment benefit with pembrolizumab monotherapy and pembrolizumab-chemotherapy in patients with PD-L1 CPS ≥ 1 tumors. Although PD-L1 expression is informative, exploration of additional predictive biomarkers is needed for low PD-L1-expressing HNSCC.

    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology
  20. Lai PS, Usama SM, Kiew LV, Lee HB, Chung LY, Burgess K, et al.
    Cancer Immunol Immunother, 2022 Sep;71(9):2099-2108.
    PMID: 35032175 DOI: 10.1007/s00262-022-03147-y
    Conventional cancer therapies such as chemotherapy are non-selective and induce immune system anergy, which lead to serious side effects and tumor relapse. It is a challenge to prime the body's immune system in the cancer-bearing subject to produce cancer antigen-targeting antibodies, as most tumor-associated antigens are expressed abundantly in cancer cells and some of normal cells. This study illustrates how hapten-based pre-immunization (for anti-hapten antibodies production) combined with cancer receptor labeling with hapten antigen constructs can elicit antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis (ADCP). Thus, the hapten antigen 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) was covalently combined with a cancer receptor-binding dipeptide (IYIY) to form a dipeptide-hapten construct (IYIY-DNP, MW = 1322.33) that targets the tropomyosin receptor kinase C (TrkC)-expressed on the surface of metastatic cancer cells. IYIY-DNP facilitated selective association of RAW264.7 macrophages to the TrkC expressing 4T1 cancer cells in vitro, forming cell aggregates in the presence of anti-DNP antibodies, suggesting initiation of anti-DNP antibody-dependent cancer cell recognition of macrophages by the IYIY-DNP. In in vivo, IYIY-DNP at 10 mg/kg suppressed growth of 4T1 tumors in DNP-immunized BALB/c mice by 45% (p 
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local*
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