Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 197 in total

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  1. Fadilah SAW, Raymond AA, Najihah I, Cheong SK
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2002 Jun;57(2):211-4.
    PMID: 24326654
    Patients (particularly elderly) undergoing evaluation for peripheral neuropathy of unknown cause should be screened for the presence of a monoclonal protein (M protein). The association of a neuropathy and a paraproteinaemia such as Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinaemia (WM) is not uncommon with the former antedating the haematologic symptoms by several years. Response to treatment has varied from good to very poor. We describe a case of WM presenting as a subacute demyelinating peripheral neuropathy. There was prompt resolution of the neuropathy with intravenous immunoglobulin therapy. Subsequent treatment with cyclophosphamide and plasmapheresis resulted in complete clinical remission with no further neurological relapses.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local*
  2. Chai CK, Tang IP, Tan TY
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2013 Jun;68(3):269-70.
    PMID: 23749022 MyJurnal
    Primary lacrimal sac lymphoma is rare. The common clinical features are epiphora and medial canthal swelling which mimic nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Histological examination is therefore important to avoid delay in diagnosis and treatment. We report a case of primary lacrimal sac lymphoma in a 72-year-old female who developed a metachronous tumour at the hard palate one year after excision of the lacrimal sac tumour.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local*
  3. Idayu MY, Irfan M, Othman NH
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2012 Jun;67(3):329-30.
    PMID: 23082428 MyJurnal
    Oral leiomyomas are rare benign tumour of smooth muscle. The first case of oral leiomyoma was reported by Blanc in 1884 and since then more cases has been published following advancement in immunohistochemical study. This tumour has an excellent prognosis and recurrences are extremely rare. We report a case of a recurrent glossal leiomyoma in a patient with HIV infection and the lesion recurred one year after the first excision.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery*
  4. Kulenthran A, Sivanesaratnam V
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 1988 Oct;27(2):289-91.
    PMID: 2903099
    Three sisters who developed recurrent uterine myomata from a very young age are presented. Despite repeated attempts at myomectomy, all three cases had hysterectomies ultimately. Complications encountered during surgery were severe hemorrhage, inadvertent injury to bladder and bowel in two patients and a rare complication of colonic-uteric-cutaneous fistula occurring post-operatively in one patient. Histology of the final hysterectomy specimens in two cases showed low grade leiomyosarcoma and cellular myoma, respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/genetics*
  5. Khoo SP, High AS, Awang MN
    Singapore Dent J, 1995 Jul;20(1):21-3.
    PMID: 9582685
    A case of unicystic ameloblastoma which recurred after 15 years showing unusual histological features is reported. The prominent pseudo-glandular features present are described. This case highlights the importance of extensive histological examination for more characteristic features of ameloblastoma to reach a correct diagnosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology*; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/radiography; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
  6. Lee YK
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1975 Mar;30(3):231-3.
    PMID: 1160685
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  7. Thong HK, Athar PPSH, Mustaffa WMW
    Open Access Maced J Med Sci, 2019 Jul 15;7(13):2142-2145.
    PMID: 31456841 DOI: 10.3889/oamjms.2019.577
    BACKGROUND: Lymphoepithelial cysts, which are benign and slow-growing tumours, usually involve the head and neck regions. Benign lymphoepithelial cysts (BLECs) are the most common cause of parotid swelling in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients and are less common in immunocompetent patients.

    CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present two cases of immunocompetent patients with long-standing, progressively enlarging parotid swelling. Postoperative histopathological examination of these patients revealed features of BLEC.

    CONCLUSION: Wide surgical excision is the gold standard for treatment and recurrences is rare. These cases are of particular interest because of the rarity of BLEC in HIV-negative patients and highlight an important differential diagnosis of parotid swelling.

    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  8. Rohaizam J, Subramaniam SK, Vikneswaran T, Tan VE, Tan TY
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2009 Sep;64(3):213-5.
    PMID: 20527270 MyJurnal
    Shifting the paradigm of treatment of a locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) from the non-surgical management to a surgical modality has always been a challenge. However, many studies on endoscopic nasopharyngectomy have proven it to be a reliable form of treatment with an excellent outcome. Since 2007, in Sarawak General Hospital, six cases of endoscopic nasopharyngectomy for locally recurrent NPC have been performed with encouraging results.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
  9. Fauzi MA, Fadilah SA, Bahariah K
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2007 Mar;62(1):66-7.
    PMID: 17682575 MyJurnal
    Multiple lung cavitations and endobronchial nodules are rare presentations of newly diagnosed and recurrent Hodgkin's disease. The clinical and radiological features can be confused with pulmonary tuberculosis, which can be difficult to exclude in endemic areas. However, the presence of endobronchial nodules point, towards Hodgkin's disease. Differential diagnosis is aided by the fact that these lesions usually respond promptly to specific therapy. We present a case of an adolescent male who had constitutional and pulmonary symptoms associated with pulmonary cavities and endobronchial nodules subsequently confirmed to be Hodgkin's disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local*
  10. Zain R, Ling KC
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1985 Mar;40(1):49-51.
    PMID: 3831736
    This is a case report of a recurrent lesion diagnosed histologically as a unicystic ameloblastoma. The concomitant presence of a traumatic neuroma was observed within the wall of the recurrent lesion. The mode of development of the traumatic neuroma, and the reason for the recurrence were presented.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology*
  11. Sharouny H, Narayanan P
    Iran Red Crescent Med J, 2015 Jan;17(1):e17104.
    PMID: 25763256 DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.17104
    INTRODUCTION: Frontal sinus mucoceles are the commonest among all paranasal mucoceles. With introduction of functional endoscopic sinus surgery, surgeons prefer endoscopic management of sinus mucoceles, but lesions that appear in the lateral part of the frontal sinus can be difficult to access and often need external approaches.

    CASE PRESENTATION: We described a lateral frontal sinus mucocele with intra-orbital extension, which was successfully managed by endoscopic sinus surgery.

    CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic sinus surgery is the treatment of choice in most frontal sinus mucoceles including lateral frontal mucoceles.

    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  12. Cheah SK, Lau FN, Yusof MM, Phua VC
    Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev., 2014 Jan;14(11):6513-8.
    PMID: 24377559
    BACKGROUND: To evaluate the treatment outcome and major late complications of all patients with recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT) in Hospital Kuala Lumpur.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. All patients with histologically confirmed recurrent NPC in the absence of distant metastasis treated in the period 1997-2010 were included in this study. These patients were treated with ICBT alone or in combination with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). Treatment outcomes measured were local recurrence free survival (LRFS), disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS).

    RESULTS: Thirty three patients were eligible for this study. The median age at recurrence was 56 years with a median time to initial local recurrence of 27 months. Majority of patients were staged as rT1-2 (94%) or rN0 (82%). The proportion of patients categorised as stage III-IV at first local recurrence was only 9%. Twenty one patients received a combination of ICBT and external beam radiotherapy while 12 patients were treated with ICBT alone. Median interval of recurrence post re-irradiation was 32 months (range: 4-110 months). The median LRFS, DFS and OS were 30 months, 29 months and 36 months respectively. The 5 year LRFS, DFS and OS were 44.7%, 38.8% and 28.1% respectively. The N stage at recurrence was found to be a significant prognostic factor for LRFS and DFS after multivariate analysis. Major late complications occurred in 34.9% of our patients.

    CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows ICBT was associated with a reasonable long term outcome in salvaging recurrent NPC although major complications remained a significant problem. The N stage at recurrence was a significant prognostic factor for both LRFS and DFS.

    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/mortality; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/radiotherapy*
  13. Kahairi, A., Ahmad, R.L., Wan Islah, L., Norra, H.
    MyJurnal
    Ameloblastoma is a slow growing benign tumour of the jaw and patients usually present late after the tumour achieved considerable size to cause facial disfigurement. Diagnosis mainly from tissue biopsy and characteristic findings on plain X-rays does assist in differentiating between types of ameloblastoma. The challenges in the management of this tumour are to provide complete excision as recurrence may occur in incomplete removal and also to reconstruct the bony defect in order to give reasonable cosmetic and functional outcome to the patient.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  14. Ong, Siew Tin, Chong, Huat Siar
    Ann Dent, 1995;2(1):-.
    MyJurnal
    This paper represents a study of35casesofodontogenic keratocyst (OKC) diagnosed in a Malaysian population. The clinical, radiological and histopathological features, treatment modalities and recurrence of this lesion were analysed. There was a higher prevalence rate among Malaysian Chinese (51.42 percent), while the Malays and Indians accounted for22.86 percent and 25.72 percent respectively. The male to female ratio was 16 : 19.Age at presentation ranged from nine to 71 year,with about 70percent occurring between ages ten to 39 years. A total of40cysts were analysed. Of these, 67.5 percent occurred in the mandible and 32.5 percent in the maxilla. About 88percent of OKC presented as unilocular radiolucencies and 42.0 percent were associated with unerupted or impacted teeth. Histologically, the parakeratinized OKC was the predominant variant found (75.8 percent). The majority of caseswere treated by enucleation (85 percent), and a recurrence rate of20percent was recorded.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  15. Mohana, R., Faisham, W.I., Zulmi, W., Nawfar, A.S., Effat, O., alzihan M.S.
    Malays Orthop J, 2007;1(2):7-10.
    MyJurnal
    Biopsy is a crucial step in the management of musculoskeletal sarcoma. The surgical approach to the biopsy site is important, as the tract must be removed en bloc with the tumour during limb sparing surgery so as to reduce the risk of local recurrence. The biopsy tracts of 26 osteosarcoma patients were evaluated histologically for tumour infiltration. Horizontal sections of 1 mm thickness with 2 cm radius from were evaluated from each excised biopsy tract. Five out of 26 cases (19.2%) showed positive tumour infiltration. One case (3.85%) had tumour infiltration in the pseudocapsule, two cases (7.69%) had tumour infiltration into the muscle and two other cases (7.69%) had tumour infiltration into the subcutaneous tissue. None had skin infiltration. We conclude that resection of the entire biopsy tract is indeed mandatory for surgical treatment of osteosarcoma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  16. Irfan, M., Baharuddin, A., Ananda Dorai, A.
    MyJurnal
    Patient with thyroid mass rarely presents in emergency situation. It is because the nature of the mass is that it usually increases slowly in size. Thus, any surgical intervention can be planned electively. The most common condition that necessitates urgent intervention, is upper airway compromise due to sudden rapid increase in size of the swelling. This can be due to intralesional bleeding or superimposed infection on the enlarged gland. We report a case of urgent completion thyroidectomy performed to a patient with fungating recurrent papillary carcinoma who present with bleeding from the mass externally.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  17. Adibah, I., Wan Abu Bakar, W.Y., Nik Mohamed Zaki, N.M., Nik Hazlina, N.H., Venkatesh, R.N.
    MyJurnal
    Endometrial stromal sarcoma is a rare tumour of the uterus. We reported a case of a young lady with endometrial stromal sarcoma. She became pregnant while having the disease and delivered a healthy baby, her sixth, without any complication. A total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral oopherectomy was performed subsequently. She refused any added treatment after the operation. To date, she is free of any recurrence.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  18. Mohd Fauzi NA, Abdullah S, Tan AH, Mohd Ramli N, Tan CY, Lim SY
    PMID: 30846242 DOI: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2019.02.025
    We report a case of relapsing-remitting opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia syndrome (OMAS) in a patient with Hashimoto's encephalopathy, diagnosed after comprehensive evaluation. OMAS as a manifestation of Hashimoto's encephalopathy has been reported once previously. It is hoped that recognition of this entity and early initiation of immunotherapy will improve clinical outcomes for patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  19. Zhu CZ, Ting HN, Ng KH, Ong TA
    J Cancer, 2019;10(17):4038-4044.
    PMID: 31417648 DOI: 10.7150/jca.28989
    Background and purpose: Bladder cancer is the most common malignant tumour in the urinary system, with a high incidence and recurrence rate. While the incidence of bladder cancer has been rising in recent years, the prevalence of bladder carcinoma is showing an increasing tendency in the younger age group. There are several methods to detect bladder cancer, but different methods have varying degrees of accuracy which intrinsically depends on the method's sensitivity and specificity. Our aim was to comprehensively summarize the current detection methods for bladder cancer based on the available literature, and at the same time, to find the best combination of different effective methods which can produce a high degree of accuracy in detecting the presence of cancerous cells in the bladder. Materials and Methods: We used key word retrieval method for searching related references in English that had been indexed in PubMed and Medline. Results and Discussion: This paper discussed the different detection methods and their sensitivities/specificities as well as the advantages and disadvantages. We summarized the best identified cancer cell detection methods with higher sensitivity/specificity. Conclusion: The results of this review can positively help to identify accurate methods for detecting bladder cancer and highlight areas to be further improved for future research work.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  20. Razali MN, Mat Baki M, Kew TY, Mohamad Yunus MR
    Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2019 Oct;71(Suppl 1):93-95.
    PMID: 31741939 DOI: 10.1007/s12070-017-1116-3
    Basal cell adenocarcinoma (BCAC) is a rare tumour entity. Despite its tendency to be infiltrative and destructive tumour with propensity to recur, it rarely metastasizes and long-term outcome following surgery is favourable. This paper presents a 42-year-old male with residual BCAC of parotid gland that had extended into infratemporal fossa and intracranial. The important aspect of this case is the rarity occurrence of BCAC of parotid with intracranial extension and its surgical approaches to achieve tumour clearance.
    Matched MeSH terms: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
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