Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 54 in total

  1. Sellappans R, Chua SS, Tajuddin NA, Lai PSM
    Australas Med J, 2013;6(1):60-3.
    PMID: 23423150 DOI: 10.4066/AMJ.2013.1643
    Medication error has been identified as a major factor affecting patient safety. Many innovative efforts such as Computerised Physician Order Entry (CPOE), a Pharmacy Information System, automated dispensing machines and Point of Administration Systems have been carried out with the aim of improving medication safety. However, areas remain that require urgent attention. One main area will be the lack of continuity of care due to the breakdown of communication between multiple healthcare providers. Solutions may include consideration of "health smart cards" that carry vital patient medical information in the form of a "credit card" or use of the Malaysian identification card. However, costs and technical aspects associated with the implementation of this health smart card will be a significant barrier. Security and confidentiality, on the other hand, are expected to be of primary concern to patients. Challenges associated with the implementation of a health smart card might include physician buy-in for use in his or her everyday practice. Training and technical support should also be available to ensure the smooth implementation of this system. Despite these challenges, implementation of a health smart card moves us closer to seamless care in our country, thereby increasing the productivity and quality of healthcare.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety*
  2. Lee YF
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2017 04;72(2):89-90.
    PMID: 28473669
    No abstract available.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety*
  3. Salahuddin L, Ismail Z
    Int J Med Inform, 2015 Nov;84(11):877-91.
    PMID: 26238706 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2015.07.004
    This paper provides a systematic review of safety use of health information technology (IT). The first objective is to identify the antecedents towards safety use of health IT by conducting systematic literature review (SLR). The second objective is to classify the identified antecedents based on the work system in Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) model and an extension of DeLone and McLean (D&M) information system (IS) success model.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety
  4. Khoo EM, Sararaks S, Lee WK, Liew SM, Abdul Samad A, Cheong AT, et al.
    ISBN: 978-967-5398-17-9
    Citation: Khoo EM, Sararaks S, Lee WK, Liew SM, Abdul Samad A, Cheong AT, et al. Patient Safety in MOH Primary Care Clinics - A Community Trial. Kuala Lumpur: Institute for Health Systems Research; 2010
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety
  5. Mortell M
    Br J Nurs, 2019 Nov 14;28(20):1292-1298.
    PMID: 31714835 DOI: 10.12968/bjon.2019.28.20.1292
    This article employs a paediatric case study, involving a 3-year-old child who had an anaphylactic reaction that occurred as a result of the multidisciplinary team's failure to identify and acknowledge the patient's documented 'known allergy' status. It examines and reconsiders the ongoing healthcare dilemma of medication errors and recommends that known allergy status should be considered the second medication administration 'right' before the prescribing, transcribing, dispensing and administration of any drug. Identifying and documenting drug allergy status is particularly important when caring for paediatric patients, because they cannot speak for themselves and must rely on their parents, guardians or health professionals as patient advocates. The literature states that medication errors can be prevented by employing a 'rights of medication administration' format, whether that be the familiar '5 rights' or a more detailed list. However, none of these formats specify known allergy status as a distinct 'right'. The medication safety literature is also found wanting in respect of the known allergy status of the patient. When health professionals employ a medication administration rights format prior to prescribing, transcribing, dispensing or administering a medication, the 'known allergy status' of the patient should be a transparent inclusion.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety*
  6. Samiei, V., Aniza, I., Sharifa Ezat, W.P., Alsheikh, H.I., Kari, H.A., Saleh, M., et al.
    The quality of the health care services has been always a big responsibility and sensitive issue. Health care delivery is complex and critical for many reasons related to management and organizational planning and development. Health system reorganization is one of the approaches that health care managers adopt to overcome dysfunction. Clinical Microsystems (CM) is believed to be a one of vital steps in providing a high quality of patient care through system reorganization. CM has the potential to drive the health care to greater success through proper understanding, process and resource planning and health outcomes continuous assessment and improvements. CM integrate patients, providers and family needs and roles to form a vision of community system that cooperate for better outcomes .The components of an effective CM are produce quality, patient safety, and cost outcomes at the front line of care. This article aims to explore the concept, characteristics models and components of these Clinical Microsystems. It also highlights the steps to initiate, plan and sustain this innovation in hospitals in a systematic manner.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety
  7. Olufisayo O, Mohd Yusof M, Ezat Wan Puteh S
    Stud Health Technol Inform, 2018;255:112-116.
    PMID: 30306918
    Despite the widespread use of clinical decision support systems with its alert function, there has been an increase in medical errors, adverse events as well as issues regarding patient safety, quality and efficiency. The appropriateness of CDSS must be properly evaluated by ensuring that CDSS provides clinicians with useful information at the point of care. Inefficient clinical workflow affects clinical processes; hence, it is necessary to identify processes in the healthcare system that affect provider's workflow. The Lean method was used to eliminate waste (non-value added) activities that affect the appropriate use of CDSS. Ohno's seven waste model was used to categorize waste in the context of healthcare and information technology.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety
  8. Koh KC, Lau KM, Yusof SA, Mohamad AI, Shahabuddin FS, Ahmat NH, et al.
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2015 Dec;70(6):334-40.
    PMID: 26988205 MyJurnal
    INTRODUCTION: Misinterpretation of abbreviations by healthcare professionals has been reported to compromise patient safety. This study was done to determine the prevalence of abbreviations usage among medical doctors and nurses and their ability to interpret commonly used abbreviations in medical practice.

    METHODS: Seventy-seven medical doctors and eighty nurses answered a self-administered questionnaire designed to capture demographic data and information regarding abbreviation use in medical practice. Comparisons were made between doctors and nurses with regards to frequency and reasons for using abbreviations; from where abbreviations were learned; frequency of encountering abbreviations in medical practice; prevalence of medical errors due to misinterpretation of abbreviations; and their ability to correctly interpret commonly used abbreviations.

    RESULTS: The use of abbreviations was highly prevalent among doctors and nurses. Time saving, avoidance of writing sentences in full and convenience, were the main reasons for using abbreviations. Doctors learned abbreviations from fellow doctors while nurses learned from fellow nurses and doctors. More doctors than nurses reported encountering abbreviations. Both groups reported no difficulties in interpreting abbreviations although nurses reported often resorting to guesswork. Both groups felt abbreviations were necessary and an acceptable part of work. Doctors outperformed nurses in correctly interpreting commonly used standard and non-standard abbreviations.

    CONCLUSION: The use of standard and non-standard abbreviation in clinical practice by doctors and nurses was highly prevalent. Significant variability in interpretation of abbreviations exists between doctors and nurses.

    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety
  9. Ong WM, Subasyini S
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2013;68(1):52-7.
    PMID: 23466768 MyJurnal
    Medications given via the intravenous (IV) route provide rapid drug delivery to the body. IV therapy is a complex process requiring proper drug preparation before administration to the patients. Therefore, errors occurring at any stage can cause harmful clinical outcomes to the patients, which may lead to morbidity and mortality. This was a prospective observational study with the objectives to determine whether medication errors occur in IV drug preparation and administration in Selayang Hospital, determining the associated factors and identifying the strategies in reducing these medication errors. 341 (97.7%) errors were identified during observation of total 349 IV drug preparations and administrations. The most common errors include the vial tap not swabbed during prepreparation and injecting bolus doses faster than the recommended administration rate. There was one incident of wrong drug attempted. Errors were significantly more likely to occur during administration time at 8.00am and when bolus drugs were given. Errors could be reduced by having proper guidelines on IV procedures, more common use of IV infusion control devices and by giving full concentration during the process. Awareness among the staff nurses and training needs should be addressed to reduce the rate of medication errors. Standard IV procedures should be abided and this needs the cooperation and active roles from all healthcare professionals as well as the staff nurses.
    Study site: Hospital Selayang, Kuala Lumpur
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety
  10. Farah Syazana Ahmad Shahabuddin, Nur Hazirah Ahmat, Ahmed Ikhwan Mohamad, Lau, Kit Mun, Siti Aisyah Mohd Yusof, Teh, Pei Chiek, et al.
    Background: Misinterpretation of abbreviations by healthcare workers has been reported to compromise patient safety. Medical students are future doctors. We explored how early medical students acquired the practice of using abbreviations, and their ability to interpret commonly used abbreviations in medical practice.

    Method: Eighty junior and 74 senior medical students were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire designed to capture demographic data; frequency and reasons for using abbreviations; from where abbreviations were learned; frequency of encountering abbreviations in medical practice; prevalence of mishaps due to misinterpretation; and the ability of students to correctly interpret commonly used abbreviations. Comparisons were made between senior and junior medical students.

    Results: Abbreviation use was highly prevalent among junior and senior medical students. They acquired the habit mainly from the clinical notes of doctors in the hospital. They used abbreviations mainly to save time, space and avoid writing in full sentences. The students experienced difficulties, frustrations and often resorted to guesswork when interpreting abbreviations; with junior students experiencing these more than senior students. The latter were better at interpreting standard and non-standard abbreviations. Nevertheless, the students felt the use of abbreviations was necessary and acceptable. Only a few students reported encountering mishaps in patient management as a result of misinterpretation of abbreviations.

    Conclusion: Medical students acquired the habit of using abbreviations early in their training. Senior students knew more and correctly interpreted more standard and non-standard abbreviations compared to junior students. Medical students should be taught to use standard abbreviations only.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety
  11. Aimi Nadia Mohd Yusof
    Medical Health Reviews, 2009;2009(2):5-16.
    No vaccination is available to provide doctors with the immunity from errors and mistakes. Humans make mistakes everyday and eventually doctors will make mistakes or errors during their practice. Therefore, knowing how to handle the mistakes is crucial in improving patient safety and management. Disclosure of errors can be argued to play a significant role in respecting the patients’ rights and interest. We need to know that in a doctor-patient relationship, trust and vulnerability exist. If errors occur and doctors try to keep patients away from the truth, patients may no longer maintain their trust and this could lead to a negative turn in the relationship. Moreover, if errors are disclosed, doctors then may face a legal and ethical dilemma on whether to apologize for the errors made. This issue of apology has created debates among health professionals and lawyers in searching for the best answer. Apology can be a powerful tool to reconcile relationships but at the same time can also be a tool of deception.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety
  12. Mamat, M., Chan, L.
    JUMMEC, 2009;12(2):83-91.
    Patient safety is a serious global healthcare issue. Harm can be caused by a range of errors or adverse events. Therefore, it is vital that the commissioning of a new operating theatre should comply to the highest standard before it is allowed to function. This paper accounts our experience in the commissioning of the University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC) trauma centre operating theatre(OT) complex in July 2008. We highlighted the problems we faced in adhering to the international standard guidelines. Unanticipated events were handled professionally and solved. With this experience, we hope that the identified problems would provide suggestions for commissioning an operating theatre in the local setting in the future.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety
  13. Pahl C, Ebelt H, Sayahkarajy M, Supriyanto E, Soesanto A
    J Med Syst, 2017 Aug 15;41(10):148.
    PMID: 28812247 DOI: 10.1007/s10916-017-0786-4
    This paper proposes a robotic Transesophageal Echocardiography (TOE) system concept for Catheterization Laboratories. Cardiovascular disease causes one third of all global mortality. TOE is utilized to assess cardiovascular structures and monitor cardiac function during diagnostic procedures and catheter-based structural interventions. However, the operation of TOE underlies various conditions that may cause a negative impact on performance, the health of the cardiac sonographer and patient safety. These factors have been conflated and evince the potential of robot-assisted TOE. Hence, a careful integration of clinical experience and Systems Engineering methods was used to develop a concept and physical model for TOE manipulation. The motion of different actuators of the fabricated motorized system has been tested. It is concluded that the developed medical system, counteracting conflated disadvantages, represents a progressive approach for cardiac healthcare.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety
  14. Banta HD
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care, 2018 Jan;34(2):131-133.
    PMID: 29609663 DOI: 10.1017/S0266462318000107
    I have worked in health technology assessment (HTA) since 1975, beginning in the United States Congress Office of Technology Assessment (OTA), where we were charged with defining "medical technology assessment". My main concern in HTA has always been efficacy of healthcare interventions. After years in OTA, I was invited to the Netherlands in 1985, where the Dutch government invited me to head a special commission concerning future healthcare technology and HTA. From there, I became involved in over forty countries, beginning in Europe and then throughout the world. My most intense involvements, outside the United States and Europe, have been in Brazil, China, and Malaysia. During these 40-plus years, I have seen HTA grow from its earliest beginnings to a worldwide force for better health care for everyone. I have also had some growing concerns, outlined in this Perspective article. Within HTA, I am most disappointed by a narrow perspective of cost-effective analysis, which tends to ignore considerations of culture, society, ethics, and organizational and legal issues. In the general environment affecting HTA and health care, I am most concerned about the need to protect the independence of HTA activities from influences of the healthcare industries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety
  15. Abdul Rahman H, Jarrar M, Don MS
    Glob J Health Sci, 2015;7(6):331-7.
    PMID: 26153190 DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v7n6p331
    Nursing knowledge and skills are required to sustain quality of care and patient safety. The numbers of nurses with Bachelor degrees in Malaysia are very limited. This study aims to predict the impact of nurse level of education on quality of care and patient safety in the medical and surgical wards in Malaysian private hospitals.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety*
  16. Jarrar M, Abdul Rahman H, Don MS
    Glob J Health Sci, 2016;8(6):44132.
    PMID: 26755459 DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v8n6p75
    Demand for health care service has significantly increased, while the quality of healthcare and patient safety has become national and international priorities. This paper aims to identify the gaps and the current initiatives for optimizing the quality of care and patient safety in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety/standards*
  17. Kabir MA, Goh KL, Khan MM, Al-Amin AQ, Azam MN
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2015 Mar;27(2):NP1170-81.
    PMID: 22426560 DOI: 10.1177/1010539512437401
    This study examines the safe delivery practices of Bangladeshi women using data on 4905 ever-married women aged 15 to 49 years from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. Variables that included age, region of origin, education level of respondent and spouse, residence, working status, religion, involvement in NGOs, mass media exposure, and wealth index were analyzed to find correlates of safe delivery practices. More than 80% of the deliveries took place at home, and only 18% were under safe and hygienic conditions. The likelihood of safe deliveries was significantly lower among younger and older mothers than middle-aged mothers and higher among educated mothers and those living in urban areas. Economically better-off mothers and those with greater exposure to mass media had a significantly higher incidence of safe delivery practices. A significant association with religion and safe delivery practices was revealed. Demographic, socioeconomic, cultural, and programmatic factors that are strongly associated with safe delivery practices should be considered in the formulation of reproductive health policy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety/standards*
  18. Jarrar M, Minai MS, Al-Bsheish M, Meri A, Jaber M
    Int J Health Plann Manage, 2019 Jan;34(1):e387-e396.
    PMID: 30221794 DOI: 10.1002/hpm.2656
    BACKGROUND: There is no clear evidence that can guide decision makers regarding the appropriate shift length in the hospitals in Malaysia. Further, there is no study that explored the value of patient-centered care of nurses working longer shifts and its impact on the care outcomes.

    OBJECTIVE: The study aims to investigate the effect of the hospital nurse shift length and patient-centered care on the perceived quality and safety of nurses in the medical-surgical and multidisciplinary wards in Malaysia.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional survey has been conducted on 12 hospitals in Malaysia. Data have been collected via a questionnaire. A stratified sampling has been used. The Hayes macro regression analyses have been used to examine the mediating effects of patient-centered care between the effect of working long shifts on the perceived quality and patient safety.

    RESULTS: There is a significant mediation effect of patient-centered care between the effect of shift length on the perceived quality (F = 42.90, P ˂ 0.001) and patient safety (F = 25.12, P ˂ 0.001).

    CONCLUSION: Patient-centered care mitigates the effect of the shift length on the care outcomes. The study provides an input for the policymakers that patient-centered care and restructuring duty hours are important to provide high-quality patient care.

    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety*
  19. Tingle J
    Br J Nurs, 2017 May 25;26(10):572-573.
    PMID: 28541112 DOI: 10.12968/bjon.2017.26.10.572
    John Tingle, Reader in Health Law at Nottingham Trent University, and Jen Minford, Junior Doctor Co-ordinator, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, discuss initiatives presented at a global summit on patient safety.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety*
  20. Aung AK, Tang MJ, Adler NR, de Menezes SL, Goh MSY, Tee HW, et al.
    J Clin Pharmacol, 2018 10;58(10):1332-1339.
    PMID: 29733431 DOI: 10.1002/jcph.1148
    We describe adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting characteristics and factors contributing to length of time to report by healthcare professionals. This is a retrospective study of voluntary reports to an Australian healthcare ADR Review Committee over a 2-year period (2015-2016). Descriptive and univariate models were used for outcomes, employing standardized ADR definitions. Hospital pharmacists reported 84.8% of the 555 ADRs: 70.3% were hospital onset reactions, and 71.7% were at least of moderate severity. Immunologically mediated reactions were most commonly reported (409, 73.7%). The median time to submit an ADR report was 3 (interquartile range 1-10) days. Longer median times to reporting were associated with multiple implicated agents and delayed hypersensitivity reactions, especially severe cutaneous adverse reactions. A total of 650 medications were implicated that involved multiple agents in 165/555 (29.7%) reports. Antimicrobials were the most commonly implicated agents. Immunologically mediated reactions were most commonly associated with antimicrobials and radiocontrast agents (P < .0001, odds ratio [OR] 3.6, 95%CI 2.4-5.5, and P = .04, OR 4.2, 95%CI 1.2-18.2, respectively). Opioids and psychoactive medications were more commonly implicated in nonimmunological reported ADRs (P = .0002, OR 3.9, 95%CI 1.9-7.9, and P < .0001, OR 11.4, 95%CI 4.6-27.8, respectively). Due to the predominant reporting of immunologically mediated reactions, a targeted education program is being planned to improve identification and accuracy of ADR reports, with the overall aim of improved management to ensure quality service provision and patient safety.
    Matched MeSH terms: Patient Safety*
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