Displaying all 12 publications

  1. Ahmadi S, Amin-Nordin S, Neela VK, Hamat RA, Goh BL, Nor LA, et al.
    Perit Dial Int, 2015 Dec;35(7):767-9.
    PMID: 26703853 DOI: 10.3747/pdi.2013.00154
    Matched MeSH terms: Peritonitis/microbiology*
  2. Keng TC, Ng KP, Tan LP, Chong YB, Wong CM, Lim SK
    Ren Fail, 2012;34(6):804-6.
    PMID: 22506572 DOI: 10.3109/0886022X.2012.678208
    Peritonitis is well recognized as the Achilles tendon of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Reoccurrence of peritonitis due to the same organism, defined as either repeat or relapsing peritonitis under the 2005 guidelines by the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis, often results in PD technique failure. Rothia dentocariosa, a low-virulent human oropharynx commensal, is a rarely reported pathogen in human infection, particularly infective endocarditis. R. dentocariosa PD-related peritonitis is exceedingly uncommon yet potentially results in repeat or relapsing peritonitis which requires catheter removal. We report a case of R. dentocariosa repeat and relapsing peritonitis in a PD patient who was treated successfully with antimicrobial therapy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Peritonitis/microbiology*
  3. Suresh RL
    Med J Malaysia, 2005 Jul;60 Suppl B:16.
    PMID: 16108167
    Matched MeSH terms: Peritonitis/microbiology*
  4. Chutaputti A
    Med J Malaysia, 2005 Jul;60 Suppl B:12-4.
    PMID: 16108166
    Matched MeSH terms: Peritonitis/microbiology*
  5. Ramanathan M, Abdullah ADG, Sivadas T
    Med J Malaysia, 1998 Dec;53(4):432-4.
    PMID: 10971990
    This report deals with a young man having prolonged fever presenting with hypercalcaemic crisis. Subsequent investigations confirmed tuberculosis (TB) peritonitis in the absence of pulmonary involvement as the cause of his symptoms. His hypercalcaemia and fever resolved with anti-TB therapy. Abdominal TB needs to be included in the differential diagnosis of otherwise unexplained hypercalcaemia especially in our region where TB is an endemic problem and is treatable.
    Matched MeSH terms: Peritonitis/microbiology*
  6. Cheong IKS, Lim VKE, Ujang K
    Med J Malaysia, 1981 Mar;36(1):17-9.
    PMID: 7321932
    38 episodes of peritonitis in 28 patients were recorded among 97 patients undergoing a total of 159 peritoneal dialysis at the Nephrology Unit, General Hospital, Kuala Lumpur between November 1979 to June 1980. Of these only 14 episodes were associated with a positive bacterial culture. Organism of the Moraxella-Acinetobacter group were responsible in 8 episodes. There were 16 positive cultures in patients who had no clinical evidence of peritonitis. The interpretation of bacterial peritonitis in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis must be made on the basis of clinical findings and bacteriological reports.
    Matched MeSH terms: Peritonitis/microbiology
  7. Kuan CS, Yew SM, Toh YF, Chan CL, Lim SK, Lee KW, et al.
    PLoS One, 2015;10(12):e0145932.
    PMID: 26716988 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0145932
    Peritonitis is the leading complication of peritoneal dialysis, which is primarily caused by bacteria rather than fungi. Peritonitis is responsible for approximately 18% of the infection-related mortality in peritoneal dialysis patients. In this paper, we report the isolation of a rare fungus, Quambalaria cyanescens, from the peritoneal fluid of a man after he switched from continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis to nocturnal intermittent peritoneal dialysis. Based on the morphological examination and multigene phylogeny, the clinical isolate was confirmed as Q. cyanescens. This pathogen exhibited low sensitivity to all tested echinocandins and 5-flucytosine. Interestingly, morphological characterization revealed that Q. cyanescens UM 1095 produced different pigments at low temperatures (25°C and 30°C) on various culture media. It is important to monitor the emergence of this rare fungus as a potential human pathogen in the tropics. This study provides insight into Q. cyanescens UM 1095 phenotype profiles using a Biolog phenotypic microarray (PM). Of the 760 nutrient sources tested, Q. cyanescens UM 1095 utilized 42 compounds, and the fungus can adapt to a broad range of osmotic and acidic environments. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the isolation of Q. cyanescens from peritoneal fluid, revealing this rare fungus as a potential human pathogen that may be misidentified using conventional methods. The detailed morphological, molecular and phenotypic characterization of Q. cyanescens UM 1095 provides the basis for future studies on its biology, lifestyle, and potential pathogenicity.
    Matched MeSH terms: Peritonitis/microbiology*
  8. Yousuf RM, How SH, Amran M, Hla KT, Shah A, Francis A
    Malays J Pathol, 2006 Jun;28(1):49-53.
    PMID: 17694959 MyJurnal
    Edwardsiella tarda has recently been described as a member of the family Enterobacteriaceae. The genus Edwardsiella contains three species; E. hoshinae, E. ictaluri and E. tarda. Edwardsiella tarda is the only species which has been recognised as pathogenic to humans, especially in those with an underlying disease. The most common presentation is watery diarrhoea. Extra intestinal infections have been reported infrequently. Humans seem to be infected or colonised with Edwardsiella through ingestion or inoculation of a wound. This report is of a patient with multiple liver abscesses due to E. tarda who later developed bacterial peritonitis and septicaemic shock.
    Matched MeSH terms: Peritonitis/microbiology
  9. Liu WJ, Hooi LS
    Perit Dial Int, 2010 03 12;30(5):509-12.
    PMID: 20228175 DOI: 10.3747/pdi.2009.00083
    OBJECTIVE: To analyze the complications after Tenckhoff catheter insertion among patients with renal failure needing dialysis. ♢

    PATIENTS AND METHODS: The open, paramedian approach is the commonest technique to insert the 62-cm coiled double-cuffed Tenckhoff peritoneal catheter. All patients with catheters inserted between January 2004 and November 2007 were retrospectively analyzed for demographics and followed for up to 1 month for complications. We excluded patients whose catheters had been anchored to the bladder wall and who underwent concurrent omentectomy or readjustment without removal of a malfunctioning catheter (n = 7). Intravenous cloxacillin was the standard preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis. ♢

    RESULTS: Over the 4-year study period, 384 catheters were inserted under local anesthetic into 319 patients [201 women (62.8%); mean age: 49.4 ± 16.7 years (range: 13 - 89 years); 167 (52.2%) with diabetes; 303 (95%) with end-stage renal disease] by 22 different operators. All Tenckhoff catheters were inserted by the general surgical (n = 223) or urology (n = 161) team. There were 29 cases (7.6%) of catheter migration, 22 (5.7%) of catheter obstruction without migration, 24 (6.3%) of exit-site infection, 12 (3.1%) of leak from the main incision, 14 (3.6%) of culture-proven wound infection, 11 (2.9%) post-insertion peritonitis, and 1 (0.3%) hemoperitoneum. No deaths were attributed to surgical mishap. ♢

    CONCLUSIONS: The most common complication was catheter migration. The paramedian insertion technique was safe, with low complication rates.

    Matched MeSH terms: Peritonitis/microbiology
  10. Andy Tang SO, Carolisna YI, Sakura D, Yeo ST, Koh KH
    Med J Malaysia, 2019 08;74(4):270-274.
    PMID: 31424032
    INTRODUCTION: Sarawak has a population that is geographically and characteristically widely varied. In this study we aimed to determine the demographic characteristics of our patient population who undergo continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and to study the incidence, the microbiology and the outcome of CAPD peritonitis.

    METHODS: A retrospective record review of all CAPD patients on follow-up at the Miri Hospital, Sarawak, Malaysia from 2014 until 2017 was done.

    RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: During the 4-year period, the overall peritonitis rate was 0.184 episodes per patient-year. Gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria each constituted one-third of the peritonitis; fungi (2.6%), Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) (5.3%), polymicrobial (2.6%) and sterile culture (26.3%). The most commonly isolated gram-positive bacteria were coagulase-negative Staphylococcus. Our peritonitis rate is comparable to that of other centres i.e., Japan 0.195 and Indonesia 0.25. In comparison, countries like India (0.41), Korea (0.40) and Singapore (0.59) had relatively higher rate of PD-associated peritonitis. Two tuberculosis peritonitis patients died. The rate of catheter removal was approximately 20%. Gram-negative bacteria and MTB have a higher risk of catheter loss. About one-fifth used rainwater to clean their CAPD exit site. Out of this group, 33% did not boil the rainwater prior to usage.

    CONCLUSION: Patient's characteristics and microbial susceptibility vary in different places of practice. The high rates of culture-negative peritonitis and high mortality risks associated with TB peritonitis warrant special attention. In patients with refractory peritonitis, early catheter removal is warranted in order to reduce mortality and minimize damage to peritoneal membrane.

    Matched MeSH terms: Peritonitis/microbiology
  11. Shanmuganathan M, Goh BL, Lim C, NorFadhlina Z, Fairol I
    Perit Dial Int, 2016 9 24;36(5):574-5.
    PMID: 27659933 DOI: 10.3747/pdi.2015.00287
    Patients with peritonitis present with abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, and turbid peritoneal dialysis (PD) fluid. Shewanella algae peritonitis has not yet been reported in PD patients in the literature. We present the first 2 cases of Shewanella algae peritonitis in PD patients. Mupirocin cream is applied on the exit site as prophylactic antibiotic therapy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Peritonitis/microbiology*
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