38 episodes of peritonitis in 28 patients were recorded among 97 patients undergoing a total of 159 peritoneal dialysis at the Nephrology Unit, General Hospital, Kuala Lumpur between November 1979 to June 1980. Of these only 14 episodes were associated with a positive bacterial culture. Organism of the Moraxella-Acinetobacter group were responsible in 8 episodes. There were 16 positive cultures in patients who had no clinical evidence of peritonitis. The interpretation of bacterial peritonitis in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis must be made on the basis of clinical findings and bacteriological reports.
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