Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 15245 in total

  1. Bosco JJ
    Family Practitioner, 1985;8:57-60.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult
  2. Marjoribanks RM, Le Sueur E
    DOI: 10.1016/S0035-9203(24)90769-3
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult; Young Adult
  3. Cheong IKS
    Family Practitioner, 1983;6:37-40.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult
  4. Loke KH
    Med J Malaysia, 1983 Dec;38(4):339-43.
    PMID: 6599996
    Sexually deviant behaviour is a fairly common phenomenon but because it is socially embarassing, a few cases come forward for consultation and treatment on a voluntary basis. Most cases are referred by the law courts. Two such cases, one of exhibitionism and the other offetishism, were referred to the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur in 1982. Their development histories were elaborated. A third case of sexual sadism came voluntarily for help out defaulted after the initial session. A review on the current western concepts on sexual deviation is included in the text. It is concluded that although it is generally thought that neurological conditions give rise to deviant sexual behaviour, this assumption should not be arrived at hastily, as many cases of organic mental disorders do not exhibit deviant sexual
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult
  5. Yusof Z, Pratap RC, Nor M, Reddy TN
    Med J Malaysia, 1990 Mar;45(1):70-3.
    PMID: 2152072
    A 30 year old Malay male developed bilateral choroiditis followed by vitiligo, poliosis and canities. CT scan showed nodular thickening of the optic nerves. Characteristic abnormalities were seen in visual and brainstem auditory evoked potentials and fluorescein angiography. These findings were in keeping with the diagnosis of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome. Treatment with dexamethasone resulted in complete recovery of vision and partial improvement in skin and hair lesions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult
  6. Jansz R
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult
  7. Viswalingam A
    Br J Ophthalmol, 1936 Aug;20(8):449-55.
    PMID: 18169380
    In October, 1931, A.L.J., an Anglo-Indian engineer, aged 59 years presented himself for examination on account of sore eyes and photophobia. The visual actuity was R.V. 6/12 with+0.75 sph.=6/6. L.V. 6/18 with+1 sph.=6/6. The pupils at that time were active to light and accommodation, the anterior chamber was slightly shallow and the tension not raised. The filtration atngle was " crowded."
    Kuala Lumpur, Federated Malay States
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult
  8. Jakovljevic A, Duncan HF, Nagendrababu V, Jacimovic J, Milasin J, Dummer PMH
    Int Endod J, 2020 Oct;53(10):1374-1386.
    PMID: 32648971 DOI: 10.1111/iej.13364
    BACKGROUND: The existence of an association between cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and apical periodontitis (AP) remains unclear because results obtained from previous clinical studies and reviews are inconsistent or inconclusive.

    OBJECTIVE: To conduct an umbrella review to determine whether there is an association between CVDs and the prevalence of AP in adults.

    METHODS: The protocol of the review was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42020185753). The literature search was conducted using the following electronic databases: Clarivate Analytics' Web of Science Scopus, PubMed and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, from inception to May, 2020, with no language restrictions. Systematic reviews with or without meta-analysis that evaluated the association between CVDs and AP were included. Other types of studies, including narrative reviews, were excluded. Two reviewers independently performed a literature search, data extraction and quality assessment of included studies. Any disagreements or doubts were resolved by a third reviewer. The quality of the reviews was assessed using the AMSTAR 2 tool (A measurement tool to assess systematic reviews), with 16 items. A final categorization of the systematic reviews classified each as of 'high', 'moderate', 'low' or 'critically low' quality.

    RESULTS: Four systematic reviews were included in the current review. Three reviews were graded by AMSTAR 2 as 'moderate' quality, whereas one review was graded as 'critically low' quality.

    DISCUSSION: Only one systematic review included a meta-analysis. Substantial heterogeneity amongst the primary studies included within each systematic review was notable in preventing a pooled analysis.

    CONCLUSIONS: From the limited 'moderate' to 'critically low' quality evidence available, the current umbrella review concluded that a weak association exists between CVDs and AP. In the future, well-designed, longitudinal clinical studies with long-term follow-up are required.

    Matched MeSH terms: Adult
    Med J Malaya, 1961 Sep;16:81-9.
    PMID: 14455502
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult
  10. Fraser H, Stanton AT
    Lancet, 1909;173(4459):451-5.
    DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(01)80493-1
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult
  11. Brooke GE
    Lancet, 1916;188:18.
    DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(01)26402-2
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult
  12. Yip FW, Lee SH
    Singapore Med J, 1992 Dec;33(6):643-4.
    PMID: 1488683
    Renal angiomyolipoma is a benign tumour of the kidney which is often mistaken for a renal cell carcinoma resulting in an unnecessary nephrectomy. It can be diagnosed preoperatively and managed conservatively without surgery. Large symptomatic renal angiomyolipomas can often be treated by renal-sparing surgery. We report a case of a large renal angiomyolipoma diagnosed preoperatively and excised completely with preservation of the kidney.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult
  13. Tan WK, Tan MY, Tan WS, Gan SC, Pathmanathan R, Tan HM, et al.
    Clin Genitourin Cancer, 2016 Aug;14(4):e435-9.
    PMID: 27067374 DOI: 10.1016/j.clgc.2016.03.007
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult
  14. Kaewkaen K, Uthama S, Ruengsirarak W, Puntumetakul R
    Malays J Med Sci, 2019 Mar;26(2):114-121.
    PMID: 31447614 DOI: 10.21315/mjms2019.26.2.12
    Introduction: The Wii Balance Board (WBB) is a commonly used tool for balance assessment, however the inconsistency in the reported validity for the WBB when used for the assessment of healthy young adults needs to be clarified.

    Aim: To investigate the concurrent validity and reliability of the WBB for balance assessment in healthy young adults.

    Methods: Thirty-two young adults participated in this study. Their ability to balance was tested while standing on a WBB and a laboratory-grade force platform, under three conditions: feet together with eyes open, feet together with eyes closed and semi-tandem standing with eyes open. They had 10 min resting period between tests. The agreement between the WBB and the laboratory-grade force platform was investigated, and the reliability of the WBB was determined.

    Results: A poor agreement between the WBB and the laboratory-grade force platform was found for all standing conditions [intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) = 0.03 to 0.07]. A moderate to high reliability was found for the WBB for balance assessment in healthy young adults (ICC = 0.66 to 0.76).

    Conclusion: The WBB was found to be a reliable tool for static balance assessment in healthy young adults. However, it had poor validity compared to the laboratory-grade force platform.

    Matched MeSH terms: Adult; Young Adult
  15. Hoad W
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult; Young Adult
  16. Gan DEY, Chan KH, Veerappan P, Sun KJ, Hayati F
    Am J Case Rep, 2021 Jun 17;22:e930967.
    PMID: 34135299 DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.930967
    BACKGROUND A rectal foreign body (RFB) can be stigmatizing for patients and present a dilemma for the treating physician. Removal can be challenging owing to the variety of objects introduced. The goals of therapy are to safely remove the RFB and to minimize injury to the bowel. CASE REPORT A 22-year-old man was referred from a district hospital to our institution after being unable to remove a self-inflicted RFB after sexual gratification. He was hemodynamically stable with a soft and nontender abdomen. A mass was felt in the suprapubic region. Abdominal radiography revealed a well-defined radiolucent object in the pelvic region, which was consistent with a lubricant bottle. No sign of bowel obstruction or perforation was observed. The RFB was successfully retrieved by a combination of transrectal digital manipulation and directed gentle abdominal pressure, allowing for descent of the RFB and transanal traction at the bedside. Various approaches have been described for removal of a RFB, from simple bedside strategies to open surgery for complicated cases. Endoscopy and minimally invasive techniques have also demonstrated a role in formulating a tailored approach. CONCLUSIONS We describe a successful retrieval of an RFB at the bedside, avoiding unnecessary open surgery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult; Young Adult
  17. Loo GH, Mohamad Abu Zeid WM, Lim SL, Ismail AM
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl, 2017 Jul;99(6):e188-e190.
    PMID: 28660832 DOI: 10.1308/rcsann.2017.0104
    Enteroenteric intussusception is a condition in which the full-thickness bowel wall becomes telescoped into the lumen of distal bowel. Intussusception in adult occurs infrequently and varies from childhood intussusception, particularly in its presentation, aetiology and treatment. Duodenoduodenal intussusception is rare because the duodenum is fixed in the retroperitoneal position. It usually occurs secondary to tumour, lipoma, Brunner's gland hamartomatous polyp or adenoma. The diagnosis in adults is usually made at laparotomy, where presentation is with intestinal obstruction. In non-emergency presentation, it may be difficult to arrive at an accurate diagnosis as symptoms may be vague, self-limiting intermittent abdominal pain. Clinical examinations and investigations may not be conclusive and another working diagnosis such as irritable bowel syndrome would be made. We describe a case where a patient initially presented with symptoms mimicking pancreatitis but his symptoms persisted over the course of 2 weeks. When a laparotomy was performed, duodenoduodenal intussusception was discovered and confirmed with histopathology. In this case, a discernible leading point could not be identified.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult; Young Adult
  18. Rodo Mohamud Hassan, Regidor-111 Dioso
    Background: In Africa high prevalence of overweight and obesity was found in regions of East Africa (0.3%),
    West Africa (0.7%), Central Africa (0.2%), South Africa (3.8%), and North Africa (12.5%).

    Aims: This meta-analysis aimed to analyze the prevalence of obesity among young adults, aged 18-25 years
    from five African countries.

    Methods: The Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines were applied to
    search published studies. of the 100 studies published as found in scientific databases from 2010 to 2017, only
    five were selected. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)
    checklist was used to eliminate other studies.

    Outcomes: A total of 22,320 obese young adults were analyzed to be prevalent. The obesity among adults in
    SouthAfrica was found to be correlated with less physical activities. In Uganda, the prevalence of obesity is
    683 which relates with their sedentary lifestyle and socio-demography. Among 371 young adults in Nigeria, the
    prevalence of obesity was 5.1% among male and 10% among female related to diet and other consumptions.
    Among 646 adults in Ghana, the prevalence of general obesity was observed to be related to genetics.

    Conclusion: Prevalence of the male gender was 9,509 having a p=0.284 (at 95% C.I.±4,440.87845-
    8,788.87845) with a mean score of 1,251, and a SD= 61,066. While the prevalence of obesity on females was
    10,874 having a p= 0.00019, (at 95% C.I.±3,592.07-6,094.07) with a mean score of 2,174, and SD= 3,375.
    Matched MeSH terms: Young Adult*
  19. Mahmudiono T, Yuniar CT, Dewi RK, Rachmah Q, Atmaka DR, Zebadia E, et al.
    Nutrients, 2022 Oct 22;14(21).
    PMID: 36364712 DOI: 10.3390/nu14214450
    Over the past two years, the world has faced the pandemic, COVID-19, and various changes. Several regulations and recommendations from the Ministry of Health of Indonesia have contributed to behavioral changes among Indonesian residents, especially in food consumption patterns. The change in food consumption patterns can be a positive change that formed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to examine whether the application of a Health Belief Model (HBM)-based nutrition education programme can be effectively used in changing the beliefs of adults with or without a COVID-19 history in supplement and nutrient intake. This study was a cross-sectional study involving 140 adults. This study placed 70 adults with/without a COVID-19 history into the intervention group. The intervention group participated in a nutrition education programme. The respondents were asked to fill out the questionnaire. The data were analyzed by independent and paired t-tests and Chi-square test. The result of this study showed no association between perceived susceptibility, severity, benefit, barrier, and self-efficacy, of nutrient and supplement intake with the history of COVID-19 among the respondents. However, most of the respondents in this study were low in their scores of perceivedness. Thus, it is still important for the government to increase nutrient and supplement intake education, especially in young adults aged below 25 years old.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adult; Young Adult
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