METHODS: Women with or without SUI aged ≥21 years old were recruited. Subjects completed the International Consultation of Incontinence-Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI-SF), International Consultation of Incontinence-Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Quality of Life (ICIQ-LUTSqol), and EQ-5D questionnaires.
RESULTS: A total of 120 women with SUI and 145 controls participated. The ICIQ-LUTSqol total score (mean ± standard deviation) was significantly higher in the SUI group (38.96 ± 10.28) compared with the control group (20.78 ± 2.73) (P
METHODS: A literature search was conducted from 18 to 21 of February 2019 using 6 major databases: Cochrane Library, Ovid Medline, PubMed, Scopus, Taylor and Francis, and Web of Science. All papers were skimmed by title and abstract to determine whether the paper fulfilled the screening criteria. In cases of uncertainty, the paper was read in totality to justify its inclusion. After that, duplicates were eliminated and the remainder was subjected to a second set of inclusion and exclusion criteria before finalizing the list of included studies.
RESULTS: An initial search returned with 402 studies, which were subsequently filtered using prespecified criteria to 27 studies to collate information regarding questionnaires assessing QOL of thyroid eye disease patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The QOL of thyroid eye disease patients is best assessed using disease-specific questionnaires. Among the different types of questionnaires, the Graves Ophthalmopathy Quality of Life (GO-QOL) questionnaire is preferred due to its' ability to explore QOL in-depth and proven efficacy in many countries after cultural adaptation at the expense of time. Single-item questionnaires like the Thyroid Eye Disease Quality of Life (TED-QOL) are more suitable as screening tools in busy metropolitan settings while semi-structured interviews are important in developing new ways of assessing the QOL of thyroid eye disease patients.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study on adolescents aged 13-18 years old. Upon ethical clearance obtained from UMMC Medical Ethics Committee, patients with colorectal, breast or lung cancer and their adolescent children were recruited from the Clinical Oncology Unit of University of Malaya Medical Centre. Respondents who gave consent completed a demographic questionnaire and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory, via the post, email, home visit or meetings at the clinics.
RESULTS: 95 adolescents from 50 families responded, giving a response rate of 88 percent. The adolescent's mean age was 16 years (ranging between 13-18 years). Adolescents with parental cancer had the lowest mean score in emotional functioning (p<0.05). Male adolescents had significantly higher quality of life overall and in physical functioning compared to female adolescents. Adolescents with a father with cancer had better school functioning compared to adolescents whose mothers had cancer. Families with household income of RM 5000 and above have significantly better quality of life compared to families with lower household income.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent sons and daughters of parents with a cancer diagnosis show lowered QOL, particularly with reference to emotional functioning and school performance. Addressing the needs of this young group has been slow and warrants special attention. Revisiting the risk and resilience factors of adolescents might also inform tailored programs to address the needs of this neglected adolescent population.