Displaying all 17 publications

  1. Nayak SB, Shetty SD
    Surg Radiol Anat, 2021 Aug;43(8):1327-1330.
    PMID: 33527215 DOI: 10.1007/s00276-021-02682-0
    Sternohyoid, sternothyroid, omohyoid, and thyrohyoid muscles are collectively known as infrahyoid muscles. These muscles frequently show variations in their attachments. Here, an extremely rare variant muscle belonging to this group has been presented. During cadaveric dissection for undergraduate medical students, an additional muscle was found between sternohyoid and superior belly of omohyoid muscles bilaterally in a male cadaver aged approximately 70 years. This muscle took its origin from posterior surface of the manubrium sterni, capsule of the sternoclavicular joint and the posterior surface of the medial part of the clavicle. It was inserted to the hyoid bone between the attachments of sternohyoid and superior belly of omohyoid muscles and was supplied by a branch of ansa cervicalis profunda. There is no report on such a muscle in the literature and it could be named as "sternocleidohyoid muscle". Knowledge of this muscle could be useful in neck surgeries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum/abnormalities
  2. Abdul-Rahman MR, Seong NK, Hee TG, Aljada ME, Reda TA, Sumin JO, et al.
    Heart Surg Forum, 2009 Jun;12(3):E184-6.
    PMID: 19546075 DOI: 10.1532/HSF98.20091016
    Various techniques of sternal stabilization via either metal plates or wires have been described. We describe an alternative technique of simple median sternotomy followed by reduction and wire fixation of the sternal fracture. The 2 patients described in this report had traumatic comminuted and displaced sternal fractures. Even though wire repair was deemed to be tedious and achieved poor approximation of the bone, we performed median sternotomy and achieved simple wire fixation with an excellent result.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum/injuries*; Sternum/surgery*
  3. Faisham WI, Ziyadi MG, Azman WS, Halim AS, Zulmi W, Biswal BM
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Apr;67(2):224-5.
    PMID: 22822652 MyJurnal
    We present a series of four cases of chest wall tumor, which underwent sternum resection. The methods of resection and reconstruction chest wall defect are discussed and the final outcome highlighted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum/pathology*; Sternum/surgery*
  4. Syazni MA, Gendeh HS, Kosai NR, Ramzisham AR, Gendeh BS, Basiron NH, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 2017 02;72(1):80-82.
    PMID: 28255152 MyJurnal
    Sternal metastasis from differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) is rare and presents a conundrum for surgeons. We present a lady diagnosed with follicular thyroid carcinoma and sternal metastasis who underwent thyroidectomy, sternectomy and sternoplasty with titanium mesh and acrylic plate. She developed a surgical site infection, of which multiple conservative approaches were attempted. She eventually required removal of the implant. Closure of sternal defect was completed with bilateral pectoralis major advancement flaps. This article highlights a series of complications faced during the course of treatment and how they were managed in a tertiary healthcare centre.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum
  5. Alhalawani AM, Towler MR
    J Biomater Appl, 2013 Nov;28(4):483-97.
    PMID: 23812580 DOI: 10.1177/0885328213495426
    Sternotomy and sternal closure occur prior to and post cardiac surgery, respectively. Although post-operative complications associated with poor sternal fixation can result in morbidity, mortality, and considerable resource utilization, sternotomy is preferred over other methods such as lateral thoracotomy. Rigid sternal fixation is associated with stability and reduced incidence of post-operative complications. This is a comprehensive review of the literature evaluating in vivo, in vitro, and clinical responses to applying commercial and experimental surgical tools for sternal fixation after median sternotomy. Wiring, interlocking, plate-screw, and cementation techniques have been examined for closure, but none have experienced widespread adoption. Although all techniques have their advantages, serious post-operative complications were associated with the use of wiring and/or plating techniques in high-risk patients. A fraction of studies have analyzed the use of sternal interlocking systems and only a single study analyzed the effect of using kryptonite cement with wires. Plating and interlocking techniques are superior to wiring in terms of stability and reduced rate of post-operative complications; however, further clinical studies and long-term follow-up are required. The ideal sternal closure should ensure stability, reduced rate of post-operative complications, and a short hospitalization period, alongside cost-effectiveness.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum/surgery*
  6. Irfan M, Jihan WS, Shahid H
    Med J Malaysia, 2010 Mar;65(1):85-6.
    PMID: 21265261 MyJurnal
    Massive goiter with retrosternal extension may impose additional risk such as difficult intubation, tracheomalacia, and possibility of different incision and approach including sternotomy. We would like to report a case of massive goiter encasing major neck structures and how it was managed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum/surgery
  7. Chan KY, Lau CL, Adeeb SM, Somasundaram S, Nasir-Zahari M
    Plast Reconstr Surg, 2005 Sep 15;116(4):1013-20; discussion 1021-2.
    PMID: 16163087
    BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic scarring caused by sternotomy is prevalent among Asians. The effectiveness of silicone gel in scar prevention may influence the decision of surgeons and patients regarding its routine use during the postoperative period.

    METHODS: The authors conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, prospective clinical trial. The susceptibility to scar development varied among patients; therefore, sternal wounds were divided into the upper half and the lower half. Two types of coded gel prepared by an independent pharmacist were used on either half. Thus, selection and assessment biases and confounders were eliminated.

    RESULTS: One hundred wounds in 50 patients were randomized into two arms, 50 control and 50 silicone gels. The median age was 61 years and there were 34 men and 16 women. Ethnic distribution was 28 Malays, 18 Chinese, and four Indians. No side effect caused by the silicone gel was noted. Ninety-eight percent of patients had moderate to good compliance. The incidence of sternotomy scar was 94 percent. At the third month postoperatively, the silicone gel wounds were scored lower when compared with the control wounds. The differences were statistically significant in all parameters, including pigmentation (p = 0.02), vascularity (p = 0.001), pliability (p = 0.001), height (p = 0.001), pain (p = 0.001), and itchiness (p = 0.02).

    CONCLUSIONS: The effect of silicone gel in prevention of hypertrophic scar development in sternotomy wounds is promising. There are no side effects and patients' compliance is satisfactory. This study may popularize the use of silicone gel in all types of surgery to minimize the formation of hypertrophic scars in the early postoperative period.

    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum/surgery*
  8. Premnath N, Lo HL, Cheong YT, Manjit S
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Sep;57(3):368-70.
    PMID: 12440279
    Removal of the whole sternum for malignant tumours results in a large defect, causing severe deformity and possible paradoxical movements of the chest wall. The reconstruction of the resultant large defect of the chest wall is often complex and difficult. Commonly used materials include rib autograft, steel strus acrylic plate and various synthetic meshes such as Goretex or Marlex mesh, with a myocutaneous flap for coverage. A case of a 48-year-old man with sternal chondrosarcoma successfully treated with thoracoplasty using acrylic plate-marlex mesh combination following near total resection of sternum is reported.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum/surgery*
  9. Adwin Z, Nur A, Suhaimi S, Rahman R
    Oman Med J, 2016 Jan;31(1):69-72.
    PMID: 26816570 DOI: 10.5001/omj.2016.13
    Follicular thyroid adenoma and carcinoma are very common. Benign and malignant lesions are usually indistinguishable from cytology alone and often require confirmatory resection. The spread of follicular carcinoma is usually hematogenous and is treated with surgery and adjuvant radioactive iodine. Very rarely, metastases occur in the mediastinum. Patients usually present with severe compressive symptoms. With proper treatment and follow-up, the prognosis for these type of thyroid malignancies is excellent. In the case presented here, our patient presented to the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center with a progressively enlarging anterior neck swelling. The swelling had started 10 years before his presentation. We diagnosed him with an advanced thyroid malignancy with bulky mediastinal metastases. After extensive investigations and counseling, we chose to treat the patient with tumor excision and mediastinal metastases resection. Typically, mediastinal resection involves the removal of the sternum and use of an acrylic implant to recreate the sternum. In this case, the sternum and ribs were removed with subsequent myocutaneous flap coverage for the wound defect. Our experience represents an alternative treatment option in cases where implant use is unsuitable.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum
  10. Hashim S, Chin LY, Krishnasamy S, Sthaneswar P, Raja Mokhtar RA
    J Cardiothorac Surg, 2015;10:32.
    PMID: 25890367 DOI: 10.1186/s13019-015-0230-0
    Recently a biocompatible bone adhesive was introduced in addition to the sternal wires to expedite sternal union and improve patient recovery. In this study we aim to objectively assess the biomarker of pain in patient who received the biocompatible bone adhesive.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum/surgery*
  11. Cheong JP, Rahayu S, Halim A, Khir A, Noorafidah D
    Ear Nose Throat J, 2014 Jun;93(6):E1-4.
    PMID: 24932822
    Carcinosarcoma is a highly aggressive and infiltrative tumor. A finding of this tumor in a paranasal sinus is exceedingly rare. We describe the case of a 61-year-old man who presented with a mass on the left side of his face. The mass was excised via a total maxillectomy with a modified radical neck dissection. Histologic analysis identified a mixture of carcinomatous and sarcomatous components. Within 1 month of surgery, the patient developed a sternal metastasis, and he died within a short period of time. The aggressive nature of this tumor and its metastases demand early diagnosis and prompt treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum
  12. Pau CP, Chong KS, Yakub MA, Khalil AA
    PMID: 33947231 DOI: 10.1177/02184923211014004
    We present a 14-year-old boy with Loey-Dietz syndrome with severe mitral regurgitation, pectus excavatum and scoliosis. The Haller index was 25. The heart was displaced into the left hemithorax. The right inferior pulmonary vein was very close to the sternum and vertebral body. Single-stage surgery was performed. An osseo-myo-cutaneous pedicled flap was created by sterno-manubrial junction dislocation and rib resection with bilateral internal mammary arteries supplying the flap. Cardiopulmonary bypass and mitral valve replacement was performed. The defect was bridged with three straight plates. The flap was laid on top and anchored. Early outcome at three months was good.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum
  13. Jia, Ying Soo, Nur Ayub Mohd Ali, Aishath Azna Ali, Firdaus Hayati, Nornazirah Azizan, Andee Dzulkarnaen Zakaria, et al.
    Skeletal metastasis is a frequent complication of cancer resulting in significant morbidity as well as mortality. We highlight a case of a 73-year old gentleman with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the sternum. He denied dysphagia, shortness of breath, goitre, and presence of chronic non-healing ulcer. He was anaemic and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was 18.7. Chest radiograph on lateral view showed a suspicious cortical irregularity. Computed tomography (CT) scan of thorax revealed an aggressive sternal lesion with soft tissue component. Ultrasound guided biopsy was performed and the biopsy was consistent with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma has a predilection to metastasize via haematogenous spread, but direct extension of tumour into the bone is not frequently seen. Finding the primary cause is utmost importance either via imaging modalities or invasive procedures. Isolated secondary lesion is extremely rare but unfortunate among defaulters. We discuss its diagnostic work-up and treatment options conserved to manage this condition.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum
  14. Dharmaraj B, Diong NC, Shamugam N, Sathiamurthy N, Mohd Zainal H, Chai SC, et al.
    Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, 2021 Jan;37(1):82-88.
    PMID: 33442211 DOI: 10.1007/s12055-020-00972-7
    Chest wall resection is defined as partial or full-thickness removal of the chest wall. Significant morbidity has been recorded, with documented respiratory failure as high as 27%. Medical records of all patients who had undergone chest wall resection and reconstruction were reviewed. Patients' demographics, length of surgery, reconstruction method, size of tumor and chest wall defect, histopathological result, complications, duration of post-operative antibiotics, and hospital stay were assessed. From 1 April 2017 to 30 April 2019, a total of 20 patients underwent chest wall reconstructive surgery. The median age was 57 years, with 12 females and 8 males. Fourteen patients (70%) had malignant disease and 6 patients (30%) had benign disease. Nine patients underwent rigid reconstruction (titanium mesh for sternum and titanium plates for ribs), 6 patients had non-rigid reconstruction (with polypropylene or composite mesh), and 5 patients had primary closure. Nine patients (45%) required closure with myocutaneous flap. Complications were noted in 70% of patients. Patients who underwent primary closure had minor complications. In total, 66.7% of patients who had closure with either fasciocutaneous or myocutaneous flaps had threatened flap necrosis. Two patients developed pneumonia and 3 patients (15%) had respiratory failure requiring tracheostomy and prolonged ventilation. There was 1 mortality (5%) in this series. In conclusion, chest wall resections involving large defects require prudent clinical judgment and multidisciplinary assessments in determining the choice of chest wall reconstruction to improve outcomes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum
  15. Mohd AR, Ghani MK, Awang RR, Su Min JO, Dimon MZ
    Heart Surg Forum, 2010 Aug;13(4):E228-32.
    PMID: 20719724 DOI: 10.1532/HSF98.20091162
    Sternal wound infection is an infrequent yet potentially devastating complication following sternotomy. Among the standard practices used as preventive measures are the use of prophylactic antibiotics and povidone-iodine as an irrigation agent. A new antiseptic agent, Dermacyn super-oxidized water (Oculus Innovative Sciences), has recently been used as a wound-irrigation agent before the closure of sternotomy wounds.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum/surgery*
  16. Osman A, Wan Chuan T, Ab Rahman J, Via G, Tavazzi G
    Eur J Emerg Med, 2018 Oct;25(5):322-327.
    PMID: 28509710 DOI: 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000471
    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate a novel pericardiocentesis technique using an in-plane parasternal medial-to-lateral approach with the use of a high-frequency probe in patients with cardiac tamponade.

    BACKGROUND: Echocardiography is pivotal in the diagnosis of pericardial effusion and tamponade physiology. Ultrasound guidance for pericardiocentesis is currently considered the standard of care. Several approaches have been described recently, which differ mainly on the site of puncture (subxiphoid, apical, or parasternal). Although they share the use of low-frequency probes, there is absence of complete control of needle trajectory and real-time needle visualization. An in-plane and real-time technique has only been described anecdotally.

    METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective analysis of 11 patients (63% men, mean age: 37.7±21.2 years) presenting with cardiac tamponade admitted to the tertiary-care emergency department and treated with parasternal medial-to-lateral in-plane pericardiocentesis was carried out. The underlying causes of cardiac tamponade were different among the population. All the pericardiocentesis were successfully performed in the emergency department, without complications, relieving the hemodynamic instability. The mean time taken to perform the eight-step procedure was 309±76.4 s, with no procedure-related complications.

    CONCLUSION: The parasternal medial-to-lateral in-plane pericardiocentesis is a new technique theoretically free of complications and it enables real-time monitoring of needle trajectory. For the first time, a pericardiocentesis approach with a medial-to-lateral needle trajectory and real-time, in-plane, needle visualization was performed in a tamponade patient population.

    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum
  17. Yap FBB, Kiung ST
    South. Med. J., 2009 Jun;102(6):653-5.
    PMID: 19434036 DOI: 10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3181a49a71
    A 43-year-old lady with type 2 diabetes mellitus and bronchial asthma presented with varicella zoster infection, dyspnea, and neck fullness. An urgent computed tomography scan revealed a mediastinal abscess with superior vena cava thrombus. Blood, mediastinal pus, and swab from a vesiculopustule on the neck cultured group A beta hemolytic Streptococcus. She recovered with a combination of broad spectrum antimicrobials, antivirals, and surgical drainage. This case illustrates the rare occurrence of mediastinal abscess and acute superior vena cava obstruction caused by group A beta hemolytic Streptococcus complicating adult varicella zoster.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sternum
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