A selective reproducible high-performance liquid chromatographic assay for the simultaneous quantitative determination of the antimalarial compound artemether (ARM), dihydroartemisinin (DQHS) and artemisinin (QHS), as internal standard, is described. After extraction from plasma, ARM and DQHS were analysed using a Lichrocart/Lichrosphere 100 CN stainless-steel column and a mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.05 M acetic acid (15:85, v/v) adjusted to pH 5.0, and electrochemical detection in the reductive mode. The mean recovery of ARM and DQHS over a concentration range of 30-120 ng/ml was 81.6% and 93.4%, respectively. The within-day coefficients of variation were 0.89-7.01% for ARM and 3.45-8.11% for DQHS. The day-to-day coefficients of variation were 2.06-8.43% and 3.22-6.33%, respectively. The minimum detectable concentration for ARM and DQHS in plasma was 2.5 and 1.25 ng/ml for both compounds. The method was found to be suitable for use in clinical pharmacological studies.
* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.