OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the uses of electromyography (EMG) in dentistry in the last few years in related research. EMG is an advanced technique to record and evaluate muscle activity. In the previous days, EMG was only used for medical sciences, but now EMG playing a tremendous role in medical as well as dental sector.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Several electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, and Web of Science were systematically searched for studies published until July 2015.
RESULTS: EMG can be used in both diagnosis and treatment purpose to record neuromuscular activity. In dentistry, we can utilize EMG to evaluate muscular activity in function such as chewing and biting or parafunctional activities such as clenching and bruxism. In case of TMJ and myofascial pain disorders, EMG widely is used in the last few years.
CONCLUSIONS: EMG is one of biometric tests that occur in the modern evidence-based dentistry practice.
KEYWORDS: Dental disease; dentistry; muscle function; myofascial pain disorder syndrome; parafunctional habits; surface electromyography
* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.