Affiliations 

  • 1 Orthodontic Unit, School of Dental Science, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • 2 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, School of Dental Science, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • 3 Craniofacial Biology, School of Dental Science, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • 4 Department of Exercise and Sports Science, School of Health Science, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
PLoS ONE, 2015;10(10):e0140438.
PMID: 26465146 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0140438

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the satisfaction of patients with posterior implants in relation to the clinical success criteria and surface electromyography (sEMG) findings of the masseter and temporalis muscles. Total 42 subjects were investigated. Twenty one subjects with posterior dental implants were interviewed using a questionnaire and the clinical success criteria were determined based on The International Congress of Oral Implantologists. The myofunction of the masticatory muscles were assessed using sEMG (21 subjects) and compared to the control group of subjects without implants (21 subjects). Out of 21 subjects, all were satisfied with the aesthetics of their implant. Twenty of them (95.2%) were satisfied with its function and stability. As for clinical criteria, 100% (50) of the implants were successful with no pain, mobility or exudates. sEMG findings showed that patients have significantly lower (p<0.01) basal or resting median power frequency but with muscle burst. During chewing, control subjects showed faster chewing action. There was no difference in reaction and recovery time of clenching for both groups. In conclusion, the satisfaction of implant patients was high, and which was in relation to the successful clinical success criteria and sEMG findings.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.